C HAPTER  9 S ELECTION,  P LACEMENT, AND  S OCIALIZATION OF  S UCCESSFUL  S ALESPEOPLE
<ul><li>The purposes, importance, and influencing factors of selection  and placement. </li></ul><ul><li>The predictors us...
S ELECTION AND  P LACEMENT OF  S UCCESSFUL  S ALES  P ERSONNEL Selection of sales personnel refers to the process of selec...
I S  S ELECTION THE  M OST  I MPORTANT  E LEMENT IN  F IELDING A  S ALES  F ORCE? The selection of the right people is, wi...
P URPOSES AND  I MPORTANCE OF  S ELECTION AND  P LACEMENT <ul><li>Selection and placement procedures provide the  fuel tha...
FIGURE 9.1 MAJOR INFLUENCES AND COMPONENTS OF SALES FORCE SELECTION
P REDICTORS FOR  S ELECTION  D ECISIONS W HAT  A RE  P REDICTORS? The various pieces of information about the person are o...
The Uniform Guidelines include all forms of information collection methods used to make selection decisions.
S OURCES FOR  C OLLECTING  I NFORMATION <ul><ul><li>Skills, knowledge, and ability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferences...
FIGURE 9.2 MAJOR STEPS IN SALES PERSONNEL SELECTION PROCESS
I S THE  I NFORMATION  J OB  R ELATED? <ul><ul><li>Any information collected from the applicant  should be related to the ...
T HE  S ELECTION  P ROCESS T HE  J OB  A PPLICATION  B LANK An orderly, convenient method of collecting necessary informat...
<ul><ul><li>Minimum job requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All dates accounted for. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbe...
T HE  P ERSONAL  I NTERVIEW –    A   O NE-ON- O NE  S ELLING  S ITUATION The personal interview usually involves the one-o...
TABLE 9.1 INTERVIEWS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE SALES MANAGER AND THE APPLICANT Act as a screening device to create a pool of  ...
TABLE 9.2 THE INTERVIEW QUADRANT U NSUCCESSFUL- L OOKING PERFORMANCE SUCCESS The successful-looking success The unsuccessf...
In an unstructured interview, the recruiter asks few preplanned questions and often begins with open-ended questions such ...
The Stress Interview – An interviewer may place the applicant in a stressful situation to ascertain how the person might c...
<ul><ul><li>Body movements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firmness of handshake. </li></...
FIGURE 9.3 FIVE PHASES OF THE SALES INTERVIEW
<ul><ul><li>Collect information that relates directly to  job performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consciously wait unt...
T ESTS Employment test refers to a procedure, technique, or measurement instrument for ascertaining characteristics such a...
<ul><ul><li>Not to use tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To administer tests and interpret the results  themselves. </li><...
<ul><ul><li>Aptitude tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest tests. </li...
The polygraph test measures blood pressure, respiration, heartbeat and skin response and plots these on a graph. Polygraph...
<ul><ul><li>Tests are misused and not understood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicants can become “test wise.” </li></ul>...
A SSESSMENT  C ENTERS The assessment center is a centralized organizational unit within the firm.
E MPLOYMENT  R EFERENCES References are the names of persons from whom information can be obtained on an applicant’s abili...
P HYSICAL  E XAMINATIONS Almost all companies require their prospective employees to undergo physical examinations. As a g...
E VALUATING  S ELECTION AND  P LACEMENT  D ECISIONS The quality and effectiveness of selection and placement decisions dep...
<ul><ul><li>Actual costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recruiting and assessment costs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><ul><li>Potential costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costs associated with hiring a person who subsequently fails. ...
Some of the benefits of an effective hiring policy: <ul><ul><li>Lowering the cost of turnovers and  absenteeism. </li></ul...
T HE  S OCIALIZATION OF  S ALES  P ERSONNEL Socialization is the process by which salespeople learn the sales culture and ...
Properly done, the socialization process can help: <ul><ul><li>Increase performance and job satisfaction. </li></ul></ul><...
T HE  B OTTOM  L INE Establishing a sales force is a complex process that involves many variables. Sales managers use pred...
