Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market

on

  • 6,539 views

This webinar will provide a general view of drivers and barriers for CSP development, with a particular focus on the structure of the CSP Value Chain. From a technical point of view, the main key ...

This webinar will provide a general view of drivers and barriers for CSP development, with a particular focus on the structure of the CSP Value Chain. From a technical point of view, the main key performances will be reviewed for the different technologies.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
6,539
Views on SlideShare
6,176
Embed Views
363

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
620
Comments
1

12 Embeds 363

http://www.leonardo-energy.org 261
http://www.solarthermalworld.org 41
http://www.slideshare.net 22
http://solarthermalworld.org 19
http://leonardo-energy.org 7
http://picosytrinos.blogspot.com.es 5
http://picosytrinos.blogspot.com 2
http://ig.gmodules.com 2
http://74.125.77.132 1
http://static.slidesharecdn.com 1
http://www.leonardo-energy.com 1
http://dev.eci-d7.adfsolutions.eu 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I research csp just now,thank you.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Employees: +4,5% in 1 year Sales: +6,4% in 1 year 58% of revenues generated outside of France More info here: - key figures: http://www.altran.com/key-figures/key-figures/ - press releases: http://www.altran.com/financial-releases/2008/

Drivers and Barriers in the current CSP market Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power Market
  • 2. Contents
    • Altran Group Presentation
    • Solar Activity within Altran
    • Introduction to CSP Industry,
    • Technologies and Markets
    • The basics of CSP Technology
        • Parabolic Trough System
        • Central Receiver or Power Tower
        • Linear Fresnel Reflector System
        • Dish System
    • CSP Performance per technology
    • CSP Costs
    • CSP Market
        • Drivers
        • Barriers
        • Value Chain
        • CSP Worldwide Capacity (MW)
    • Conclusions
  • 3. 1. The Altran Group
    • 26 years of innovation
    • 3 continents: Europe, Asia, Americas
    • Partner with the largest multinational companies : 500 large accounts accompanied in 40 countries
    • Global Partner
    • Employees
      • June 08: 18 000
      • June 07: 17 200
    • Sales Turnover
    • 2007 : 1,591 Md €
    • 2006 : 1,495 Md €
    Long-term collaboration Strategy and Management Organization and Informations Systems Technology and R&D EUROPEAN LEADER IN INNOVATION CONSULTING
    • A global innovation partner covering the whole innovation cycle
    • Presence in all market sectors
    • Innovation Projects at the forefront technology around the world
  • 4. Strategy and management consulting* Sales 2007: 20% Technology and innovation consulting Sales 2007: 47%  IT and organisation consulting Sales 2007: 33% Automotive, Road & Engineering Sales 2007: 19% Aerospace & Defence Sales 2007: 16% Energy , Life-Sciences & other industries Sales 2007: 22% Telecoms, Media, Electronics & Services Sales 2007: 24% Finances & Government Sales 2007: 19% The Altran group
  • 5. CSP PV CPV 2. Solar Services
    • Development Engineering
      • Feasibility
      • Product Design
      • System Engineering
      • Simulation and Analysis
      • Software Development
    • Product Optimization
      • Benchmarking
      • Design to Cost
      • Quality Improvement
      • Testing
      • Failure Analysis
      • Reengineering
    • Innovation
      • Systematic Analysis
      • Time to Market Analysis
      • Innovation Management
      • Innovation Certification
      • Technology Surveillance
    • Technical Office
      • Basic and Detailed Engineering
      • Systems Engineering
      • Execution Engineering
      • Technical Assistance to Execution
      • RAMS Analysis on Processes
    • Owners Engineering & Control
    • on Execution
      • Owner’s Engineering
      • Execution Control
      • Quality Assurance
      • Technical Audits
      • Commissioning
    • After Sales, Warranties, O&M
      • Claims Management
      • Maintenance Protocols
      • SW for Operation & Maintenance
    • Process Engineering
      • Feasibility studies
      • Simulation and Analysis
      • Production Improvement
      • MES Manufacturing
      • RAMS Analysis on Processes
    • Process Management
      • Supply Chain Management
      • Supply Quality Assurance
      • Quality Management
      • Testing
    • Process Optimization
      • Lean Manufacturing
      • Quality Improvement
      • RAMS Improvement
      • Innovation in Processes
