E-governance for Conservation in             India      Susan Sharma, PhD             IndianWildlifeClub.com
E-governance for Conservation in             India Conservation involves protecting the forests of the  country along wit...
E-governance for Conservation in             India Need to expand the scope of governance to  include the participation o...
E-governance for Conservation in             India                               Jal (Water)                              ...
E-governance for Conservation in             India                                                NGOs,               Infr...
E-governance for Conservation in             India   We are proposing a complex system of bundled services    involving p...
E-governance for Conservation in             IndiaName                              Entrepreneurship potentialGyandoot, 20...
E-governance for Conservation in             IndiaName                           Entrepreneurship potential               ...
E-governance for Conservation in             India  Literacy is not a major constraint in   implementing IT related proje...
E-governance for Conservation in             India In the conservation model we propose, there will  be five “personalize...
E-governance for Conservation in             India                                         NGOs/Social                    ...
E-governance for Conservation in             India                                         NGOs/Social                    ...
E-governance for Conservation in             India E-governance projects mature in four phases,  Information, Interaction...
E-governance for Conservation in             India   Information, Communication Technologies (ICT)    involved in any e-g...
E-governance for Conservation in             India E-governance projects need to employ a large number of  personnel in h...
E-governance for Conservation in             India                                   Indep          NGOs,                 ...
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E-Governance for Conservation

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This presentation was made in a conference in India, in 2005. eight years on, with broad band reaching six lac villages in India, time is ripe to implement a technology plan for wildlife conservation in India.

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E-Governance for Conservation

  1. 1. E-governance for Conservation in India Susan Sharma, PhD IndianWildlifeClub.com
  2. 2. E-governance for Conservation in India Conservation involves protecting the forests of the country along with the flora and fauna as forests are the custodians of water sources, clean air and irreplaceable natural resources. The paper proposes a model where the synergies of a complex e-governance system generate livelihood options for the rural unemployed in and around the forests. These options are by way of entrepreneurship opportunities and not by way of government jobs. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  3. 3. E-governance for Conservation in India Need to expand the scope of governance to include the participation of all the citizens whose lives are linked to the forests. The road map to e-governance for conservation (of our natural resources) is thus a combination of e-governance and e- democracy. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  4. 4. E-governance for Conservation in India Jal (Water) Jungle( Forest) Conservation Services Janwar(Animals) Jan (People) Jameen ( Land) IndianWildlifeClub.com
  5. 5. E-governance for Conservation in India NGOs, Infrastr Land Scienti Audit Social ucture records fic Entrepr Data eneurs Educatio nLegal Forest resourcesIssues Ministry of Forest Dwellers Environment Services Fringe Villagers and Forests Tour Operators Wildlif Forest Staff e Census GIS Mapping Poaching Forest Entrepren Issues Revenue Resources eurship/Li velihood IndianWildlifeClub.com
  6. 6. E-governance for Conservation in India We are proposing a complex system of bundled services involving personalized portals for each of the major stakeholders. Interactions of the stakeholders with the various agencies involved in conservation apart from MOEF have the potential of creating employment within the complex system, thereby enriching it as well as taking it forward. The e-governance system proposed has within itself the seeds for commercializing the knowledge base. Most of the employment created, however will not be planned government jobs but entrepreneurial in nature, born out of the synergy of rural information systems. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  7. 7. E-governance for Conservation in IndiaName Entrepreneurship potentialGyandoot, 2000 User fees are charged for the services provided by rural youth. ITC charges transaction fee and paysITC’s E-Choupal commission to kiosk owners for sales. Electronic fat testing machines enableAmul’s Dairy portal instant valuation of milk and instant payment to the farmer. TV entertainment, and other offlineTARAhaat, 2000 services help generate a range of revenue streams IndianWildlifeClub.com
  8. 8. E-governance for Conservation in IndiaName Entrepreneurship potential Kiosks owned and operated bye- Shringala entrepreneurs . Rural kiosks in West Godavari Districte-Seva are run by women self help groups. Sugar cane growers and suppliers to“Parrys Corners” EID Parry encouraged to become entrepreneurs . IndianWildlifeClub.com
  9. 9. E-governance for Conservation in India  Literacy is not a major constraint in implementing IT related projects. The rural folks are quick to adopt any new developments.  The government only needs to be a facilitator and not the promoter.  It is not viable to have stand-alone e- governance projects. It makes sense to bundle the same with community development, commerce and education. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  10. 10. E-governance for Conservation in India In the conservation model we propose, there will be five “personalized internet portals” for Forest Department, Forest Resources, Tour operators, Forest dwellers and Fringe Villages. Each of these portals will have integrated service bundles of both public administrations and enterprises connected to the MOEF. The integrated service bundles are provided after the process integration of the involved service suppliers is achieved with suitable technical interventions. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  11. 11. E-governance for Conservation in India NGOs/Social Entrepreneurs Government Tourism Finances Revenue Wildlife Bio-diversity Law Research Forest Department Villagers Training/E ducation Staff welfare fund Media Recruitment Insurgency in Politics Parks IndianWildlifeClub.com
  12. 12. E-governance for Conservation in India NGOs/Social Entrepreneurs Government Tourism Finances Revenue Wildlife Bio-diversity Law Research Fringe villages Training/Ed ucation Livelihood options Media Recruitment Insurgency in Forest Parks Department Politics IndianWildlifeClub.com
  13. 13. E-governance for Conservation in India E-governance projects mature in four phases, Information, Interaction. Transaction and Transformation. This framework revolves around the citizen, NGOs on the one side and the Central Government, State Government and Local Government on the other side. The aim of any e-governance project must be the fourth phase, that is, Transformation. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  14. 14. E-governance for Conservation in India Information, Communication Technologies (ICT) involved in any e-governance project carries with it enormous potential for transforming poor people’s lives (Gudgeon, 2001) connecting them to markets, improving their access to government services, and better enabling them to express their voice in decisions that affect their lives. The result of this transformation is creation of livelihood opportunities for entrepreneurs. The rise and rise of entrepreneurship has paved the way for growth in countries ranging from Taiwan to United States of America. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  15. 15. E-governance for Conservation in India E-governance projects need to employ a large number of personnel in handholding which must continue till the projects are self sustaining. The aim of introducing e- governance is not to reduce manpower but to achieve efficiency and transparency. E-government can be effective only if internet is widely used. Otherwise manipulation of the public and media by giving selected information, by taking things out of context, will continue. The pervasive influence of e- government can be a reality only if the backbone for e- commerce which is the internet is in place. IndianWildlifeClub.com
  16. 16. E-governance for Conservation in India Indep NGOs, Infrastr Land Scienti enden Social ucture records fic t Entrepr Data Audit eneurs s Educatio n Legal Forest resources Issues Ministry of Forest Dwellers Environment Services Fringe Villagers and Forests Tour Operators Forest Staff Wildlif e Census GIS Mapping Poaching Revenue Forest Entrepreneu Issues Resources rship/Liveli hood IndianWildlifeClub.com
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