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Jan lokpal big_offset
 

Jan lokpal big_offset

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    Jan lokpal big_offset Jan lokpal big_offset Presentation Transcript

    • tu yksdiky fo/ks;d ,d foLr`r O;k[;k ÁFke laLdj.k fnukad % 20 ebZ 2011bafM;k vxsaLV djIku }kjk Ádkfkr
    • fo"k;&lwph 2 ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd ;s yksx Bhd ls dke djsa 8 3 ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr1. ge Tku yksdiky D;ksa pkgrs gSa fdlh ls izHkkfor u gksa 9 d Lora=rk dk vHkko 1 ?k ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd vxj os Bhd ls dke ugha djsaxs rks gVk [k kfDrghu 1 fn, tk,axs 9 x dbZ rjg dh ,tsafl;ka 2 (i) yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr ds Hkz"V deZpkfj;ksa dks gVk;k tkuk 9 ?k ikjnfkZrk ,oa vkarfjd tokcnsgh dh deh 2 (ii) yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk gVk;k tkuk 9 M+ Hkz"Vkpkj fojks/kh dkuwu esa [kkfe;ka 3 7. tu yksdiky dk vf/kdkj {ks= 102. yksdiky dh lajpuk 3 d loksZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk 10 (i) loksZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk dks gVkuk 10 d tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr dh Lok;Ùkrk 3 (ii) lokPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk ds fo:) Hk"Vkpkj Zs z 10 (i) izkklfud Lo;kÙkrk 3 (iii) tu yksdiky fcy ds nk;js esa mPp U;k;ikfydk dks kkfey (ii) vkfFkZd Lo;kÙkrk 4 djus ij dqN nksLrksa dh vkifRr;ka 12 [k dsoy Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsalh 4 [k fuokZfpr jktusrk ftuesa iz/kkuea=h rFkk ea=h Hkh kkfey gSa 16 x dsoy lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha 4 x ukSdjkkg 163. Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ yksdiky }kjk D;k dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh 4 8. js[kkfp= }kjk yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds fo:) fkdk;rksa ds fuokj.k dk fu:i.k 17 d tkap dh fufpr le;kof/k 4 [k ljdkj dks gq, uqdlku dh olwyh 5 9. Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okyksa (Cyksvj dk laj{k.k fOg~ly 17 x laifRr;ksa dh dqdhZ 5 10. >wBh vkSj Hkzfer djus okyh fkdk;rksa ds f[kykQ lqj{kk 18 ?kHkz"Vkpkj ds fy, igys ls vf/kd lt+k 5 M+voS/k :i ls izkIr gq, ykHk dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds ek/;e ls vftZr fd;k 11. tu yksdiky vf/kfu;e ds ckjs esa vdlj iwNs tkus okys izu 19 gqvk ekuk tkuk 6 d D;k yksdiky fujadqk gks tk,xk 19 p vknskksa ds u ekuus ij lt+k dk vf/kdkj 6 [k D;k tu fkdk;rksa dks yksdiky dh ifjf/k esa ykuk pkfg, blls4. tu yksdiky vke vkneh dks fjor[kksjh ls dSls jkgr fnyk;sxk 6 yksdiky dk dk;ZHkkj vR;kf/kd c<+us ds lkFk&lkFk nq"dj gks tk,xk 205. yksdiky ds rgr ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= ds mYya?ku ls lacaf/kr tu fkdk;rksa dk fuokj.k dSls fd;k tk,xk ¶yks pkVZ 7 12. ifjfk"V 1 216. tu yksdiky vkSj tu yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj jksdus ds fy, D;k fd;k 13. ifjfk"V 2 26 tk,xk 8 1 ;g lfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd bl dke ds fy, lgh ykxkas dk p;u gks 8 q s
    • Tku yksdiky D;ksa t+:jh gS ysfdu muds ikl dksbZ kfDr ugha gSA mUgsa dsoy lykg nsus okyh laLFkk cuk;k x;k gSA os ljdkj dks nks rjg dh lykg nsrh gSa& fdlh vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ gekjs ekStwnk Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh O;oLFkk esa vussd [kkfe;ka gSa] ftudh otg ls foHkkxh; naM yxkus dh ;k mlds fo:) vnkyr esa eqdnek pykus dhA ;g iq[rk lcwr gksus ds ckotwn Hkz"V yksxksa ds f[kykQ u rks bZekunkjh ls tkap gksrh ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd tc Hkh fdlh ea=h ;k mPp vf/kdkjh ds fo:) ,slh lykg gS] u gh eqdnek pyk;k tkrk gS vkSj kk;n gh fdlh dks lt+k fey ikrh gSA nh tkrh gS] rc kk;n gh ml ij vey gksrk gSA gekjh iwjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh O;oLFkk vly esa Hkz"V yksxkssa dks cpkus dk dke djrh gSA x dbZ rjg dh ,tsafl;ka gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa dbZ [kkfe;ka gSa ftudh otg ls og dksbZ Hkh ljdkj us tku cw>dj vusd Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;kas dk xBu fd;k gS] rFkk bZekunkj tkap djus esa vleFkZ gSaA mUgsa VqdM+ksa esa vf/kdkj iznku fd;s gaSA ;g blfy, fd;k x;k gS ftlls os izHkkoh u gks ik,aA mnkgj.k ds fy;s& uhps gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ra= dh pkj izeq[k dfe;ka nh xbZ gSA gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh O;oLFkk dh dfe;ksa dh foLr`r tkudkjh ds fy, ifjfk"V&1 ns[ksa % ? dsUnz ljdkj ds Lrj ij] Hkz"Vkpkj ds ,d gh ekeys esa eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksxd Lora=rk dk vHkko dks mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dk ekeyk ns[kuk gksrk gS rFkk foHkkxh; lrdZrk dks dfu"B vf/kdkfj;ksa dk ekeyk ns[kuk gksrk gSA tSls fd gekjh T+;knkrj ,tsafl;ka tSls& lhchvkbZ] jkT; lrdZrk foHkkx] fofHkUu foHkkxksa ofj"B vkSj dfu"B vf/kdkjh Hkz"Vkpkj esa vyx&vyx fyIr gksrs gSa ! ds vkarfjd lrdZrk foHkkx] jkT; iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh kk[kk,a bR;kfn Lora= ugha gSA vf/kdrj ekeyksa esa mUgsa viuh tkap dh fjiksVZ mUgh yksxksa dks ? ekeysa esa tgka ;s nksuksa ,tsafl;ka lrdZrk dh n`f"V ls tkap] djrh gSa iqu% blh lkSaiuh gksrh gS tks ;k rks vkjksih gksrs gSa ;k ftuds vkjksfi;ksa ds izHkko esa vkus dh ogha lhchvkbZ blh ekeys dh tkap vkijkf/kd n`f"Vdks.k ls djrh gSA lrdZrk laHkkouk gksrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,& rFkk vkijkf/kd n`f"Vdks.k yxHkx leku gksrs gSa ( afl;ka ,d gh ekeys nksuksa ,ts dh yxHkx ogh tkap iM+rky vius&vius rjhds ls djrh gaS tks fd yxHkx ,d ? ds lrdZrk foHkkx dh ftEesnkjh iatkc ds eq[;ea=h ds ikl gSA et+s dh iatkc tSlh gksrh gaS A ckr ;g gS fd ogh lrdZrk foHkkx eq[;ea=h rFkk muds ifjokj ds yksxksa ds fo:) Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa dh tkap dj jgk gS rFkk eqdnek pyk jgk gSA D;k ? ljdkj }kjk izLrkfor yksdiky ds vuqlkj eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx Hkkjr ge mEehn dj ldrs gSa fd lrdZrk foHkkx bZekunkjh ls dksbZ tkap ;k eqdnek ukSdjkkgksa dh Hkwfedk dh tkap djsxk rFkk yksdiky jktusrkvksa dh Hkwfedk dh pyk,xk tkap djsxkA tSls fd jktusrk vkSj ukSdjkkg Hkz"Vkpkj esa vyx&vyx lfEefyr gksa ! ? ifjfk"V&2 esa nh xbZ foLr`r fjiksVZ ns[ksa fd dSls Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; d`i;k jktekxZ izkf/kdj.k ( ,u,p,vkbZ ds ,d mPp vf/kdkjh ds ?kj ls csfglkc lcls igys rks] bl rjg dk foHkktu Hkze iSnk djrk gSA nwljk] ,slh uxn jkfk feyus ds ckn Hkh dey ukFk us ml vf/kdkjh ds fo:) Hkz"Vkpkj dk tkap&iM+rky dbZ lkyksa rd pyrh jgrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy;s] dkWeuosYFk ekeyk ntZ djus dh vuqefr ugha nhA lhchvkbZ us dks;yk ea=ky; ds ,d ?kksVkys ds LVªhV ykbV] ekeysa esa igys lhohlh us tkap dh] mlds ckn lhchvkbZ vf/kdkjh] ds f[kykQ eqdnek ntZ djus dh vuqefr ds fy, dbZ ckj vuqjks/k us tkap dh rFkk mlds ckn blh ekeysa esa kqaxyw lfefr us Hkh iwNrkN dhA fd;kA ijarq dks;yk ea=ky; us vuqefr ugha nhA og vf/kdkjh ckn esa lh,eMh rhljk] ;fn nks ,tsafl;ka vyx&vyx urht+ksa ij igqaprh gSa rks blls Hkz"V yksxksa (ca/kd funskd cu x;kA jsyos us blh rjg jsyos HkrhZ ?kksVkys ls tqM+s eq[; iz ds f[+kykQ ekeyk det+ksj iM+rk gSA ,slh Hkzked O;oLFkk dk Qk;nk varr% Hkz"V yksxksa dks feyrk gS ftudks lt+k dHkh ugha feyrhA mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[+kykQ+ eqdnek pykus dh lhchvkbZ dh ekax dks yVdk, j[kkA ?k ikjnfkZrk ,oa vkarfjd tokcnsgh dh deh[k kfDrghu blds lkFk gh] bu Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa vkarfjd ikjnfkZrk rFkk tokcnsgh dh deh gSA orZeku esa] bu Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa ;fn buds [kqn gekjh dqN ,tsafl;ka tSls eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx ;k yksdk;qDr Lora= rks gSa] 1 2
