Theory of Literature

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Theory of Literature

  1. 1. OUTLINE OF LITERARY THEORY Siswo Harsono
  2. 2. Literary sciences <ul><li>Literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Literary history </li></ul><ul><li>Literary criticism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literary sciences
  4. 4. Basic concepts <ul><li>Literary work: creative </li></ul><ul><li>Literary study: scientific </li></ul>
  5. 5. Functions of literature <ul><li>Dulce et utile </li></ul><ul><li>Prodesse et delectare </li></ul><ul><li>Docere et movere </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scopes of literature <ul><li>Local literature </li></ul><ul><li>National literature </li></ul><ul><li>World literature </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative literature </li></ul>
  7. 7. Etymology of theory <ul><li>Late Latin theoria, from Greek contemplation, theory, from theoros, spectator, from theasthai, to observe, from thea, a viewing (Grolier, 1986:1335) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of theory <ul><li>(a) Systematically organized knowledge applicable in relatively wide variety of circumstance; especially, a system of assumptions, accepted principles, and rules of procedure devised to analyze, predict, or otherwise explain the nature or behavior of a specified set of phenomena. (b) Such knowledge or such a system distinguished from experiment or practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract reasoning; speculation </li></ul><ul><li>Broadly, hypothesis or supposition (Grolier, 1986:1335) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Definition of literary theory <ul><li>The practice of describing, interpreting, and evaluating literature (Morner and Rausch, 1998:121) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Function of literary theory <ul><li>Supporting literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting literary history </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of literary theory <ul><li>Intrinsic literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic literary theory </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of intrinsic literary theory <ul><li>Formalism and new criticism </li></ul><ul><li>textual and structural criticism </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of extrinsic literary theory <ul><li>Literature and biography </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and society </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and psyche </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and arts </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and culture </li></ul>
  14. 14. Abrams’ theoretical orientations
  15. 15. Orientations of literary theory <ul><li>Mimetic literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Objective literary theory </li></ul>
  16. 16. Theory of literary disciplines <ul><li>Marxist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypal criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Existential criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Formalism </li></ul><ul><li>New criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Reader response </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-colonial criticism </li></ul><ul><li>New historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Hermeneutics </li></ul><ul><li>Semiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Stylistics </li></ul>
  17. 17. Objects of literary theory <ul><li>Oral literature </li></ul><ul><li>Written literature </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic literature </li></ul>
  18. 18. Steps of studying literary theory <ul><li>Reading literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Investigating the concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Investigating the paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Applying the theory </li></ul>
  19. 19. Application of literary theory <ul><li>Analyzing literary work </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing literary writer </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing literary reader </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing literary history </li></ul>
  20. 20. Evaluation <ul><li>Mid: extrinsic theory </li></ul><ul><li>Final: intrinsic theory </li></ul><ul><li>Task: applied theory </li></ul>
  21. 21. THE END

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