Why English Spelling is Such a Mess<br />(Or, a Brief History of the English Language)<br />
Blame These Guys for Starting It<br />In the 9th Century, Viking raiders began taking over the island we now know as Engla...
Both spoke Germanic. Their languages merged to form Old English.<br />The two most powerful invading tribes were the Angle...
Germanic Languages Beat Out Celtic<br />Soon, everybody left who spoke Celtic was crammed into Ireland or Wales or Scotlan...
Or Maybe We Should Blame Caesar…<br />Actually, the Celtic language had already been mixed up with Latin, thanks to the Ro...
Hwaet!<br />So, you start with Celtic, <br />mix in Latin, <br />add Germanic, bring to a boil and get Old English, <br />...
In 1066, the Normans conquered Britain, and guess what?<br />They spoke French!<br />
Since the King spoke French…<br />oui<br />French became the language of the nobles, and only peasants spoke<br />English<...
Buy and Sell?<br />Vin?<br />You had to learn Frenchwords to deal with people with money.<br />
The Printing Press Made a Mess!<br />Pronunciation kept changing, but printing stopped spelling from keeping up with the c...
British trade by ship expanded world-wide<br />Ketchup!<br />Tycoon!<br />and more foreign words were borrowed into Englis...
Colonization brought more foreign words into English<br />hickory<br />
The world’s largest vocabulary<br />Borrowing has made the English lexicon<br />huge, versatile, expressive, and complex<b...
Close to a Universal Language<br />Upwards of 350 million people speak English as their first language, with many morethan...
So, that’s how its history made such an amazing mess of English<br />And it keeps on borrowing, growing, and changing, eve...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Why English spelling is such a mess

1,399

Published on

a brief history of the English language

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,399
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
83
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Why English spelling is such a mess

  1. 1. Why English Spelling is Such a Mess<br />(Or, a Brief History of the English Language)<br />
  2. 2. Blame These Guys for Starting It<br />In the 9th Century, Viking raiders began taking over the island we now know as England.<br />
  3. 3. Both spoke Germanic. Their languages merged to form Old English.<br />The two most powerful invading tribes were the Angles and the Saxons<br />
  4. 4. Germanic Languages Beat Out Celtic<br />Soon, everybody left who spoke Celtic was crammed into Ireland or Wales or Scotland.<br />Scotland<br />
  5. 5. Or Maybe We Should Blame Caesar…<br />Actually, the Celtic language had already been mixed up with Latin, thanks to the Roman Empire invading Britain in 55 BC.<br />
  6. 6. Hwaet!<br />So, you start with Celtic, <br />mix in Latin, <br />add Germanic, bring to a boil and get Old English, <br />but it doesn’t stop there…<br />
  7. 7. In 1066, the Normans conquered Britain, and guess what?<br />They spoke French!<br />
  8. 8. Since the King spoke French…<br />oui<br />French became the language of the nobles, and only peasants spoke<br />English<br />
  9. 9. Buy and Sell?<br />Vin?<br />You had to learn Frenchwords to deal with people with money.<br />
  10. 10. The Printing Press Made a Mess!<br />Pronunciation kept changing, but printing stopped spelling from keeping up with the changes<br />
  11. 11. British trade by ship expanded world-wide<br />Ketchup!<br />Tycoon!<br />and more foreign words were borrowed into English<br />
  12. 12. Colonization brought more foreign words into English<br />hickory<br />
  13. 13. The world’s largest vocabulary<br />Borrowing has made the English lexicon<br />huge, versatile, expressive, and complex<br />
  14. 14. Close to a Universal Language<br />Upwards of 350 million people speak English as their first language, with many morethan that using it as a second language<br />
  15. 15. So, that’s how its history made such an amazing mess of English<br />And it keeps on borrowing, growing, and changing, even as we speak.<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×