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Presentation of current status with entrepreneurial learning l strategies in eu countries

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Presentation of current status with el strategies in eu Presentation of current status with el strategies in eu Presentation Transcript

  • Presentation of current status withEL strategies in EuropeProf. Dr. Radmil Polenakovik18 April 2013Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • За претприемачкото учење„Конкурентноста на една земја незапочнува во фабриката или пак воинженерската лабораторија.Таа започнува во училиницата“.- Henry Ford -Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • About entrepreneurial learning• Terminology:– Entrepreneurial learning– Entrepreneurship educationMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • About entrepreneurial education• Education is key to shaping young people’sattitudes, skills and culture. Therefore it is vitalthat entrepreneurship education is addressedfrom an early age.• Entrepreneurship education is essential not onlyto shape the mindsets of young people but alsoto provide the skills and knowledge that arecentral to developing an entrepreneurial culture.Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • About entrepreneurial education• Entrepreneurship key competence refers to anindividual’s ability to turn ideas into action. Itincludes creativity, innovation and risk taking, aswell as the ability to plan and manage projects inorder to achieve objectives.• Developing mindsets, generic attributes and skillsthat are the foundations of entrepreneurship canbe complemented by imparting more specificknowledge about business according to the leveland type of education.Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • About entrepreneurial educationMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Launch of national entrepreneurship education strategies forgeneral education (ISCED 1-3)
  • About entrepreneurial educationTypes of strategies• Specific strategies/action plans focusedexclusively on the integration of entrepreneurshipeducation;• Broader educational or economic strategieswhich incorporate objectives forentrepreneurship education;• Individual or multiple initiatives related toentrepreneurship education.Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013National/regional strategies and initiativesto the implementation ofentrepreneurship education into generaleducation (ISCED 1-3), 2011/12
  • Specific strategies/action plans forentrepreneurship education• Flemish Community of Belgium - Action Plan forEntrepreneurship Education 2011-2014 (shared initiativebetween the Prime Minister, Minister for Economy andAgriculture)• Denmark - strategy for education and training inentrepreneurship (2009) was developed in a partnershipbetween the Ministry for Science, Technology andInnovation, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry ofEducation and the Ministry of Economic and BusinessAffairsMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Specific strategies/action plans forentrepreneurship education• Estonia (2010) a program for promotingentrepreneurship education in partnership with Ministryof Education and Research, Ministry of Economic Affairsand Communications, Estonian Chamber of Commerceand Industry, National Examinations and QualificationsCentre and Enterprise Estonia Foundation• Lithuania - two specific strategies Economic Literacy andEntrepreneurship Education (2004) and the NationalProgram of Youth Entrepreneurship Education andEncouragement for 2008-2012Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Specific strategies/action plans forentrepreneurship education• In United Kingdom (Wales) the Youth EntrepreneurshipStrategy (YES) was launched in 2004• Norway’s first strategic plan for entrepreneurship ineducation and training See the Opportunities and Makethem Work! ran from 2004 to 2008. In September 2009,an action plan followed – Entrepreneurship in Educationand Training – from compulsory school to highereducation 2009-2014.Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Specific strategies/action plans forentrepreneurship education• Dutch ministries of Economic Affairs, Education, Cultureand Science, and Agriculture, Nature and Food Qualityhave been promoting entrepreneurship and enterprise ineducation since 2000.• Sweden (2009) the Government presented its strategy forentrepreneurship in the field of educationMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Broader strategies which incorporateobjectives for entrepreneurship education• After 2006 several countries have created nationalstrategies for lifelong learning that include objectives forthe implementation of entrepreneurship education(Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Austria, Poland andTurkey)• Other countries (after 2009) in their education and youthstrategies have also encouraged the development of keycompetences, including entrepreneurship (FrenchCommunity in Belgium, Bulgaria, Greece, Finland,Liechtenstein)Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • Broader strategies which incorporateobjectives for entrepreneurship education• The implementation of entrepreneurship education issometimes part of a growth strategy intended topromote entrepreneurship and innovation to create adynamic economy [Spain (2011), Slovenia (2005),Slovak Republic (2008), Iceland]Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013
  • General lower secondary educationISCED 2Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Subjects integrating entrepreneurship education
  • General upper secondary educationISCED 3Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Subjects integrating entrepreneurship education
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Attitudes• Category 1. Self-awareness and self-confidence are theentrepreneurial attitudes which constitute the basis for allother aspects of entrepreneurship. They entail discovering andtrusting in ones own abilities which then allow individuals toturn their creative ideas into action. In many countries, theseattitudes might be pursued as general education goals.• Category 2. Taking the initiative and risk taking, criticalthinking, creativity and problem solving are also fundamental,but they are also specific attributes of an ‘enterprising self’.
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Knowledge• Category 1. Knowledge of career opportunities and the world of workare learning outcomes that are not exclusively related toentrepreneurship, but usually form part of students’ general preparationfor their future career choices. However, a sound knowledge of thenature of work and different types of work involve an understanding ofwhat it is to be an entrepreneur. This knowledge also allows students todefine and prepare their place in the world of work with a well developedawareness of opportunities and constraints.• Category 2. Economic and financial literacy including knowledge ofconcepts and processes that can be applied to entrepreneurship.• Category 3. Knowledge of business organisation and processes is specificknowledge of the environment in which entrepreneurship is oftenapplied.
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Skills• Category 1. Communication, presentation and planning skillsas well as team work are transversal skills essential toentrepreneurs.• Category 2. Practical exploration of entrepreneurialopportunities includes the various stages of the business setup process, including designing and implementing a businessplan.
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Compulsory learning outcomes relatedto entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledgeand skills in secondary education
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Specific learning outcomes forentrepreneurship education in primaryeducation (ISCED 1)
  • Student learning outcomesMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Specific learning outcomes forentrepreneurship education in generalsecondary education (ISCED 2 and ISCED 3)
  • Universities andentrepreneurship education Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Why is important to have entrepreneurshiplearning in higher education?• Improvement of the entrepreneurship mindset of youngpeople to enable them to be more creative and self-confident in whatever they undertake and to improvetheir attractiveness for employers• Encourage innovative business start-ups• Improvement of their role in society and the economy
  • Universities andentrepreneurship education Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Attitude Skills• Sense of initiative• Risk Propensity• Self-efficacy• Need for achievement• Structural behaviour• Creativity• Analysis• Motivation• Networking• AdaptabilityKnowledge• Understanding role entrepreneurs• Knowledge of entrepreneurshipKey Entrepreneurship Competence
  • Universities andentrepreneurship education Ministry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013Policy recommendations (March 2012):• The policy should support entrepreneurshipprogrammes• Providing entrepreneurship education should becomeobligatory and should be extended to all disciplines• Learning by doing should be an important part oftraining• Specific attention to female students• Measure impact in more than one period
  • Thank you very much !radmil.polenakovik@mf.edu.mkradmil.polenakovik@ncdiel.mkMinistry of Educationand ScienceWorkshop on “Development of the entrepreneurial learningstrategy for the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, 18 April 2013