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Chapter 09

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Chapter 09

  1. 2. C HAPTER 9 S ELECTION, P LACEMENT, AND S OCIALIZATION OF S UCCESSFUL S ALESPEOPLE
  2. 3. <ul><li>The purposes, importance, and influencing factors of selection and placement. </li></ul><ul><li>The predictors used to make selection decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>The many forms of personnel selection, as well as their differences and similarities. </li></ul><ul><li>That evaluation of selection and placement decisions is very necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>With whom the final decision rests. </li></ul><ul><li>The need to effectively socialize new personnel into their jobs. </li></ul>L EARNING O BJECTIVES The selection, placement, and socialization of salespeople are extremely important to the sales force and the new individual. This chapter should help you understand:
  3. 4. S ELECTION AND P LACEMENT OF S UCCESSFUL S ALES P ERSONNEL Selection of sales personnel refers to the process of selecting the best available person for the job. Placement is concerned with ensuring that job demands match an individual’s skills, knowledge, and abilities, along with preferences, interests, and personality.
  4. 5. I S S ELECTION THE M OST I MPORTANT E LEMENT IN F IELDING A S ALES F ORCE? The selection of the right people is, without a doubt, extremely important to the success of the sales district, the region, and the total sales force.
  5. 6. P URPOSES AND I MPORTANCE OF S ELECTION AND P LACEMENT <ul><li>Selection and placement procedures provide the fuel that runs the sales force. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales managers want to improve productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>The proper match between person and job can improve productivity and reduce operating costs. </li></ul>
  6. 7. FIGURE 9.1 MAJOR INFLUENCES AND COMPONENTS OF SALES FORCE SELECTION
  7. 8. P REDICTORS FOR S ELECTION D ECISIONS W HAT A RE P REDICTORS? The various pieces of information about the person are often called predictors. They are referred to as tests when used to make selection decisions.
  8. 9. The Uniform Guidelines include all forms of information collection methods used to make selection decisions.
  9. 10. S OURCES FOR C OLLECTING I NFORMATION <ul><ul><li>Skills, knowledge, and ability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferences, interests, and personality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other category: employment tests, interviews, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other characteristics: physical examinations, reference checks, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. FIGURE 9.2 MAJOR STEPS IN SALES PERSONNEL SELECTION PROCESS
  11. 12. I S THE I NFORMATION J OB R ELATED? <ul><ul><li>Any information collected from the applicant should be related to the job. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information classified into the “other characteristics” category usually represents minimum qualifications for a job. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. T HE S ELECTION P ROCESS T HE J OB A PPLICATION B LANK An orderly, convenient method of collecting necessary information for determining an applicant’s minimum qualifications.
  13. 14. <ul><ul><li>Minimum job requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All dates accounted for. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of jobs and length of time spent on each job. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason given for leaving jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern of growth. </li></ul></ul>When reviewing an application blank, the sales manager should look for the following:
  14. 15. T HE P ERSONAL I NTERVIEW – A O NE-ON- O NE S ELLING S ITUATION The personal interview usually involves the one-on-one, face-to-face meeting of two strangers, both seeking to sell themselves to the other.
  15. 16. TABLE 9.1 INTERVIEWS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE SALES MANAGER AND THE APPLICANT Act as a screening device to create a pool of qualified jobs Determine skills, knowledge and abilities required Determine what will be received from the job, such as training, compensation, promotional opportunities Meet the potential boss and determine if a match exists Act as a screening device to create the pool of qualified applicants. Confirm application blanks, written tests, and feedback from references relative to SKAs, PIPs, the other category, and other characteristics Judge if the applicant can be successful in the short and long run Meet the potential employee and determine if a match exists F OR THE A PPLICANT F OR THE S ALES M ANAGER
  16. 17. TABLE 9.2 THE INTERVIEW QUADRANT U NSUCCESSFUL- L OOKING PERFORMANCE SUCCESS The successful-looking success The unsuccessful-looking success The successful-looking failure The unsuccessful-looking failure PERFORMANCE FAILURE S UCCESSFUL- L OOKING
  17. 18. In an unstructured interview, the recruiter asks few preplanned questions and often begins with open-ended questions such as “Tell me about yourself” or “Why do you want to sell for IBM?”. Types of Interviews In a structured interview, the recruiter asks questions, often from a standard form.