    • ds deZpkjh Hkz"V gks tkrs gSa rks bUgsa jksdus ds fy, dksbZ vyx ls izHkkoh O;oLFkk ? Lora=rk & buds [kpZ Hkkjr ;k ml jkT; dh ladfyr fuf/k ls fd;s vkfFkZd ugha gSA tk,axs bUgsa ftrus Hkh [kpZ dh t+:jr gksxh] oks mUgsa miyC/k djk;s tk,axsA tu ;gh dkj.k gS fd bruh ,tsafl;ksa ds gksrs gq, Hkh Hkz"V yksx kk;n gh dHkh tsy yksdiky @ tu yksdk;qDr t+:jr ds vuqlkj fdrus Hkh deZpkfj;ksa dks fu;qDr tkrs gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj cM+s Q+k;ns rFkk fcuk [krjs okyk O;olk; cu x;k gSA dj ldrs gSaA ;g ljdkjh lsok esa yxs gq, deZpkfj;ksa dks ;k ckgj ds fdlh Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[+kykQ+ fdlh Hkh izdkj dk dksbZ Hk; ugha jg x;k gSA O;fDr dks fu;qDr dj ldrs gSaAM+ gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh dkuwu esa dbZ cM+h [+kkfe;ka gS tks Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dk cpko [k dsoy ,d Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsalh djrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, % lhchvkbZ dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh kk[kk] eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx rFkk foHkkxh; lrdZrk dks tu yksdiky esa foy; dj fn;k tk,xkA iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj ?dh O;oLFkk esa] ;fn dksbZ Hkz"V O;fDr tsy esa tkrk gS rks Hkh ,slk dksbZ vkt fujks/kh kk[kk rFkk jkT; ds lrdZrk foHkkx dks tu yksdk;qDr esa feyk fn;k izko/kku dkuwu esa ugha gS ftlds }kjk ml O;fDr dh dkyh dekbZ ;k mlds }kjk tk,xkA 1986 esa tc dukZVd esa yksdk;qDr cuk;k x;k Fkk] rc ml le; dh ljdkj dks igqapk, x;s uqdlku dh olwyh dh tk lds mldh laifRr tCr dh lHkh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh vkSj lrdZRkk ,tsafl;ksa dk yksdk;qDr esa foy; dj fn;k tk ldsA x;k FkkA ? ekeys esa tkap kq: djus ls igys vFkok Hkz"Vkpkj dk ekeyk dksVZ esa fdlh orZeku esa 18 jkT;ksa esa yksdk;qDr dh laLFkk dke dj jgh gSA ;s dsoy lykg nk;j djus ls igys ml foHkkx ds mPp vf/kdkjh ;k ea=h ls vuqefr ysuh iM+rh lykg nsrh gSa] u rks buds ikl lalk/ku gS vkSj u gh kfDr;kaA tu yksdiky gSA dbZ ekeyksa esa os [kqn izR;{k ;k vizR;{k :i ls Hkz"Vkpkj esa kkfey gksrs gSaA fo/ks;d ds ek/;e ls buds LFkku ij tu yksdk;qDrksa dh LFkkiuk dj nh tk,xhA bl izdkj yxrk gS fd Hkz"V yksxksa ds cpko ds fy, cgqr dqN gSA buds vykok Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh dkuwu esa vusd [kkfe;ka gSaA tu yksdiky vf/kfu;e ds }kjk x dsoy lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha ! Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;ksa vkSj dkuwu dh [kkfe;ksa dks Bhd djus dh dksfkk dh xbZ gSA tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha gksxhA buds ikl fdlh Hkh ekeys esa tkap kq: djus vkSj eqdnek pykus dh kfDr gksxhA blds tu yksdiky dh lajpuk fy, bUgsa fdlh ljdkjh ,tsalh ls vuqefr ugha ysuh gksxhA tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr dks vf/kdkfj;ksa ij foHkkxh; naM yxkus dh Hkh kfDr gksxhA tu yksdiky fo/ks;d dgrk gS fd dsUnzh; Lrj ij tu yksdiky vkSj gj jkT; Lrj ij tu yksdk;qDr uke dh laLFkk cukbZ tk,xhA dsUnz ljdkj ds foHkkxksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh fkdk;r tu yksdiky ds ikl rFkk jkT; ljdkj ds foHkkxksa ls lacaf/kr Hkz"Vkpkj dh fkdk;rsa tu yksdk;qDr ds ikl dh tk,axhA Hkz"Vkpkfj;¨a ds f[kykQ tu yksdiky }kjk tu yksdiky @ tu yksdk;qDr esa ,d v/;{k vkSj nl lnL; gkasxsA D;k dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh d tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr dh Lora=rk vkt gj rjQ Hkkjh Hkz"Vkpkj gS& iapk;r d¢ dke esa] lM+d cUkkus esa] ujsxk] feM&Ms ehy] jkku ls ysdj [knku¨a d¢ Bsd¨a esa] 2 th LisDVªe ?kksVkyk] tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr ljdkjh fu;a=.k ls iw.kZr% eqDr gksaxsA mudh dkWeuosYFk rd] tgka ns[k¨ ogha Hkz"VkpkjA tu y¨diky fuEufyf[kr izko/kkuksa Lora=rk fuEu mik;ksa }kjk lqfufpr dh tk,xh % ds ek/;e ls ;g lqfufpr djsxk fd gj Hkz"Vkpkjh d¨ fufpr :i ls lt+k feysA ? izkklfud Lora=rk & ;s dsanzh; fuokZpu vk;ksx (CEC)] Hkkjr ds fu;a=d d- tkap dh fufpr le;kof/k ,oa egkys[kkijh{kd (CAG) ,oa loksZPp U;k;y; dh rjg Lora= bdkbZ gksaxsA vr% dksbZ Hkh jktusrk ;k ukSdjkkg muds dk;ksZa esa n[ky ugha ns ldsxkA Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ fdlh Hkh ekeys esa tkap dk dke ,d lky esa iwjk djuk gksxkA ;g 3 4
    • lqfufpr djus ds fy, dh le; vof/k esa tkap [kre gks& t+:jr iM+us ij tu izLrko gSA y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr vkSj vQlj¨a dh HkrÊ dj lda¢xsA tkap ds ckn fuEu nks dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh& M+- voS/k :i ls izkIr gq, ykHk dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds ek/;e ls vftZr fd;k gqvk ekuk tk,xk ? Hkz"V vQljksa dks ukSdjh ls gVkuk& tkap ds ckn] ;fn i;kZIr lcwr ik;s tkrs ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa] ;fn voS/k :i ls ljdkj ls dksbZ ykHk izkIr djrk gS rks ;g gSa rks tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds ikl Hkz"V vQljksa dks gVkus ;k muds lkfcr djuk cgqr eqfdy gksrk gS fd mlus bls fjor nsdj izkIr fd;k gSA f[k+ykQ+ vU; fdlh foHkkxh; n.M tSls inkoufr] inksUufr ij jksd] yxkus dk blfy,] tu yksdiky fcy ;g dgrk gS fd ;fn dksbZ O;fDr fdlh fu;e ;k vf/kdkj gksxkA bu vknskksa dks mPp U;k;ky; esa pqukSrh nh tk ldsxhA dk;ns&dkuwu dk mYya?ku djds dksbZ ljdkjh ykHk izkIr djsxk gS rks ml O;fDr ds lkFk&lkFk lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj dk nks"kh eku fy;k tk,xkA ? tus dh dkjZokbZ& tkap dh ÁfØ;k iwjh g¨ tkus ij tu y¨diky ;k tsy Hks tu y¨dk;qDr vnkyr esa d¢l nkf[ky djsaxsA dksVZ dks ,d lky ds Hkhrj p- vknskksa ds u ekuus ij lt+k dk vf/kdkj lquokbZ iwjh djds lt+k lqukuh gksxhA le; ij Vªk;y lqfufpr djus ds fy, tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vknskksa ds u ekuus ij mls vkfFkZd naM tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr vfrfjDr dksVZ LFkkfir djus ds fy, ljdkj yxkus dk vf/kdkj gksxk vkSj lkFk gh nks"kh vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ voekuuk dh dks funsZk ns ldsaxsA dkjZokgh kq: dh tk,xhA[k- ljdkj d¨ gq, uqdlku dh olwyh tu y¨diky vke vkneh d¨ fjor[k¨jh ls tkap ds nkSjku ;fn iq[rk lcwr gksa rks tuyksdiky vkjksih dh laifRr ds dSls jkgr fnyk;sxk gLrkarj.k ij jksd yxk ldrk gSA ;g jksd vkjksih ls ykHk ikus okys yksxksa dh laifRr;ksa ij Hkh yx ldrh gSA QSlyk lqukrs oDr dksVZ Hkz"Vkpkj ls ljdkj dks vkt ,d vke vkneh d¨ fdlh Hkh ljdkjh n¶rj esa viuk dke djkus d¢ fy;s gq, uqdlku dk vkadyu djsxhA bl uqdlku dh olwyh bu laifRr;ksa }kjk dh fjor nsuh iM+rh gS& tSls jkku dkMZ ;k ikliksVZ cukus esa] vk;dj fjVuZ ;k tk,xh ( dkuwu esa Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa }kjk yh xbZ fjor ;k ljdkj dks gq, ekStwnk isaku ysus esaA tu y¨diky v©j tu yksdk;qDr vke vkneh dks ,sls j¨tejkZ d¢ uqdlku dh olwyh dk dksbZ izko/kku ugha gS A Hkz"Vkpkj ls jkgr fnyk;sxkA ? lHkh ljdkjh foHkkxksa dks ,d ukxfjd pkVZj (i= rS;kj djuk gksxk] ?kks"k.kkx- laifRr;ksa dh dqdÊ ( t+Cr djuk ftlesa ;g fy[kk gksxk fd dkSu lk vf/kdkjh turk dk dkSu lk dke fdrus lHkh vQlj¨a] usrkv¨a v©j tt¨a d¨ gj lky vius v©j vius ifjokj d¢ py ,oa fnu esa iwjk djsxkA tSls& dkSu lk vQlj jkku dkMZ cuk;sxk] dkSu lk vQlj vpy laifRr;¨a dk fooj.k tek djuk g¨xk ftls ljdkjh osclkÃV ij Mkyk ikliksVZ cuk;sxk vkSj budks cukus esa fdruk oDr yxsxkA tk;sxkA bld¢ ckn ;fn d¨Ã v?kksf"kr laifRr ikà tkrh gS r¨ ;g eku fy;k ? ikyu ugha fd;k tkrk] rks dksbZ Hkh O;fDr mlds f[k+ykQ ml vxj pkVZj dk tk;sxk fd bls Hkz"Vkpkj ls gkfly fd;k x;k gS vkSj bldh dqdhZ dh tk,xhA foHkkx ds eqf[k;k ds ikl fkdk;r dj ldsxkA foHkkx dk eqf[k;k tu fkdk;r vkjksih ds f[kykQ eqdnesa dh dk;Zokgh kq: dh tk,xhA vf/kdkjh ¼ihthv¨ ds :i esa dk;Z djsxkA ,sls gh] gj pquko d¢ ckn Hkh tu y¨diky@yksdk;qDr ÁR;sd ÁR;kkh }kjk ?k¨f"kr laifRr;¨a dh tkap djsxkA ;fn dksbZ v?k¨f"kr laifRr ikbZ tkrh gS rks ihthvks dks fkdk;r dk fuiVkjk vf/kdre 30 fnuksa esa djuk gksxkA ? ekeyk ntZ fd;k tk;sxk rFkk tkap kq: dh tk,xhA ? vxj fkdk;rdrkZ ihthvks ds dke ls larq"V ugha gksrk gS] rks og bldh?k- Hkz"Vkpkj ds fy, dBksj lt+k fkdk;r lh/ks lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ;kfu foftysal vQlj] ls dj ldrk gSA tu yksdiky ds ikl gj ftys esa ,d lrdZrk vf/kdkjh vkSj yksdk;qDr ds ikl gj orZeku esa] Hkz"Vkpkj ds fy, de ls de N% eghus vkSj vf/kd ls vf/kd lkr iz[kaM ;kfu CykWd esa ,d lrdZrk vf/kdkjh gksxkA lky dh lt+k gksrh gS] tks ekuk tkrk gS fd cgqr de gSA tu yksdiky dkuwu esa bls c<+kdj de ls de ,d lky vkSkj vf/kdre vkthou dkjkokl djus dk ? a esa ;g eku fy;k tk,xk fd buesa fjor[kksjh dk ekeyk ,slh fkdk;rks 5 6
