Vision & Aspirations• The broad vision and aspirations which theTwelfth Plan seeks to fulfill are reflected in thesubtitle:• ‘Faster, Sustainable, and More InclusiveGrowth’.• The simultaneous achievement of each ofthese elements is critical for the success of thePlan.
Why GDP growth isimportant for the inclusivenessobjective?• Rapid growth of GDP produces a larger expansion intotal income and production which, if the growthprocess is sufficiently inclusive, will directly raiseliving standards of a large section of our people byproviding them with employment and other incomeenhancing activities.• It generates higher revenues, which help to financecritical programmes of inclusiveness.
Investment• The ability to raise the rate of investment (ratio ofgross fixed capital formation [GFCF)] to GDP) iswidely regarded as critical for the achievement ofhigh growth.
Savings• Savings need to be financed through acombination of domestic savings and net foreigninflow.
Financing the Plan• The estimates show resource availability for theTwelfth Plan of `8050123 cr. at current prices forthe Centre and States taken together.• These projections imply that public sectorresources for the Plan will be at 11.80 per cent ofGDP• The outcome will depend critically onachievement of buoyancy in tax revenue,effective control over subsidies and animprovement in the resource mobilising capacityof Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs)
Twelve Focus Areas for the TwelfthPlan1. Advanced Coal Technologies2. National Wind Energy Mission3. National Solar Mission4. Technology Improvement in Iron and Steel Industry5. Technology Improvement in Cement Industry6. Energy Efficiency Programmes in the Industry7. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Programme8. Improving the Efficiency of Freight Transport9. Better Urban Public and Non-motorized Transport10. Lighting, Labelling and Super-efficientEquipmentProgramme11. Faster Adoption of Green Building Codes12. Improving the Stock of Forest and Tree Cover
DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF WATER ININDIA• The water budget based on Ministry of WaterResources estimates shows utilisable water of 1123billion cubic metres (BCM) against current waterdemand of 710 BCM, suggesting more than adequateavailability at the aggregate level given currentrequirements.• However, more recent calculations, based on morerealistic estimates of the amount of water lost to theatmosphere by evapo-transpiration, are lessreassuring.• Since the amount of water available is more or lessconstant, rising demands due to increasing populationand economic growth will strain the demand–supplybalance.
Important Programmes• National Groundwater Management Programme• Promoting Groundwater Development in EasternIndia• Integrated Watershed Management Programme(IWMP)• Repair, Renovation And Restoration (RRR) OfWater Bodies• Urban Water And Waste Management
Land Issues• The Twelfth Plan Working Group DisadvantagedFarmers, including Women has proposed severalmechanisms for easing the land constraint facedby the landless and land-poor.Points of consideration• LAND ACQUISITION FOR NON-AGRICULTURAL USE• INNOVATIONS IN LAND FOR URBANISATION• MODERNISATION OF LAND RECORDS
Targets : Environment, Forestry andWildlifeENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE• Assess and remediate 12 identified contaminated sites (hazardous chemicalsand wastes) with potential for ground watercontamination by 2017.• Clean 80 per cent of critically polluted stretches in rivers by 2017 and 100 percent by 2020.• States to meet NAAQS in urban areas by 2017.• To reduce emission intensity of our GDP in line with the target of 20 to 25percent reduction over 2005 levels by 2020.WILDLIFE, ECOTOURISM AND ANIMAL WELFARE• Twenty per cent of veterinary professionals in the country will be trained intreating wildlife.• Integrated Ecotourism District Plans covering 10 per cent of all potentialProtected Areas (PAs) by 2017.• Promoting participation of private sector, civil societies, NGOs andphilanthropists in animal welfare.
FORESTS AND LIVELIHOOD• Greening 5 million ha under Green India Mission including 1.5 million ha ofdegraded lands, afforestation and Eco restoration of 0.9 million ha of ecologicallysensitive areas.• Technology-based monitoring of forest cover, biodiversity and growing stockincluding change-monitoring on periodical basis through dedicated satellite by2017 and establishment of open web-based National Forestry and EnvironmentalInformation system for research and public accessibility by 2015.• Engagement of Village Green Guards/Community Foresters for every Joint ForestManagement (JFM) village by 2016.• Establish forestry seed bank in forest circles and Model Nursery in every districtwith information on public portal by 2014.ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY• Restore 0.1 million ha of wetlands/inland lakes/water bodies by 2017.• Mapping and preparation of biodiversity management plans for deserts (bothcold and arid), coastal areas, important coral zones, wetlands, mangroves and soon to be completed by 2017.
