Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market

4,265

Published on

This webinar will provide a general view of drivers and barriers for CSP development, with a particular focus on the structure of the CSP Value Chain. From a technical point of view, the main key …

This webinar will provide a general view of drivers and barriers for CSP development, with a particular focus on the structure of the CSP Value Chain. From a technical point of view, the main key performances will be reviewed for the different technologies.

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • I research csp just now,thank you.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,265
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
638
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Employees: +4,5% in 1 year Sales: +6,4% in 1 year 58% of revenues generated outside of France More info here: - key figures: http://www.altran.com/key-figures/key-figures/ - press releases: http://www.altran.com/financial-releases/2008/
  • Transcript

    • 1. Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power Market
    • 2. Contents <ul><li>Altran Group Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Activity within Altran </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to CSP Industry, </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies and Markets </li></ul><ul><li>The basics of CSP Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parabolic Trough System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Central Receiver or Power Tower </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linear Fresnel Reflector System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dish System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CSP Performance per technology </li></ul><ul><li>CSP Costs </li></ul><ul><li>CSP Market </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Value Chain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CSP Worldwide Capacity (MW) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    • 3. 1. The Altran Group <ul><li>26 years of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>3 continents: Europe, Asia, Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Partner with the largest multinational companies : 500 large accounts accompanied in 40 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Global Partner </li></ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>June 08: 18 000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 07: 17 200 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sales Turnover </li></ul><ul><li>2007 : 1,591 Md € </li></ul><ul><li>2006 : 1,495 Md € </li></ul>Long-term collaboration Strategy and Management Organization and Informations Systems Technology and R&D EUROPEAN LEADER IN INNOVATION CONSULTING <ul><li>A global innovation partner covering the whole innovation cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Presence in all market sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Projects at the forefront technology around the world </li></ul>
    • 4. Strategy and management consulting* Sales 2007: 20% Technology and innovation consulting Sales 2007: 47%  IT and organisation consulting Sales 2007: 33% Automotive, Road & Engineering Sales 2007: 19% Aerospace & Defence Sales 2007: 16% Energy , Life-Sciences & other industries Sales 2007: 22% Telecoms, Media, Electronics & Services Sales 2007: 24% Finances & Government Sales 2007: 19% The Altran group
    • 5. CSP PV CPV 2. Solar Services <ul><li>Development Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feasibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation and Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software Development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product Optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmarking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design to Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reengineering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to Market Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Surveillance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic and Detailed Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Execution Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Assistance to Execution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAMS Analysis on Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Owners Engineering & Control </li></ul><ul><li>on Execution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owner’s Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Execution Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Audits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After Sales, Warranties, O&M </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claims Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SW for Operation & Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feasibility studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation and Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MES Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAMS Analysis on Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply Quality Assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lean Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAMS Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation in Processes </li></ul></ul>Products Processes Projects R & D
