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E Learning

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Basics of Instructional design and e-learning

Basics of Instructional design and e-learning

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  • 1. E-Learning @ GIIP by E. Ramanathan This is a proposal on e-Learning at GIIP presented by E. Ramanathan, ST, GIIP, Chennai A Proposal
  • 2. Just a moment please…. Before starting this presentation let me give the details of the template used. A Proposal Just a moment please...
  • 3. 1.1 Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy - Procedure
      • Knowledge - Tell, list, describe, relate, locate, write, find, state, name
      • Comprehension - Explain, interpret, outline, discuss, distinguish, predict, restate, translate, compare, describe
      • Application - Solve, show, use, illustrate, construct, complete, examine, classify
      • Analysis - Analyse, distinguish, examine, compare, contrast, investigate, categorise, identify, explain, separate, advertise
      • Synthesis - Create, invent, compose, predict, plan, construct, design, imagine, propose, devise, formulate
      • Evaluation - Judge, select, choose, decide, justify, debate, verify, argue, recommend, assess, discuss, rate, prioritise, determine
    1. E-Learning theories Logo Topic Visual area Visual synchronized audio subtitle Subtopic Let us discuss now, about the lay out of this presentation
  • 4. E-Learning @ GIIP Now, let me proceed with the topic. A Proposal
  • 5. About the author
    • Over all experience – 22 years, Core experience in e-Learning – 7 years
    • Colour matching Chemist in Paint industries
    • ISO Consultant to Colleges, Schools and e-Learning companies
    • Worked as Senior Cyber Content Developer
    • International Projects – IGCSE (UK) Digital Science, Virtual Laboratory
    • Doctoral program in Nanocoatings
    • Undergone training as Senior Trainer in IPR at GIIP
    You may be interested to know about my involvement in e-Learning.
  • 6. Objectives
    • Learning theories
    • E-Learning Specifications
    • E-Learning checklist
    • Production Stages
    • Technical considerations
    • Additional References
    The main objectives of this presentation is to discuss about …..
  • 7. Topic - 1
    • 1. Learning theories
    Let us discuss about the learning theories.
  • 8.
    • 1.1 Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy
    • 1.2 Robert Gagne’s 9 events of instruction
    1. E-Learning theories At the outset, let us discuss about the theories of e-Learning.
  • 9. 1.1 Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy
    • Purpose
    • Explanation
    • Procedure
    1. E-Learning theories Bloom’s Cognitive taxonomy is broadly classified into purpose, explanation and procedure.
  • 10. 1.1 Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy - Procedure
      • Knowledge - Tell, list, describe, relate, locate, write, find, state, name
      • Comprehension - Explain, interpret, outline, discuss, distinguish, predict, restate, translate, compare, describe
      • Application - Solve, show, use, illustrate, construct, complete, examine, classify
      • Analysis - Analyse, distinguish, examine, compare, contrast, investigate, categorise, identify, explain, separate, advertise
      • Synthesis - Create, invent, compose, predict, plan, construct, design, imagine, propose, devise, formulate
      • Evaluation - Judge, select, choose, decide, justify, debate, verify, argue, recommend, assess, discuss, rate, prioritise, determine
    1. E-Learning theories The learning procedure consists of ……..
  • 11. 1.2 Robert Gagne’s 9 events of instruction
    • Gain attention (reception)
    • Inform learners of the objective (expectancy)
    • Recall prior knowledge (retrieval)
    • Present the material (teach the topic)
    • Providing guided learning (semantic encoding)
    • Elicit the performance (responding) – ask the learners to do what they have been taught
    • providing feedback (reinforcement) – on the performance of the learners
    • assessing performance (retrieval) – examine the learners
    • enhancing retention and transfer (generalization) – a class trip, project, …
    1. E-Learning theories There are nine stages of in instruction according to Robert Gagne.
  • 12. Topic - 2
    • 2. e-Learning Specifications
    Let us go to the next topic, e-Learning Specifications.
  • 13. 2. E-Learning Specifications
    • Language – English – UK / US, Hindi, local, etc
    • Style guidelines for headings, numbers, names, punctuation, capitalization, font style, colour, size, etc.
    • Corporate identity
    • Graphics guidelines
    • Screen designs
    • Page layouts
    • technologies in your organization:
    • Quality or design requirements for new applications
    • Maximum time that a web page takes to load
    • Maximum graphic size per web page
    You may be interested to know about my involvement in e-Learning.
  • 14. Topic - 3
    • 3. Learning checklist
    Let us go to the next topic, Learning Checklist.
  • 15. 3. E-Learning Checklist
    • Authoring tool
      • HTML, AuthorWare, Flash , Director, ToolBook XML, Other
    • Browser
      • Internet explorer , Mozilla Firefox
    • LMS (Learning Management system)
      • Database, Tracking system
    • Flash player
      • Installed in all computers , selectively
    • Screen size resolution
      • 640X480, 800X600 , 1024X768
    Based on the checklist we can completely design the LMS.
  • 16. 3. E-Learning Checklist
    • Audio
      • Format - WAV , REAL, WM, QT
      • Voice – male, female, combination
      • All pages , as needed
      • Background music – all pages, as needed
      • Narrator to appear on the screen – all pages, as needed
    • Video format
      • AVI , MPG Real, QT
    • Animation
      • All pages, as needed
      • 2D , 3D, combination
    Audio and Visual parts are essential components of any learning strategy.
  • 17. Topic - 4
    • 4. Production Stages
    Now, let us see how e-Learning products are processed under this topic.
  • 18. 4. Production Stages
    • LMS – SMEs, CDs, Flash designers
    • Learning Object Design – CDs, IDs, Flash Scripters, XML programmers
    • Visual recording and editing
    • Audio recording and editing
    • Compiling
    • QC
    • Preview
    • Deployment
    Learning Management System is the Matrix on which the entire components are embedded.
  • 19. 4. Production Stages Instructional Designing is crucial part in the content development of e-learning product.
  • 20. Topic - 5
    • 5. Technical Considerations
    Next, let us discuss on the technical issues concerned with e-Learning.
  • 21. 5. Technical considerations
    • LMS Hosting
      • Installation on local hardware
      • Application Service Provider through internet
    • Architecture
      • Flexible, Extensible, Scaleable
    • Integration
      • Customization – user interface, custom fields, reporting
      • Application interface – third party integration, single login, user interface flow
      • Data integration – student registration, data exports and imports
    • Industry Standards
      • AICC (Aviation Industry Computer-based training Committee)
      • SCORM (Shareable Content Object Reference Model)
      • IMS (Instructional Management System)
    • Security
      • Password
      • Encrypted SCOs
    LMS hosting, architecture, integration, industry standards and security are the key issues.
  • 22. Additional Resources
    • For additional information:
      • www.elementk.com
      • www.astd.org
      • www.clomedia.com
      • www.eduventures.com
      • www.brandon-hall.com
    • Standards:
    • SCORM - www.adlnet.org
    • AICC - www.aicc.org
    • IMS - www.imsproject.org
    For additional references, you can visit the websites shown in this visual.