Training For Creative Thinking An Introduction

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concepts and practice in creative thinking-an introduction

concepts and practice in creative thinking-an introduction

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  • 1. TRAINING FOR CREATIVE THINKING-an introduction SURESHKUMAR.S,SCIENTIST AND ADVISER ,NIIST
  • 2. DEFINITION ABILITY TO USE THOUGHT AND IMAGINATION to transcend patterns and relations to CREATE new ideas and forms
  • 3. CREATIVITY&INNOVATION
    • Essence of value creation in life's situation
    • Very critical to the innovation process
    • Innovation is essential in research
    • Basic research should have innovation content
    • Innovation index is being evaluated abroad
  • 4. THEORY
    • Theoretically being related to associative imagination
    • Learning also involves association and imagination
    • But associative imagination is different from learning intelligence
    • Poor learners and scorers can be very creative
  • 5. CREATIVITY PROCESS
    • Be able to think of UNCONVENTIONAL or even strange associations
    • Words, figures and situations act as cues for imagination
    • One can train oneself to be creative with some systematic effort
  • 6. AN EXERCISE WITH WORDS
    • EXAMPLE-connect words like blood and water, in a sentence, imaginatively
    • Blood thicker than water-good
    • Water in place of blood in his body=
    • EXAMPLE-sky, blood and water
    • Water from sky red as blood-good
    • Water turning to blood as it pours=
  • 7. REPEAT THE EXERCISE
    • Now repeat with 5 words
    • Repeat with 15 words, and make a story in 4-5 sentences
    • Finally repeat with 20-30 words and a strange ,imaginative story with a moral
    • You can use images and figures to tell a strange tale- improves learning
  • 8. THIN SLICING
    • observation of the ordinary
    • Challenge current notions
    • Imaginative associations-parallels
    • Absence-transcendence
    • Thinking without thinking
    • Discriminative logic-mind maps
    • Final derivation
  • 9. THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS
    • Einstein, Schrödinger-good examples
    • Gravity effects equated to effects due to acceleration
    • Acceleration from space-time curvature
    • Combination of many ideas expressed in philosophy, science and mathematics
  • 10. Schrödinger cat and Maya Vada
    • Influences from Indian metaphysics
    • Superposition of states until measured
    • Cat being dead and alive until observed
    • Analogy with serpent –rope state
    • Extended to entanglement and non-locality
    • Very strange and counterintuitive
    • Macrostate teleportation
  • 11. Seed idea-Mach Principle
    • All masses in universe interconnected
    • What affects one will affect the other
    • Derived from Spinoza's logic-asingular substance
    • Influence from Indian concept of Brahman or Cosmic Being
  • 12. CONCEPT OF FALLOW
    • Farmers leave their fields fallow after intense farming
    • Fallow thinking-regenerates mind
    • Concentrate,think,read,study and research intensely for sometime
    • Then take a vacation,picnic,chat with friends or browse and while away
  • 13. Creative FLASH
    • When you return you will have a flash
    • Unconscious working on the implicit images
    • Studies in consciousness and cognition
    • Implicit learning influences cognition
    • Unconscious manipulation of mental images when not disturbed-fallow
  • 14. CREATIVITY AND COGNITION
    • Cognition is related to how we view ourselves and the world
    • The beliefs we have about the phenomenal world comes from images
    • These cause thought patterns and emotions
    • Concept of self affects creativity
  • 15. DREAM STATE COGNITION
    • Scientific studies reveal that there is no difference in cognition in dreams
    • Wakeful cognition and dreaming are unified in brain architecture
    • Dreams are more imaginative because of unconscious predominance
  • 16. FREE WILL
    • Some recent neurophysiologic findings are very surprising-discount free will
    • Conscious decisions are unconsciously predetermined