    • curk gSA tu yksdiky vkSj tu yksdk;qDr laLFkkvksa ds vanj ? dks& lrdZrk vf/kdkjh Hkz"Vkpkj jksdus ds fy, D;k fd;k tk,xk o 30 fnuksa ds Hkhrj fkdk;rdrkZ dk dke djokuk gksxkA 1- ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd bl dke ds fy, lgh yksxksa dk p;u gksA o nks"kh vf/kdkfj;ksa ij tqekZuk yxkuk gksxk] tks fkdk;rdrkZ dks eqvkot+s blds fy, tu yksdiky @ yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k o lnL;ksa dh p;u izfd;k ds :i esa feysxkA dks ikjnkhZ ,oa O;kid vk/kkj okyk cuk;k x;k gS] ftlesa yksxksa dh iwjh o n¨"kh vf/kdkjh d¢ f[+kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh dk;Zokgh kq# dh tk;sxhA Hkkxhnkjh gSA ? lrdZrk foHkkx dh dk;Zokgh ls larq"V ugha gksrk gS rks og ;fn dksbZ ukxfjd ? yksdiky ds nl lnL;ksa vkSj vè;{k ds p;u ds fy, ,d p;u tu tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ;kfu phQ foftyasl vQlj ( - ds ikl vihy dj ldsxkA lh-oh-vks lfefr cukbZ tk,xhA bl lfefr esa iz/kkuea=h] yksdlHkk esa foi{k ds usrk] nks lcls de mez ds lqizhe dksVZ ds tt] nks lcls de mez ds gkbZ dksVZ ds ? vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ yxs vkfFkZd ;k foHkkxh; naM ds fo:) fdlh foHkkx ds eq[; U;k;k/khk] Hkkjr d¢ fu;a=d ,oa egkys[kk ijh{kd ¼lh,th½ ,oa] eq[; mPp U;k;ky; esa vihy dh tk ldsxhA fuokZpu vk;qDr ¼lhbZlh½ gksaxsA p;u lfefr ;ksX; yksxksa dk p;u ml lwph ls djsxh] tks mls ^lpZ desVh* }kjk eqgS;k djkbZ tk,xhA ? gS fd tc fdlh foHkkx ds izeq[k ds Åij dqN tqekZus gekjk ekuuk yxk, tk,axs] rks og mfpr O;oLFkk ykxw djsxk vkSj ;g lqfufpr djsxk ? desVh^^ esa nl lnL; gksaxs] ftldk xBu bl rjg gksxk%& lcls ^^lpZ fd Hkfo"; esa ,slh fkdk;rsa u vk;sA igys iwoZ@fjVk;MZ lhbZlh vkSj iwoZ lh,th esa ls ikap lnL; pqus tk,axsAtu yksdiky@yksdk;qDr ds rgr ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= ( ?kks"k.kk ukxfjd buesa oks iwoZ lhbZlh vkSj iwoZ lh,th kkfey ugha gksaxs] tks nkx+h gksa ;k fdlhi= ;k flfVt+u pkVZj ds mYya?ku ls lacaf/kr tu fkdk;rksa dk fuokj.k jktuhfrd ikVhZ ls tqM+ gq, gksa ;k vc Hkh fdlh ljdkjh lsok esa dk;ZjrdSls fd;k tk,xk gksaA ;s ikap lnL; vc ckd+h ikap lnL;ksa dk p;u nsk ds lEekfur yksxksa ¶yks&pkVZ esa ls djsaxs] vkSj bl rjg nl yksxksa dh lpZ desVh cusxhA Ukkxfjd flfVt+u ?desVh nsk ds fofHkUu lEEkkfur yksxksa] tSls laikndksa dqyifr;ksa] ;k lpZ ;fn dk;Z larks"ktud :i ls ukxfjd tu ;fn fkdk;r dk pkVZj ds vuqlkj fufpr le;kof/k esa iwjk fkdk;r vf/kdkjh fuiVkjk 30 fnu esa ftudks oks Bhd le>sa& muls lq>ko ekaxsxhA bu yksxksa ds lq>k;s x;s uke lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh ugha fd;k tkrk gS rks---- ( - dks ih-th-vks ugha gksrk tkrkA osclkbV ij Mkys tk,axs] ftu ij turk dh jk; yh tk,xhA blds ckn dks dk;Z djkus ds fkdk;r djsxkA lpZ desVh dh ehfVax gksxh ftlesa vke jk; ls fjDr inksa ls frxquh la[;k fy, laidZ djsxkA esa mEehnokjksa dks pquk tk,xkA ;g lwph p;u lfefr dks Hksth tk,xh] tks lrdZrk vf/kdkjh lnL;ksa dk p;u djsxhA Ukkxfjd tu yksdiky@tu ;fn ihfM+r fkdk;r izkIr gksus ds yksdk;qDr ds lrdZrk vf/kdkjh dks fkdk;r 30 fnu ds Hkhrj nks"kh O;fDr vc Hkh eq[; ?desVh vkSj p;u lfefr dh lHkh cSBdksa dh ohfM;ks fjdkWfMZax gksxh] lpZ djsxhA vf/kdkjh ij tqekZuk vlarq"V gksA lrdZrk ftls lkoZtfud fd;k tk,xkA yxk,xk tks mls vf/kdkjh yksdiky ihfM+r O;fDr dks dks ? ckn tu y¨diky v©j tu y¨dk;qDr vIkus dk;kZy; d¢ bld¢ gtkZus ds :i esa nsuh vihyA vf/kdkfj;¨a dk p;u djsaxs v©j mUgsa fu;qDr djsaxsA gksxhA og ml ij Hkz"Vkpkj dh dk;Zokgh 2- ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd ;s y¨x Bhd ls dke djsaA Hkh kq: djsxkA ?y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr d¨ gj fkdk;r ij dkjZokbZ djuh gksxhA tu 7 8
    • lquokbZ fd, fcuk fdlh Hkh fkdk;r dks [kkfjt ugha fd;k tk,xkA ;fn II) tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk gVk;k fdlh Hkh ekeys dks can fd;k tkrk gS rks ,slk djus ds ckn mlls tqM+s t k u k reke nLrkost+¨a d¨ lkoZtfud fd;k tk,xkA tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vè;{k o lnL;ksa ds f[k+ykQ dksbZ Hkh vkneh mPpre U;k;ky; ;k ml jkT; d¢ mPp U;k;ky; esa fkdk;r dj ? diky v©j tu yksdk;qDr dk dkedkt iwjh rjg ikjnkhZ gksxkA tu yks ldrk gSA U;k;ky; dh ,d csap d¢ lquokà d¢ ckn foks"k tkap Vhe d¢ ftu nLrkost+¨a ls jk"Vªh; lqj{kk izHkkfor gksrh gks ;k ftuls Hkz"Vkpkj ds xBu dk vknsk ns tk ldrs gaSA bl Vhe dks rhu eghus esa tkap iwjh djuh f[k+ykQ vkokt mBkus okyksa dks [krjk igqaprk gks] mu nLrkost+¨a dks gksxhA tkap ds vk/kkj ij U;k;ky; tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds NksM+dj lHkh fjdkWM~lZ ;k nLrkost+ lkoZtfud fd, tk,axsA ftu vè;{k ;k lnL;ksa dks gVkus dk vknsk ns ldrh gSA nLrkost+ksa ls tkap dh izfdz;k esa ck/kk igqaprh gS mUgsa] tkap ds nkSjku jksdk tk ldrk gS ysfdu] tkap ds ckn mUgsa Hkh lkoZtfud dj fn;k tk,xkA tu y¨diky dk vf/kdkj {ks= ?ekeys vk;s] fdrus lqy>k, x,] fdrus can dj fn, x,] D;ksa can dj fdrus d lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/khk fn, x,] fdrus yafcr gSa vkfn dk iwjk ys[kk&tks[kk gj eghus osclkbV ij izdkfkr fd;k tk;sxkA I½ lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; d¢ fdlh U;k;k/khk d¨ gVkus dh dk;Zokgh3- ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr fdlh ls izHkkfor u gksaA orZeku O;oLFkk & fdlh U;k;k/khk d¨ xyr vkpj.k d¢ ekeys esatu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vè;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk dk;Zdky [kRe gksus ds lafo/kkfud fyf[kr ÁfØ;k d¢ vuqlkj egkfHk;¨x yxk dj gVk;k tk ldrk gSAckn o¨ fdlh Hkh ljdkjh in d¨ Xkzg.k ugh dj ld¢axs v©j u gh d¨Ã pquko yM+ tu yksdiky dkuwu }kjk ÁLrkfor O;oLFkk& tu y¨diky fo/ks;dld¢axsA esa bl O¸koLFkk d¨ cnyus dk d¨Ã ÁLrko ugha gSA4- ;g lqfufpr fd;k tk,xk fd vxj os Bhd ls dke ugha djsaxs rks gVk fn, II½ lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/khk¨a d¢ fo#) Hkz"Vkpkj d¢tk,axsA ekey¨a dh tkap orZeku O;oLFkk & vkt] ;fn fdlh lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/khk d¢ f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dk vkj¨i g¨ rks Hkkjr I) tu Ykksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds Hkz"V deZpkfj;ksa dks gVk;k d¢ eq[; U;k;k/khk dh vuqefr ds fcuk u rks mlds f[kykQ ¼,Q- vkbZ- tkuk vkj-½ ntZ djkbZ tk ldrh gS vkSj u gh tkap kqa: dh tk ldrh gSA ,slk deZpkfj;ksa ds Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ fkdk;r ,d Lora= eap ij dh ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd fdlh U;k;k/khk ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj ds i;kZIr lcwrksa t k ds isk fd;s tkus ds ckotwn eq[; U;k;k/khk ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djus ldsxh tks izR;sd vk;qDr ;k izR;sd jkT; ,oa jk"Vªh; Lrj dk vknsk nsus ls fgpfdpkrs gSaA ( Lrj dfeujsV Lrj ij ij xfBr gksxkA bu fkdk;rksa eaMyh; ,sls Hkh eq[; U;k;k/khk tks viuh bZekunkjh ds fy, tkus tkrs gSa] mUgksaus ij ,d eghus ds vanj tkap djuh gksxhA ;fn vkjksi lkfcr gksrs gSa rd ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr ugha nhA tSls] Jh ih fpnacju rks Hkz"V deZpkjh dks vxys ,d eghus ds vanj ukSdjh ls fudky us dydRrk mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk lsu xqIrk ds f[kykQ ¼,Q- vkbZ- fn;k tk,xk vkSj mlds f[kykQ Hkkjrh; n.M lafgrk ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr ekaxh FkhA ;g vuqefr ml le; Hkkjr ds fuokj.k vf/kfu;e d¢ fofHkUu izko/kkuksa ds rgr Q©tnkjh dk eqdnek nk;j eq[; U;k;k/khk oSadVpyS;k ls ekaxh xbZ Fkh tks viuh lR;fu"Bk ds fy, fd;k tk;sxkA tkus tkrs gSa] fQj Hkh U;k;k/khk oSadVpyS;k us vuqefr ugha nhA U;k;k/khk lsu xqIrk ds f[kykQ lcwrksa ds etcwr gksus dk vanktk blh ckr ls yxk;k 9 10
