Six channel fire monitoring & control

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Six channel fire monitoring & control

  1. 1. SIX CHANNEL FIRE MONITORING & CONTROL STATION BY:  TITLY CHATTERJEE  ANITA BISWAS  RAMESH CHATTERJEE  SNEHASISH SEN  ARIJIT PAL
  2. 2. CONTENTS:  INTRODUCTION  TEMPERATURE SENSOR  LM35  ADC 0804  OPAMP 741  SMOKE DETECTOR  LIGHT DETECTOR  PROPOSED PROSPECTS
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT  The main objective of this presentation is to obtain first-hand knowledge on how Control station works and how it can be applied to the main work field of Engineering and Technology.  It is our heartiest gratitude to respected SMT. JAYITA DUTTA, faculty and guide through-out this project work for her professional guidance, advice, motivation, endurance and encouragements during her supervision period. The present work would have never been possible without her vital supports and valuable assistance.  Needless to mention that she has rendered her whole -hearted support and help to make this project a success.  It is only because of her and our all-out effort that we could draw up to this extent in such a field of excellence in the present days of Science and Technology.
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION  Modern Industrial plants are always at the risk of fire since lot of toxin inflammable gases are often present, the temperature is also high. These are normally unmanned machinery space. Supervisory rooms are always away from the actual plant. All light fixtures are explosion proof.  Some sensing devices are placed at certain places where chances of possible explosion and danger persists.  The sensing elements provide an alarm for certain barrier conditions when it exceeds certain desired set values. Mainly temperature fire smoke sensor are used in the circuit to obtain a precautionary measure from any sort of casualties what so ever may pose due to out burst certain flames.
  5. 5. To sense fire: Even a small short circuit or lighting an agarbatti may result to buzzing the alarm: Fire can be sensed by: 1. Temperature 2. Light 3. smoke • All these three things are to be sensed to sense a fire. • To sense a fire we need a high range of heat, smoke and light. • Not easy to depict in our project. • Range are minimized.
  6. 6. Device used to measure temperature of medium: • Contact sensor  Thermocouple  Thermistor  RTDs • Non-contact sensor  Pyrometer
  7. 7. LM 35  Mostly in use Features:  Calibrated directly in ° Celsius (Centigrade)  Linear + 10.0 mV/°C scale factor  0.5°C accuracy observed (at +25°C)  Rated for full −55° to +150°C range  Suitable for remote applications  Low cost due to wafer-level trimming  Operates from 4 to 30 volts  Less than 60 μA current drain  Low self-heating, 0.08°C in still air  Nonlinearity only ±1⁄4°C typical  Low impedance output, 0.1 W for 1 mA load Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors
  8. 8. An experiment showing the Linear characteristics of LM 35 1. Here we have taken the IC of LM 35on a bread board and given a power supply. 2. The output of IC is observed using a voltmeter. 3. The heat is given to the IC with a soldering iron. 4. We have assumed the temperature while implementing in practical.
  9. 9. Time (min) Temp (◦C) Voltag e (volt) 2 28 0.028 4 30 0.030 6 32 0.032 8 35 0.035 10 38 0.038 12 40 0.040 14 42 0.042 LINEAR CHARACTERISTICS OF LM 35
  10. 10. ADC 0804 Features:  80C48 and 80C80/85 Bus Compatible - No Interfacing logic required  Conversion Time < 100μs  Easy Interface to Most Microprocessors  Will Operate in a “Stand Alone” Mode  Differential Analog Voltage Inputs  Works with Band gap Voltage References  TTL Compatible Inputs and Outputs  On-Chip Clock Generator  Analog Voltage Input Range  (Single + 5V Supply) 0V to 5V  No Zero-Adjust Required  80C48 and 80C80/85 Bus Compatible - No Interfacing Logic Required
  11. 11. ADC 0804 Pin number Output voltage 11 2.56 v 12 2.56v 13 2.31v 14 2.55v 15 2.56v 16 2.56v 17 2.55v 18 2.79v
  12. 12. 0P-AMP 741 o Input bias current is about 80 nA o Input offset current is about 10 nA o Input impedance is about 2 Megohms o Common mode voltage should be within +/-12V for +/- 15V supply o Output impedance is about 75 ohms. o Voltage gain rolls off 6dB per octave starting at 100kHz. o finite input offset o input offset is typically 2mV to <6mV. o slew rate is 0.5V/microsecond.
  13. 13. SMOKE DETECTORS:  Detects smoke typically as an indicator of fire.  Most smoke detectors work by optical detection (photoelectric) physical process (ionization), both detection methods to increase sensitivity to smoke.  Sensitive alarms are used to detect and determine in banned places.  usually powered by a central fire alarm system TYPES OF SMOKE DETECTORS: 1. Optical smoke detector 2. Ionization smoke detector 3. Photoelectric Smoke Detector 4. Photoelectric Light Scattering Smoke Detector 5. Photoelectric Light Obscuration Smoke Detector
  14. 14. LIGHT DETECTOR: o Device that is used to detect light. o Photocell is a small sensor that changes its resistance when light shines on it o A charged coupled device (CCD) transports electrically charged signals, and is used as a light sensor in digital cameras and night-vision devices. o Photomultipliers detect light and multiply it. o Used in scientific devices. o SECURITY DEVICES: 1. burglar alarm 2. garage door opener
  15. 15. PROPOSED ONE FOR FUTURE FEATURES: 1) Sounds a fire alarm to attract attention. 2) If the reset SW is not pressed within 30 seconds, the projects takes further action 3) Shut down the plant, 4) Start sprinkling 5) Make an emergency call to , deliver an emergency message . 6) It will call five times at the interval of one minute and again check for the smoke, if smoke is still present it will continue to do so otherwise start monitoring
  16. 16.  Features of 8051(MICROCONTROLLER):  Up to 4K Bytes Internal Program Memory (ROM)  Up to 128 Bytes Internal Data Memory (RAM)  8 bit Data bus  16 bit address bus  Up to 128 Special Function Regis ters (SFR)  32 general purpose register.  Two 16-bit timer/counters.
  17. 17.  Features of 74245(BUFFER)  Bi-Directional bus transceiver  high-density 20-pin package  3-STATE outputs drive bus lines directly  PNP inputs reduce DC loading on bus lines  Hysteresis at bus inputs improve noise margin  IOL (sink current)- 24 mA  IOH (source current)- 15 mA P89021 (OTP)  FEATURES of P89021(OTP):  · Standard CMOS process.  · Embedded 512K/256K bits EPROM.  · 21sec Voice Length at 6KHz sampling.  · Maximum 12 voice groups.  · 960 table entries are available for voice block combinations.  · Two triggering modes are available (EPROM programmable options).  - Key Trigger Mode.  - CPU Parallel Trigger Mode.  · Voice Group Trigger Options: Edge / Level. 74245 (BUFFER)
  18. 18. 1. SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS (D.Patranabis) 2. ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION (A.K. Sawhney) 3. INSDUSTRIAL HANDBOOK (B.G. Liptak) 1. www.google.com 2. www.Wikipedia.com 3. www.electronics4u.com 4. www.alldatasheet.com

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