    Products Processes Projects R & D
  • 6. 3. Introduction to CSP Industry, Technologies and Markets
    • Which are the most important technologies related with the thermal application of CSP?
    • Which are their advantages and disadvantages?
    • Which technology is the most developed?
    • What are the real investment costs?
    • Which are the expectations for the near-future?
    This presentation is based on the “Global Concentrated Solar Power Industry Report 2010 - 2011 ” . This report provides the latest information on the thriving Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) industry, including essential cost and performance data on the four main CSP technologies: Parabolic Trough, Power Tower, Fresnel and Dish Stirling.
  • 7. 4. The basics of CSP Technology
    • The basics of CSP Technology
    • How CSP works: description of the technology
      • Thermodynamics
    • Brief history of CSP and current state
    • Brief description of main configurations
    • Storage
    • Main Requirements: solar (DNI), land requirements (ft2 and m2 per MW), water usage, etc.
  • 8. 4.1. Parabolic Trough System
    • Parabolic trough technology is currently the most proven CSP technology, and therefore the more developed and standardized system.
    Characteristic Parabolic Trough Plant power 30 – 300 MW Annual Capacity Factor 23 – 56 % Peak Efficiency 20 % Annual net efficiency 11-16% Maximum Cycle Temperature 300 – 400 º C Cycle Rankine Cycle Optical Concentration Ratio (from Collector) 28:1 (LS3) 82:1 (ET150) Area collector 34-550 m2 Receiver absorptivity 0.94 - 0.99 Thermal storage 0-12 Hours
  • 9. 4.2. Central Receiver or Power Tower
    • Power Tower systems are reaching their commercial feasibility and seem to be the next step in the development of CSP technology.
    • Power Tower systems use a circular or semicircular array of heliostats (individually tracking large mirrors) to focus sunlight onto a central receiver mounted on top of a tower.
    • Solar radiation is concentrated on a relatively small surface so it’s possible to achieve a high concentration ratio and therefore efficiently operate at high temperatures
    Characteristic Power Tower Plant power 10 – 200 MW Annual Capacity Factor 20 – 78 % Peak Efficiency 19 – 23 % Annual net efficiency 7 – 20 % Maximum Cycle Temperature 585 º C Cycle Rankine Area heliostat 40 – 120 m2 Thermal storage 7 – 15 Hours
  • 10. 4.3. Linear Fresnel Reflector system
    • A linear Fresnel reflector power plant uses a series of long, narrow, shallow-curvature (or even flat) mirrors to focus light onto one or more linear receivers positioned above the mirrors.
    • On top of the receiver a small parabolic mirror (secondary reflector) can be attached for further light focusing.
    Item Fresnel Annual Net Efficiency 13% Peak Efficiency (electric-solar) 18% Plant availability 94% Capacity Factor 25-90% Temperature of Operation 390ºC Annual Electricity Yield 316 kWh/m²a Water consumption per MWe 760-920 gal/MWhe (plus other uses 8gal/MWhe) Land Requirements 1,800 m 2 /MW Land Use m 2 /MWh/year 4-6 Storage (hours) 0-12hours Storage (medium) Steam Technological maturity Medium Power Capacity Range 2-200MW
  • 11. 4.4. Dish system
    • Dish/Engine systems use an array of parabolic dish-shaped mirrors (stretched membrane, flat glass facets or curved glass facets) to focus solar energy onto a receiver located at the focal point of the dish, which means a three dimensional radiation concentration.
    Characteristic Dish Stirling Unit power 5 – 25 kW Annual Capacity Factor 24 – 25 % Peak Efficiency 29,4 % Annual net efficiency 12 – 32 % Maximum Cycle Temperature 800 º C Cycle Stirling/Brayton Reflectivity 92 - 94 Area collector 91 m 2 Receiver efficiency 90 Thermal storage Not possible
  • 12. 5. CSP Performance per technology
    • Performance Comparison between different CSP technologies
    • Possible performance improvements
      • Impact of a higher operating temperature
      • Impact of a simplification of the system brought about by Direct Steam Generation
    General Considerations Performance Parameters Seasonal and hourly variations of electrical yield Storage and Hybridization
  • 13. 6. Costs of CSP Technology
    • General considerations:
      • Scale of the project
      • Performance
      • Solar Resources
      • Terms of financing
      • Impact of Tax Credits and Regulations
    • Current Costs per Technology
      • Parabolic Trough
      • Tower
      • Fresnel
      • Dish
    • Perspectives for CSP Cost Reductions