    • tk ldrk gS fd muds fjVk;jeasV ;k lsokfuo`Rr gksrs gh Nkik iM+k vkSj III½ tu yksdiky fcy ds nk;js esa mPp U;k;ikfydk dks kkfey mUgsa fgjklr esa ys fy;k x;k D;ksafd fjVk;jeasV ;k lsokfuo`fRr ds ckn djus Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/khk ls vuqefr dh t+:jr ugha gksrhA ij dqN nksLrksa dh vkifRr;ka %,sls <sjksa ekeysa gS tgka ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr Bqdjk tu yksdiky izLrko dh vkykspuk tu yksdiky dh izfrfdz;knh xbZA ,sls dqN ekeys uhps fn;s x;s gSA ;g U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk dks dSls bykgkckn gkbZ dksVZ ds tt tfLVl HkYyk ds f[kykQ ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ ;g U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk dks izHkkfor djsxk ge U;k; O;oLFkk dk izHkkfor djsxkA cgqr lEeku djrs gSa vkSj pkgrs gS fd djkus dh ekax lu~ 2006 ls yafcr gSA ;g ekax ^^dSEiSu vkWu T;qfMfk;y og Lora=r jgsA mPp U;k;ikfydk ds vdkmaVfcfyVh** }kjk mBkbZ xbZ Fkh ftlds izfrfuf/k kkafr Hkw"k.k] Ákkar T;knkrj U;k;k/khk bZekunkj gSa ijarq ] Hkw"k.k] jke tsBeykuh] U;k;ewÆr jktsUæ lPpj] bfUnjk t;flag] vjfoan dqN yksxksa }kjk fd;s x;s xyr dkeksa dh fuxe vkfn gSaA tfLVl ,Q- vkbZ- fjcSsyks ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ otg ls iwjh U;k;ikfydk dk uke djkus dh blh lewg dh eakx Hkh flrEcj 2010 ls T;ksa dh R;ksa iM+h gqbZ gSA cnuke gks x;h gSA ,sls Hkz"V yksxksa dh igpku gksuh pkfg, vkSj muds f[kykQ blfy, loksZPp U;k;ky; vkSj mPp U;k;ky;ksa ds U;k;k/khkksa ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh gksuh pkfg,A tu yksdiky dh ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djkus ds fy, Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/khk ls vuqefr O;oLFkk tks bls izHkkokkyh rjhds ls dj ik,xhA rc U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk ekaxus okyh ekStwnk O;oLFkk mPp U;kf;d iz.kkyh esa Hkz"Vkpkj dks c<+kok dks etcwrh feysxh vkSj yksxksa dh ut+jksa nsus okyh rFkk Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks lqj{kk iznku djus okyh ekywe gksrh gSA esa mldh fooluh;rk vkSj Hkh c<+sxhA ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks kj.k ÁLrkfor O;oLFkk % ,slh xyrQgeh QSykbZ tk jgh gS fd U;k;ikfydk dks fey jgh gSA blfy, ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa tu yksdiky ds fu;a=.k esa yk;k tk jgk gSA ;g fcYdqy xyr /kkj.kk gSA yksxksa ds tgu esa U;k;ikfydk dh Nfo vkSj fooluh;rk dks de dj jgh gS tu yksdiky ds rgr izLrkfor fd;k x;k gS fd fdlh Hkh U;k;k/khk ds vkSj lkFk gh viuh Lora=rk ds lkFk Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ djkus dh vuqefr Hkkjr ds eq[; le>kSrk Hkh dj jgh gSA U;k;k/khk ds ctk; lkr lnL;ksa okyh tu yksdiky dh ,d ihB nsxh Tku yksdiky vf/kfu;e ,d ,slh ( esa U;kf;d izfdz;k ls tqM+s lnL;ksa dh la[;k cgqer esa gks ldrh bl ihB O;oLFkk cuk,xk tks ;g lqfufpr djsxk fd tt ds f[kykQ izkFkfedh vkSj gS ekStwnk O;oLFkk vkSj tu yksdiky fcy esa izLrkfor O;oLFkk esa cl eqdnek ntZ djus dh izfdz;k Lora= gksA bruk gh okLrfod QdZ gSA blls tu yksdiky ij dke dk cks> gekjs nsk esa 1000 ls Hkh de loksZPp ,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ gksus ds ckn vxj dksbZ ekeyk curk gS rks ekStwnk cgqr gh c<+ tk,xkA U;k;ky; vkSj mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk O;oLFkk ds rgr iqfyl ;k lhchvkbZ ekeys dh tkap djrh gS vkSj eqdnek gSaA U;k;k/khk ,l-ih- Hk:pk us ,d ckj pykrh gS A pawfd gekjk izLrko gS fd lhchvkbZ dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh kk[kk dgk Fkk fd mPp U;k;ikfydk esa 20 Qhlnh ls Hkh de Hkz"Vkpkjh gSaA tkfgj gS dk tu yksdiky esa foy; dj fn;k tk, blfy, tkfgj gS fd ,Q- vkbZ- fd mu lHkh ds f[kykQ ,d gh le; ij vkj- ntZ gksus ds ckn tkap ,oa eqdnek nk;j djuk yksdiky dh tkap ,oa fkdk;rsa ugha vk;saxhA ysfdu vxj lHkh eqdnesa ds fy, cuh ubZ kk[kk djsxhA fkdk;rsa ,d lkFk vk Hkh tkrh gSa rks Hkh fkdk;rsa 200 ls rks de gh gksaxhA ;g cgqr tkap ds iwjk gksus ds ckn tu yksdiky dh iwjh ihB ;g r; djsxh fd gh NksVh la[;k gS vkSj blls fdlh Hkh eqdnek dksVZ esa nk;j fd;k tk, ;k ughaA tu yksdiky ds ikl ek;us ls tu yksdiky ij dke dk cks> U;k;k/khk dks nafMr djus ;k mUgsa c[kkZLr djus dh dksbZ kfDr ugha ugha c<+sxkA gksxhA U;k;ky; gh ekeys esa lquokbZ djds lt+k lquk,axsA dqy feyk ds 11 12
    • U;kf;d ekeysa dkQh isfpns isphnk gksrs tu yksdiky dks U;kf;d ekeyksa esa viuh tokcnsgh r; djsxhA fn[kkus ek=]gSaA blfy, U;k;k/khkksa ds f[kykQ vkus gLr{ksi djus ;k fdlh Hkh U;kf;d blesa dqN dk;Zdkfj;ksa dks kkfey dj fy;k x;k gSA U;k;ikfydk fuxjkuhokyh fkdk;rksa dks U;k;ikfydk ls tqM+s izfdz;k ;k QSlykas ij loky djus dk lfefr tks U;k;k/khkksa ds f[kykQO;fDr }kjk gh ns[kk tkuk pkfg,A vf/kdkj ugha gksxkA tu yksdiky dks fkdk;rsa ntZ djsxh] mlesa Hkkjr ds iwoZ U;k;k/khkksa ds isksxr O;ogkj @ eq[; U;k;k/khk] loksZPp U;k;y; ds ,d nqjZO;ogkj esa >kadus dh kfDr ugha gSA orZeku U;k;k/khk] mPp U;k;ky; ds ,d tu yksdiky flQZ fdlh Hkh U;k;k/khk orZeku U;k;k/khk] vVkWuhZ tujy vkSj ds f[kykQ fjor ysus ds vkjksiksa ds fy, jk"Vªifr ds }kjk euksuhr ,d lEekfur ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh O;fDr dks kkfey fd;k tk,xkA bldk vuqefr ns ldsxkA fjor ysuk vkSj nsuk eryc gS fd blesa U;k;ikfydk ls rhu nksuksa gh n.Muh; vijk/k gSA blesa dksbZ yksx] ftuesa ekStwnk nks U;k;k/khk vkSj nks yksx dk;Zdkfj.kh ls kkfey gksaxsA bu ikap rduhdh i{k kkfey ugha gSA vxj bl lnL;ksa esa ls rhu insu (Ex-Officio) rdZ dks Lohdkj fd;k tk, rks fQj lnL; gksaxs tks vius dke ds lkFk dkQh vk;dj foHkkx ls tqM+s yksx Hkh dgsaxs fd O;Lr gksaxsA blfy, os fkdk;rksa ds ns[kus vk;dj ,d cgqr isfpnk isphnk ekeyk gS ds fy;s t:jr ds eqrkfcd le; eqfdy vkSj bl foHkkx ds vQljksa ds f[kykQ ls fudky ik;saxsA ;gh otg gS fd Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa dks mUgha yksxksa dks fuxjkuh lfefr u rks ljdkj ls Lora= ns[kuk pkfg, tks vk;dj ls tqM gksaA gksxh vkSj u gh U;k;ikfydk lsA blds usrkvksa] lhek kqYd vf/kdkfj;ksa vkSj vykok ;g s U;k;k/khkksa ds f[kykQ,d cM+k cqjk izko/kku bl fcy esa fn;k x;k gS yksdkkgh ds nwljs foHkkxksa dh Hkh ekaxsa fd fkdk;r dks ,d leh{kk lfefr dks blh rjg dh gksaxhA Hkstk tk,xk] ftlesa mlh U;k;ky; ds nks orZeku U;k;k/khk vkSj ,d lsokfuo`Ùkysfdu] gekjs lafo/kku esa U;k;/khkksa ds tu yksdiky dkuwu lafo/kku esa lakks/ku U;k;k/khk kkfey gksaxsA blls leh{kkegkfHk;ksx dh izfdz;k igys ls gh nh gqbZ dh ckr ugha dg jgk gSA ge lafo/kku esa lfefr ds fy, ;g yxHkx ukeqefdu gksgSA D;k vki lafo/kku esa dksbZ lakks/ku dh ekStwn U;k;k/khkksa ds egkfHk;ksx ls tqM+s tk,xk fd ,sls O;fDr ds f[kykQ viuhlykg ns jgsa gSa izko/kkuksa dks tu yksdiky dkuwu Nw rd fu"i{k fjiksVZ nsa] tks mlh U;k;ky; esa ugha jgk gSA egkfHk;ksx dh ckr gh ugh gks mudk lkFkh gSA jgh gSaA flQZ bruk dgk tk jgk gSa fd blds vykok T;qfMfk;y vdkmaVfcfyVh U;k;k/khkksa ds f[kykQ ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- fcy U;k;k/khkksa dh vksj ls yh tkus okyh vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr eq[; fjor ds ckjs esa ckr ugha djrkA ;g flQZ U;k;k/khk ds ctk; tu yksdiky dh isks ls tqM+h gqbZ xyr vkpj.k dh ckr lkr lnL;ksa okyh ihB dks ns nh tk,A djrk gSA tu yksdiky vkijkf/kd O;ogkj dh ckr djrk gSA blfy, ;gljdkj dh rjQ ls isk fd;s x;s nqHkkZX;ok] ljdkj }kjk isk fd;s x;s nksuksa ,d nwljs ds fy, iwjd gSAT;qfMfk;y vdkmaVfcfyVh fcy dk D;k T;qfMfk;y LVSaMM~Zl ,aM vdkmaVfcfyVh U;k;ikfydk dh fuxjkuh lfefr ds iklgksxk fcy bl ckr dk Hkjkslk ugha fnykrk fd iqfyl vkSj tkap djus dh kfDr rFkk blls U;k;ikfydk fdlh Hkh izdkj ls fjor ysus dh vkijkf/kd fkdk;rksa ls tokcnsg cu ik,xhA bl fcy ls ,slk fuiVus ds fy, dksbZ ra= ugha gSA ;g dke eglwl gksrk gS fd U;k;ikfydk Lo;a gh dsoy tu yksdiky dj ldrk gSA 13 14
