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    Land Resources Land Resources Presentation Transcript

    • Land Resources Suryaveer Singh PGT Geography S D Public School, Pitampura
    • Land resources in India
      • India has land under a variety of relief
      • features, namely;
      • About 43 per cent of the land area
      • is plain region , which provides facilities for agriculture and industry.
      • Mountains account for 30 per cent of the total surface area of the country and ensure perennial flow of some rivers, provide facilities for tourism and ecological aspects.
      • About 27 per cent of the area of the country is the plateau region . It possesses rich reserves of minerals, fossil fuels and forests.
    • Land Use patterns in India
      • Land resources are used for the following
      • purposes:
      • 1. Forests
      • 2. Land not available for cultivation
      • (a) Barren and waste land
      • (b) Land put to non-agricultural uses
      • 3. Other uncultivated land
      • (a) Permanent pastures and grazing land,
      • (b) Land under miscellaneous tree crops
      • (c) Cultruable waste land
      • 4. Fallow lands
      • (a) Current fallow
      • (b) Other than current fallow
      • 5. Net sown area
    • Forest land
      • Forest area in the country is far lower than the desired 33 per cent of geographical area.
      • It was considered essential for maintenance of the ecological balance. The livelihood of millions of people who live on the fringes of these forests depends upon it.
    • Land not available for cultivation
      • This consist of waste lands and land put to other non-agricultural uses.
      • Waste land includes rocky, arid and desert areas.
      • Land put to other non-agricultural uses includes settlements, roads, railways, industry etc.
    • Permanent Pastures
      • The land under permanent pasture has
      • also decreased.
      • How are we able to feed our huge cattle population on small pasture lands?
      • What are the consequences of it?
      Grazing grounds & Pasture lands Feed our cattle on farm products There is huge population pressure on farm lands
    • Fallow Lands
      • It’s two types are:
      • Current fallow lands: These lands are left uncultivated for one or less than one agricultural year.
      • Other than current fallow lands: These lands are left uncultivated for more than one or five agricultural years.
      • Most of the these lands are either of poor quality or the cost of cultivation is very high.
      • Hence, these lands are cultivated once or twice in about two to three years
      Fallow Lands Slash and burn agriculture Poor quality of soil
    • Net sown area
      • It’s an area cultivated once in an agricultural year .
      • It is over 80 per cent of the total area in Punjab and Haryana.
      • It is less than 10 per cent in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands.
      Cultivated lands of North Ganga Plains A field from Punjab Farmers celebrating good yields.
    • We have shared our land with the past generations and will have to do so with the future generations too.
      • This resulted in Land degradation and we have to think about its conservation now otherwise it won’t be able to support this large population.