    • Similarity to our karma theory and destiny
    • Destiny and time relates events and objects and situations in universe
  • 17. PROCESS PHILOSOPHY
    • Mathematical philosophers like Whitehead advocate internalized breath work
      • Adapted from Sidha Yoga techniques and based on breathing pattern and rhythm during sleep
      • Sleep disorders and poor breathing affects learning and creativity
  • 18. VALUE ANALYSIS AND ENGINEERING
    • Very crucial methodology to help in creative thinking-adapted fromIE
    • Ask W questions-what,why,what else, why not, where else, what all, where all, which is similar, how is it similar/different
    • Provide leads to ideas, project trials and trouble-shooting solutions
  • 19.  
  • 20. THOUGHT SHOWERS (OR BRAINSTORMING) ASKING QUESTIONS - WHAT IF? BLOCKING AND BLOCK-BUSTING RANDOM WORD OR RANDOM PICTURE USING CHECKLISTS WHAT'S THE PROBLEM? CHALLENGE IT CREATIVE PARALLELS CONCEPT MAPS OR BUZZ MAPS MIND MAPPING (REF:TONY BUZAN )
  • 21. INCREMENTAL INNOVATIONS
    • Usually used for tinkering research in industry
    • But equally suited to disruptive technologies
    • Paradigm shifts needed in recession
    • Known as constructive destruction
  • 22. TECHNO-ECONOMIC CYCLES
    • Schumpeterian economic cycles every few decades-70-80 years
    • Closely followed by Kondratieff long waves
    • Economic cycles and depression lead to technology cycles and peaks[5-10 y lag
    • Cultural millennial cycles-700-900 years
  • 23. CREATIVITY AND MOTIVATION
    • Motivation is intrinsic in nature
    • Maslow`s theory of self-actualization
    • Was a spiritualist who believed in Indian concept of self-realization
    • Creative people not worried about extrinsic satisfaction,award/rewards
  • 24. MENTAL FACULTIES AND CREATIVITY
    • Ego,intellect,discrimination and pure consciousness states of mind-Varnas
    • Self-actualization corresponds to latter states-sense of equity and justice
    • Studies reveal that creative people are spontaneous,forthcoming,free going, and less amenable external discipline
  • 25. LEADERSHIP
    • Creativity management based on sustainable leadership
    • Task-behavior types/malevolent-benevolent types
    • Intuitve-perceptive,introvert-extrovert,sensing-judging types
    • Sustainable leadership based on extended self concept
  • 26. CONCEPT OF SELF SYSTEMS
    • There is no brain neural circuitry as such for localised self notions-learnt notion
    • Brain architecture for extended self systems-oneness with surroundings
    • Studies by scientists[Strawson,Galen] reveal pure conscious states
    • Similar to Self as one with Cosmic Being notions of Indian metaphysics
  • 27. PHENOMENOLOGY
    • Extended self has become a disparate localised self due to phenomenology
    • Phenomenology is part of conscious cognition of world through senses and intellect
    • Pure consciousness and extended universal self is a process back to Being
  • 28. PERCEPTIONS OF REALITY
    • This is very crucial for sustainable leadership
    • We project mental images onto world as part of phenomenology and sensing
    • Reality not knowable through reason as observed by Kant
    • Discrimination, and transcendence [pure consciousness] is essential
  • 29. PHILOSOPHER -KING
    • This brings us to the concept of philosopher king in Indian philosophy
    • Sustainable leaders mange creative people
    • Extended self notions needed for it
    • Comes from pure consciousness states of absence-also helps in creative thinking
  • 30. HOME WORK
    • I was cleaning my overhead tank[sintex]
    • water with very fine particles of clayey red mud settles down
    • Forms fibers clinging to tank walls
    • These are somewhat rubbery and polymeric
    • What ideas,projects,processes or products can you derive from this experience
  • 31. ONE EXAMPLE OF IDEATION
    • Nanoporous materials with good gas absorption
    • Problem of atmospheric carbon scavenging
    • Can it be functionalized to sequester carbon, chemical scavenging
    • Decay to soil or ecofriendly product when UV irradiated, photo transformation
  • 32. THANK YOU