Science and Technology• Enrichment of Knowledge Base• S&T Human Resource Development and UniversityInteraction• Aligning S&T to Developmental Needs• Implementation of National Missions(varioussectors)• Approaches for Strengthening and Expanding R&DBase
Innovation• Towards building an Innovation Ecosystem• Supporting Financial System and Mentoring: IndiaInclusive Innovation Funds (IIIFs)• Increasing Skills, Productivity andCompetitiveness of Micro, Small and MediumEnterprises (MSMEs) through Innovation• Nurturing Innovation through Education• Connecting India: Rural Broadband
Governance• Strengthening Local Institutions• Social Mobilisation• Restructuring of Centrally Sponsored Schemes• Improving Public Service Delivery• Dissemination of Information• Combating Corruption• Collaboration and Implementation
Transport• Containerisation In Railways• Business Models for Passenger and Rail FreightLogistics• Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs) – A Game Changefor the Indian Rail Sector• Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in Railways• Financing of National Highway DevelopmentProgramme (NHDP)• Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) Contract• Introduction of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)• GAGAN—The Indian Satellite Based augmentationSystem (SBAS) for Air Navigation Services (ANS)
Twelfth Plan Targets for theTelecommunication Sector• Provision of 1200 million connections by 2017.• Mobile access to all villages and increase rural teledensity to 70per cent by 2017.• Broadband connection of 175 million by 2017.• Commissioning of National Optical Fibre Network(NOFN)• Make available additional 300 MHz of spectrum for IMT services• Making India a hub for telecom equipment manufacturing byincentivising domestic manufacturers with thrust on IPR, productdevelopment and commercialisation.• Provide preferential market access for indigenouslymanufactured products.• To increase domestic manufactured products in telecom networkto the extent of 60 per cent with value addition of 45 per cent by2017.• Adoption of green policy in Telecom and incentivise use ofrenewable energy sources.
Rural Development• MGNREGA• National Rural Drinking Water Programme(NRDWP)• Total Sanitation Campaign(TSC)• Provision Of Urban Amenities In Rural Areas(PURA)• National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
TWELFTH PLAN INITIATIVES FOREDUCATION SECTOR• Strong Focus on Learning Outcomes• Address Residual Access and Equity Gaps• Focus on Teachers and Education Leadership• Linkages with Other Sectors• Integration of Sports and Physical Education• Integration of Arts in Education
Education Schemes1. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)2. Model Schools Scheme3. Girls Hostel Scheme4. ICT @ Schools5. Inclusive Education for Disabled at SecondaryStage6. Scheme of Vocational Education7. National Means-cum Merit Scholarship Scheme8. National Incentive to Girls9. Appointment of Language Teachers
Employee and Skill Development• Permanent Institutional Structure for Driving theSkill Development Agenda• National Skill Qualification Frame work (NSQF)• Skilling Workers in the Unorganised/InformalSector• Strengthening and Revamping the InstitutionalStructure• Expanding the Out Reach to Under-served Areasand North Eastern States through PPP• Training of Trainers• Reforming the Apprenticeship System• Making Skills Aspirational through Advocacy
Women’s Agency & Child Rights• The nationwide introduction of the joint mother andchild protection card• National Nutrition Policy And National Plan Of ActionOn Nutrition (NPAN)• Bringing Strong Nutrition Focus To SectoralProgrammes• Multi-sectoral Approach For Accelerating Action OnDeterminants Of Undernutrition• Promoting Optimal Maternal, Infant And Young ChildCare And Feeding Practices• Combating Micro-nutrient Deficiencies In A HolisticManner
Social Inclusion• INCREASE ALLOCATION• DIRECTLY TARGET MINORITIES• INSTITUTIONALISE ROBUST MONITORING• DEVELOP TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP• FOCUS ON SKILL BUILDING FOR EMPLOYABILITY• INITIATE PILOT SCHEMES FOR MINORITIES