A career as a nurse is one that is personally rewarding but alsoquite challenging. Nurses provide medical services to allsegments of society in various types of work environments. Thetype of nursing job depends on the type of nursing degree orcertification one has. Nurses can be classified according to thepositions they hold, medical issues they specialize in, types ofpatients they treat, specific nursing skills, and the type ofenvironment in which they work. Each specific type of nurse hasa different set of job responsibilities. Therefore, a qualifiedcandidate has a lot of nursing career options from which tochoose.
Registered Nurse (RN)Registered Nurses (RNs) make up the largest segment of healthcare workers. RNs provide a number of services that include:perform patient evaluations, monitor and track vitalsigns, perform certain medical such administeringmedications, placing IVs, phlebotomy, and administeringmedications. These nurses work directly with patients and theirfamilies, whether for in-patients or outpatients. Because thesenurses work on the front lines of patient care, they maintainregular contact with patients and are often the first to noticeissues with a patient. RNs develop daily nursing care plans bothin the hospital and for care after a patient goes home. You haveto take an exam to get licensed as a Registered Nurse.
Nurse Practitioner (NP)Nurse Practitioners are primary caregivers who evaluate patienthealth problems and needs and develop nursing care plans.These nurses provide nursing care to the injured, ill, disabled,and convalescent patients. They are responsible for maintainingthe health records of patients. In addition, nurse practitionersmay advise patients on disease prevention and healthmaintenance. You have to take an exam to get licensed as anursing practitioner. Nurse Practitioners have the right toprescribe certain medications. They can also concentrate inspecific areas such as women’s health, neonatal care, familycare, etc.
Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) provide medical care topatients and typically report directly to physicians and RNs.Such tasks LPNs can prepare and perform, depending onprovince/state policies, the following: taking patient vitals andmonitoring, providing treatment for common bed sores, givingenemas, bathing patients, dressing patients, administerprescribed medicines, start IV fluid, and dressing wounds. LPNshave a fair amount of contact with patients so they helppatients manage their illnesses.
Gerontological NurseGerontological nurses provide nursing care for the elderly innursing homes, hospitals, and physician offices. They perform anumber of tasks such as: implement treatment plans for variouslong term illnesses, provide support for patients, and providesupport for patient families. Such illnesses these nurses canprovide care for include heart conditions, physical conditionssuch as fractures, stroke, head injuries, and such conditions asAlzheimer’s, strokes, and head injuries. These nurses evaluatepatients, develop treatment plans, and monitor a patient’sprogress.
Various Types of HospitalNurses Job Descriptions Hospital nurses can be classified according to where in the hospital they work. OR Nurses provide care for patients before surgery, assists doctors during surgery, and provide care for patients after surgery. Emergency Room (ER) nurses are the first to take care of patients when they come in with a medical emergency. Psychiatric Nurses care for patients with medical problems, psychiatric disorders, or substance abuse problems in hospitals and community health centers. Pediatric Nurses care for infants and children in primary care facilities, hospitals, and critical care facilities. Their work focuses on health promotion, diagnosing common childhood illnesses, disease prevention, and treatment of injuries.
Nurse Anesthetists work in the OR. They have received trainingand have passed a licensing exam to be certified registerednurse anesthetists(CRNA). They perform similar duties asanesthesiologists. Cardiac Rehabilitation Nurses work withpatients recovering from heart problems. Acute CareNurses work with patients suffering from sudden illnesses suchas respiratory distress, shock, and heart attacks. OncologyNurses work with cancer patients in hospitals, hospiceprograms, cancer centers, extended care facilities, homes, andphysician offices.
Travel NurseTravel nurses are Registered Nurses who travel across thecountry providing nursing care in the form of short-termassignments. They fill in for nurses on leave at a variety ofmedical facilities such as hospitals, physician clinics, etc.
Nurses perform a very important role in the health caresystem. They provide valuable health care services to theirpatients in physician clinics, hospitals, communities, and more.Nursing is a challenging and rewarding career, with manyopportunities to advance in specialty nursing fields. Today,across the country nursing jobs are in great demand.