    • 6. 3. Introduction to CSP Industry, Technologies and Markets <ul><li>Which are the most important technologies related with the thermal application of CSP? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are their advantages and disadvantages? </li></ul><ul><li>Which technology is the most developed? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the real investment costs? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the expectations for the near-future? </li></ul>This presentation is based on the “Global Concentrated Solar Power Industry Report 2010 - 2011 ” . This report provides the latest information on the thriving Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) industry, including essential cost and performance data on the four main CSP technologies: Parabolic Trough, Power Tower, Fresnel and Dish Stirling.
    • 7. 4. The basics of CSP Technology <ul><li>The basics of CSP Technology </li></ul><ul><li>How CSP works: description of the technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermodynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brief history of CSP and current state </li></ul><ul><li>Brief description of main configurations </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Main Requirements: solar (DNI), land requirements (ft2 and m2 per MW), water usage, etc. </li></ul>
    • 8. 4.1. Parabolic Trough System <ul><li>Parabolic trough technology is currently the most proven CSP technology, and therefore the more developed and standardized system. </li></ul>Characteristic Parabolic Trough Plant power 30 – 300 MW Annual Capacity Factor 23 – 56 % Peak Efficiency 20 % Annual net efficiency 11-16% Maximum Cycle Temperature 300 – 400 º C Cycle Rankine Cycle Optical Concentration Ratio (from Collector) 28:1 (LS3) 82:1 (ET150) Area collector 34-550 m2 Receiver absorptivity 0.94 - 0.99 Thermal storage 0-12 Hours
    • 9. 4.2. Central Receiver or Power Tower <ul><li>Power Tower systems are reaching their commercial feasibility and seem to be the next step in the development of CSP technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Power Tower systems use a circular or semicircular array of heliostats (individually tracking large mirrors) to focus sunlight onto a central receiver mounted on top of a tower. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar radiation is concentrated on a relatively small surface so it’s possible to achieve a high concentration ratio and therefore efficiently operate at high temperatures </li></ul>Characteristic Power Tower Plant power 10 – 200 MW Annual Capacity Factor 20 – 78 % Peak Efficiency 19 – 23 % Annual net efficiency 7 – 20 % Maximum Cycle Temperature 585 º C Cycle Rankine Area heliostat 40 – 120 m2 Thermal storage 7 – 15 Hours
    • 10. 4.3. Linear Fresnel Reflector system <ul><li>A linear Fresnel reflector power plant uses a series of long, narrow, shallow-curvature (or even flat) mirrors to focus light onto one or more linear receivers positioned above the mirrors. </li></ul><ul><li>On top of the receiver a small parabolic mirror (secondary reflector) can be attached for further light focusing. </li></ul>Item Fresnel Annual Net Efficiency 13% Peak Efficiency (electric-solar) 18% Plant availability 94% Capacity Factor 25-90% Temperature of Operation 390ºC Annual Electricity Yield 316 kWh/m²a Water consumption per MWe 760-920 gal/MWhe (plus other uses 8gal/MWhe) Land Requirements 1,800 m 2 /MW Land Use m 2 /MWh/year 4-6 Storage (hours) 0-12hours Storage (medium) Steam Technological maturity Medium Power Capacity Range 2-200MW
    • 11. 4.4. Dish system <ul><li>Dish/Engine systems use an array of parabolic dish-shaped mirrors (stretched membrane, flat glass facets or curved glass facets) to focus solar energy onto a receiver located at the focal point of the dish, which means a three dimensional radiation concentration. </li></ul>Characteristic Dish Stirling Unit power 5 – 25 kW Annual Capacity Factor 24 – 25 % Peak Efficiency 29,4 % Annual net efficiency 12 – 32 % Maximum Cycle Temperature 800 º C Cycle Stirling/Brayton Reflectivity 92 - 94 Area collector 91 m 2 Receiver efficiency 90 Thermal storage Not possible
    • 12. 5. CSP Performance per technology <ul><li>Performance Comparison between different CSP technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Possible performance improvements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of a higher operating temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of a simplification of the system brought about by Direct Steam Generation </li></ul></ul>General Considerations Performance Parameters Seasonal and hourly variations of electrical yield Storage and Hybridization
    • 13. 6. Costs of CSP Technology <ul><li>General considerations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale of the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms of financing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of Tax Credits and Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current Costs per Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parabolic Trough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perspectives for CSP Cost Reductions </li></ul>
