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Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011
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Csp600 lecture-1-sept2011

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  • 1. CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION Lecture 1: An Introduction of Project FormulationCS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012
  • 2. CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATIONCourse Learning Outcome Upon completion of this subject, students should be able to: 1. Initiate a project by choosing a project (existing LEARNING OUTCOME situation identification - research problem); 2. Choose the supervisor ( Right support and direction); 3. Identify relevant literature (Literature Search); 4. Understand relevant literature (Literature Review); 5. Select appropriate methodology (roadmap); 6. Plan for the project accomplishment in consideration of time frame, budget and risk; and 7. Write a project proposal (towards desired situation)CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 2
  • 3. CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION Course Strategy of Learning Your academic project will go through seven different stages: THE BEGINNING Choosing a project PROJECTFORMULATION Project planning Literature searching and literature reviews Writing a proposal THE END PROJECT Doing the project Presenting the project in written form Presenting the project orally, poster or software demonstration PROJECT FORMULATION--- IS THE BEGINNING CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 3
  • 4. CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATIONToday’s Lecture Outline 1. Overview of Academic Project 2. Requirement & Scope 3. Aim & Expectation 4. Coordination & Supervision CONTENTCS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 4
  • 5. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergradaute Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration An academic project at undergraduate level is a critical component of your degree course. It is an investigative learning activity – a discovery process that must have a beginning and an end. It provides evidence of knowledge acquired; how much you have gained through out your degree course It demonstrates your technical ability and research and social skill. Where substantial independence is expected CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 5
  • 6. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration Todd et al. (2004) identify the following characteristics: Typically undertaken in undergraduate’s final year Major piece of work Learner determines focus and direction Work is carried out on individual basis (but small group projects increasingly common) Work is supervised Work involves stages, usually including a substantial research component Prolonged engagement with a topic Has both learning and assessment functionsTodd, M., Bannister, P. and Clegg, S. (2004) Independent inquiry and the undergraduate dissertation: perceptions andexperiences of final year social science students, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 29, pp. 335-355 CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 6
  • 7. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration Therefore, from a student’s perspective, it can be a very daunting prospect! Students often feel they are ‘working in the dark’ Silén (2003) talks about ‘chaos’ and ‘cosmos’ - a period of intellectual confusion (chaos) that precedes a qualitative jump in understanding (cosmos) Intellectual struggle can be emotionally unsettling, but is an inherent part of the experience of autonomy Adequate support is therefore critical Silén, C. (2003) Responsibility and independence - what is the role of the educators and the framework of the educational programme?, paper presented at 11th Improving Student Learning Conference. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 7
  • 8. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration To the student, the completed project is: Usually the biggest piece of work a student has tackled Possibly the first major piece of written work Almost certainly the first experience of the research process from start to finish But who is the owner of the project : The completed project will be fully owned by the faculty. If a project is funded by a third party, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the faculty and the third party involved has to be agreed upon. Confidential information must be clarified prior to signing the MoU. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 8
  • 9. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration People Work is carried out on individual basis (unles the project has been divided by the supervisor to be distributed accordingly to a team collaboration initiatives. The student is responsible for his/her project with the guidance of his.her supervisor. Efforts and services for prototyping and development must be by the student. Writing the final project report must be done by the student. Only proof reading and formatting can be done by a third party. All cost of proof reading and formatting will be the responbility of the student. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 9
  • 10. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration Budget All project cost shall be bear by the student inclusive of: Data Collection Cost Every project students will be bear all cost incurred for data collection Other Project Expenditures The student will bear all other cost pertinent to the project CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 10
  • 11. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration Facilities and Equipments Use of facilities Every project students will be allowed to make full use of all facilities available within the faculty or branch Rental Students are advised to use available facilities but in case if rental is required by the project, the student will bear all rental cost CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 11
  • 12. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Definition CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Characteristics of Undergraduate Academic Projects3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Ownership of Academic Projects4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Resources 1.5 Duration Project duration 2 semesters + your sandwiched in between holidays This academic project required more effort than other subjects of equivalent credit value Challenges could include : Information needed for the project might not be readily available; students should be prepared to undertake investigative work Project students may need to use telephone, e-mail, fax, industrial or commercial contacts outside the university to gather information, and all these may take time. As such, students are required to keep track of datelines and schedules set for the project. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 12
