Criticism

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This is an outline of literary criticism.

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Criticism

  1. 1. OUTLINE OF LITERARY CRITICISM Siswo Harsono
  2. 2. Literary Criticism <ul><li>Siswo Harsono </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literary sciences <ul><li>Literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Literary history </li></ul><ul><li>Literary criticism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Criticism <ul><li>Literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Social criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural criticism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Etymology of criticism <ul><li>French, from Greek kritike , the art of criticism, from kritikos, critical </li></ul><ul><li>Latin, crtiticus, from adjective, “decisive”, from Greek kritikos, able to discern, critical from kritos, separated, chosen, from krinein, to separate, choose </li></ul><ul><li>Greek kriterion, a means for judging, standard from krites, a judge, umpire, from krinein, to separate, choose (Grolier, 1986:314) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definition of criticism <ul><li>The act of making judgements and or criticizing </li></ul><ul><li>A passing of unfavorable judgement, censure, disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>The art, skill, or profession of making discriminating judgements and evaluation, especially of literary or other artistic works </li></ul><ul><li>A review or other article expressing such judgement and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>The detailed investigation of the origin and history of literary documents (Grolier, 1986:314) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition of literary criticism <ul><li>The practice of describing, interpreting, and evaluating literature (Morner and Rausch, 1998:121) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Functions of literary criticism <ul><li>Criticizing literary works </li></ul><ul><li>Verifying literary theory </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting literary history </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of literary criticism <ul><li>Theoretical literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Practical literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Historical literary criticism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of practical literary criticism <ul><li>Impressionistic literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial literary criticism </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of writing criticism <ul><li>Scientific literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Popular literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Creative literary criticism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Orientations of literary criticism <ul><li>Mimetic literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive literary criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Objective literary criticism </li></ul>
  13. 13. Theory of literary criticism <ul><li>Formalism </li></ul><ul><li>New criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Stylistics </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Marxist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Existential criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypal criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Hermeneutics </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Reader response </li></ul><ul><li>Semiotics </li></ul><ul><li>New historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Post-colonial criticism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Objects of literary criticism <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Prose </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul>
  15. 15. Methods of literary criticism <ul><li>Library research </li></ul><ul><li>Field research </li></ul>
  16. 16. Steps of literary criticism <ul><li>Reading literary work </li></ul><ul><li>Writing impressionistic comment </li></ul><ul><li>Writing analytical review </li></ul><ul><li>Writing judicial inference </li></ul>
  17. 17. Application of literary criticism <ul><li>Criticizing poetry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing prose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing drama </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Criticism of poetry <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figurative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Criticism of Prose <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Criticism of Drama <ul><li>Intrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subtext </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Literary works <ul><li>Poetry: “Frankie and Johnny” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>by Anonymous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prose: “Exodus” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>by James Baldwin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Drama: “The Sandbox” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>by Edward Albee </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Evaluation <ul><li>Mid-semester: theoretical exam </li></ul><ul><li>Final semester: practical exam </li></ul><ul><li>Task assignment: paper exam </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE END

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