  • 14. Current Costs per Technology Item Parabolic Trough Power tower Fresnel Dish Initial Investment Cost (without storage) 4.0 – 6.5 $/We 4.0 – 6.5 $/We 3.0 – 7.0 $/We 1.14 – 10.0 $/We Initial Investment Cost (with storage) 5.0 - 8.0 $/We 5.0 -7.0 &/We 4.0 – 8.5 $/We - Initial Investment Cost Solar Field 58% of the Investment cost 43% of the Investment cost 43% of the Investment cost 60% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost Power Block 14% of the Investment cost 13% of the Investment cost (the tower supposed the 4% and the receiver 18%) 18% of the Investment cost 35% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost Steam Generation 3% of the Investment cost 9% of the Investment cost 7% of the Investment cost - Initial Investment Cost Control 2% of the Investment cost 2% of the Investment cost 5% of the Investment cost 5% of the Investment cost Initial Investment Cost O&M 0,01 – 0,04 $/kWhe 0.02 -0.09 &/kWhe 0.009 – 0.05 $/kWhe 0.01 – 0.05 $/kWhe Initial Investment Cost Balance of Plant 120 – 500 $/kW 100 – 400 $/kWe - 200 – 280 $/kW Initial Investment Cost Storage 20 – 30 % increases Investment cost 20 – 30% increases Investment cost 20 – 30% increases Investment cost - LEC 0.14 – 0.40 $/kWhe 0.04 – 0.07 $/kWhe 0.20 – 0.40 $/kWhe 0.28 – 0.35 $/kWhe
  • 15. 7. CSP Market
    • Introduction to the CSP market
    • General Overview of the Industry
    • 7.1 Drivers
      • CSP can enhance Energy security in electricity generation.
      • The fluctuating Price of Fossil Fuels has an important impact in the economy of countries, the use of CSP plants reduce the energy dependence.
      • Job creation : 500 jobs are created during the construction period of a 50 MW CSP plant, and about 50 will be permanents for O&M.
      • Climate change : 70,000-149,000 tons of CO2 emissions are avoided with a 50MW CSP plant.
      • Government incentives and regulation : It is important that governments provide with mandates and energy policies or incentives. (Example of FiT, Tax Credits, Tax Incentives, etc…)
  • 16. 7.2. Barriers
    • The high Capital Cost of CSP Technologies leads to a high LCOE and makes project financing more difficult, compared to technologies that are fuel-cost intensive.
      • Geographical risks (high DNI, near water source, flat land and a good connection to
      • the grid is needed for a CSP plant)
      • Long Permitting processes, which directly affect the total cost of the project
      • Technological uncertainty with constant improvements and cost reductions
      • Lack of transmission capacity will limit the amount of power that can be exported
  • 17. 7.3 CSP Value Chain
  • 18. 7.4. CSP Capacity and Projects worldwide (in MW)
    • Plants in operation
      • Plants under construction
    • Planning plants
  • 19. 8. Conclusions (I)
    • A high level of direct normal irradiation (DNI) is needed for the operation of CSP plants (2,500 kWh/m2/yr is recommended). This requirement limits the geographical areas where CSP is feasible to the following areas: Southern Europe; Middle East and North Africa; Southern Africa; Some region in India; North-western and central Australia; Northern Mexico; South-Western and Mid West USA and Andean Plateau.
    • Technological improvements are needed to reach higher performance:
          • Increasing operating temperature
          • Energy Storage
          • Reducing water consumption
    • Parabolic Trough is the most mature technology, followed by Power Tower and Fresnel. The less mature is Dish technology.
  • 20. 8. Conclusions (II)
    • Installed CSP power capacity worldwide is about 700MWe. USA is the country with more plants in operation with about 443 MW.
    • Spain is second with about 230 MW in operation, and 1,367 under construction. When finished, Spain will be at the forefront in installed capacity with more than 1,500 MW.
    • The main drivers for the CSP Technology development are:
        • Government Mandates for Renewables
        • Energy security, linked to the fluctuating price of fossil fuels.
        • Job creation opportunity
        • Climate change
        • Government incentives and regulation
    • CSP technologies have a great potential, but nowadays they face a number of market barriers such as political instability, insufficient legal and administrative structures, economic vulnerability or lack of infrastructures.
    • However, in developing countries it is expected to minimize them in the near future.
  • 21. www.mediaconsult.es www.altran.comes www.altran.com www.csptoday.com More information about CSP in the Global Concentrated Solar Power Industry Report 2010 – 2011 www.csptoday.com/globalreport For further information about Altran, please get in contact with David Pérez: [email_address]