Some classify resources on the basis of their Origin into two types.
Biotic Resource :- These are obtained from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock etc.
Abiotic Resources : All those things which are composed of non-living things. For example, rocks and metals.
Types on the Basis of Exhaustibility
Water energy Wind energy
Coal Petrol pump
Renewable Resources : They can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes. For example, solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife, etc.
Non-Renewable Resources : These resources take millions of years in their formation. Minerals and fossil fuels are examples of such resources.
On the Basis of Ownership
My bike & house
Village grazing grounds
National: Every thing within the boundary of India
International: Used by any country.
Individual Resources : These are owned privately by individuals. Farms owned by farmers, house owned by your parents, etc. are some of the examples of resources ownership by individuals.
Community Owned Resources : These are accessible to all the members of the community. Village grazing grounds, burial grounds, village ponds, public parks, picnic spots, etc. are for all the people living there.
National Resources : Technically, all the
resources belong to the nation. All the minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land within the political boundaries and oceanic area upto 12 nautical miles (19.2 km) from the coast (territorial water) belong to the nation.
International Resources : The oceanic resources beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone belong to open ocean and no individual country can utilise these without the concurrence of international institutions.
On the Basis of the Status of Development
Strong winds in Gujarat Abundant Sunshine in Rajasthan
Wind Farms in Gujarat Solar energy Plants in Rajasthan
Model of Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Potential Resources : Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised.
Developed Resources : Resources which are presently utilised after their survey.
Stock : Materials in the environment which can be used but we do not have the appropriate technology to use these. Reserves are the subset of the stock. They can be put into use with the help of existing technical ‘know-how’ but their use has not been started. These can be used for meeting future requirements.