    • [k fuokZfpr jktusrk ( h rFkk ea=h lesr % Á/kkuea=tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa ds f[kykQ fdlh Hkh yksdra= esa bl izdkj dk pdzfkdk;rsa loksZPp U;k;ky; esa tk,axh vkSj mPp Lrjksa ij vkarfjd tkap vkSj larqyu ;fn d¨Ã jktusrk Hkz"Vkpkj esa fyIr ik;k tkrk gS r¨ tu y¨diky ;k tuloksZPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;/khkksa dh dk ,d fgLlk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] yksdk;qDr mld¢ f[kykQ turk fd fdlh fkdk;r ;k [kqn ls tkap kq: djfkdk;r tu yksdiky ds iklA D;k loksZPp U;k;ky; fo/kkf;dk vkSj ldrk gSA tkap iwjh g¨us d¢ ckn ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨ tu y¨dikyblls ,d fdLe dk pdz curk fn[kkbZ dk;Zikfydk ij ut+j j[krh gS vkSjugha nsrk ;k tu yksdk;qDr U;k;ky; esa eq+dnek ntZ djsxkA U;k;ky; d¨ mldh fo/kkf;dk ds ikl U;kf;d ekeyksa ds fy, lquokà vkSj vknsk ,d lky dh vof/k ds Hkhrj iwjs djus gksaxsA dkuwu cukus dh kfDr;ka gSA vxj loksZPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/khk vkSj eq[;ea=h vkSj Á/kkuea=h lesr lHkh eaf=;ksa d¢ ekeys esa fdlh Hkh tkap ;k tu yksdiky ds lnL;kas ds f[kykQ ,d eqdnes dks kq: djus dh vuqefr tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr dh iw.kZ gh le; ij dksbZ fkdk;r gksrh gS rks ihB ¼X;kjg lnL;h;½ dks nsuh gksxhA tkfgj lh ckr gS fd vkjksih U;k;k/khk ;k vkjksih lnL; s ihB ls ckgj gks tk,xk A Á/kkuea=h dks NksM+ dj vU; eaf=;ksa ds laca/k esa ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨ vxj dHkh Hkh ,slk ekSdk vkrk gS rks nksuksa tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr dh ihB] jkT;iky ;k jk"Vªifr d¨ ,sls laLFkk ds dk;Zokgh esa ikjnfkZrk dh otg ea=h d¨ gVkus dh flQkfjk djsxh A ls nq#i;ksx dh laHkkouk ij utj j[kh tk ldsxhA nksuksa txgksa dh lquokbZ dks x u©djkkg turk ,oa ehfM;k ds fy, [kqyk j[kk tk,xkA tu y¨diky ;k rks [kqn ls ;k fdlh fkdk;r ij fdlh Hkh u©djkkg d¢ f[kykQ tkap dh kq:vkr dj ldrk gSA tkap d¢ iwjs gksus ds ckn ;fnD;k gesa ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa Hkkjr ds eq[; ugha] gesa fdlh izdkj ds lakks/ku dh ekeyk curk gS r¨ tu y¨diky ;k y¨dk;qDr U;k;ky; esa eqdnek ntZ djU;k;k/khk ds ctk; tu yksdiky ds lkr t:jr ugha gSAu rks gekjs lafo/kku esa ldrk gSA U;k;ky; dks 1 o"kZ ds vanj bldk QSlyk djuk gksxklnL;ksa okyh ihB dks vuqefr nsus ds vkSj u gh fdlh dkuwu esa ;g fy[kk gS fdvf/kdkj ds fy, lafo/kku esa lakks/ku dh fdlh U;k;/khk ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZ- u©djkkg¨a d¢ ekeyksa esa] tkap iwjh g¨us d¢ ckn ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨t:jr ugha gksxh vkj- ntZ djkus ls igys Hkkjr ds eq[; tu y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr ds ikl foHkkxh; naM ( ds iSuYVh U;k;/khk ls vuqefr ysuh gksxhA ,slh lkFk&lkFk c[kkZLrxh dh flQkfjk djus dh kfDr g¨xhA ,slh flQkfjksa O;oLFkk loksZPp U;k;ky; dh vksj ls ohjk ljdkj ds fy, ck/;dkjh g¨xhA gkykafd] ,slh flQkfjksa nsus ls igys Lokeh ds ekeys esa ,d vknsk ds }kjk laHkkoukvksa dh iz/kkurk ds vk/kkj ij izek.kksa dh tkap dh tk,xhA ;fn cukbZ xbZ Fkh fnypLi ckr ;g gS fd bl vkj¨ih la;qDr lfpo ;k mlls mPp in ij vklhu gS r¨ ,slk naM tu QSlys ls igys dHkh fdlh U;k;k/khk ds y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr dh ihB }kjk lHkh i{kksa dh lquokbZ ds ckn f[kykQ >wBh ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ yxk;k tk,xkA ckfd;ksa ds fy,] ,sls naM y¨diky ;k yksdk;qDr d¢ mPp ntZ gh ugha djkbZ xbZ vkSj ,sls esa bl vf/kdkfj;¨a dh ihB ds }kjk yxk, tk;saxsA bu vknskksa d¢ f[kykQ mPp rjg dk QSlyk iwjh rjg fujFkZd FkkA U;k;ky; esa vihy dh tk ld¢xhA 15
    • tu yksdiky fcy esa ÁLrkfor O;oLFkkjs[kkfp= }kjk tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ fo#)fkdk;r¨a ds fuokj.k dk fu:i.k tu y¨diky ,d Lora=laLFkk g¨us d¢ ukrs Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr d¨ fdlh Hkh gkfu ls laj{k.k fnykus d¢ fy, l{ke rFkk mRrjnk;h lacaf/kr dk;kZy; tkap dk ;fn ekeyk et+cwr g¨ r¨ g¨xk vkSj lkFk gh bu ekeyksa esa tkap rFkk eqdnesa dk vknsk nsxh A ;fn tu d¨Ã Hkh ukxfjd tu dks ikap fnuksa ds vkj¨ih ;k mlls laEcf/kr y¨diky d¢ vf/kdkjh Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt mBkus okys O;fDr d¨ i;kZIr dk;Z ,d y¨diky ;k tu vanj gLrkarfjr O;fDr d¢ laifRr d¢ laj{k.k fnykus esa ukdke;kc gksrk gS vkSj O;fDr dks okdbZ esa dksbZ gkfu igaqprh o“kZ d¢ y¨dk;qDr d¢ fdlh Hkh gLrkarj.k ij j¨d gS]S r¨ ,sls vf/kdkjh d¢ fo#) vkijkf/kd dk;Zokgh dh tk,xh ( ikl;fn mlds Hkhrj iwjk dk;kZy; esa fkdk;r dj fy;k [kqn dks csdlwj lkfcr djus ds fy, i;kZIr dkj.k ugha gS A dj ldrk gS tk,xk Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr LFkkuh; lrdZrk (al foftys ;fn nks"k vf/kdkjh ;k tu yksdiky ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa ls lqj{kk dh ekax dj ldrk gSAfoHkkxh; dk;Zokgh yksdiky dh casp }kjk la;qDr foHkkxh; lfpo ;k mlls mPp lkfcr iSuYVh ds bUgsa ekeys dh xaHkhjrk dks ns[krs gq, fufpr le; lhek esa dk;Zokgh djuh vf/kdkfj;ksa dh lquokbZ rFkk gksrk gS rks lkFk&lkFk gksxhA Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr d¢ ikl tu y¨diky d¢ yksdiky ds mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa c[kkZLrxhA lnL;ksa ls O;fDrxr rkSj ij feyus ;k ohfM;¨ dkWUÝsaflax ds }kjk ckr djus dk }kjk vU; yksxksa dh lquokbZ vf/kdkj g¨xk ( Lo;a tu yksdiky Hkou rd tkus esa vleFkZ gSa ;fn og Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr dk ;fn ekufld mRihM+u gksrk gS Tksy dh rks tu yksdiky fkdk;rdrkZ ,d eghus d¢ vanj vko;d lqj{kk fnyk,xkAvkijkf/kd dksVZ esa 1 lky ds vanj& lt+k] eqdnek pyk;k vanj dksVZ dk kkjhfjd gkfu dk Hk; g¨us ij] tu y¨diky Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkusdk;Zokgh uqdlku dh okys O;fDr dh fkdk;r ntZ djkus ds dqN gh ?kaV¨a esa ;k vf/kd ls vf/kd ,d tk,xk fu.kZ; HkjikbZ vkSj ;fn lIrkg d¢ Hkhrj ekeys dh xaHkhjrk dks /;ku esa j[kdj vfuok;Z lqj{kk eqgS;k vkijkf/kd ukSdjh ls laHkkouk,a c[kkZLrxhA djk,xk A ;fn kkjhfjd uqdlku igys gh g¨ pqdk gS r¨ tu y¨diky fkdk;r dkQh ntZ djkus ds 24 ?kaVs d¢ Hkhrj gh vkxs gksus okys fdlh vkSj uqdlku ls laj{k.k vf/kd gSa fnyk;sxkA lkFk gh tu y¨diky iqfyl d¨ uqdlku igqapkus okyss d¢ f[kykQ vkijkf/kd eqdnek ntZ djus dk vknsk Hkh nsxkA vxj Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys fdlh O;fDr d¢ f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vokt+ mBkus okyksa izkf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk d¨Ã >wBk ekeyk ntZ gqvk gks rks tu y¨diky ,sls ekeys dh ¼fOg~ly Cy¨vj½ dk laj{k.k okilh Hkh lqfufpr djsxkAleL;k D;k gS >wBh vkSj Hkzfer djus okyh fkdk;r¨a ds f[kykQ lqj{kk;fn d¨Ã O;fDr Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkrk gS r¨ ,slh d¨Ã laLFkk >wBh fkdk;r % vxj dksbZ O;fDr fcuk fdlh vk/kkj d¢ fdlh vU; d¨ ijskkuugha gS t¨ mls fooLkuh; rFkk ÁHkkokkyh laj{k.k Ánku dj Lkd¢A og d¢oy djus dh eakk ls fkdk;r djrk gS r¨ fkdk;rdrkZ ij tu yksdiky dh vksj lsiqfyl d¢ ikl tk ldrk gSA vkerkSj ij iqfyl mUgha y¨x¨a d¢ fu;a=.k esa g¨rh gS vkÆFkd naM yxk;k tk,xkA gkykafd] det+¨j lcwr¨a d¢ g¨us fd fLFkfr esat¨ [kqn Hkz"V gSaA felky d¢ rkSj ij] ;fn d¨Ã LFkkuh; lkaln ;k fo/kk;d y¨x¨a fkdk;rdrkZ d¨ nafMr ugha fd;k tk,xkAdk mRihM+u djrk gS r¨ ,sls eas iqfyl dqN ugha djrhA 17 18
