“Five Year Plans of India”
Mr. Suresh Kumar Sharma
RN, ACCN, MSN(PSYCHIATRY)
• Proposed Plan Outlay: Rs.53410 Crores
• Situation: high inflation, hike in oil prices and
failure of Government take-over of the wholesale
trade in wheat.
• Terminated by Janata party in 1978
• The strategies relate to growth in the three
leading sectors, viz., agriculture, energy and
critical intermediates and the creation of
additional employment opportunities.
Fifth Five Year Plan
(1974 to 1979)
To reduce social, regional, and economic
Reduce poverty and to attain self sufficiency in
agriculture and defense
Reducing rate of Unemployment both in Urban &
Encourage growth of Small scale industries
Prevent over population 3
The National Population Policy lays down a target-
for birth rate of 25 per thousand and
a population growth rate of 1.4 per cent by the end of the Sixth Plan
The policy describe a series of fundamental measures including –
raising of minimum age for marriage,
spread of population values and the small family norm,
strengthening of research in reproductive biology and
groups and communities and permitting State Legislatures to
enact legislation for compulsory sterilization.
The Draft Fifth Five Year Plan envisaged an
outlay of Rs. 37250 crores in the public
The revised Plan outlay is now estimated at
Rs 39303 crores excluding provision for
announced by the Prime Minister on 1st
The various constituents especially those
which require financial investment, have
The outlays of the Centre, States and Union
Territories for the remaining two years of the
plan—1977-79 and the Fifth Plan are
indicated below :
Fifth five year Plan
centre 119.01 163.71 757.06 1039.78
states and U.Ts. 1850.68 2173.97 5334.67 9359.32
Total 1969.69 2337.68 6091.73 10399.10
The drug industry which was mainly confined to
formulation activities and the manufacture of
Public sector has been given a prominent role
in the overall development of drug industry.
A significant step up in production
in the area of antibiotics, synthetic
drugs and formulations in public
sector is envisaged. 8
Health, Family Welfare
Planning and Nutrition
Health Central Sector
an amount of Rs. 252.79 crores was provided
for this sector.
The expenditure during the first three years is
likely to be Rs. 152-93 crores.
An outlay of Rs. 182.90 crores has been
recommended for the last two years after
assessing the performance of various major on-
going programmes and after keeping in view
the broad aspects of health strategy.
National Malaria Eradication Programme has been
allocated Rs. 196-44 crores as against the original
provision of Rs 96-71 crores in the Draft Fifth Plan.
Provision has also been made for more effective
implementation of National Leprosy Control Programme
and the National Scheme for prevention of impairment of
vision and control of blindness.
A pilot research project to develop a strategy for control of
filaria in rural areas has also been included.
Adequate provision has been made during 1977-79 for
establishing combined food and drug testing laboratories
and for giving Central assistance to existing food
laboratories in the States.
An outlay of Rs. 543.21 crores was provided in the draft
Plan for various health programmes under the States and
The total likely expenditure for-
the first three years Rs. 159.92 crores.
For the remaining two years- Rs. 185.91 crores
These provisions include reasonable expansion, extension
and development of rural health services.
It has been ensured that all the primary health centres and
sub-centres in the country would get drugs at the enhanced
level of Rs.1 2,000/-per PHC and Rs. 2,000/- per sub-
centre per annum.. 11
The revised total Fifth Plan outlay for the Health
Sector thus works out to Rs. 681.66 crores--
scheme 1974-77 anticipated
revised fifth plan
1. central 28.60 39.06 67.66
2. centrally sponsored 124.33 143.84 268.17
3. states/U.Ts 159.92 185.91 345.83
4. Total 372.85 368.87 681.66
Family Welfare Planning
In the draft Plan an amount of Rs. 516.00
crores was provided for programmes relating
to family welfare planning.
The likely expenditure during the first three
years of the Fifth Plan is expected to be of
the order of Rs. 237.65 crores
An outlay of Rs. 259.71 crores
has been recommended for the
period 1977-79. 13
Family Welfare Planning
Focus on Health, Maternity and Child Health Care and
To cope with the increasing demand for
sterilisation, facilities will be expanded at 1000
selected Primary Health Centres and 325 Taluka level
hospitals during 1976-79.
