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Short Story Boot Camp


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  • 1. Short Story Boot Camp
    Ten Hut
  • 2. Words to Know
    Analyze – separating a thing into parts & examining those individual parts
    Diction – word choice; can be formal/informal, common/technical, or abstract/concrete
    Style – made up of diction, tone, figurative language, grammatical structure, sentence length, and organization – it is the WAY an author writes
    Tone – what a writer says and feels about his/her subject, characters, or audience
  • 3. Words to Know
    Imagery – word pictures
    Connotation – the suggested meaning of words
    Denotation – the dictionary meaning of words
    Mood – the feeling created in the reader
    Irony – contrast b/w what is stated and what is meant, or b/w what is expected to happen and what actually happens
    Theme – central message or insight into life
  • 4. Words to Know
    Archetypes – patterns in literature found around the world(ex. – character types such as mysterious guides, wise old man, evil person, etc.)
    Inference – drawing a conclusion
  • 5. Five Major Literary Devices (Elements)
    Point of view
  • 6. Character
    2 Types of Conflict:
    Internal – the struggle in a character’s own mind b/w opposing needs, desires, or emotions
    External – a character’s struggles against an outside force
    2 Types of Characters:
    Static/Flat – do not change much in the course of the story
    Dynamic/Round – changes as a result of the story’s events
  • 7. Character
    2 Methods of Characterization
    Direct – the writer tells us directly what a character is like or what a person’s motives are
    Indirect – the writer shows us a character but allows us to interpret for ourselves the kind of person we are reading about
  • 8. 5 Methods of Indirect Characterization
    Speech – what does the character say
    Appearance – how do they look
    Private thoughts –
    How other characters in the story feel about them
    ACTIONS – actions always speak louder than words
  • 9. Setting
    What does the writer tell you? What the writer mentions is important.
    Time and place
    Natural world – weather: sky, cloudy, misty, rainy, etc.
    Seasons – autumn, spring, winter, summer
    Creatures – soil, bugs, etc.
    Manufactured Places (Objects of Humans) – man-made objects, homes, cars, factories, dams
  • 10. Setting
    Culture – historical period, religion, beliefs, traditions, etc.
    Setting creates mood (atmosphere). The setting creates the way we feel about a place, it takes us there.
    Setting is important to help in finding symbolism. It can also help in understanding irony.
  • 11. Plot
    Conflict is what drives the story. Conflict is the tension, angst, or struggle within the story.
    Exposition – the background information the author gives
    Complications/Rising Action – are problems that don’t get resolved (bumps in the road)
  • 12. Plot
    Plot describes the conflict
    Crisis/Climax – a decision is reached, and the tension is released in the resolution
    It is important to understand how the events lead to the crisis
    Resolution occurs after the crisis, it is the process of releasing or resolving the tension from the crisis
  • 13. Point of View
    What doe the point of view tell us about what the writer has to say?
    Is the narrator reliable or not?
    First person – “I”
    Third person – limited, the narrator is limited to talking about one character
    Omniscient – narrator knows thoughts of all characters; all knowing narrator