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Effective Management on
Safety, Security and
Environmental Protection
at Sea
Supervisor – Capt. Myint Oo
Visiting Lecturer
Uniteam Marine Training Centre
Our group includes
NS-2 Aung Thiha Lin
NS-3...
Aim and Objectives
The main motive for doing this project on the
three topics mentioned above is to specify
and analyze th...
Safety Management
• Nature of safety management
-means managing the ship freedom from
danger
• Commercialization is challe...
RMS Titanic scarified for better watertight
bulkheads, lifeboats for all, lifeboat drills, boat
crew training, wireless in...
• Navigation
-to utilize all available information an navigational
aid s to ensure a safe passage.
-monitoring and double-...
Heavy weather
• Heavy weather
-how to prepare, alleviate and overcome
-aware of GM
• prevention is utmost importance
• fire drills
Fire
Stability
- everybody should look after his own health and
fitness
-personal cleanliness
-sensible diet
-adequate sleep during rest ...
Medication
• First aid for minor injuries and health
problems
• Radio medical advices for serious injury
• Arrangements fo...
Working aloft and overside
• Planned and
carried in safer
ways
• Warning notice
Entry into enclosed spaces
• “Permit-to-work” system
• Space tested and secured for entry
• Appropriate working dress
• Re...
Life Saving Appliances
Personal Protective Equipments
• Duties of Chief Officer and Junior Officers
• the supervision of loading and discharging
Safety of Cargo
Training for Safety
• to provide qualified seamen and assistance
to them
ISM Code
• to help Shipping Companies develop the
Safety Management System
• is mandatory and provides minimum
requirements
Security
• The state of a shipping company/ vessel/
crew/ port, being or feeling secure; or
• The safety of these against ...
Security levels
• Level 1, normal
• Level 2, heightened
• Level 3, exceptional
Security Officers
• SSO; security of the ship; implementation and
maintenance of SSP
• CSO; carry out SSA and develop SSP
...
Ship Security Assessment (SSA)
• essential and integral part of developing and
updating SSP
• be documented, reviewed, ret...
Ship Security Plan (SSP)
• to solve all security issues
• Guidance for CSO and SSO
• protected from unauthorized access
• ...
Security Equipments
• Locks
• Lightings
• Metal Detectors
• General Alarms, etc
Ship Security Alert System
Security Actions and Responses
• Breach Security
• Stowaway
• Pilferers
Security Actions and Responses
• Hijacking
• Bomb Threats
• Unidentified objects and explosives
Case Study
•
Environmental Protection
Pollution
-air, water and soil pollution as the
consequences of human activities
Maritime Pollution
• entry of harmful substances into the sea
• some sources are land based
Pathway of Pollution
• direct discharge of waste into the oceans
• runoff into the waters due to rain
• pollutants that ar...
Pollution from Ship
General Principles:
• No refuse in the sea
• No oil or fuel discharge
• Do not discharge a sea toilet where it will
affect...
MARPOL 73/78
• International Convention for the Prevention of
Pollution From Ships,1973 as modified by the
Protocol of 197...
Annex I - Oil
• Control of discharge of oil or oily mixtures
• Construction and equipments requirements
from all ships and...
Oil Record Book
• Accurate
• Signed by person in charge of operation
• Available for inspection
Annex II - NoxiousLiquid Substances carriedinBulk
• categorization,survey and certification
• emergency plan, cargo record...
• sewagesystems
• certification
• dischargeof sewage
Annex IV - Sewage
Annex V – Garbage
• Disposal of Garbage
• Special areas
• Garbage record book
Annex VI - Air Pollution
• fuel oil quality, engine power output and
polluter
• SOx and NOx control units
Scrubber Unit
Ballast water management
• to minimize transfer of aquatic species
• safety aspects of BW exchange at sea
• ballast record...
Bunkering Management
• Bunkering plan
• fuel requirement for intended voyage
• non mixing fuel and transfer
• checklists
Exxon Valdez
Thank you
for your
Time and Attention
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Effective Management on Safety, Security and Environmental Protection at Sea

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This is our final year project at Myanmar Maritime University.

