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Land Resources
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Land Resources






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Land Resources Land Resources Presentation Transcript

  • Land Resources Suryaveer Singh PGT Geography S D Public School, Pitampura
  • Land resources in India
    • India has land under a variety of relief
    • features, namely;
    • About 43 per cent of the land area
    • is plain region , which provides facilities for agriculture and industry.
    • Mountains account for 30 per cent of the total surface area of the country and ensure perennial flow of some rivers, provide facilities for tourism and ecological aspects.
    • About 27 per cent of the area of the country is the plateau region . It possesses rich reserves of minerals, fossil fuels and forests.
  • Land Use patterns in India
    • Land resources are used for the following
    • purposes:
    • 1. Forests
    • 2. Land not available for cultivation
    • (a) Barren and waste land
    • (b) Land put to non-agricultural uses
    • 3. Other uncultivated land
    • (a) Permanent pastures and grazing land,
    • (b) Land under miscellaneous tree crops
    • (c) Cultruable waste land
    • 4. Fallow lands
    • (a) Current fallow
    • (b) Other than current fallow
    • 5. Net sown area
  • Forest land
    • Forest area in the country is far lower than the desired 33 per cent of geographical area.
    • It was considered essential for maintenance of the ecological balance. The livelihood of millions of people who live on the fringes of these forests depends upon it.
  • Land not available for cultivation
    • This consist of waste lands and land put to other non-agricultural uses.
    • Waste land includes rocky, arid and desert areas.
    • Land put to other non-agricultural uses includes settlements, roads, railways, industry etc.
  • Permanent Pastures
    • The land under permanent pasture has
    • also decreased.
    • How are we able to feed our huge cattle population on small pasture lands?
    • What are the consequences of it?
    Grazing grounds & Pasture lands Feed our cattle on farm products There is huge population pressure on farm lands
  • Fallow Lands
    • It’s two types are:
    • Current fallow lands: These lands are left uncultivated for one or less than one agricultural year.
    • Other than current fallow lands: These lands are left uncultivated for more than one or five agricultural years.
    • Most of the these lands are either of poor quality or the cost of cultivation is very high.
    • Hence, these lands are cultivated once or twice in about two to three years
    Fallow Lands Slash and burn agriculture Poor quality of soil
  • Net sown area
    • It’s an area cultivated once in an agricultural year .
    • It is over 80 per cent of the total area in Punjab and Haryana.
    • It is less than 10 per cent in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands.
    Cultivated lands of North Ganga Plains A field from Punjab Farmers celebrating good yields.
  • We have shared our land with the past generations and will have to do so with the future generations too.
    • This resulted in Land degradation and we have to think about its conservation now otherwise it won’t be able to support this large population.