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TRAINING FOR CREATIVE THINKING-an introduction SURESHKUMAR.S,SCIENTIST AND ADVISER ,NIIST
DEFINITION ABILITY TO USE THOUGHT AND   IMAGINATION to transcend patterns and relations to CREATE new ideas and forms
CREATIVITY&INNOVATION <ul><li>Essence of value creation in life's situation </li></ul><ul><li>Very critical to the innovat...
THEORY <ul><li>Theoretically being related to associative imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Learning also involves association...
CREATIVITY PROCESS <ul><li>Be able to think of UNCONVENTIONAL or  even strange  associations </li></ul><ul><li>Words, figu...
AN EXERCISE WITH WORDS <ul><li>EXAMPLE-connect words like blood and water, in a sentence, imaginatively </li></ul><ul><li>...
REPEAT THE EXERCISE <ul><li>Now repeat with 5 words </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat with 15 words, and make a story in 4-5 senten...
THIN SLICING <ul><li>observation of the ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge current notions </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative...
THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS <ul><li>Einstein, Schrödinger-good examples </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity effects equated to effects due t...
Schrödinger cat and Maya Vada <ul><li>Influences from Indian metaphysics </li></ul><ul><li>Superposition of states until m...
Seed idea-Mach Principle <ul><li>All masses in universe interconnected </li></ul><ul><li>What affects one will affect the ...
CONCEPT OF FALLOW <ul><li>Farmers leave their fields fallow after intense farming </li></ul><ul><li>Fallow thinking-regene...
Creative FLASH <ul><li>When you return you will have a flash </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious working on the implicit images ...
CREATIVITY AND COGNITION <ul><li>Cognition is related to how we view ourselves and the world </li></ul><ul><li>The beliefs...
DREAM STATE COGNITION <ul><li>Scientific studies reveal that there is no difference in cognition in dreams </li></ul><ul><...
FREE WILL <ul><li>Some recent neurophysiologic findings are very surprising-discount free will </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious...
PROCESS PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>Mathematical philosophers like Whitehead advocate internalized breath work </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
VALUE ANALYSIS AND ENGINEERING <ul><li>Very crucial methodology to help in creative thinking-adapted fromIE </li></ul><ul>...
 
THOUGHT SHOWERS (OR BRAINSTORMING)  ASKING QUESTIONS - WHAT IF?  BLOCKING AND BLOCK-BUSTING  RANDOM WORD OR RANDOM PICTURE...
INCREMENTAL INNOVATIONS <ul><li>Usually used for tinkering research in industry </li></ul><ul><li>But equally suited to di...
TECHNO-ECONOMIC CYCLES <ul><li>Schumpeterian economic cycles every few decades-70-80 years </li></ul><ul><li>Closely follo...
CREATIVITY AND MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motivation is intrinsic in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Maslow`s theory of self-actualizatio...
MENTAL FACULTIES AND CREATIVITY <ul><li>Ego,intellect,discrimination and pure consciousness states of mind-Varnas </li></u...
LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Creativity management based on sustainable leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Task-behavior types/malevolent-...
CONCEPT OF SELF SYSTEMS <ul><li>There is no brain neural circuitry as such for localised self notions-learnt notion </li><...
PHENOMENOLOGY <ul><li>Extended self has become a disparate localised self due to phenomenology </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomeno...
PERCEPTIONS OF REALITY <ul><li>This is very crucial for sustainable leadership </li></ul><ul><li>We project mental images ...
PHILOSOPHER -KING <ul><li>This brings us to the concept of philosopher king in Indian philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain...
HOME WORK <ul><li>I was cleaning my overhead tank[sintex] </li></ul><ul><li>water with very fine particles of clayey red m...
ONE EXAMPLE OF IDEATION <ul><li>Nanoporous materials with good gas absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Problem of atmospheric car...