    • tu y¨diky ;k yksdk;qDr d¢ v/;{k ;k fdlh lnL; d¢ f[kykQ >wBh orZeku O¸oLFkk esa] bl iwjh izfdz;k esa turk ;k fkdk;rdrkZ dqN dg gh ughafkdk;r % ;fn dksbZ fkdk;r fcuk fdlh vk/kkj ds v/;{k ;k fdlh lnL; dks ikrsA xSj&Ãekunkj tkap d¢ ckn Hkz"V vf/kdkfj;¨a d¨ N¨M+ fn;k tkrk gSA tuijskku djus dh eakk ls dh tkrh gS rks lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ,sls y¨diky fcy d¢ rgr fkdk;r djus okys d¨ eq[; xokg ekuk tk,xk rFkk mlsfkdk;rdrkZ d¢ f[kykQ vkÆFkd naM yxk ldrs gaS rFkk tsy dh lt+k Hkh ns lquokà dk e©dk fn, fcuk] ekeys d¨ can ugha fd;k tk,xkAldrs gSaA bl Ádkj ÁLrkfor O¸koLFkk igys ds eqdkcys dkQh fu"i{k] ikjnkÊ rFkk tokcnsg gSA tu y¨diky vf/kfu;e ds ckjs esa ckj&ckj [k½ D;k tu fkdk;rksa d¨ y¨diky dh ifjf/k esa ykuk pkfg, D;k blls iwNs tkus okys izu y¨diky dk dk;ZHkkj vR;kf/kd c<+us ds dkj.k yksdiky O;oLFkk pjejk tk,xh d½ D;k y¨diky fujadqk g¨ tk,xk tu yksdiky fcy esa izLrkfor fkdk;r fuokj.k O;oLFkk ds rgr dksbZ Hkh,d Hkzkafr QSykà tk jgh gS fd izLrkfor tu y¨diky fujadqk g¨ tk,xk rFkky¨drkaf=d laLFkkv¨a d¢ fy, [krjk cu tk,xkA ;g fcydqy xyr gSA vkb, fkdk;r lh/ks tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa rd ugha igqapsxhA tc fdlh foHkkx dsns[krs gSa fd tu y¨diky vf/kfu;e esa D;k ÁLrkfor gS & izeq[k lesr lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh fdlh ukxfjd dh fkdk;r dk fuLrkj.k djus esa vlQy gksaxs] rc ;s fkdk;r tu yksdiky ds lrdZrk vf/kdkjh rd igaqpsxhA1½ jktusrkv¨a] U;k;k/khk¨a rFkk u©djkkg d¢ f[kykQ tu y¨diky Hkz"Vkpkj ls lrdZrk vf/kdkjh fkdk;r dk gy fudkyus ds vykok foHkkx ds izeq[k lesrlacaf/kr ekey¨a dh tkap djsxk rFkk nks"kh ikus ij U;k;ky; esa ekeyk ntZ lacaf/kr vf/kdkfj;ksa dks nafMr Hkh djsxkA ;g mEehn gS fd ;g O;oLFkk naM dsdjsxkA lquokà ;k lt+k dk vf/kdkj d¢oy U;k;ky; d¢ ikl g¨xkA y¨diky d¢ Mj ls foHkkxksa ds izeq[k viuh O;oLFkk dks etcwr djuk kq: dj nsaxsA lkFk gh]ikl lt+k nsus dh d¨Ã kfDr ugha g¨xhA izR;sd foHkkx dks vius&vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= rS;kj djus gksaxsA os igys2½ ij] u©djkkg¨a d¢ ekeys esa] ;fn tkap ds ckn vf/kdkjh dks nks"kh ik;k tkrk gS [kqn bl ckr dk vankt+k yxk,axs fd mUgsa vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= esa D;krks tu yksdiky ds ikl foHkkxh; naM nsus lesr c[kkZLr djus dh kfDr g¨xhA j[kuk gS ftlls os viuh izfrc)rk dks iq[rk dj ldsaA gkykafd] ;g ekuk tkla;qDr lfpo vkSj mlls Åij ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds ekeys esa lHkh lacaf/kr i{kksa dh jgk gS fd lHkh foHkkx ,d gh lky ds Hkhrj lkoZtfud dkeksa ls tqM+s ekeyksa dkslquokbZ ds ckn tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa dh ,d ihB bl izdkj dk naM ns vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= esa yk,axsAldsxhA vxj vkjksih la;qDr lfpo ;k mlls fupys Lrj dk gks rks ml ekeys esalquokbZ tu yksdiky ds ofj"B vf/kdkfj;ksa dh ,d ihB }kjk dh tk,xhA tu ;g Hkh vkkadk trkbZ tk jgh gS fd tu yksdiky ds ikl fkdk;rksa dk vEckjyksdiky ds bu vknskksa ds f[kykQ mPp U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk nkf[ky dh tk yx tk,xk vkSj dke BIi gks tk,xkA ;g vkkadk lgh ugha gS D;ksafd flQZ mUghaldsxhA ;g O;oLFkk orZeku O;oLFkk ls dkQh csgrj gS] ftlesa vkj¨ih rFkk fkdk;rksa dks Lohdkj fd;k tk,xk tks ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= ds mYya?ku lsmud¢ fe= gh vius f[kykQ tkap djus ,oa lt+k fu/kkZfjr djus d¢ fy, lacaf/kr gksaxhA ,d ckj ds fy, vxj ge eku Hkh ysa fd fdlh foHkkx ds f[kykQmRrjnk;h g¨rs gSaA orZeku esa] mlh foHkkx d¢ vf/kdkfj;¨a }kjk tkap dh tkrh gS yk[kksa fkdk;rsa vk tkrh gSa rks Hkh tu yksdiky dh O;oLFkk BIi ugha gks,xhA¼vdlj dfu"B vf/kdkjh vius mPpkf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ tkap djrs gSaA½ rFkk buls dsoy dqN txgksa ds dqN foHkkxksa ds lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;ksa dk dke #dlt+k dk fu/kkZj.k mlh foHkkx ;k ea=ky; d¢ vf/kdkjh }kjk fd;k tkrk gS v©j ldrk gSA ,sls esa ;fn tu yksdiky ;g eglwl djrk gS fd vf/kd lrdZrkmuds f[kykQ vihy Hkh mlh foHkkx ;k ea=ky; d¢ fdlh vf/kdkjh d¢ ikl dh vf/kdkfj;ksa dh t:jr gS] rks mlds ikl vkSj lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;ksa dks fu;qDrtkrh gSA pwafd vkj¨ih vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx @ ea=ky; ls lacaf/kr g¨rk gS djus dh kfDr gksxhAblfy, og vius lgdÆe;¨a] lkfFk;¨a rFkk ekrgr¨a d¨ ÁHkkfor djus esa dke;kcg¨ tkrk gSA T+;knkrj ekey¨a esa dk;Zokgh djus okys vf/kdkjh Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj esafyIr gksrs gSA 19 20
    • ifjfk”V&1 kkfey g¨a r¨ ;g d¢oy u©djkkg dh Hkwfedk ls lacaf/kr ekeys dh gh tkap djrk gSA orZeku Hkz“Vkpkj fuj¨/kh O¸koLFkk dh [kkfe;ka ? lrdZrk kk[kkvksa d¢ Åij bldk d¨Ã ÁR¸k{k fu;a«k.k ugha gS tc foHkkxh; d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ Lrj ij dh ;g vf/kdre fkdk;rsa mUgsa gh lkSairk gSaA vdlj ns[kk tkrk gS fddsaæ ljdkj d¢ Lrj ij gekjs ikl d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x] foHkkxh; lrdZrk rFkk fkdk;r lkSaius d¢ ckn bls ckj&ckj lacaf/kr foHkkx d¨ ;kn fnykrs jgrklh-ch-vkbZ gSA d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x rFkk foHkkxh; lrdZrk] Hkz"Vkpkj ls gS ftUgsa dà ckj ekuk Hkh ugha tkrkA lhohlh d¢ ikl vius vknsk¨a d¢lacaf/kr ekeyksa dks lrdZrk d¢ lanHkZ ¼vuqkklukRed dk;Zokgh ½ esa rFkk lh-ch- vuqikyu djkus dh d¨Ã kfDr ugha gSAvkbZ vkijkf/kd lanHkZ esa] dk;Zokgh djrh gSA ?ljdkj ds foHkkx¨a d¢ lrdZrk kk[kkvksa ij dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx dk d¢aæd¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x& d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x Hkkjr ljdkj ds lrdZrk laca/kh d¨Ã Ákklfud fu;a=.k ugha gS ftUgsa ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dh fkdk;rsa lkSairkekey¨a ds fy, lo¨ZPp laLFkk gSA gSA ;|fi ljdkj fofHkUu foHkkx¨a d¢ eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;¨a dh fu;qfDr djrs le; dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksxksa dh lykg ysrh gS fdarq vafre ? ds ikl cM+s iSekus ij fkdk;rsa vkrh gSa ysfdu muls fuiVus ds bl foHkkx fu.kZ; ljdkj }kjk gh fy;k tkrk gSA lkFk gh eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ls fy, lhohlh ds ikl lalk/kuksa dk vHkko gSA dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx ,d uhps d¢ vf/kdkfj;¨a dh fu;qfDr @ rcknys ml foHkkx d¢ Áeq[k }kjk fd, cgqr gh NksVh laLFkk gS] ftlds dqy deZpkfj;¨a dh la[;k 200 ls Hkh de tkrs gSaA gSA bls d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ 1500 ls Hkh vf/kd foHkkx¨a rFkk ea=ky;¨a ls laEcf/kr Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ ekey¨a dh tkap djuh g¨rh gS] ftuesa ls dqN foHkkx ?; lrdZrk vk;ksx dh fu;qfDr;ka ÁR;{k :i ls ljdkj d¢ fu;a=.k esa dsanzh vR;kf/kd cMs+ gSa tSls d¢aæh; mRikn] jsy] vk;dj vkfn A g¨rh gSaA ;g fu;qfDr;ka fooknkLin ,oa xSj&ikjnkÊ g¨rh gSaA ? ;g ,d Mkd[kkus dh Hkkafr dke djrs gq, T+;knkrj fkdk;r¨a bl Ádkj ? vf/kfu;e d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x d¨ lhchvkbZ d¢ i;Zos{k.k dk lhohlh d¨ lacaf/kr lrdZrk kk[kkvksa dks Ásf"kr djrk jgrk gSA ;g ÁR;{k :i ls ( djus dk vf/kdkj nsrk gSA ijarq ;g vf/kdkj csekuh gSA lqijokbt+ d¢oy dqN gh ekey¨a esa [kqn tkap djrk gSA mnkgj.k d¢ fy, o"kZ dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx d¢ ikl fdlh Hkh ekeys esa lhchvkbZ ls d¨Ã 2009&10 esa bld¨ ÁkIr g¨us okys 1800 ekey¨a esa ls flQZ 11 ekey¨a esa gh nLrkost+ ekaxus ;k fdlh foks"k rjhd¢ ls tkap djokus dh kfDr ugha gSA bld¢ }kjk ÁR;{k tkap dh xÃA ckdh ekeys d¢oy vkxs Ásf"kr dj fn, blds vykok lhchvkbZ dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx ( ds ctk; lhohlh x;sA lsohoxhZ; ,oa izfk{k.k foHkkx ( MhvksihVh ds izkklfud fu;a=.k esa ? lrdZrk vk;¨x ( ek= ,d lykgdkjh laLFkk gSA d¢aæ d¢aæh; lhohlh vkrk gSA ljdkj ds fdlh Hkh foHkkx dh lrdZrk kk[kk igys ekeys dh tkap djrh gS] mld¢ ckn lt+k d¢ fy, d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x ls lykg ekaxrh gSA bl Ádkj dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx vis{kkÑr :i ls ,d Lora= laLFkk gS ? gkykafd] ml foHkkx dk Áeq[k d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x dh flQkfjk¨a d¨ fQj Hkh bld¢ ikl u r¨ lalk/ku gS v©j u kfDr;ka] ftlls ;g tkap ;k ekuus ;k uk ekuus fd fy, Lora= gSA mu ekey¨a esa Hkh t¨ bld¢ }kjk dk;Zokgh dj ld¢A dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx d¢oy ,d fn[kkok ek= cu ÁR;{k :i ls tkaps x, gSa] lhohlh ljdkj d¨ d¢oy lykg ns ldrk gSA dj jg x;k gSA ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd fdlh cMs+ vf/kdkjh d¢ Hkz"Vkpkj ls tqM+s gksus d¢ foHkkxh; lrdZrk kk[kk& ÁR;sd foHkkx esa ,d lrdZrk kk[kk g¨rh gS ekey esa ljdkj }kjk ,slh flQkfjksa cgqr de gh ekuh xbZ gSaA ftlesa mlh foHkkx d¢ vf/kdkjh g¨rs gSa ¼dqN ckgjh yksxksa d¨ N¨M+ dj tSls eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh A gkykafd] mlds vanj dke djus okys lHkh ? lrdZrk vk;¨x dk vf/kdkj {ks= u©djkkg¨a rd gh lhfer gSA d¢aæh; jktusrk blds {ks= esa ugha vkrsA ;fn fdlh ekeys esa jktusrk Hkh vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx ds gksrs gSA 21 22
