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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OR
MATERNAL HEALTH
NISHA THAKUR
RATTAN PROFESSIONAL
COLLEGE
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OR
MATERNAL HEALTH
Defination... (AC to WHO)
Reproductive health care is defined as a
state of complet...
OTHER
● Reproductive health is a state of
complete physical,mental and social well
being,and not merely the absence of
rep...
MATERNAL MORBIDITY
PROBLEMS
● Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs)
● Malnutrition
● Anaemia
● Complication of Deliveries
●...
● Uterine prolapse
● Cancer of the cervix
REPRODUCTIVE TRACT
INFECTIONS(RTIs)
There are 3 type of RTIs
1.. SEXUAL TRANSMITTED DISEASES(STD)
Gonorrhea,syphilis,HIV/ ...
● RTIs Can cause the
pain,discharge,and Ectopic
pregnancy.It is very important to to
diagnose the RTIs early.The treatment...
MALNUTRITION
It is very common problem, so that
pregnant women are especially prone to
the effects of malnutrition.It can ...
PREVENTION
● By Nutritional edcation
● Modification and improvement of
dietary before,during and after
pregnancy
● Proper ...
● Other measures which can help prevent
mal- nutrition include prevention and
control infections by improving
● Environmen...
ANAEMIA
● Lack of red blood cell may cause lack of
oxygen ability.It is very common problem
in pregnant women and the nurs...
● 85% of women are suffring of Anaemia
during pregnancy it may cause low birth
weight , post partum haemorrhage .
Prevention
● Proper antinatal checkups
● Proper medicine like Iron and folic acids
tablets
● Delay the pregnancy if the mo...
Complication of deliveries
● In india most of the deliveries takes
place in home in unhygienical condition
mostally the un...
How to prevent from
Complications
● This very improtant to have properly
trained,skillful,and qualified health
workers,ade...
Pueperal Sepsis
● It is mainly due to infection during labour
and after delivery becouse of lack of
personal hygiene,septi...
Prevention
● It may requires proper preparations for
conduct of deliveries by trained and
skilful dais, mid wives etc.
● A...
Abortion
● 20% of maternal mortality is directly
related to Abortion.Becouse of unwanted
pregnancy,medical termination of
...
prevention
● Due to lack of access to safe abortion
clinics,poor financial resources to reach
to clinics in urban areas, l...
Infertility
● It is both medial and social problem.
Even if the fault/defect is in the male
partner. Usually the sociely c...
Uterine prolapse
● It is the common problem in women who
are working at construction
sites,climbing heights,digging hard
g...
Uterine prolapse
● When the uterus is drop down in vagina
in severe case out of the vagina.
● It is the common problem in ...
● Certain child birth practices such as
pressing on abdomen during labour.
● Pulling the baby etc.leads to prolapse of
uterus, especially when mother is weak
and malnourished.
● So that there is a ...
Cancer of the Cervix
● Cancer of the cervix is the very common
in the indian women. There are various
factor which may cau...
Prevention
● Stop early marriages
● Maintain poor hygiene
● Proper antinatal checkups
Prevention and control of
Morbidity and Mortality
● Early Registration of pregnancy (with in
12-16 weeks)
● Minimum 3 anti...
● Early detection and treatment of the
complicaitons
● Tetanus Toxoid immunization
● Promotion of institutional deliveries...
● Postnatal recovery of the women and
delivery with out any complications
● Promotion of the family planning to adopt
smal...
● Improving social status of women by
alleviating gender
discrimination,educating and
empowering them, providing supportin...
{ ''THANK YOU'' }
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH / MATERNAL HEALTH

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Transcript of "REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH / MATERNAL HEALTH"

