2. GHANA:- Ghana , officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire. The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957,becoming the first sub-Saharan African nation to do so, from European colonialism. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers in the world, and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area
3. FORT CHRISTIANSBORG:- Christiansborg Castle was the headquarters for Denmark-Norways commercial activities on the Gold Coast and it still bears the monogram of King Christian VII, ruler of the twin monarchy. The earliest constructions are from 1661. The trade with Europe was for muskets, bullets, gunpowder, brandy, textiles, iron rods, cowrie shells, etc., which were exchanged for slaves, ivory and gold, and other products. In 1850 the Castle was sold to Britain, along with all the other Danish forts and lodges. Today Christiansborg serves as the seat of government for the Republic of Ghana and is not at present open for the general public.
4. FORT FREDENSBORG Fort Fredensborg, meaning Castle of Peace, was constructed during the years 1736-42. The fortress was located at Ningo for strategic reasons: to attract trade on the eastern coast, to prevent competition from the Dutch and English forts in Accra, and to enable trade exchanges with Portuguese and French ships in particular. Though fairly small, Fort Fredensborg played a key role in Danish-Norwegian trade during the eighteenth century. The fort was described by contemporary observers as one of the most beautiful buildings on the coast.
5. YAK:- Yaks are heavily built animals with a bulky frame, sturdy legs, and rounded cloven hooves. They are the only wild bovids of this size with extremely dense, long fur that hangs down lower than the belly. Wild yaks are generally dark, blackish to brown, in pelage coloration. However, domestic yaks can be quite variable in color, often having patches of rusty brown and cream. They have small ears and a wide forehead, with smooth horns that are generally dark in colour. In males, the horns sweep out from the sides of the head, and then curve forward; they typically range from 48 to 99 cm (19 to 39 in) in length. The horns of females are smaller, only 27 to 64 cm (11 to 25 in) in length, and have a more upright shape.
6. God Bless our homeland Ghana, And make our nation great and strong, Bold to defend for ever the cause of Freedom and of Right. Fill our hearts with true humility Make us cherish fearless honesty, And help us to resist oppressors rule With all our will and might for evermore. Hail to they name, O Ghana. To thee we make our solemn vow; Steadfast to build together A nation stong in Unity; With our gifts of mind and strength of arm, Whether night or day, in mist or storm, In every need whateer the call may be, To serve thee, Ghana, now and evermore. Raise high the flag of Ghana, And one with Africa advance; Black Star of hope and honour, To all who thirst for liberty; Where the naner of Ghana freely flies, May the way to freedom truly lie Arise, arise, O sons of Ghanaland. And under God march on for evermore.
7. The Ghana Cedi is the unit of currency of Ghana. The word "cedi" is derived from the Akan word for cowry shell(Cowry shells were once used in Ghana as a form of currency). The new Ghana cedi was introduced on 1 July 2007 at a rate equal to 10,000 old cedis. One Ghana cedi is divided into one hundred Ghana pesewas. A number of Ghanaian coins have also been issued in Sika denominations. The word sika means "gold". The Ghanaian cedi symbol ¢ is a letter C struck through with a vertical or slightly angled bar.
8. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of the Equator, therefore giving it a warm climate. The country spans an area of 238,500 km2 (92,085 sq mi). It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. Ghana lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N, and longitudes 4°W and 2°E.
9. The flag of Ghana consists of red, gold and green horizontal strips with a five pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe. The color red represents the blood of those who died in the countrys struggle for independence: gold stands for the minerals wealth, while green symbolizes the rich forest. The star represents the lonestar of African freedom.
10. Languages of Ghana Official language(s): English . Regional language(s)Government-sponsored languages : Akan, Ewe, Dagomba (Dagbani),Dangme, Dagaare, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Nzema. Main foreign language(s) Sindhi, Hindi, Lebanese Arabic,Chinese, French. Lingua franca English, Akan. As with many ex-colonies in Africa, the official language of Ghana is the English language. Language classification Older classifications group them as Kwa, Gur, and Mande: Kwa languages (Akan, Bia, Guang in Tano; Ga and Adangme) Gbe languages (Ewe) Gur languages (Gurunsi; also Dagomba, Mossi, Dagaare, and Frafra in Oti–Volta) Senufo languages (Nafaanra) Kulango languages Mande languages (Ligbi)
11. Football (soccer) is the national sport in Ghana. The Ghanaian National Soccer team, the Black Stars, has for decades been one of the top teams in Africa. The Black Stars have won the Africa Nations Cup four times (1963, 1965, 1978 and 1982). The team made its debut at the FIFA world cup in Germany in 2006, reaching the second round after performances against Italy (lost 2-0), before beating the United States (2- 1) and Czech Republic (2-0). Other popular sports include field hockey, volleyball, track and field, tennis, and boxing.