Cultural Criticism

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Cultural Criticism

  1. 1. OUTLINE OF CULTURAL CRITICISM Siswo Harsono
  2. 2. Cultural Criticism <ul><li>Siswo Harsono </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural sciences <ul><li>Cultural theory </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural history </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural criticism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Criticism <ul><li>Literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Social criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural criticism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Etymology of criticism <ul><li>French, from Greek kritike , the art of criticism, from kritikos, critical </li></ul><ul><li>Latin, crtiticus, from adjective, “decisive”, from Greek kritikos, able to discern, critical from kritos, separated, chosen, from krinein, to separate, choose </li></ul><ul><li>Greek kriterion, a means for judging, standard from krites, a judge, umpire, from krinein, to separate, choose (Grolier, 1986: 314). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definition of criticism <ul><li>The act of making judgments and or criticizing </li></ul><ul><li>A passing of unfavorable judgment, censure, disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>The art, skill, or profession of making discriminating judgments and evaluation, especially of literary or other artistic works </li></ul><ul><li>A review or other article expressing such judgment and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>The detailed investigation of the origin and history of literary documents (Grolier, 1986: 314). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition of literary criticism <ul><li>The practice of describing, interpreting, and evaluating literature (Morner and Rausch, 1998:121) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of cultural criticism <ul><li>The practice of describing, interpreting, and evaluating culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural criticism makes the term culture refer to popular and classic culture. It breaks down the boundary between high and low culture, and discovers the political reason why a cultural product is more valued than others (Smith, ed., 1992: 312-313). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Functions of cultural criticism <ul><li>Criticizing cultural works </li></ul><ul><li>Verifying cultural theory </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting cultural history </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of cultural criticism <ul><li>Theoretical cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Practical cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Historical cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic cultural criticism </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of practical cultural criticism <ul><li>Impressionistic cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial cultural criticism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of writing criticism <ul><li>Scientific cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Popular cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Creative cultural criticism </li></ul>
  13. 13. Orientations of cultural criticism <ul><li>Mimetic cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive cultural criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Objective cultural criticism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Theories of cultural criticism <ul><li>Formalism </li></ul><ul><li>New criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Stylistics </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Marxist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Existential criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypal criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Hermeneutics </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Reader response </li></ul><ul><li>Semiotics </li></ul><ul><li>New historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-colonial criticism </li></ul>
  15. 15. Objects of cultural criticism <ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Game </li></ul><ul><li>Film </li></ul>
  16. 16. Music
  17. 17. Media
  18. 18. Lifestyle
  19. 19. Game
  20. 21. Film
  21. 24. Methods of cultural criticism <ul><li>Library research </li></ul><ul><li>Field research </li></ul>
  22. 25. Steps of cultural criticism <ul><li>Reading cultural work </li></ul><ul><li>Writing impressionistic comment </li></ul><ul><li>Writing analytical review </li></ul><ul><li>Writing judicial inference </li></ul>
  23. 26. Application of cultural criticism <ul><li>Criticizing music </li></ul><ul><li>Criticizing media </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing game </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing film </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 27. Criticism of music <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lyric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Criticism of Media <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exponential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semiotic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  26. 29. Criticism of Lifestyle <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exponential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semiotic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. Criticism of Game <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exponential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semiotic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  28. 31. Criticism of Film <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cinematic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semiotic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  29. 32. Cultural works <ul><li>Music: Beep </li></ul><ul><li>Media: Cosby Show </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle: Hell Angel </li></ul><ul><li>Game: Rodeo </li></ul><ul><li>Film: Gift of Magi </li></ul>
  30. 33. Evaluation <ul><li>Mid-semester: theoretical exam </li></ul><ul><li>Final semester: practical exam </li></ul><ul><li>Task assignment: paper exam </li></ul>
  31. 34. THE END

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