  1. 1. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OR MATERNAL HEALTH NISHA THAKUR RATTAN PROFESSIONAL COLLEGE
  2. 2. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OR MATERNAL HEALTH Defination... (AC to WHO) Reproductive health care is defined as a state of complete physical,mental and social well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity in all metters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and processes.
  3. 3. OTHER ● Reproductive health is a state of complete physical,mental and social well being,and not merely the absence of reproductive diseases or infirmity.
  4. 4. MATERNAL MORBIDITY PROBLEMS ● Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) ● Malnutrition ● Anaemia ● Complication of Deliveries ● Purperal Sepsis ● Abortions ● Infertility
  5. 5. ● Uterine prolapse ● Cancer of the cervix
  6. 6. REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTIONS(RTIs) There are 3 type of RTIs 1.. SEXUAL TRANSMITTED DISEASES(STD) Gonorrhea,syphilis,HIV/ AIDS and Hepatitis B infection 2.. ENDOGENOUS,due to over growth of bacteria eg.Candidiasis during pregnancy 3.. Infection caused by Instrumention eg.Pelvic Examination,Septic Abortions.
  7. 7. ● RTIs Can cause the pain,discharge,and Ectopic pregnancy.It is very important to to diagnose the RTIs early.The treatment should be done for the both of partners. ● Educate them to maintain personal hygiene and sex hygiene.
  8. 8. MALNUTRITION It is very common problem, so that pregnant women are especially prone to the effects of malnutrition.It can cause poor resistance, abortion, anaemia,premature delivery,low birth weight baby(<2.5kg),eclampsia,and post partum haemorrhage etc.
  9. 9. PREVENTION ● By Nutritional edcation ● Modification and improvement of dietary before,during and after pregnancy ● Proper medicine like Iron and folic acids tablets ● Proper antinatal checkups.
  10. 10. ● Other measures which can help prevent mal- nutrition include prevention and control infections by improving ● Environmental senitation ● Safe water supply ● Food and personal hygiene ● Immunization
  11. 11. ANAEMIA ● Lack of red blood cell may cause lack of oxygen ability.It is very common problem in pregnant women and the nursing mother due to a various reason eg,malnutrition,infection especially hook worm infestation, repeated pregnancies,abortions,anti partum and post haemorrhage.
  12. 12. ● 85% of women are suffring of Anaemia during pregnancy it may cause low birth weight , post partum haemorrhage .
  13. 13. Prevention ● Proper antinatal checkups ● Proper medicine like Iron and folic acids tablets ● Delay the pregnancy if the mother is Anaemic ● Eating healthy diet
  14. 14. Complication of deliveries ● In india most of the deliveries takes place in home in unhygienical condition mostally the untrained Dais lacking obsteric skill.due to these problem women may have perineal tears,cervical damage,prolapse displacement of uterus,PPH,Fetal distrass etc
  15. 15. How to prevent from Complications ● This very improtant to have properly trained,skillful,and qualified health workers,adequate facilities and well linked referral units where skillful and effcient emergency care can be given to save mother and baby
  16. 16. Pueperal Sepsis ● It is mainly due to infection during labour and after delivery becouse of lack of personal hygiene,septic procedures etc. This may lead to inflammation of ovaries, fallopian tubes, endometrium,cervix and vagina.
  17. 17. Prevention ● It may requires proper preparations for conduct of deliveries by trained and skilful dais, mid wives etc. ● Availability of equipments and supplies etc
  18. 18. Abortion ● 20% of maternal mortality is directly related to Abortion.Becouse of unwanted pregnancy,medical termination of pregnancy.( Has lagalised under the act 1971)
  19. 19. prevention ● Due to lack of access to safe abortion clinics,poor financial resources to reach to clinics in urban areas, lack of information about safe abortion clinics,
  20. 20. Infertility ● It is both medial and social problem. Even if the fault/defect is in the male partner. Usually the sociely call if the women Banj and they are treated the women so badly .so that this also the social problem. ● So that there need to have a good attitude towards women in society.
  21. 21. Uterine prolapse ● It is the common problem in women who are working at construction sites,climbing heights,digging hard ground, climbing 2-3 storey with heavy weight. ● Certain child birth practices such as pressing on abdomen during labour,
  22. 22. Uterine prolapse ● When the uterus is drop down in vagina in severe case out of the vagina. ● It is the common problem in women who are working at construction sites,climbing heights,digging hard ground, climbing 2-3 storey with heavy weight.
  23. 23. ● Certain child birth practices such as pressing on abdomen during labour.
  24. 24. ● Pulling the baby etc.leads to prolapse of uterus, especially when mother is weak and malnourished. ● So that there is a need of health education and proper antinatal checkups. ● Trained and skillful dais and midwives.
  25. 25. Cancer of the Cervix ● Cancer of the cervix is the very common in the indian women. There are various factor which may cause cancer of the cervie like.... ● Early Marriage ● Early pregnancy ● Multiple child birth
  26. 26. Prevention ● Stop early marriages ● Maintain poor hygiene ● Proper antinatal checkups
  27. 27. Prevention and control of Morbidity and Mortality ● Early Registration of pregnancy (with in 12-16 weeks) ● Minimum 3 antinatal checkups under the ANM or medical officer supervison from the prevention of the complications ● Dietary supplemention and correction of the Anaemia
  28. 28. ● Early detection and treatment of the complicaitons ● Tetanus Toxoid immunization ● Promotion of institutional deliveries ● Provison of safe delivery at home ● Provision of 3 antinatal checkups and
  29. 29. ● Postnatal recovery of the women and delivery with out any complications ● Promotion of the family planning to adopt small family norms ● Training of local Dais and supervision anfd guidance of female health workers ●
  30. 30. ● Improving social status of women by alleviating gender discrimination,educating and empowering them, providing supporting environment.
  31. 31. { ''THANK YOU'' }

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