Ergonomics and Environmental Friendly Laptop


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Ergonomics and Environmental Friendly Laptop

  1. 1. Environment Amicable Laptop 17.03.2012 • PRESENTED BY • P.SURESH KUMAR • 10MB43
  2. 2. CONTENT• Importance of the presentation• Laptops in Nature• Green Laptop Certification –Brief Note• Products taken for Comparison• Their Individual presence• Evaluating the best• Tips for better usage of Computers And laptops
  3. 3. Reasons of powerCut• Current theft.• Telugana issue shortage of supply of coal.• Powerlenders are charging more / unit.• Increased industries and infrastructure develeopement.• Previous Government faulty governence .• Lack of efficient usage of current in ethical way.
  4. 4. Laptops -is your’s G-One or RA-One• Laptops are made of many Toxic materials like Dioxins,Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBS) ,Cadmium ,Chromium ,Radioactive Isotapes ,Mercury and Lead.• If Not treated properly they are sources of Toxin and carcinogen , releases materials such as lead, mercury, or cadmium into the soil, groundwater, and atmosphere, thus having a negative impact on the environment.• According to Greenpeace, some brominated flame retardants (BFRs), used in circuit boards and plastic casings, do not break down easily and build up in the environment. Long-term exposure can lead to impaired learning and memory functions.
  5. 5. • Circuit boards contain considerable quantities of lead-tin solders that are more likely to leach into groundwater or create air pollution due to incineration. The processing-like incineration and acid treatments- required to reclaim these precious substances may release, generate, or synthesize toxic byproducts. They can also interfere with thyroid and oestrogen hormone systems and exposure in the womb has been linked to behavioural problems.• PVC is a plastic used in some electronics products and for insulation on wires and cables. Chlorinated dioxins and furans are released when PVC is produced or disposed of by incineration. These chemicals are highly persistent in the environment and many are toxic even in very low concentrations.• Companies may find it cost-effective in the short term to sell outdated computers to less developed countries with Tax regulations. It is commonly believed that a majority of surplus laptops are routed to developing nations as "dumping grounds for e-waste”.• Climate Change caused by dumbing or recycling process• If treated properly laptops are valubale sources for secondary raw material.
  6. 6. Green Model Certifications• Energy Star• Blue Angel• Energy Saving Trust• EU Ecolabel• TCO• EPEAT Label
  7. 7. Energy Star or EPA• A Program launched by Envoironment Protection Agencies in 1992• ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices.• Reduce greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants caused by the inefficient use of energy;• Make it easy for consumers to identify and purchase energy-efficient products that offer savings on energy bills without sacrificing performance, features, and comfort.• The TCO and EPEAT labels below use the Energy Star energy consumption criteria.
  8. 8. Energy Saving Trust• A UK government energy efficiency program, an Energy Saving Trust Recommended desktop computer will use around 40% less energy in a year than an average new computer.• Carbon Foot Print Measuring and rating.
  9. 9. EU Ecolabel• The criteria cover the life cycle of the product from manufacture to disposal and include energy use, limits on the use of hazardous materials and recyclability of the product.
  10. 10. EPEAT Label• EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) is managed and operated by the Green Electronics Council, a US NGO. The label covers criteria for design, production, energy and materials use and recycling with ongoing independent verification of manufacturer claims after registration. EPEAT evaluates electronic products in relation to 51 total environmental criteria, 23 required criteria and 28 optional criteria. Products are then ranked by EPEAT according to three tiers of environmental performance – Bronze, Silver, and Gold.
  11. 11. TCO• TCO is a widely respected international eco-label developed by a Swedish trade union. It is a voluntary scheme which is third party verified. It uses Energy Star criteria for energy consumption, and a wide range of specific criteria for different products including limits on toxic chemicals and design for recycling. The TCO certification system also requires that the brand owner actively promotes social responsibility• TCO Certified goes beyond green by combining features such as high performance and ergonomic design with one of the toughest environmental requirements on the market.