    • 14. Current Costs per Technology Item Parabolic Trough Power tower Fresnel Dish Initial Investment Cost (without storage) 4.0 – 6.5 $/We 4.0 – 6.5 $/We 3.0 – 7.0 $/We 1.14 – 10.0 $/We Initial Investment Cost (with storage) 5.0 - 8.0 $/We 5.0 -7.0 &/We 4.0 – 8.5 $/We - Initial Investment Cost Solar Field 58% of the Investment cost 43% of the Investment cost 43% of the Investment cost 60% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost Power Block 14% of the Investment cost 13% of the Investment cost (the tower supposed the 4% and the receiver 18%) 18% of the Investment cost 35% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost Steam Generation 3% of the Investment cost 9% of the Investment cost 7% of the Investment cost - Initial Investment Cost Control 2% of the Investment cost 2% of the Investment cost 5% of the Investment cost 5% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost O&M 0,01 – 0,04 $/kWhe 0.02 -0.09 &/kWhe 0.009 – 0.05 $/kWhe 0.01 – 0.05 $/kWhe Initial Investment Cost Balance of Plant 120 – 500 $/kW 100 – 400 $/kWe - 200 – 280 $/kW Initial Investment Cost Storage 20 – 30 % increases Investment cost 20 – 30% increases Investment cost 20 – 30% increases Investment cost - LEC 0.14 – 0.40 $/kWhe 0.04 – 0.07 $/kWhe 0.20 – 0.40 $/kWhe 0.28 – 0.35 $/kWhe
    • 15. 7. CSP Market <ul><li>Introduction to the CSP market </li></ul><ul><li>General Overview of the Industry </li></ul><ul><li>7.1 Drivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSP can enhance Energy security in electricity generation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fluctuating Price of Fossil Fuels has an important impact in the economy of countries, the use of CSP plants reduce the energy dependence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job creation : 500 jobs are created during the construction period of a 50 MW CSP plant, and about 50 will be permanents for O&M. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change : 70,000-149,000 tons of CO2 emissions are avoided with a 50MW CSP plant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government incentives and regulation : It is important that governments provide with mandates and energy policies or incentives. (Example of FiT, Tax Credits, Tax Incentives, etc…) </li></ul></ul>
    • 16. 7.2. Barriers <ul><li>The high Capital Cost of CSP Technologies leads to a high LCOE and makes project financing more difficult, compared to technologies that are fuel-cost intensive. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical risks (high DNI, near water source, flat land and a good connection to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the grid is needed for a CSP plant) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Permitting processes, which directly affect the total cost of the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological uncertainty with constant improvements and cost reductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of transmission capacity will limit the amount of power that can be exported </li></ul></ul>
    • 17. 7.3 CSP Value Chain
    • 18. 7.4. CSP Capacity and Projects worldwide (in MW) <ul><li>Plants in operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants under construction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planning plants </li></ul>
    • 19. 8. Conclusions (I) <ul><li>A high level of direct normal irradiation (DNI) is needed for the operation of CSP plants (2,500 kWh/m2/yr is recommended). This requirement limits the geographical areas where CSP is feasible to the following areas: Southern Europe; Middle East and North Africa; Southern Africa; Some region in India; North-western and central Australia; Northern Mexico; South-Western and Mid West USA and Andean Plateau. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological improvements are needed to reach higher performance: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing operating temperature </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Storage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing water consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Parabolic Trough is the most mature technology, followed by Power Tower and Fresnel. The less mature is Dish technology. </li></ul>
    • 20. 8. Conclusions (II) <ul><li>Installed CSP power capacity worldwide is about 700MWe. USA is the country with more plants in operation with about 443 MW. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain is second with about 230 MW in operation, and 1,367 under construction. When finished, Spain will be at the forefront in installed capacity with more than 1,500 MW. </li></ul><ul><li>The main drivers for the CSP Technology development are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government Mandates for Renewables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy security, linked to the fluctuating price of fossil fuels. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Job creation opportunity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government incentives and regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CSP technologies have a great potential, but nowadays they face a number of market barriers such as political instability, insufficient legal and administrative structures, economic vulnerability or lack of infrastructures. </li></ul><ul><li>However, in developing countries it is expected to minimize them in the near future. </li></ul>
    • 21. www.mediaconsult.es www.altran.comes www.altran.com www.csptoday.com More information about CSP in the Global Concentrated Solar Power Industry Report 2010 – 2011 www.csptoday.com/globalreport For further information about Altran, please get in contact with David Pérez: [email_address]

    ×