Stress management

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Stress management

  1. 1. Stress Management PRESENTED BY THE COUNSELING CENTER CAMPUS CENTER 225
  2. 2. Stress in students  Stress: The human reaction to events in our environment  Han Selye defines stress as wear and tear on the body
  3. 3. STRESS!!!  Eustress: Good Stress – Getting into college – Getting engaged – Winning the lottery
  4. 4. STRESS !!!  Distress: Stress from bad sources – Difficult work environment – Overwhelming sights and sounds – Threat of personal injury
  5. 5. FOUR TYPES OF STRESS 1. General Stress: – Everyone has this kind of stress – It resolves itself within a day or two – No intervention is necessarily required
  6. 6. FOUR TYPES OF STRESS 2. Cumulative Stress: – Stress builds up in your body – It becomes more difficult to alleviate your symptoms – You may have more serious physical symptoms – You may have more serious mental anguish
  7. 7. FOUR TYPES OF STRESS 3. Acute Traumatic Stress: – Critical Incident Stress – Produces considerable psychological distress – A normal reaction to abnormal events
  8. 8. FOUR TYPES OF STRESS 4. Post Traumatic Stress: – Severe stress produced by severe psychological trauma – Created by unresolved Critical Incident Stress – Produces lasting changes
  9. 9. General Adaptation Syndrome  Stage I - Alarm Reaction – The “fight or flight” response which causes you to be ready for physical activity – However, it decreases the effectiveness of the immune system which makes you more susceptible to illness
  10. 10. General Adaptation Syndrome  Stage II – Stage of adaptation – If stress continues, the body adapts to the stressors it is being exposed to – If the stressor is starvation, the person experiences a reduced desire for physical activity to conserve energy, and the absorption of nutrients from any food intake is maximized
  11. 11. General Adaptation Syndrome  Stage III – Stage of Exhaustion – Stress persists for a long time – The body’s resistance may be reduced or collapse quickly – People who experience long-term stress may have heart attacks, severe infections, or chronic pain or illness
  12. 12. Short Term Physical Stress Symptoms – Dry mouth – Cool skin – Cold hands and feet – Increased sweating – Rapid breathing – Faster heart rate – Tense muscles – Feelings of nausea – Butterflies in your stomach – Diarrhea – A desire to urinate
  13. 13. Long Term Physical Stress Symptoms – Insomnia – Change in Appetite – Sexual disorders – Aches and pains – Frequent colds – Feelings of intense and long-term tiredness – Prone to illness
  14. 14. BEHAVIORAL STRESS SYMPTOMS  Yawning  Talking too fast  Talking too loud  Fiddling  Twitching  Nail biting  Grinding teeth  Drumming fingers  Pacing  Over reacting  Emotional  Defensive  Irritable  Irrational  Defensive  Hostile  Critical  Aggressive
  15. 15. BEHAVIOR STRESS SYMPTOMS  These symptoms will have a negative affect on your performance – By reducing your effectiveness – Making you accident prone – Causing you to be forgetful – Causing you to be very negative – You may neglect your appearance – You may make poor judgments – Causing you to make more mistakes – Increasing your absenteeism
  16. 16. PERFORMANCE STRESS SYMPTOMS  You may not make good decisions  Your fine motor skills are affected  You may no longer enjoy your work  Your attention span may be affected  You may have more negative thoughts  Your self confidence will suffer  You may have difficulty concentrating  All of your positive energy is consumed
  17. 17. HEALTHY LIVING TO CONQUER STRESS  Examine your diet – Lower your salt intake – Lower your intake of refined sugars and carbohydrates – Lower your caffeine intake  Add to your diet – Vegetables – Fruits – Complex Carbohydrates – Vitamins – Water
  18. 18. HEALTHY LIVING  Rest: – Get a minimum of six hours of continuous rest
  19. 19. HEALTHY LIVING  Exercise: – At least twenty minutes, five times a week – break a sweat, to release endorphins
  20. 20. HEALTHY LIVING  Talk things out with someone you trust - a family member or a good friend
  21. 21. HEALTHY LIVING  Make an increased effort to organize your life  Ask for help  Delegate things when you need to
  22. 22. HEALTHY LIVING  Learn to manage your anger  Anger affects your health  Anger causes you to over react to many situations
  23. 23. HEALTY LIVING  We get angry often because someone did not do what we thought they should  Rethink the situation and learn to be more flexible
  24. 24. HEALTHY LIVING  Fill your life with fun things to do!!!!  Keep your sense of humor!!!!  We call it : PLAY THERAPY
  25. 25. HEALTHY LIVING  Take charge of your life.  Act appropriately -don’t simply react to stressful situations  Find balance in all that you do.
  26. 26. HEALTHY LIVING  Too many people look for an easy answer to stress management by misusing  Alcohol  Drugs  Marijuana  Medicines & Pills
  27. 27. HEALTHY LIVING  We all need a lengthy list of things that will help us relax…..  I love horse back riding.
  28. 28. HEALTHY LIVING  Relaxing needs to be part of your daily routine.
  29. 29. HEALTHY LIVING  RELAAAAAAX
  30. 30. HEALTHY LIVING  RELAAAAAAX
  31. 31. HEALTHY LIVING  RELAAAAAAX
  32. 32. STRESS MANAGEMENT  COUNSELING CENTER Campus Center 225 Phone 386-7122 Web Site at www.canton.edu
  33. 33. STRESS MANAGEMENT  Questions?????

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