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E lit Research

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  • 1. THE METHOD OF E-LIT RESEARCH SISWO HARSONO
  • 2. BACKGROUND
    • The development of electronic technology.
    • The social, intellectual, and professional interests of electronic literature.
    • The creations, researches, studies, and teachings of electronic literature.
    • The theory, methodology, and application of e-lit research.
  • 3. Problems
    • The existence of electronic literature needs investigating scientifically .
    • The scientific research needs underlying theory an d methodology relevant to the material an d formal object of electronic literature .
    • T he theory an d methodology e-lit research need applying .
  • 4. Problem formulation
    • How should a research on electronic literature be done?
    • What are theory an d methodology applicable to e-lit research ?
  • 5. Aims of research
    • Creating a methodological composition of e-lit research .
    • Applying the composition textually, intertextually, contextually, hypertextually, an d cybertextually.
  • 6. Functions
    • Theoretical function is to develop the theory an d methodology of e-lit research .
    • Practical function is to be applied in e-lit reasearches, studies, an d creations.
  • 7. UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY
  • 8.
    • Ontology: what is electronic literature?
    • Epistemology: how can we get the knowledge of electronic literature ?
    • Axiology: what are the value and fuction of electronic literature ?
    • Methodology: how can we investigate electronic literature ?
  • 9. UNDERLYING ONTOLOG Y
    • Usually, literary paradigm is only undersood as written literature, derived from literary concept that refers to alphabeth.
    • Oral literary paradigm that refers to orality is not regarded as literature, but tradition.
    • E-lit paradigm is not regarded as literature, but media.
  • 10. ONTOLOGI CAL DEVELOPMENT
    • The literary concept refers to written, oral, and even non-written and non-oral alphabeths.
    • There are three kinds of alphabeths: written, oral, and non-written/oral .
  • 11. LITERARY PARADIGM
  • 12. ELECTRONIC LITERATURE
  • 13. E-LIT MEDIA
  • 14. AUDIO LITERATURE
  • 15. AUDIOVISUAL LITERATURE
  • 16. HYPERMEDIA LITERATURE
  • 17. UNDERLYING EPISTEMOLOG Y
    • The method of getting scientific knowledge of electronic literature should be done by scientific research.
    • Science is an organization of knowledge which is systematically ordered based on general rule.
    • Science forms a habit and increases the skills of observation , e x perimenta t i on , c las s ifi c a t i on , anal y sis, and generalization .
    • Scientific thinking framework is the process of logi c o-h y pot h eti c o- verificative which combines deductive an d inductive reasoning .
  • 18. UNDERLYING AXIOLOGY
    • Underlying aksiologis is the fo u nda t i on of values related to the functions of e-lit knowledge for human beings .
    • The functions of e-lit creations, studies, teachings, and so c io- cultural events.
    • Thus, the functions of e-lit knowledge include creative, academic, and socio-cultural aspects .
  • 19. UNDERLYING METHODOLOGY
    • Developing methodology
    • Composing research methods
    • Research procedures
    • Research techniques
  • 20. DEVELOPING METHODOLOGY
    • Developing met h odolog y by combining an d the met h od s an d the steps of research which is adequately applicable for e-lit research .
    • Textually, combining stru c tural-semioti c - c inemati c methods.
    • Intertextually, combining inter/intra-texts.
    • Contextually, combining so c iologi cal method and viewer respon se.
    • H yperte x tual ly, combining hypertextuality and hypertextual methods.
    • Cybertextually, combining cybertextuality and user respon se .
  • 21. COMPOSITION OF METHODS
    • M et h odologi cal combination and composition : (1) choosing material object of e-lit , (2) close watching, (3) writing the fact of story , (4) textual analysis , (5) intertextual analysis , (6) contextual analysis , (7) hypertextual analysis , an d (8) cybertextual analysis .
  • 22. WORKING STEPS
    • Choosing material object
    • Close watching
    • Writing the fact of story
    • Textual analysis
    • Intertextual analysis
    • Contextual analysis
    • Hypertextual analysis
    • Cybertextual analysis
  • 23. LIBRARY RESEARCH
    • Aim of library research: managing results, limiting problems, avoiding duplication, providing theories.
    • Functions: clarifying problems , exploring follow-up research , knowing the results of other similar researches , an d knowing unsolved problems.
    • Ways: reading literatur e , both t h eor y and previous result .
  • 24. UNDERLYING THEORY
    • Textual theory is applied in intrinsic analysis on the material and formal object of electronic literature .
    • Intertextual theory is applied in the analysis of intertextual relation.
    • Contextual theory is applied in extrinsic analysis of electronic literature .
    • Hypertextual theory in applied in the analysis of intra/inter-link relation in internet.
    • Cybertextual theory is applied in the analysis of e-lit user response in internet.
  • 25. TEXTUAL THEORY
    • Narratology
    • Cinematography
    • Dramaturg y
  • 26. Narratology
    • Greimasian narratology to analyze sequence , a c tan, plot , and t h em e.
    • Shklovskyan defamiliarization to analyze the aspect of literariness.
    • Peircean semiotics to analyze symbol, icon and index .
  • 27. CINEMATOGRAPHY
    • Cinematography to analyze cinematic aspects of audiovisual e-lit.
    • visual aspects include settings , costumes , make-up , lightings , acting , shootings, and editing .
    • Aural aspects include audio-verbal, audio-musical, and sound effect .
  • 28. D RAMATURGY
    • Dramaturg y in non-cinematic audiovisual e-lit
    • Dramaturg y in non-cinematic hypermedia e-lit
  • 29. CONTEXTUAL THEORY
    • Sociology of literature: e-lit production-consumption.
    • Viewer response: individual, social, and institutional.
  • 30.  
  • 31. HYPERTEXTUAL THEORY
    • Hypertext
    • Hypertextuality
  • 32. HYPERTEXT
    • Hyperte xt is a text which has internal and external links to other texts.
    • Landow: “ Hypertext denotes an information medium that link verbal and non-verbal information.”
    • Mark Amerika: “I link therefore I am.”
  • 33. HYPERTEXTUALITY
    • According to Chandler, the transtextual types from Gennet include intertextuality , paratextuality, architextuality, metatextuality, hypotextuality, dan hypertextuality .
    • Michael Riffaterre, “ intertextuality is the complete opposite of hypertextuality because the former builds a structured network of limits that will keep the reader on track (towards the correct interpretation), the later is a loose web of free association."
  • 34. CYBERTEXTUAL THEORY
    • Passive response: users only enjoy e-lit.
    • Active response: users give comment, criticism, or analysis.
    • Creative response: users create new e-lit creations.
  • 35. CREATIVE RESPON SE
  • 36. Makna Respon
    • Imaging commutation in the level of perceptive signifier, the image of Mr. Bean as a comedian becomes a terrorist.
    • In the level of signified ideology, the image of Mr. Bean oppositely transformed with the image of Bin Laden causes a comic face of humorist / terrorist .
  • 37.  
  • 38. Thank you