• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Ecological safety of Russia and aviation emissions
 

Ecological safety of Russia and aviation emissions

on

  • 378 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
378
Views on SlideShare
378
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Ecological safety of Russia and aviation emissions Ecological safety of Russia and aviation emissions Presentation Transcript

    • Center for Environmental Innovations December 1—2, 2011 EU – Russia Air Transport: Today and Tomorrow Brussels Ecological safety of Russia and aviation emissions www.ngo-cei.ru www.forest-climate.ru President of the NGO CEI, PhD , docent of the Department of Economics of the MSU Stetsenko Andrey V.
    • Climate , international arrangements
      • Annex 1 countries should reduce emissions by 25-40% below 1990 by 2020
      • The G8 (2008) agreed to reduce emissions by 50% by 2050
      • At COP 15 in Copenhagen President Dmitry Medvedev said Russia would ratify the next climate agreement under two conditions:
      • All countries of the World will participate
      • Forests will be adequately included
    • Russia has a great potential of the forest CO 2 absorption * The Russian Federation National Inventory Report of Anthropogenic Emissions and Absorption by Sink of Greenhouse Gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol,1990 - 2009 ** Olson I.S., Watts I.A., Allison I.Y. Carbon in the live vegetation of major World ecosystems. Oak Ridge Nat.Lab. E.S.D., 1983. Publ. 1997. 164 pp *** The carbon cycle in Russia / ed. G .А. Zavarzin . М.: 1999 Area of ​​forests - 553.3 mln ha Timber resources - 61.1 bln m 3 Carbon reserves in the Russian forests* - 97.1 mln tons Increase in the World, C/year ** - 60.2 mln tons Increase in the Russian ecosystems, C/year *** ≈ 4,5-5 bln tons Increase in the Russian forests, C/year- 0.332 bln tons
    • The annual volume of the global carbon market (billion tons of CO2 ) Source : Point Carbon Russian JI 2011 33 projects totaling 60 mln tons of C02-eqv Without Forest Projects ! Others JI projects CDM Eur. Trade System The annual volume of the global carbon market (billion tons of CO2 )
    • At whose account can be planted forests?
      • Aviation emissions will grow by 2-9% till 2050! Ways forward:
      • Purchase reduction,
      • Investment in carbon projects
      Source: IPCC report. Global CO2 emissions from aviation: Rapid growth in most of scenarios! Example - Aviation :
      • It’s necessary to make possible the investment attracting to the forest in the Post - Kyoto
    • Economic Mechanism of JI, Article 3.3 of Kyoto Protocol СО 2 Financial credit documents, confirming the compensation of СО 2 emissions
    • Commercial Opportunities on Kyoto Protocol to Russia First budget period 1990 2,0 2000 2008 2012 2017 3,0 2,5 1995 2020 bln tons С О 2 СО2 Emission СО2 Emission under JI projects Opportunity to register carbon sink in the forest ~ 605 mln t СО2 Surplus quotas is a basis for the « Green Investment Scheme » 3-4 bln t СО2 A part of quotas is for JI projects ~ 300 mln t СО2 Basic level (100% of 1990) Emission management is a basis for the internal quotas trade 10-12 bln t СО2 605 mln tons CO2 * 10 Euro = 6 bln Euro
    • Increase in the Russian forests, C/year Region 2008 М t С year -1 2009 М t С year -1 2010 М t С year -1 Total М t С year -1 Or М t СО 2 Altai 2.2 2 . 9 3 8 . 2 30 Irkutsk 13 . 7 14 . 2 15 42 . 9 157 . 5 Sakhalin 1 . 2 2 . 1 2 5 . 5 20 Kamchatka -0.5 -0 . 3 1 . 3 0 . 6 2 . 3
    • Increase in the Russian forests
    • GIS Territorial levels of GIS
      • Global level
      • All-Russian level
      • Regional level
      • Local level
      Adaptation of the slide from Cosmos
      • Accuracy improvement
      • Reduced labor costs
      • Increase in labor productivity
    • International Climate Negotiations It is necessary to strengthen the Russian forest case at the next UN COP 17 Pilot Forest Projects Allies : USA, EU : Austria , Denmark , Sweden , Finland Allies : Developing countries - RRED
    • Center for Environmental Innovations Thank you for attention! www.ngo-cei.ru www.forest-climate.ru +7-926-911-0514 Stetsenko Andrey V . December 1—2, 2011 EU – Russia Air Transport: Today and Tomorrow Brussels