  13. 13. LENOVA• Innovative• Trustworthy• Transparent• Strategic and• Global.• They Share 1% of the EBT to Environmental Causes• A+ Ranking inHang Seng Corporate Sustainability Index Series ( )• Lenovo has been a member of the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) since June 2006. (Supply Chain Effective And Environmental Inex) { }
  14. 14. HCL• WEEE - Waste of Electrical & Electronic Equipmen via Trishyiraya Recycling India Pvt Ltd• HCLs E-Waste Management program• Internal waste Management program• HCLs initiative on RoHS compliance• Customer awareness programs on EMS
  15. 15. HCL CSR ACTIVITIES• SSN Institutions Founded in 1996 by Shiv Nadar. SSN Insititutions provide world class research oriented quality education at an affordable price in India• Public Health Foundation of India HCL acts as a think tank on policy issues related to health systems to establish standards in public health education• Community Support Programs HCL works with NGOs Udayan, cry for social up-liftment of underprivileged children• Concert Series Started in 1998 it provides a platform to up coming young Indian classical artists to express their talent
  16. 16. ASUS• Green Asus Covers :• International Organizer for standardization(ISO ) 9001:2000• Hazardous Substance process management ( HSPM) of International Electrotechnical Commisiion Quality Assessment System for Electronic Component ( IECQ ) QC 080000• ROHS Complaint• Waste Electrical and Electronics Equipment Iso 140001 Environmental Management System• Occupation Healthand Safety ( OHSAS ) 18001• Electronic industry Code Of Conduct ( EICC )
  17. 17. DELL• Design For Environment ( DFE) programme• Looking for opportunities to reduce ecological impacts. Power-saving initiatives include lighting upgrades, equipment optimization, installation of timers and sensors, and heating, ventilation and air-conditioning modifications.• high recycle and reuse rate: 96.1 percent of nonhazardous solid waste (most of the solid waste generated at Dell facilities is nonhazardous). Our goal is to recycle or reuse 99 percent of the waste generated from manufacturing operations by 2012• Dell’s Equipment End-of-Life Strategies- equipment recovery programme { 20,000 Tonnes }• Dell’s TechKnow Program - Removing barriers to Technology for children and communities { 30,000 Students / year }• Dell’s engagement against AIDS { Awareness}
  18. 18. TOSHIBA• 3 Greens• Greening OF Process – Efficient use of Resources , Manufacturer Recycling ( MRM ),Extend Product Life ,Recycling ,Donation ( Cristina Foundation )• Greening of Product – Greening of Products refers to initiatives aimed at achievingthe highest level of environmental performance in all categories of products, Environmental Conscious Process ( ECP )• Greening By Technology – describes Toshiba’s approach to reduce CO2 emissions and to provide a stable energy supply through its low carbon technologies, such as hydroelectric, geothermal and photovoltaic power generation.
  19. 19. Methodology• Taken a uniq model in Laptop common to all Brands with specification “ Sandy Bridge Processor Core i3 2330M / 2 Gb DDR 3 / 500 GB HDD / DVD RW / 15.6 " LED “ fast moving and selling more model in all brands.• Methodology adapted for Weight / Power / Area / Technology / Ergonomics
  21. 21. METHOLOGY -02 AREA CONSUMPTION DIMENSIONS AREALAPTOP MODEL ( mm) CONSUMED(CM^2) MARKS ( 10 ) DELL 378x245x37.6 34821 6 ASUS 378x253x37.2 35576 5 HCL 380x262x34.0 33850 7 Lenova 376x250x35.5 33370 8 Toshiba 380x250x37.9 36005 4
  22. 22. METHOLOGY -03 WEIGHT CONSUMPTIONLAPTOP LAPTOPMODEL WEIGHT ( KGS) MARKS ( 10 ) DELL 2.24 8 ASUS 2.60 4 HCL 2.60 4Lenova 2.24 8Toshiba 2.40 6
  24. 24. METHOLOGY – 05 ERGONOMICS FACTOR ERGONOMICSLAPTOP MODEL RANKING MARKS ( 5 ) DELL 8.00 4 ASUS 8.00 4 HCL 4.00 2 Lenova 8.00 4 Toshiba 6.00 3 USING THE WEBSITE RATED - rating-2011.aspx
  25. 25. The Best is …….!LAPTOP Power Con AREA CONS WT CONS ERGONOMIC TECH MODE MARKS MARKS MARKS MARKS MARKS L (10 ) ( 10 ) ( 10 ) (5) (5) TOTAL MARKS DELL 8 6 8 4 0 26 ASUS 4 5 4 4 5 22 HCL 4 7 4 2 5 22Lenova 8 8 8 4 0 28Toshiba 8 4 6 3 0 21
  26. 26. WAY TO CONTROL THESE ISSUE• Customer Point of Angle – ( What is the need / Is it really Essential / What about the Older One)• Manufacturing Point of Angle – ( What is the Cause and Effects in using this energy/ how to reimburse it / Environmental Policies/ Avoiding BFR & PVC / Using Recyclable Materials for production / Take back policy / refurbishing / Supply Chain Management/ Worker comfort and 48 hour weekly work policy )• Government and other Welfare Association – ( Trade Policy / Amendments / Strict Laws / Enforcement / Awareness Camp / Rewarding / honoring Outstanding Manufacturer / Reviewing New alternate Technology )
  27. 27. Tips for better usage of Computers And laptops Tips for effectiv e usage and Env .docx
  28. 28. BEST WAY TO USE IS !• Deploy stand-by mode. Computers can be configured to go into sleep, standby, or hibernate mode if left unused after a period of time. EPA recommends having them go into such a mode after 30 to 60 minutes of inactivity, though setting it for a shorter period of time saves even more energy. Using the sleep or hibernate mode can cut an average computers power consumption by half, the agency estimates. Keep in mind hibernation is not the same as running a screen- saver, which does not, contrary to popular belief, save any energy. EnergyStar offers a free program called EZ Wizard that walks you through the process of setting up power-management features in Microsoft Windows XP. Power-saving software is available for the Macintosh as well, through the Power Save Mac software.• Extend laptop lifetime. Does your current laptop do everything you need? If so, consider holding onto it for a while longer. These days, even models five or six years old can execute almost all currently offered software. Getting more life out of your laptop not only saves you money but makes more efficient use of the materials that have already been deployed. If you do get a new laptop, and your old model still works, consider donating it to a non-profit, such as Computers with Causes, which refurbishes computers for educational institutions. Or donate to someone else in need of a computer.
  29. 29. THANK YOU !