The European power system has changed considerably in the last 15 years. The liberalisation and unbundling of the electricity market has led to increased international power flows and reduced influence of the system operators. Meanwhile, renewable and other small-scale uncontrolled and variable energy sources are being installed in the system.
This session will focus on the use of power flow controlling devices as a means to control power flow in the system. Special attention will be paid to the coordination of power flow controllers and the possible negative effects on neighbouring systems.
* Coordination in transmission systems, especially with power flow controllers
* HVDC, VSC HVDC and the potential of supergrids.