    • ?foHkkx ds lrdZrk kk[kk d¢ lHkh vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx ls g¨rs gSa] r¨pawfd rjg ÁkFkfedh ntZ djus dh rFkk tkap djus dh kfDr g¨rh gSA ;g d¢aæmUgsa fdlh Hkh le; mlh foHkkx esa fdlh vU; in ij Hkh Hkst fn;k tkrk ljdkj ls lacaf/kr fdlh Hkh foHkkx esa Lor% ;k fdlh jkT; ljdkj ;kgSA ,sls esa mud¢ }kjk vius gh lgdÆe;¨a ;k mPp vf/kdkfj;¨a d¢ f[kykQ U;k;ky; d¢ funsZk ij tkap dj ldrh gSAtkap djuk vlaHko g¨ tkrk gSA ;fn fdlh mPp vf/kdkjh d¢ f[kykQ ? ds Åij T+;knk dke gksus d¢ dkj.k oks ekeys Hkh Lohdkj ugha lhchvkbZfkdk;r ÁkIr g¨rh gS r¨ ,slk vf/kdkjh ( ckn esa] gks ldrk gS fd ftldks djrh ftuesa yxHkx ,d dj¨M+ dk ?kiyk gqvk g¨Amlh vkj¨ih vf/kdkjh d¢ uhps dke djuk iM+s mld¢ f[kykQ izHkkohtkap ugh djrkA dkQh ckj ,slk Hkh gksrk gS fd lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ? ÁR;{k :i ls d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ v/khu dke djrh gSA lhchvkbZ d¢ lhchvkbZvkjksih vf/kdkjh ds uhps dke dj jgk gksrk gSA ,sls esa bZekunkj tkap funskd vkSj vU; lHkh vf/kdkjh d¢aæ ljdkj }kjk lh/ks fu;qDr fd, tkrsdjuk rks yxHkx vlaHko gh gSA gSaA ?dqN foHkkx¨a esa lrdZrk vf/kdkjh vU; dk;¨± d¨ Hkh ns[krs gaSA bldk ? Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa la;qDr lfpo ;k mlds Åij ds Lrj ds vxj eryc gS fd mls lrdZrk dk vfrfjDr ÁHkkj fn;k x;k g¨rk gSA ,sls esa vf/kdkjh kkfey gksa rks lhchvkbZ d¨ tkap kq: djus ls igys ljdkj ls ;fn d¨Ã ukxfjd fkdk;r djrk gS r¨ laHko gS fd ml vf/kdkjh d¨ vuqefr ysuh iM+rh gSA eqdnek pykus ds fy, Hkh bls ljdkj ls vuqefr vius vki d¢ f[kykQ gh tkap djuh iM+rh gSA ;fn ,slh fkdk;r ysuh gksrh gSA dkQh ckj ftu vf/kdkfj;¨a d¨ ,slh vuqefr nsuh g¨rh gS os foHkkx Áeq[k ;k lhohlh d¨ Hkh dh tkrh gS r¨ Hkh og var esa mlh ;k r¨ Lo;a ,sls ekey¨a es fyIr g¨rs gSa ;k buesa lafyIr fdlh jktuSfrd vf/kdkjh d¨ lkSai nh tkrh gSA ,sls lSdM+ksa keZukd mnkgj.k gSaA O;fDr d¢ ÁHkko esa g¨rs gSaA ?rk foHkkx ls tqM+s T;knkrj vf/kdkjh igys ls gh Hkz"V gksrs gSaA lrdZ ? ekeys dh tkap iwjh g¨ tkus d¢ ckn lhchvkbZ }kjk U;k;ky; esa fdlh lrdZrk foHkkx esa jgrs gq, og vius f[kykQ yxs lHkh ekey¨a ij ekeyk ntZ djkus ds fy, odhy dkuwUk ea=ky; }kjk fu;qDr fd;k tkrk yhik&i¨rh fd d¨fkk djrs gSaA bl Ádkj os lrdZrk foHkkx d¨ gSA ,sls esa ;fn fdlh ekeys esa d¨Ã ea=h Qalk gqvk gS r¨ dkuwu ea=ky; Hkz"Vkpkj dk x<+ cuk nsrs gSa tgka iSlk ysdj ekeys can fd, tkrs gSaA ,slk odhy pqurk gS ftldk iz;kl nks"kh dks lt+k fnykus dh ctk; ekeys dks gh [kre djk nsuk gksrk gSA? lrdZrk kk[kk fdlh Hkh ekeys d¢ vkijkf/kd igyw dh tkap ughafoHkkxh;djrh v©j u gh bls ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q-vkbZ-vkj½ ntZ djus dh kfDr g¨rh ? ;fn d¨Ã fkdk;r fdlh ea=h] jktusrk ;k ukSdjkkg ls lacaf/kr vr%gSA gksrh gS t¨ lRrk:<+ dk fgLlk gks rks ,sls ekeyka esa lhchvkbZ }kjk lgh tkap dj ikuk vlaHko g¨rk gSA ,sls esa lhchvkbZ ekeys dh yhik&iksrh esa? ikl jktusrkv¨a d¢ f[kykQ Hkh d¨Ã kfDr ugha g¨rhAbuds tqV tkrh gSA?lrdZrk foHkkx ml foHkkx d¢ Áeq[k }kjk fu;af=r g¨rk gS] blfy,pwafd ?lhchvkbZ d¢ ljdkj d¢ v/khu g¨us d¢ dkj.k] bldk bLrseky foi{kh iqu%]bld¢ }kjk mlh foHkkx ds mPp vf/kdkfj;¨a d¢ f[kykQ tkap dj ikuk jktusrkv¨a ls l©nsckt+h d¢ fy, fd;k tkrk gSAvlaHko g¨rk gSA var%] ;fn ,d ukxfjd fdlh jktusrk ;k dsanz ljdkj ds fdlh vQlj ds ? T;knkrj le; fdlh Hkh foHkkx dh lrdZrk kk[kk fkdk;rksa bl Ádkj Hkz"Vkpkj dh fkdk;r djuk pkgrk gS rks dksbZ Hkh ,d ,slh Hkz"Vkpkj dh d¢oy yhik&i¨rh dj jgk g¨rk gS ;k dqN pqus gq, vQljksa ds fujks/kh ,tsalh ugha gS tks ljdkj ls eqDr gksa vkSj izHkkokkyh gksA f[kykQ gh tkap djrk gSA lhchvkbZ ds ikl kfDr gS ysfdu Lora= ugha gSA dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx Lora= gS ysfdu u rks mlds ikl kfDr gS u gh lalk/kuA dsanzh; vUos"k.k C;wjks ( & lhchvkbZ d¢ ikl iqfyl Fkkus dh lh-ch-vkbZ jkT; Lrj ij 23 24
    • gekjs ikl Bhd ,slh gh O;oLFkk jkT; Lrj ij Hkh gSaA lHkh lrdZrk ,tsafl;ka ( lrdZrk foHkkx] foHkkxksa dh lrdZrk kk[kk vkSj tSls jkT; ifjfk"V & 2 Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;ka ( iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh kk[kk] tSls jkT; Government denied permission to register case lhvkbZMh vkfn lh/ks&lh/ks jkT; ljdkj ds fu;a=.k esa dke djrh gSa vkSj against top NHAI officer Indian Express 18th Nov 2010 blfy, vius jktuhfrd ekfydksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh tkap izHkkoh The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), under Kamal Nath, rjhds ls ugha dj ikrhA lkFk gh] dqN gh jkT;ksa esa yksdk;qDr cuk, x, has refused the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) sanction to initiate an inquiry gSaA against a top official of the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) in connection with a corruption case registered six months ago in which two top NHAI officials wereyksdk;qDr% arrested. CBI officials said the denial of sanction came early this month after it sent several reminders to the Ministry and to the Cabinet Secretary underlining that it was Union ?k;qDr Lor% tkap kq: ugha dj ldrkA mls fu/kkZfjr Lrj ds Åij ds yksd Minister Kamal Nath who was the “competent authority” to take a final decision in the vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ tkap kq: djus ls igys jkT; ljdkj ls vuqefr matter. ysuh iM+rh gSA Sources have confirmed to The Indian Express that the CBI, after seeking legal advice, has now written to Cabinet Secretary K M Chandrasekhar asking him to transfer out S I Patel, an Additional Secretary-level officer who is now posted as ? a esa] tu yksdk;qDr dks dsoy jktusrkvksa ds f[kykQ kfDr nh dqN jkT;ks Member (Projects) in the NHAI. xbZ gSA ;gka ukSdjkkgksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa lrdZrk foHkkx The Cabinet Secretary is understood to have scheduled a review meeting with CBI officials later this week. ns[krs gSaA bl izdkj dk foHkktu tkap izfdz;k dks uqdlku igqapkrk gSA The case in question is a controversial award of contract in the 120-km Nagpur- tc fdlh ,d ekeys esa ftlesa jktusrk vkSj ukSdjkkg nksuksa kkfey gksrs Betul Highway (NH 69) to a Delhi-based private firm, Oriental Structural Engineers gSa( vkerkSj ij ns[kus dks feyrk gS ] yksdk;qDr vkSj lrdZrk tks fd Pvt Ltd (OSEPL). The contract value, over an 18-year period, is Rs 10,800 crore, and the CBI has alleged several irregularities in the manner in which it was awarded. foHkkx nksuksa gh dfBukbZ eglwl djrs gSA It was in May this year that the CBI registered a case after it received complaints from among the 12 other bidders and put telephones of NHAI and OSEPL under ? Dr dsoy ,d lykgdkj dh Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA mls izR;{k :Ik ls yksdk;q surveillance. Cash totaling Rs 1.86 crore was recovered by the CBI from NHAI officials during searches. eqdnek djus dh kfDr ugha gSA os ljdkj dks flQkfjk Hkst ldrs gSa The CBI called it a case of criminal conspiracy and corruption in which while ftldk ekuuk ;k u ekuuk