THANK YOU
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Training For Creative Thinking An Introduction

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Transcript of "Training For Creative Thinking An Introduction"

  1. 1. TRAINING FOR CREATIVE THINKING-an introduction SURESHKUMAR.S,SCIENTIST AND ADVISER ,NIIST
  2. 2. DEFINITION ABILITY TO USE THOUGHT AND IMAGINATION to transcend patterns and relations to CREATE new ideas and forms
  3. 3. CREATIVITY&INNOVATION <ul><li>Essence of value creation in life's situation </li></ul><ul><li>Very critical to the innovation process </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation is essential in research </li></ul><ul><li>Basic research should have innovation content </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation index is being evaluated abroad </li></ul>
  4. 4. THEORY <ul><li>Theoretically being related to associative imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Learning also involves association and imagination </li></ul><ul><li>But associative imagination is different from learning intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Poor learners and scorers can be very creative </li></ul>
  5. 5. CREATIVITY PROCESS <ul><li>Be able to think of UNCONVENTIONAL or even strange associations </li></ul><ul><li>Words, figures and situations act as cues for imagination </li></ul><ul><li>One can train oneself to be creative with some systematic effort </li></ul>
  6. 6. AN EXERCISE WITH WORDS <ul><li>EXAMPLE-connect words like blood and water, in a sentence, imaginatively </li></ul><ul><li>Blood thicker than water-good </li></ul><ul><li>Water in place of blood in his body= </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE-sky, blood and water </li></ul><ul><li>Water from sky red as blood-good </li></ul><ul><li>Water turning to blood as it pours= </li></ul>
  7. 7. REPEAT THE EXERCISE <ul><li>Now repeat with 5 words </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat with 15 words, and make a story in 4-5 sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Finally repeat with 20-30 words and a strange ,imaginative story with a moral </li></ul><ul><li>You can use images and figures to tell a strange tale- improves learning </li></ul>
  8. 8. THIN SLICING <ul><li>observation of the ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge current notions </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative associations-parallels </li></ul><ul><li>Absence-transcendence </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking without thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Discriminative logic-mind maps </li></ul><ul><li>Final derivation </li></ul>
  9. 9. THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS <ul><li>Einstein, Schrödinger-good examples </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity effects equated to effects due to acceleration </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration from space-time curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of many ideas expressed in philosophy, science and mathematics </li></ul>
  10. 10. Schrödinger cat and Maya Vada <ul><li>Influences from Indian metaphysics </li></ul><ul><li>Superposition of states until measured </li></ul><ul><li>Cat being dead and alive until observed </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy with serpent –rope state </li></ul><ul><li>Extended to entanglement and non-locality </li></ul><ul><li>Very strange and counterintuitive </li></ul><ul><li>Macrostate teleportation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Seed idea-Mach Principle <ul><li>All masses in universe interconnected </li></ul><ul><li>What affects one will affect the other </li></ul><ul><li>Derived from Spinoza's logic-asingular substance </li></ul><ul><li>Influence from Indian concept of Brahman or Cosmic Being </li></ul>
  12. 12. CONCEPT OF FALLOW <ul><li>Farmers leave their fields fallow after intense farming </li></ul><ul><li>Fallow thinking-regenerates mind </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate,think,read,study and research intensely for sometime </li></ul><ul><li>Then take a vacation,picnic,chat with friends or browse and while away </li></ul>
  13. 13. Creative FLASH <ul><li>When you return you will have a flash </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious working on the implicit images </li></ul><ul><li>Studies in consciousness and cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Implicit learning influences cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious manipulation of mental images when not disturbed-fallow </li></ul>
  14. 14. CREATIVITY AND COGNITION <ul><li>Cognition is related to how we view ourselves and the world </li></ul><ul><li>The beliefs we have about the phenomenal world comes from images </li></ul><ul><li>These cause thought patterns and emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of self affects creativity </li></ul>
  15. 15. DREAM STATE COGNITION <ul><li>Scientific studies reveal that there is no difference in cognition in dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Wakeful cognition and dreaming are unified in brain architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams are more imaginative because of unconscious predominance </li></ul>
