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New Zealand Natural History Part2 Op 08
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New Zealand Natural History Part2 Op 08

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  • 1. New Zealand Natural History Part 2 Flora and Fauna Tourguiding.wordpress.com Hillary Jenkins, Otago Polytechnic 2008
  • 2. IMPORTANT… Images you are about to see are some of our special places and their inhabitants many of which are ENDEMIC to New Zealand - Features forming New Zealand’s National Parks and the UNESCO World Heritage Status - Features which contribute to a booming tourism industry
  • 3. Before humans…
    • The New Zealand islands looked very different than today
    • No mammals except a couple of bat species and the NZ Fur seal
    • An abundance of birds, many flightless
    • Large forested areas of prehistoric trees throughout the country
  • 4. Let’s take a closer look at the climate zones and at some of the native plants and animals that live there today
  • 5. The Alpine Zone Glaciers Braided rivers Wide open valleys Ice covered mountains
  • 6. Aoraki Mount Cook
  • 7. Mountains & Alpine Valleys Tussock grasses grow here
  • 8. 600 species of Alpine Plants 93 % found only in New Zealand
  • 9. Mount Cook Buttercup- the world’s largest buttercup
  • 10. Daisies and Spaniards specially adapted for survival
  • 11. Miniature brooms
  • 12. More buttercups, daisies and bristly carrots
  • 13. Flightless Takahe lives in Alpine tussock (One known population left in the wild) ‏
  • 14. Kea - Worlds only Alpine Parrot (only in the South Island of New Zealand) ‏
  • 15. Invertebrates – food for birds
  • 16. The Temperate Forests
  • 17.
    • Podocarp Forests
      • Totara
      • Kahikatea
      • Matai
      • Rimu
      • Miro
      • A few precious remnants left
  • 18. Beech Forests Sliver Red Mountain Black www.flickr.com/photos/33495997@N00/402696291/sizes/m/
  • 19. Kiwi!? http://www.flickr.com/photos/76074333@N00/281832147/sizes/m/
  • 20. Karearea - New Zealand Falcon
  • 21. NZ Robin and giant native worm
  • 22. Tieke - Saddleback
  • 23. Kereru – New Zealand Wood Pigeon
  • 24. Rare Flightless Parrot Kakapo 86 (+ about 5 new babies this year) left in the world
  • 25. Harakeke – New Zealand Flax an amazing resource
  • 26. Piwakawaka (Fantail) and Tui http://www.flickr.com/photos/8611584@N06/2067358292/sizes/s/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattbinns/2036385629/sizes/m /
  • 27. The Subtropical Forest
  • 28. Dense lush warm forest full of diversity
  • 29. Ancient Ferns- from 100million years ago 200 species, 40 endemic to New Zealand
  • 30. More ferns, orchids & mosses Koru
  • 31. Nikau Palm New Zealand’s only true Palm species
  • 32. Kauri - Tane Mahuta our biggest tree http://www.flickr.com/photos/sassygagliardi/440514174/sizes/m /
  • 33. The Coastal Zone Sand Dunes Estuaries Salt Marshes Headlands
  • 34. Cormorants on a West Coast Beach
  • 35. Coastal Flowering Hebe
  • 36. Penguins and NZ Fur Seals www.flickr.com/photos/littlebluepenguin/357091278/sizes/m/ www.flickr.com/photos/flissphil/232405333/sizes/m/
  • 37. Today…
    • Threats from introduced predators such as possum, rabbit, stoat, cat , dog & rats
    • Threats from development and industry
    • Tremendous work being done by DOC and community groups on habitat restoration, species protection & pest control
  • 38. Further reading Nature Guide to the New Zealand Forest by John Dawson and Rob Lucas New Zealand Alpine Plants by J T Salmon Field Guide to Birds of New Zealand by Heather, B and Robertson, H www.doc.govt.nz Native Plants Photo’s by Nicky Snoyink (otherwise stated) ‏

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