  • 13. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Research Topic CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and Limitations All projects should involve elements of or application of Information Systems Engineering concepts or theories It is really important to do the right project as well as to do the project right. You need to do ‘wow’ project, project that is compelling, not just interesting. Identifying the right area, and the right topic. The right topic will be interesting to you, complex, and compelling. The project you do as an undergraduate student will set the stage for your career development as a system architect and as an information system engineer. Choosing the right topic as an undergraduate student will help you insure that your project will be beneficial for your future career. The most successful research topics are narrowly focused and carefully defined, but are important part of broad-ranging, complex problem. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 13
  • 14. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Basic Requirements 600- PROJECT FORMULATION CSP2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and Limitations A problem statement is the description of an issue currently existing which needs to be addressed. It provides the context for the academic project/ study and generates the objectives which the project aims to achieve. The statement of the problem is the focal point of any academic project/ research. A good problem statement is just one sentence (with several paragraphs of elaboration). The elaboration could include the related opinions from others; explanations of how the problem relates to business, social or political trends via presentation of data that demonstrates the scope and depth of the problem. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 14
  • 15. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Basic Requirements 600- PROJECT FORMULATION CSP2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and Limitations Problem statements often have three elements: 1. The problem itself, stated clearly and with enough contextual detail to establish why it is important 2. The method of solving the problem, often stated as a claim or a working thesis 3. The purpose, statement of objective and scope of the project being proposed.These elements should be brief so that the reader does not get lost. Criteria of problem statement : • The statement of the problem should clearly indicate what is to be investigated. • The actual statement may be in a declarative or in a question form. • The statement should indicate the variables of interest and the specific relationship between the variables that are to be studied. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 15
  • 16. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Basic Requirements 600- PROJECT FORMULATION CSP2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and LimitationsDefinition :Research can be defined as the search for knowledge, or as anysystematic investigation, to establish novel facts, solve new or existingproblems, prove new ideas, or develop new theories, usually using ascientific method.An element is a component or constituent of a whole or one of the partsinto which a whole may be resolved by analysis:Example : Bricks and mortar are elements of every masonry wall.Research Element:Component or constituent of a whole or one of the parts into which awhole may be resolved by systematic investigation, to establish novelfacts, solve new or existing problems, prove new ideas, or develop newtheories, usually using a scientific methodWhat will be the research elements of Information System ProjectManagement? CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 16
  • 17. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Basic Requirements 600- PROJECT FORMULATION CSP2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and LimitationsProject Scope :The sum of processes, tools and techniques to ensure work is completedas agreed upon by key stakeholders and the product/services/artifactdelivered is known as the project’s scope.Understanding who project stakeholders are early steps in determing theproject scope.• Scope Planning : Consider resources, duration and complexity of your project and decide on a scope by defining the work breakdown structure• Scope Definition: Develop a detailed project scope statement• Scope Verification : Discuss with supervisor and agree on the defined scope, present to proposal coordinator• Scope Control : Establish a mechanism for controlling changes to project scope CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 17
  • 18. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Basic Requirements 600- PROJECT FORMULATION CSP2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Problem Statement3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Research Elements4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 What is included and excluded? 1.5 Constraints and LimitationsDefinitions• Constraint: A restriction imposed by the project sponsor that limits the student’s options in conducting the project.• Limitation: An inability of the student to fully meet the project objectives or fully investigate the issues.• Assumption: A statement related to the project that is taken as true in the absence of facts, often to accommodate a limitation.Constraints, limitations, and assumptions are vital to a successful project .They: •Bound (scope) a study effort by identifying what must (or must not) and can (or cannot) be accomplished. •Frame the project space and set the stage for the project methodology development. •Serve as a “contract” between the project sponsor and the project team. •Provide a basis for the sponsor to reconcile the study results with how the project was done CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 18
  • 19. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Aim of FYP CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Skill Acquisition3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Significance of Work4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Contribution to Knowledge 1.5 Originality of Work Done General aim is “to expand the student’s intellectual faculties and capability for learning and problem solving” (Cook, 1980) Specific aims: Advance scientific and technical knowledge Develop ability to formulate problem statement and an answerable research question (objectives) Encourage engagement with literature and search tools Develop capacity to organize and carry out research in academic projects Develop writing and presentation skills Develop ability to draw conclusions from information collected CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 19
  • 20. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Aim of FYP CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Skill Acquisition3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Significance of Work4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Contribution to Knowledge 1.5 Originality of Work Done ISE PROJECT : The ISE project enables you to embark on a journey that gives you an opportunity to make your own contribution to both the business and technical aspects throughout the complete IS lifecycle with the goal of providing a quality product that meets the user needs Meliorist Model: {set of actions} Existing Desired {a project} situation situationSkill Expected to be acquired by students undertaking the course :- Technical and Social Skill- Communication Skill- Research Skill - Written Communication, Problem Solving, Interpersonal Communication, Initiative, OralPresentation, Adaptability, Planning and Organization, Computer Literacy CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 20