  16. 16. FREE WILL <ul><li>Some recent neurophysiologic findings are very surprising-discount free will </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious decisions are unconsciously predetermined </li></ul><ul><li>Similarity to our karma theory and destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Destiny and time relates events and objects and situations in universe </li></ul>
  17. 17. PROCESS PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>Mathematical philosophers like Whitehead advocate internalized breath work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from Sidha Yoga techniques and based on breathing pattern and rhythm during sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep disorders and poor breathing affects learning and creativity </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. VALUE ANALYSIS AND ENGINEERING <ul><li>Very crucial methodology to help in creative thinking-adapted fromIE </li></ul><ul><li>Ask W questions-what,why,what else, why not, where else, what all, where all, which is similar, how is it similar/different </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leads to ideas, project trials and trouble-shooting solutions </li></ul>
  19. 20. THOUGHT SHOWERS (OR BRAINSTORMING) ASKING QUESTIONS - WHAT IF? BLOCKING AND BLOCK-BUSTING RANDOM WORD OR RANDOM PICTURE USING CHECKLISTS WHAT'S THE PROBLEM? CHALLENGE IT CREATIVE PARALLELS CONCEPT MAPS OR BUZZ MAPS MIND MAPPING (REF:TONY BUZAN )
  20. 21. INCREMENTAL INNOVATIONS <ul><li>Usually used for tinkering research in industry </li></ul><ul><li>But equally suited to disruptive technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm shifts needed in recession </li></ul><ul><li>Known as constructive destruction </li></ul>
  21. 22. TECHNO-ECONOMIC CYCLES <ul><li>Schumpeterian economic cycles every few decades-70-80 years </li></ul><ul><li>Closely followed by Kondratieff long waves </li></ul><ul><li>Economic cycles and depression lead to technology cycles and peaks[5-10 y lag </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural millennial cycles-700-900 years </li></ul>
  22. 23. CREATIVITY AND MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motivation is intrinsic in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Maslow`s theory of self-actualization </li></ul><ul><li>Was a spiritualist who believed in Indian concept of self-realization </li></ul><ul><li>Creative people not worried about extrinsic satisfaction,award/rewards </li></ul>
  23. 24. MENTAL FACULTIES AND CREATIVITY <ul><li>Ego,intellect,discrimination and pure consciousness states of mind-Varnas </li></ul><ul><li>Self-actualization corresponds to latter states-sense of equity and justice </li></ul><ul><li>Studies reveal that creative people are spontaneous,forthcoming,free going, and less amenable external discipline </li></ul>
  24. 25. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Creativity management based on sustainable leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Task-behavior types/malevolent-benevolent types </li></ul><ul><li>Intuitve-perceptive,introvert-extrovert,sensing-judging types </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable leadership based on extended self concept </li></ul>
  25. 26. CONCEPT OF SELF SYSTEMS <ul><li>There is no brain neural circuitry as such for localised self notions-learnt notion </li></ul><ul><li>Brain architecture for extended self systems-oneness with surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>Studies by scientists[Strawson,Galen] reveal pure conscious states </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to Self as one with Cosmic Being notions of Indian metaphysics </li></ul>
  26. 27. PHENOMENOLOGY <ul><li>Extended self has become a disparate localised self due to phenomenology </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology is part of conscious cognition of world through senses and intellect </li></ul><ul><li>Pure consciousness and extended universal self is a process back to Being </li></ul>
  27. 28. PERCEPTIONS OF REALITY <ul><li>This is very crucial for sustainable leadership </li></ul><ul><li>We project mental images onto world as part of phenomenology and sensing </li></ul><ul><li>Reality not knowable through reason as observed by Kant </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination, and transcendence [pure consciousness] is essential </li></ul>
  28. 29. PHILOSOPHER -KING <ul><li>This brings us to the concept of philosopher king in Indian philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable leaders mange creative people </li></ul><ul><li>Extended self notions needed for it </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from pure consciousness states of absence-also helps in creative thinking </li></ul>
  29. 30. HOME WORK <ul><li>I was cleaning my overhead tank[sintex] </li></ul><ul><li>water with very fine particles of clayey red mud settles down </li></ul><ul><li>Forms fibers clinging to tank walls </li></ul><ul><li>These are somewhat rubbery and polymeric </li></ul><ul><li>What ideas,projects,processes or products can you derive from this experience </li></ul>
  30. 31. ONE EXAMPLE OF IDEATION <ul><li>Nanoporous materials with good gas absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Problem of atmospheric carbon scavenging </li></ul><ul><li>Can it be functionalized to sequester carbon, chemical scavenging </li></ul><ul><li>Decay to soil or ecofriendly product when UV irradiated, photo transformation </li></ul>
  31. 32. THANK YOU
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