  18. 19. The Stress Interview – An interviewer may place the applicant in a stressful situation to ascertain how the person might cope with stress when selling.
  19. 20. <ul><ul><li>Body movements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firmness of handshake. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical appearance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the reasons nonverbal cues are so powerful is that, in most cases, interviewers are not aware of them as possible casual agents of impression formation. Interpretation of nonverbal cues varies with each person. </li></ul>Nonverbal cues in interviews:
  20. 21. FIGURE 9.3 FIVE PHASES OF THE SALES INTERVIEW
  21. 22. <ul><ul><li>Collect information that relates directly to job performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consciously wait until the interview is over to make a final decision. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always remember that weaknesses can be offset by strengths and potential. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The interview is only one method of obtaining information on the applicant. </li></ul></ul>Four basic guidelines to interviewing:
  22. 23. T ESTS Employment test refers to a procedure, technique, or measurement instrument for ascertaining characteristics such as aptitudes, capacities, intelligence, knowledge, skills, or personality.
  23. 24. <ul><ul><li>Not to use tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To administer tests and interpret the results themselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To administer tests and have someone else interpret the results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To turn the testing over to consulting industrial psychologists. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The majority of sales managers use tests as only one part of the selection process. </li></ul><ul><li>To be used successfully, tests must have reliability and validity. </li></ul>Sales managers may decide the following:
  24. 25. <ul><ul><li>Aptitude tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge tests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality tests. </li></ul></ul>Test subjects that are often used for selecting sales personnel include:
  25. 26. The polygraph test measures blood pressure, respiration, heartbeat and skin response and plots these on a graph. Polygraph tests are seldom used to screen applicants for outside sales jobs for national companies and primarily are used by smaller companies.
  26. 27. <ul><ul><li>Tests are misused and not understood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicants can become “test wise.” </li></ul></ul>The major problems with testing are:
  27. 28. A SSESSMENT C ENTERS The assessment center is a centralized organizational unit within the firm.
  28. 29. E MPLOYMENT R EFERENCES References are the names of persons from whom information can be obtained on an applicant’s ability and character.
  29. 30. P HYSICAL E XAMINATIONS Almost all companies require their prospective employees to undergo physical examinations. As a general rule, if the applicant gets this far in the process, he or she has the job unless health problems are discovered.
  30. 31. E VALUATING S ELECTION AND P LACEMENT D ECISIONS The quality and effectiveness of selection and placement decisions depend on sales managers hiring as many applicants as possible who turn out to be good performers.
  31. 32. <ul><ul><li>Actual costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recruiting and assessment costs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Induction and orientation costs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training costs. </li></ul></ul></ul>Costs to consider include both actual and potential costs:
  32. 33. <ul><ul><li>Potential costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costs associated with hiring a person who subsequently fails. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costs associated with rejecting a person who would have been successful on the job. </li></ul></ul></ul>Costs to consider include both actual and potential cost: continued
  33. 34. Some of the benefits of an effective hiring policy: <ul><ul><li>Lowering the cost of turnovers and absenteeism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowering training time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting individual territorial sales potential. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing customer satisfaction by having the same salesperson call. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving morale. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of these benefits, recruiting effectiveness increases, thus lowering the total costs associated with operating the sales force. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. T HE S OCIALIZATION OF S ALES P ERSONNEL Socialization is the process by which salespeople learn the sales culture and behaviors appropriate for their roles in the organization.
  35. 36. Properly done, the socialization process can help: <ul><ul><li>Increase performance and job satisfaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce job anxieties and the fear of failure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce turnover. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impart a positive image of the company, job duties, and future expectations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save the manager’s time and thus reduce costs. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 37. T HE B OTTOM L INE Establishing a sales force is a complex process that involves many variables. Sales managers use predictors for hiring decisions. The selection process is no longer based on intuitive feelings. The personal interview is an important part of the selection process. Managers also can use certain employment tests for selecting personnel. Sales force productivity benefits with the selection of good employees.
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