Two hundred additional post-partum centres beyond
the original targets in the draft Fifth Plan are also
proposed to be opened.
Family Welfare Planning
Another unit of the Hindustan Latex Ltd. will be set up
at Farakka to meet the increased demand of condom.
Special multi-media motivation campaigns on family
planning pilot basis will be launched in Uttar
Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal.
Maternity and child health programmes will be
vigorously pursued and funds for this purpose will be
made available on the basis of performance.
Family Welfare Planning
Research and evaluation facilities will be
strengthened. Funds for completion of
incomplete buildings and for construction of
essential buildings for Rural Family Welfare
Planning Centres have been provided.
288 New Rural Family Welfare Planning
Centres will be opened in a phased manner.
A total provision of Rs. 497.36 crores has
been envisaged in the revised Fifth Plan.
Nutrition Central Sector
an amount of Rs. 70 crores was provided in
the Central Sector--
Rs. 50 crores- Food and a Nutrition Scheme
of the Department of Food,
Rs. 20 crores-
for the Applied Nutrition Programme of the
Department of Rural Development.
Nutrition Schemes of the
Department of Food
The likely expenditure during the first three years of the
Fifth Plan is placed at Rs. 6.53 crores.
Rs. 6.70 crores has been provided during 1977-79 for
production of nutrition foods.
An amount of Rs. 1.27 crores has also been recommended
during 1977-79 for other schemes like fortification of Food
Stuffs, nutrition education through mass media, Pilot
Research Projects etc.
An outlay of Rs. 7.97 crores has thus been recommended
for 1977-79 making up a Fifth Plan provision of Rs. 14.50
Applied Nutrition Programme
(Dept. of Rural Development)
The outlay of Rs. 20 crores for providing Central assistance to
the on going Applied Nutrition Blocks, opening of 700 new
blocks and maintenance of post operational blocks for one year
after existence for a period of five years.
Due to constraint of resources in the social Services Sector
only 192 blocks were set up in the first two years (1974-76) of
The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Plan is
Rs. 4.48 crores.
A sum of Rs. 8.51 crores has been recommended for 1977-79.
The total outlay under the revised Fifth Plan works out to Rs. 1
2.99 crores. 19
In State Sector
an amount of Rs. 330.00 crores was provided for the States
and Union Territories, for the supplementary Feeding
i. e.. Mid-day Meals Programme for the School going children
and Special Nutrition Programme for the children in the age
group of 0-6 years and expectant and lactating mothers.
the first three years of the Plan is Rs. 44.24 crores. The
slow progress in the initial years of the Fifth Plan was
mainly due to the financial constraint and non-availability of
funds in the non-Plan budgets of the State Governments for
meeting cost of food, administration and transport for the
For the remaining years of the Fifth Plan
adequate provision has been made from the
non-Plan resources of the State for
beneficiaries of special nutrition programme at
the end of the Fourth Plan.
Rs. 43.94 crores for 1977-79
The revised outlay under the Fifth Plan thus
works out to Rs. 88.18 crores
Food grain production was above 118 million
tons due to the improvement of
Bombay High had shot up the commercial
production of oil in India.
Had few backdrops …. Food & energy prices
skyrocketed -ve impact on Indian Economy
So?? - Inflation becomes Inevitable &
hence priority towards food & energy took
Several inflationary pressures.
Sixth Five Year Plan
(1980 to 1985)
6th Five Yr Plan -- Known as Janata Govt. Plan
It’s Existence – Tourism industry increased, I.T sector develops!!!!!
The issues – Rajiv Gandhi being the PM, & hence emphasized on Industrial
Some agreed, but the communist groups protested
Aimed for rapid Industrial Development
Improve the Tourism Industry
Family Planning concept introduced, but not
To introduce min Needs Program for the poor
Planned GDP growth - 5.1% a year,
Speedy Industrial development
The transport and communication system
Government investments in the Indian