  • 21. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Aim of FYP CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Skill Acquisition3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Significance of Work4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Contribution to Knowledge 1.5 Originality of Work Done Significance: Does the project address an important problem or critical barrier to progress in the Information System Engineering field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or ISE practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive the ISE field? Example: “The research is a significant advance on previous research. First, the main feature of investigation of management control systems has been the budgeting system. Harrison and McKinnon (1999) have argued that a broader range of features should be addressed. The budgeting system has often been a critical tool for resource allocation and performance assessment.” CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 21
  • 22. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Aim of FYP CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Skill Acquisition3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Significance of Work4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Contribution to Knowledge 1.5 Originality of Work Done An as yet undiscovered Current boundary of body of world knowledge knowledge Undergraduate Research project discoveries /invention Contraction of world knowledge / loss of certain skills Postgraduate project (contributing to world knowledge) 22 CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 22
  • 23. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Aim of FYP CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Skill Acquisition3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Significance of Work4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Contribution to Knowledge 1.5 Originality of Work Done Originality – doing something or producing something that has not been done before How to be “original” original” Doing something someone has done before but using a different technique or approach OR Producing or developing something that has not been done before How “original” is your work can be in undergraduate project? Your own thoughts, ideas and development are IMPORTANT – these are things that people who read your report will be interested in CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 23
  • 24. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Coordinators CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Supervisors3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Role of Supervisors4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Supervision Styles The project coordinators as a team coordinates the project formulation (CSP600) and the Project (CSP650). As the starting phase: The Project Coordinator shall in full attempt initiates the learning process by providing lectures and individual sessions to disseminate project foundation knowledge and framework; The Project Coordinator shall assess project proposal; The Project Coordinator plays a central role in the initial matching of supervisor and student; and The Project Coordinator also ensures that a healthy supervisor-student relationship is maintained throughout the student’s program CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 24
  • 25. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Coordinators CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Supervisors3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Role of Supervisors4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Supervision Styles A person should agree to be a student’s main supervisor only if he or she: Feels appropriately qualified and up-to-date in the specific field of the academic project and Is able to be formally involved for the 2 semester duration of the research program The main supervisor must be a full-time confirmed academic member or a full-time academic member approved by the Enterprise Systems Research Group of the faculty . Projects may be supervised by one or more persons. The Project Supervisor has overall responsibility for the direction and supervision of the project. In the case of students undertaking projects off-site (for example in industry) where this may prove difficult, an academic supervisor should be appointed who will liaise closely with the local supervisor and ensure that appropriate supervision is given throughout the project. CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 25
  • 26. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Coordinators CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Supervisors3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Role of Supervisors4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Supervision Styles The supervisor has both educational and psychological roles: Refer to Educational Guidance and Psychological Momentum (Cook, 1980), the roles are: Educational guidance: Decision making - topic selection, research question, methods Planning - stages and deadlines Scientific training - analysis and deduction Technical training - statistical analyses, report writing Psychological momentum: Maintenance of student motivation Development of self confidence CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 26
  • 27. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Coordinators CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Supervisors3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Role of Supervisors4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Supervision Styles Styles varied widely from Formal (fixed timetable, written records of meetings, formal contract) to Informal (initiate preliminary meeting, then leave it to the student) Most students appreciated some formality (e.g. setting date of next meeting, specific tasks, deadlines for milestones) Others appreciated ‘space’ and autonomy It is good if the student and supervisor could agree in the beginning on how the student likes to be supervised” CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 27
  • 28. 1. UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROJECT 1.1 Coordinators CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATION2. SCOPE & REQUIREMENTS 1.2 Supervisors3. AIM & EXPECTATION 1.3 Role of Supervisors4. Introduction COORDINATION & SUPERVISION 1.4 Supervision Styles Supervision Styles • Welcome student contact Active • Initiate contact • Provides advice • Explicit schedules, • Ask for opinions, contracts explanations, justifications • Tend to be directive • Active facilitator Indirect Direct • Don’t arrange meetings • Generally disinterested • Non-directive • Unresponsive to student • Wait for students to think needs things through & solve • Non-directive problems Passive CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 28
  • 29. CSP 600- PROJECT FORMULATIONConclusion : A Point to Ponder How the student How the student How the student What the define the current propose the project Implements the stakeholder really problem to be solved project wanted. QUESTIONS ?CS226: BSc ISE Lecture By Dr Ariza Nordin Sept 2011 – Jan 2012 29

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