Rural Matters_M.Enzer_2008


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Rural Matters_M.Enzer_2008

  1. 1. Rural Matters Conservation Matters
  2. 2. What is rural?
  3. 3. The federal government defines "rural" as counties with less than 50,000 residents Or any area that is not defined as "urban"
  4. 4. Others say proximity to an airport defines “rural” Source: Metro : Has a major airport Connected : 1 hour drive to the nearest major airport Isolated: More than 1 hour drive to the nearest major airport
  5. 5. The dictionary says rural is… <ul><li>Relating to or characteristic of the country or people who live in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Relating to farming; agricultural </li></ul>Note: Less than 1% of U.S. population claims farming as occupation (and only 2% actually live on farms)
  6. 6. Did you know…
  7. 7. Rural America comprises 80% of the nation’s landscape 96% of land in federal ownership is the responsibility of the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management
  8. 8. The national poverty rate is 12.6% In rural America t he poverty rate is 14.5% 189 of the 200 poorest counties are rural
  9. 10. In the same period 1.5 million rural workers lost their jobs That’s 16% of the nation’s workforce Nationwide 9.3 million workers were displaced between 1997 and 2003
  10. 11. One in three public schools in the country are located in rural areas 74.7% of poor rural children receive free or reduced-price lunches Source: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Information Bulletin Number 1, March 2005
  11. 12. 18.5% of rural people under the age of 65 don’t have health insurance Source: Health Care in Rural America: A Series of Features from the Center for Rural Affairs Newsletter , Center for Rural Affairs, 2004. 68 percent come from families where there is at least one full-time worker 30 percent are children Almost two-thirds come from families of four who live on less than $37,000
  12. 13. Over the last 4 decades Oregon and Washington have seen a 53% decline in forest products employment
  13. 14. <ul><li>Tribes own and manage 50 to 75% </li></ul><ul><li>of all non-renewable energy resources </li></ul><ul><li>(coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas) </li></ul>25.3% of Native Americans are living in poverty--- that’s 537,000 people
  14. 15. The 2008 Election
  15. 16. Nationwide 17% of the voters were rural
  16. 17. 2008 Presidential Election Results in All (Rural) Non-metropolitan Counties Sources: CBSA Status: OMB and U.S. Census Bureau County election results: New York Times Obama (454 counties) McCain (1,570 counties)
  17. 18. Is rural America turning purple?
  18. 19. What about the rural landscape?
  19. 20. 23% (1.24 million acres) have burned in California alone…so far 5,270,693 acres burned in 2008
  20. 21. <ul><li>U.S. fires release about </li></ul><ul><li>290 million metric tons </li></ul><ul><li>of carbon dioxide a year </li></ul>Source: Christine Wiedinmyer and Jason C. Neff. &quot;Estimates of CO2 from fires in the United States: Implications for carbon management&quot; Carbon Balance and Management; Personal communication and math skills of Lynn Jungwirth ..equal to 5 million cars driving for one year
  21. 22. 55% of all wildfire suppression expenditures occurred in Forest Service Regions 5 and 6 Only 17% of fire hazard reduction activity occurred in these two regions
  22. 23. Percentages of USFS Annual Average Fire Suppression Spending (1995-2004) to Acres Treated for Fire Hazard Reduction (2003-2007)
  23. 24. Americans pay more than $138 billion per year to deal with the problem In 2006 5.3 million acres of tree mortality was due to insects and disease
  24. 25. Recreational anglers spent $592 million within 50 miles of their Forest Service fishing holes Pacific salmon, steelhead, and sea-run cutthroat stocks are at risk of extinction
  25. 26. Between 50 to 90 million acres of Forest Service Land need hazardous fuels treatment In 2007 the Forest Service completed 3 million acres of hazardous fuels reduction work needed
  26. 27. <ul><li>Produce 10,000 mega watts of power </li></ul><ul><li>Which would create 49,000 jobs </li></ul>If we thinned and reduced fuels on 6.6 million acres annually we could: Source: WGA and personal communication and math from Lynn Jungwirth By the way… wood waste takes up 20% of rural landfills
  27. 28. There is $467 million back log in recreation site and facility needs on Forest Service lands $192 million is generated in annual federal income tax revenues from hunting, fishing, and wildlife viewing
  28. 29. That’s around three acres per minute Every day, America loses more than 4,000 acres of open space to development
  29. 30. <ul><li>In 2007, the federal government spent $1.4 billion as 9.3 million acres burned </li></ul><ul><li>That’s $1500 an acre </li></ul>In 1998 the federal government spent $307 million on wildfire suppression and 1.3 million acres burned That’s $300 an acre Source: National Interagency Fire Center
  30. 31. There is an $8 billion back log in road restoration and maintenance needs on Forest Service lands
  31. 32. <ul><li>The Forest Service spent over $1.6 billion on fire suppression this year… </li></ul>Congress still has not passed a wildfire cost containment bill
  32. 33. What can we do?
  33. 34. Have a strategy Be Prepared Send a clear message Believe in solutions Collaborate
  34. 35. Is there any hope?
  35. 36. Rural Voices for Conservation