ljdkj ds gkFk esa gksrk gSA awarding a contract, the NHAI had tried to “eliminate all possible contenders on one pretext or another and favoured the accused company ensuring huge financial gain to it.” ? ikl Hkkjh ek=k esa tks fkdk;rsa feyrh gS mudh tkap ds fy, i;kZIr buds Those arrested were a Chief General Manager and General Manager of the NHAI lalk/ku ugha gksrsA and two top OSEPL bosses, including its managing director. An analysis of the evidence including telephone transcripts of conversations between the two camps ? Dr dh fu;qfDr jkT; ljdkj }kjk fooknkLin ,oa xSj&ikjnkÊ yksdk;q and emails exchanged between NHAI and OSEPL officials led the CBI to seek sanction to investigate Member (Projects) Patel too. rjhds ls dh tkrh gSA dqN jkT;ksa esa budh Lora=rk ij Hkh loky mBs gSaA Significantly, Patel was able to stay out of the country he sought several extensions of his leave all throughout the 60-day remand period of the arrested officials and returned to NHAI only after they secured bail since the CBI failed to file a chargesheet. The CBI version is that Patels evidence is vital to link pieces of evidence in the case and, therefore, its urgent reminders for immediate grant of sanction. When contacted today, NHAI chairman Brajeshwar Singh told The Indian Express that he wasnt aware of the final outcome of the CBIs request for sanction since it was being handled by the Ministry. 25 26
    • “The Ministry had asked us for comments and we gave them what was on our files. I After the ministry didnt get back on its March 2010 letter, then CBI Director Ashwiniam not aware of the nature of evidence with the CBI since they are not expected to Kumar wrote another letter to the Coal Ministry on June 10, seeking approval toshare it with us,” he said. “Yes, the CBI recovered huge sums of money from two prosecute Garg for “criminal misconduct”. “...so far, no action has been taken andNHAI officials but again I am not aware if they were able to establish a nexus Garg continues to enjoy his posting”, the CBI said in its second letter. However, thebetween the officers and the contract.” ministry chose to ignore this too. Despite senior NHAI officials being arrested and OSEPL being made the “accused” Six months later, on December 3, the CBI again reminded the ministry about its private beneficiary, the NHAI went ahead and signed the concessional agreement request and said that one of its Joint Director-level officers “himself had come and the final contractual procedure with the same company. This was done in end handed over the request for permission for registration of the case against Garg”. August, three months after the arrests and searches. When asked about this, NHAI After Partha S Bhattarcharya retired as CIL CMD recently, Garg and T K Lahiry, chief Singh said: “Technically, the contract was awarded before the CBI action. CMD of Bharat Coking Coal Ltd, also a subsidiary of CIL, were shortlisted by the Nobody, including the CBI, had asked us to cancel the concessional agreement. Its Public Enterprises Selection Board for the coveted job. signing was a mere formality.” When contacted, Coal Minister Sriprakash Jaiswal said: “We are looking into it. The law will take its own course.” He added that his ministry was waiting for the final report of the Central Vigilance Commission on Gargs candidature for becoming CIL Coal Ministry sits on CBI requests to prosecute chief. Coal India top officer Incidentally, the CVC too had written a letter to the ministry on November 11 last Indian Express 7th March 2011 year, endorsing the CBIs request for proceeding against Garg and asking the ministry to expressly get back to the agency on whether it was allowing prosecution,The Coal Ministry is sitting on at least three requests by the CBI during the past year and if not, to convey the reasons for refusal. to initiate prosecution proceedings against S C Garg, the Chairman and Managing Director of Western Coalfields Ltd, a subsidiary of state-owned monopoly Coal India Ltd. Garg is one of the two contenders for the post of Coal India CMD.The investigating agency first wrote to the ministry on March 18, 2010, seeking CBI cannot act against Railway scam accused permission to register a case of “grave misconduct” against Garg. As WCL CMD, Asian Age 21st July 2010 Garg was accused of showing undue favours to Shri Sai Constructions, which was awarded a Rs 13.5 crore contract for building the Motaghat Nala. It allegedly forged The Central Bureau of Investigation sleuths probing the Railway bank guarantee papers to execute the works, but Garg didnt take serious action to Recruitment Board scam couldnt make much headway in the case of penalise the firm. Mumbai RRB chief Mr S. M. Sharma thanks to a provision in the Delhi“The CMD of WCL is a Joint Secretary-level officer. Hence approval under Section Special Police Establishment Act which makes government sanction 6A of the DSPE Act is required for carrying out an inquiry into the said allegations,” mandatory before registering an FIR against an officer of the rank of the CBI wrote in its letter to the ministry, a copy of which is with The Indian Express. joint-secretary or above under the Prevention of Corruption Act. But the ministry did not respond. Though the CBI allegedly found incriminating evidence against MrAccording to CIL sources, while Garg constituted a committee on September 9, Sharma, they couldnt register an FIR against him due to Section 6A of 2008, to ascertain if Shri Sai Constructions could be banned and penalties imposed the DSPE Act as Mr Sharma is an officer of the joint-secretary rank. on it, he did little to implement its recommendations. The panel had recommended banning the firm “with immediate effect” and also forfeiting the balance payment of On June 17, the CBI had written to the Centre seeking permission for Rs 92,23,154 against the work executed. It had also suggested recovery of over Rs initiating investigation against Mr Sharma after the arrest of his son Mr 16 lakh from it for forging bank guarantees. Vivek Bhardwaja. Sources in the Central Bureau of Investigation saidDenying that he was responsible for the Motaghat Nala contract, Garg says the that the agency is still awaiting the Centres nod and this delay incharges were an attempt to malign him as he was set to become CIL CMD. “The CBI obtaining permission is having a negative impact on the investigationshas jumped midway without collecting fact or waiting for the outcome of the as in several cases the accused get enough time to manipulate variousdeliberations of the Board, which is the competent authority for giving any decisioninvolving such expenditure (of about Rs 14 crore). I, as the MD can only decide on aspects of the case.cases involving expenditure of up to Rs 10 crore. The Motaghat Nala contract was A Central Bureau of Investigation official said, “Earlier, in several casesgiven before I became CMD of WCL, and I was apprised of it in July 2008. So how the accused tried to seek a discharge from the case on technicalam I responsible?” grounds by raising the issue that the mandatory provision of Section 6AHe said they had realised that Shri Sai Constructions had provided a fake bank was not complied by the CBI.”guarantee (Rs 2.24 crore), following which they had filed an FIR, forfeited theirgurantee and also charged Rs 17,00,000 as interest. “I also solicited the advice of Section 6A was inserted in 2003 with an intention of safeguarding publicthe Additional Solicitor General. The matter is with the board and a case is on servants against mala fide and unwarranted investigations.against the company.” 27 28