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Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
Why English spelling is such a mess
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Why English spelling is such a mess

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a brief history of the English language

a brief history of the English language

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  • 1. Why English Spelling is Such a Mess<br />(Or, a Brief History of the English Language)<br />
  • 2. Blame These Guys for Starting It<br />In the 9th Century, Viking raiders began taking over the island we now know as England.<br />
  • 3. Both spoke Germanic. Their languages merged to form Old English.<br />The two most powerful invading tribes were the Angles and the Saxons<br />
  • 4. Germanic Languages Beat Out Celtic<br />Soon, everybody left who spoke Celtic was crammed into Ireland or Wales or Scotland.<br />Scotland<br />
  • 5. Or Maybe We Should Blame Caesar…<br />Actually, the Celtic language had already been mixed up with Latin, thanks to the Roman Empire invading Britain in 55 BC.<br />
  • 6. Hwaet!<br />So, you start with Celtic, <br />mix in Latin, <br />add Germanic, bring to a boil and get Old English, <br />but it doesn’t stop there…<br />
  • 7. In 1066, the Normans conquered Britain, and guess what?<br />They spoke French!<br />
  • 8. Since the King spoke French…<br />oui<br />French became the language of the nobles, and only peasants spoke<br />English<br />
  • 9. Buy and Sell?<br />Vin?<br />You had to learn Frenchwords to deal with people with money.<br />
  • 10. The Printing Press Made a Mess!<br />Pronunciation kept changing, but printing stopped spelling from keeping up with the changes<br />
  • 11. British trade by ship expanded world-wide<br />Ketchup!<br />Tycoon!<br />and more foreign words were borrowed into English<br />
  • 12. Colonization brought more foreign words into English<br />hickory<br />
  • 13. The world’s largest vocabulary<br />Borrowing has made the English lexicon<br />huge, versatile, expressive, and complex<br />
  • 14. Close to a Universal Language<br />Upwards of 350 million people speak English as their first language, with many morethan that using it as a second language<br />
  • 15. So, that’s how its history made such an amazing mess of English<br />And it keeps on borrowing, growing, and changing, even as we speak.<br />

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