Anime history and subculture

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Discussion of anime subculture, presented to high school Japanese class.

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  • Anime history and subculture

    1. 1. Anime in America
    2. 3. Tezuka, father of manga <ul><li>Trained as doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Always wanted to be a movie director </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by Disney </li></ul>
    3. 5. Anime culture in the US <ul><li>60s and 70s: Import films, dubbed, re-edited, often un-attributed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kimba, Astro Boy, Battle of the Planets/G-Force, Robotech, Voltron </li></ul></ul>Ken/Mark/Ace, Ryu/Tiny/Hooty, Jinpei/Keyop/Pee-Wee, Jun/Princess/Aggie, Joe/Jason/Dirk
    4. 6. 80s and 90s <ul><li>Official : Akira, DBZ, Sailor Moon. Fan : Escaflowne, Fushigi Yugi, Evangelion, Rurouni Kenshin, Trigun </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: Distribution http://www.angelfire.com/anime3/Shingo/ </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of anime clubs and conventions: places to see and share anime </li></ul>
    5. 7. 2000s <ul><li>Solving the Distribution Problem: digital subs, BitTorrent, youtube, scanslations </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of licensed translations: Viz, Funimation </li></ul>
    6. 8. Anime in Academics: <ul><li>Comparative Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Media Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized as a media, not just a genre </li></ul><ul><li>… not Japan Studies?? </li></ul>
    7. 9. Meanwhile in Japan… <ul><li>2005 Top anime in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>(Asahi Network poll) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Suit Gundam </li></ul><ul><li>Dragonball </li></ul><ul><li>Doraemon </li></ul><ul><li>One Piece </li></ul><ul><li>Lupin III </li></ul><ul><li>Detective Conan </li></ul><ul><li>Sazae-san </li></ul><ul><li>Slam Dunk </li></ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul><ul><li>Chibi Maruko-chan </li></ul>not otaku otaku
    8. 10. What counts as “anime”? <ul><li>Japanese Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Comics? </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Drama? </li></ul><ul><li>Anime Video Games? </li></ul><ul><li>Cosplay? </li></ul>
    9. 11. Where do you draw the line? <ul><li>American Cartoons? </li></ul><ul><li>American Comics? </li></ul><ul><li>Video Games? </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Lolita? </li></ul><ul><li>Ball-jointed Dolls? </li></ul>
    10. 12. <ul><li>Who will consume? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will produce? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will participate? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it still be Japanese? </li></ul>Future

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