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Transcript of "Effective Management on Safety, Security and Environmental Protection at Sea"

  1. 1. Effective Management on Safety, Security and Environmental Protection at Sea
  2. 2. Supervisor – Capt. Myint Oo Visiting Lecturer Uniteam Marine Training Centre Our group includes NS-2 Aung Thiha Lin NS-3 Hein Phyo Aung NS-10 Aung San Win NS-22 Kaung Kyaw Htet NS-50 Thet Naing Aung
  3. 3. Aim and Objectives The main motive for doing this project on the three topics mentioned above is to specify and analyze the Inevitable every seaman; fresh man or veteran; must face everyday at sea and, of course, to bear in mind “Safe, Secure and Clean Sea ”
  4. 4. Safety Management • Nature of safety management -means managing the ship freedom from danger • Commercialization is challenging our safety -frequent conflicts between commercial efficiency and safety • Responsibilities of crew -everybody onboard is their own safety officer
  5. 5. RMS Titanic scarified for better watertight bulkheads, lifeboats for all, lifeboat drills, boat crew training, wireless installation on all passenger ships and 24 hour wireless watch keeping. The Evolution of Safety At Sea
  6. 6. • Navigation -to utilize all available information an navigational aid s to ensure a safe passage. -monitoring and double-checking of every step in the progress Safety of ship
  7. 7. Heavy weather • Heavy weather -how to prepare, alleviate and overcome -aware of GM
  8. 8. • prevention is utmost importance • fire drills Fire
  9. 9. Stability
  10. 10. - everybody should look after his own health and fitness -personal cleanliness -sensible diet -adequate sleep during rest periods -avoidance of alcohol Health and Hygiene
  11. 11. Medication • First aid for minor injuries and health problems • Radio medical advices for serious injury • Arrangements for medical treatment ashore
  12. 12. Working aloft and overside • Planned and carried in safer ways • Warning notice
  13. 13. Entry into enclosed spaces • “Permit-to-work” system • Space tested and secured for entry • Appropriate working dress • Rescuer cautious for his own safety
  14. 14. Life Saving Appliances
  15. 15. Personal Protective Equipments
  16. 16. • Duties of Chief Officer and Junior Officers • the supervision of loading and discharging Safety of Cargo
  17. 17. Training for Safety • to provide qualified seamen and assistance to them
  18. 18. ISM Code • to help Shipping Companies develop the Safety Management System • is mandatory and provides minimum requirements
  19. 19. Security • The state of a shipping company/ vessel/ crew/ port, being or feeling secure; or • The safety of these against terrorism, piracy, and other criminal activities.
  20. 20. Security levels • Level 1, normal • Level 2, heightened • Level 3, exceptional
  21. 21. Security Officers • SSO; security of the ship; implementation and maintenance of SSP • CSO; carry out SSA and develop SSP • PFSO; development, implementation, revision and maintenance of PFSP
  22. 22. Ship Security Assessment (SSA) • essential and integral part of developing and updating SSP • be documented, reviewed, retained, and accepted by the company
  23. 23. Ship Security Plan (SSP) • to solve all security issues • Guidance for CSO and SSO • protected from unauthorized access • kept in an electronic format
  24. 24. Security Equipments • Locks • Lightings • Metal Detectors • General Alarms, etc
  25. 25. Ship Security Alert System
  26. 26. Security Actions and Responses • Breach Security • Stowaway • Pilferers
  27. 27. Security Actions and Responses • Hijacking • Bomb Threats • Unidentified objects and explosives
  28. 28. Case Study •
  29. 29. Environmental Protection Pollution -air, water and soil pollution as the consequences of human activities
  30. 30. Maritime Pollution • entry of harmful substances into the sea • some sources are land based
  31. 31. Pathway of Pollution • direct discharge of waste into the oceans • runoff into the waters due to rain • pollutants that are released from the atmosphere
  32. 32. Pollution from Ship
  33. 33. General Principles: • No refuse in the sea • No oil or fuel discharge • Do not discharge a sea toilet where it will affect water quality or harm amenity value • Keep toxic chemicals out of the marine environment • Avoid disturbing birds and marine life • Take care when anchoring to avoid vulnerable sea beds such as soft coral
  34. 34. MARPOL 73/78 • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships,1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. • To minimize pollution of seas • 136 countries are parties • Contains 6 annexes
  35. 35. Annex I - Oil • Control of discharge of oil or oily mixtures • Construction and equipments requirements from all ships and oil tankers
  36. 36. Oil Record Book • Accurate • Signed by person in charge of operation • Available for inspection
  37. 37. Annex II - NoxiousLiquid Substances carriedinBulk • categorization,survey and certification • emergency plan, cargo record book Annex III - Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form • packing, marking and labeling and stowage • documentations,limitationsand requirements
  38. 38. • sewagesystems • certification • dischargeof sewage Annex IV - Sewage
  39. 39. Annex V – Garbage • Disposal of Garbage • Special areas • Garbage record book
  40. 40. Annex VI - Air Pollution • fuel oil quality, engine power output and polluter • SOx and NOx control units
  41. 41. Scrubber Unit
  42. 42. Ballast water management • to minimize transfer of aquatic species • safety aspects of BW exchange at sea • ballast record book, forms and checklists
  43. 43. Bunkering Management • Bunkering plan • fuel requirement for intended voyage • non mixing fuel and transfer • checklists
  44. 44. Exxon Valdez
  45. 45. Thank you for your Time and Attention
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