The Engineer And The Future

  • 1,139 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,139
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
31
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology THE ENGINEER AND THE FUTURE: Making Impact in a Globlalised World Egbetokun, A. A. and Isola, O. O. National Centre for Technology Management Ile-Ife, NIGERIA Presented at IEEE, OAU, Ile-Ife February 12, 2010 1
  • 2. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Protocols  Appreciation to the conveners of this gathering for inviting me to present at this assembly  Acknowledgment of dignitaries  the Vice Chancellor,  the Dean of the Faculty of Technology,  the Chairman and members of the Local Organising Committee,  Sponsors,  Partners, and  Distinguished participants 2
  • 3. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Outline  Introduction  Concepts  The Engineer  The Future  Globalisation  Agenda for Action  Concluding Remarks 3
  • 4. I have found that all ugly things are made by those who strive to make something beautiful, and that all beautiful things are made by those who strive to make something useful. Oscar Wilde (1854-1900, Anglo-Irish playwright, author, The Value of Art in Modern Life, 1884). 11 February 2010 4
  • 5. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Concepts  The combination of Science, Engineering, Technology and Innovation (SETI) are required for a nation to achieve meaningful growth and development.  SCIENCE = organised or systematic knowledge of empirical phenomena with the main goal of directing or forecasting these phenomena using the understanding acquired through systematic inquiry.  ENGINEERING = the application of science to the optimum conversion of the resources of nature to the uses of humankind.  TECHNOLOGY = the totality of knowledge-based activities directly applicable to the production and improvement of goods and services.  INNOVATION = the process by which firms master and implement the design and production of goods and services that are new to 5 them © NACETEM 2009
  • 6. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology The Engineer  "able to solve problems, generally engineering but increasingly multi-disciplinary, through applying a deep understanding of mathematics and scientific principles.’’ o Jamie Goggins Engineers Journal I Volume 62: Issue 9 November 2008 6 © NACETEM 2009
  • 7. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology …today  “…Engineering schools beget engineers. Engineers beget ideas. And ideas beget companies.” - Guy Kawasaki, Reality Check (2008)  “…Today’s engineer is on a different planet. He or she faces of life of multiple project assignments with an almost interchangeable array of employers, clients, start-ups and established firms; these assignments require an extraordinarily broad set of technical, business, and interpersonal skills performed as part of ever-changing and shifting interdisciplinary teams.” - David Goldberg, The Entrepreneurial Engineer (2006) 7
  • 8. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology …and then, globalisation  the process whereby, in the interest of free trade, nation-based legal, regulatory, fiduciary, logistical and technical barriers are progressively reduced (Locke, 2005). 8 © NACETEM 2009
  • 9. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology …The Future will intensify  Abundance of knowledge  Virtual division of the new global economy based on access to knowledge and ability to exploit it  Economic activities shifted from largely domestic affairs to more complex international relationships  Unprecedented cross-border transferability of information and the removal of trade barriers  Significantly increased occurrence of externalities within nations  Global employment challenges 9 © NACETEM 2009
  • 10. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Youth Unemployment 15-24 age group (2000-2008) 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 2004 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 Nigeria Ghana SA 10 © NACETEM 2009
  • 11. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Youth Unemployment 25+ age group (2000-2008) 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Nigeria Ghana SA 11 © NACETEM 2009
  • 12. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology DEVELOPING ECONOMIES EMERGING ECONOMIES DEVELOPED ECONOMIES 12
  • 13. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Development Status Report (1) Country Human Per Capita % population % population Developmen GDP (PPP below $1/day below $2/day t Index USD) ranking Singapore 25 24481 - - South Korea 27 17971 <2 <2 Chile 39 10274 <2 9.6 Malaysia 56 9512 <2 9.3 South Africa 94 10346 10.7 34.1 China 87 5003 16.6 46.7 Nigeria 136 1050 70.2 90.8 13
  • 14. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Development Status Report (2)  29% of children ages of 0-5 years are underweight.  Less than 40% of the population connected to the national electricity grid  Agricultural contribution to GDP has fallen consistently to about 40% in 1987 and 33% in 2005  Average capacity utilisation in the manufacturing sector still less than 50%  Manufacturing accounted for just 9.6% of the non-oil GDP in 2005 14
  • 15. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology ON THE MARCH TO THE FUTURE What we need to do 15
  • 16. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Action Points  Know your subject by reading, tutelage and study  Learn to write/communicate: English and not EngliS!  Learn to read and understand data  Contacts: you’re only as good as your network 16
  • 17. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Action Points  Immerse yourself in the right groups: no point standing out if you’re in the wrong audience  Openness/Team spirit: the best things are done by TEAMS  That’s why more people would watch Champions League than Grand Slam!  FOCUS 17
  • 18. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Are you a flash light ?...  Very bright at the on set  Travels far with white light  Lacks focus and concentration  When seen from afar can not tell whether it is head lamp for bike, bus, truck. …or an Infra Red ray?  Focused from beginning to the end  You must be able to use your strength to mask your weaknesses. 18
  • 19. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Technical Fundamentals are Key…  It is impossible to address any technology-based challenge, no matter how ‘small’ without strong technical fundamentals, such as thermodynamics, circuits, quantum theory, physical properties of solids, optics, fluid mechanics, physiology, and molecular biology. 19
  • 20. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology …but  The electrical engineer of today who has confined his work entirely to theoretical fields has, comparatively speaking, very little chance in competition with his brother worker who, in addition to much practical experience, has been trained in commercial ways… 20
  • 21. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Build Capacity Widely  The statement so often made that the electrical profession is overcrowded is absolutely untrue…there are dozens of positions waiting and there always will be, for the demand exceeds the supply, many, many times. Amateur Works Magazine http://chestofbooks.com/crafts/popular- mechanics/Amateur-Work-6/index.html 21
  • 22. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology 3 Core Requisites for the Future Engineer  Ability to analyse (technical as well as business issues)  Ability to translate important concepts and conclusions into the language of different constituencies (e.g., your boss, investors, non-technical colleagues, reporters)  Ability to perceive new opportunities - connecting disparate ideas from different disciplines in new ways 22
  • 23. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Concluding remarks 23
  • 24. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT An Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology THANK YOU! Comments & Questions 24