4th Sem, MCA
Mr. Manjit Ku. Nayak
Dept. of CSA
History of Cyber Crime
Introduction to Cyber
Classification of Cyber
Categories of Cyber
Types of Cyber Crime
Who are Cyber
Cyber Crime in India
Need of Cyber Laws
The first recorded cyber crime took place in the year 1820!
In1981 Ian Murphy, becomes first felon convicted of a
In 1982 Elk Cloner, an Apple II boot virus, is written.
In 1985 Online hacking magazine Phrack established.
In 1986 Pakistani Brain, the oldest virus created under
unauthorized circumstances, infects IBM computers.
In 1987 Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT)
In 1988 Kevin Mitnick secretly monitors the e-mail of MCI
and Digital Equipment corporation (DEC) security officials.
He is convicted and sentenced to a year in jail.
In 1989 Hackers in West Germany are arrested for
breaking into US government and corporate
computers and selling operating-system source
code to the KGB.
In 1990 The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
Legion of Doom and Masters of Deception
engaged in online warfare - jamming phone lines,
monitoring calls, trespassing in each other's
Cyber Crime is a term used to broadly describe criminal activity in
which computers or computer networks are a tool, a target, or a
place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic
cracking to denial of service attacks.
It’s an unlawful act where in the computer is either a tool or a target
Computer crime mainly consists of unauthorized access to
computer systems data alteration, data destruction, theft of
intellectual property. Cyber crime in the context of national
security may involve hacking, traditional espionage,.
Cybercrime includes a wide variety of crime
Offences under cyber crime:
o Offences against the confidentiality, integrity and
availability of computer data and systems
o Copyright-related offences
Cyber crimes can be basically divided into 3 major
1. Cyber crimes against persons
2. Cyber crimes against property
3. Cyber crimes against government
India stands 11th in the ranking for Cyber Crime in the World,
constituting 3% of the Global Cyber Crime.
121 Million Internet Users
65 Million Active Internet Users, up by 28%
from 51 million in 2010
50 Million users shop online on Ecommerce
and Online Shopping Sites
46+ Million Social Network Users
346 million mobile users had subscribed to
The majority of cybercrimes are centered on forgery, fraud and
India is the third-most targeted country for Phishing attacks
after the US and the UK,
Social networks as well as ecommerce sites are major targets,
6.9 million bot-infected systems in 2010,
14,348 website defacements in 2010,
6,850 .in and 4,150 .com domains were defaced during 2011,
15,000 sites hacked in 2011,
India is the number 1 country in the world for generating spam.
• 29.9 million people fell victim to cybercrime,
• $4 billion in direct financial losses,
• $3.6 billion in time spent resolving the crime,
• 4 in 5 online adults (80%) have been a victim of
• 17% of adults online have experienced cyber
crime on their mobiles.
Cyber Law is the law governing cyber space. Cyber
space is a very wide term and includes computers,
networks, software, data storage devices (such as
hard disks, USB disks etc), the Internet, websites,
emails and even electronic devices such as cell
phones, ATM machines etc.
TACKLING CYBER CRIMES
Laws are necessary in all segments of
society, and e-commerce.
All Internet users, including minors, need to be assured of their
privacy and the safety of their personal information online.
• The primary source of cyber law in India is the Information
Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) which came into force on 17 October
• The primary purpose of the Act is to provide legal recognition to
electronic commerce and to facilitate filing of electronic records with
• The IT Act also penalizes various cyber crimes and provides strict
punishments (imprisonment terms up to 10 years and compensation
up to Rs 1(crore)
• email would now be a valid and legal form of
communication in our country that can be duly produced
and approved in a court of law.
• Companies shall now be able to carry out electronic
commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the
• Digital signatures have been given legal validity and
sanction in the Act.
MATERIAL ON INTERNET
BREACHING OF CONFIDENTIALITY
• INDIAN PENAL CODE,1860
• INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT,1872
• Under the IT Act, 966 cybercrime cases were
filed in 2010 420 in 2009)
• 233 persons were arrested in 2010
• 33% of the cases registered were related to
• Under the IPC, 356 cybercrime cases were
registered in 2010
• The majority of these crimes were either
forgery or fraud cases
“As internet technology advances so does the threat of
cyber crime. In times like these we must protect
ourselves from cyber crime. Anti-virus software, firewalls
and security patches are just the beginning. Never open
suspicious e-mails and only navigate to trusted sites
• CYBER LAWS_ ESSENTIAL FEATURE IN TODAYS
WORLD OF INTERNET •
• ACHIEVING GLOBAL PEACE AND HARMONY