• What is Title IX?
• What is sex discrimination, including sexual assault
and sexual harassment?
• How do I report it?
• How does my college /employer address complaints?
What are the procedures?
Objectives for Everyone
Title IX of the Education Amendments
of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in
educational programs and activities.
What is Title IX?
No person in the United States shall, on the
basis of sex, be excluded from participation in,
be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to
discrimination under any education program
or activity receiving Federal financial
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Title IX Text
The College has a duty to promptly respond
to complaints of sexual harassment and
sexual violence in a way that limits its effects
and prevents its recurrence.
What does this mean for SUNY Oswego?
Sex discrimination includes all forms of sexual
harassment, including verbal sexual harassment and
sexual violence by employees, students, or third
parties against employees, students, or third
Also? Unequal pay based on gender, discrimination
on the basis of pregnancy, unequal distribution of
athletic funds, unequal admissions and financial aid
What is “sex discrimination?”
Sexual violence: physical sexual acts
perpetrated without consent.
Consent is clear, unambiguous, and voluntary
agreement between the participants to engage in
specific sexual activity.
-Conduct commonly known as rape
- Sexual assault
What is Sexual Violence?
Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual
nature that is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive
that it unreasonable interferes with, denies, or limits
someone’s ability to participate in or benefit from a
program or activity.
Examples & Information:
- Requests for sexual favors
- Unwelcome advances
- Sexist comments
- May occur in a single episode or be persistent behavior
What is Sexual Harassment?
43. D. Sexual Misconduct including all forms of sexual violence, including but not
the imposition of sexual contact or physical exposure without consent;
nonconsensual sexual intercourse;
sexual profanity targeted toward an individual;
all forms of intimidation or coercion to exact sexual favors;
use of alcohol or other drugs to exact sexual contact;
nonconsensual verbal, non-verbal, or cyber communication of a sexual nature as
well as nonconsensual photography, video or audio taping or posting of sexual
sexual contact upon another who is reasonably unable to consent for any
reason, particularly due to their use of alcohol, or other substances, emotional
distress or sleep.
Victims of sexual harassment or sexual violence
might be faculty, staff, students, or third parties.
Similarly, the accused may be from any of those
Victims and alleged perpetrators can be male or
female. Harassment can take place between two
individuals of the same sex.
Who are the parties?
• What should I report?
• Who needs to report sexual
harassment or sexual violence?
•How do I report? When? To whom?
• Am I required to report?
Reporting Sex Discrimination
• Any observed, experienced, or known sex
discrimination, including sexual
harassment and sexual violence.
• Doesn’t matter if it occurred on-
campus, off-campus, on spring break in
Mexico, last week, or two years ago.
What should I report?
Anyone who experiences, observes, or hears
about an incident of sexual harassment or sex
discrimination should report it to the Title IX
Coordinator or another campus official as soon as
This includes deans, department
chairs, faculty, staff, students, and third parties.*
There are exceptions to mandatory
reporting, covered later.
Who needs to report?
Everyone should report.
Coach who receives a report of sexual assault from a
Residence Assistant who observes sexual harassment.
Employee who observes sexual assault in the
Who needs to report?
A student approaches a faculty member to report sexual
harassment. The faculty member refers complainant to Title
Faculty member reports to the Title IX Coordinator OR:
- Department chair/Dean
- HR director (if accused is an employee)
- Student Conduct Officer (if accused is a student)
Department chairs, deans, HR, and student conduct should
all keep TIXC in the loop.
Title IX Coordinator reaches out to complainant/victim
What Reporting Looks Like
• Anyone likely to receive reports of sexual
harassment or sexual violence.
•Examples: Coaches, student-athletes, residence
life staff, law enforcement, health center
staff, student mentors, student
leaders, administrators, faculty members, staff
• People with first-line access to the campus
community, lots of interaction.
Who is most likely to report?
• Report to the Title IX Coordinator or follow
your department procedure
•This may include reporting to your supervisor
or department chair
• Report as soon as possible
University Police: 315-312- 5555 or
the Title IX Coordinator
How do I report?
TITLE IX COORDINATOR
Inquiries concerning the application
of Title IX may be referred to:
Title IX Coordinator
501 Culkin Hall, 315-312-5604
TITLE IX INVESTIGATORS
Dr. Julie Pretzat
This college is obligated by law to
designate specific people who are
specially trained and experienced
address complaints of sex
discrimination, including helping victims
navigate the process and seek remedies.
How does the TIXC help victims?
• Provides information about available remedies:
complaint processes on and off campus, filing a
• Notifies the victim about resources: health
services, counseling, academic support, local
rape crisis center
• Offers reasonable interim measures, which
may include a change in housing, work
schedule, academic schedule, and a no-contact
order between the victim and accused
Why You Call The Title IX Coordinator
The law requires the college to
designate a Title IX Coordinator to
do this job.
Why can’t the supervisor/professor/RA just
•15 years of non-compliance with TIX
• Coaches and senior administrators knew of
long-time sexual misconduct (child sex abuse)
and failed to report it properly and remedy it.
•Title IX protects any person on campus or
w/a nexus, including visitors
• Fear of retaliation at PSU
Law enforcement involvement does not
relieve the institution from investigating
under Title IX.
Also: you may have a TIX violation
without a criminal violation (standard of
proof is different).
How about I just tell the police?
What else does the Coordinator do?
- Keeps track of reports and complaints: a
centralized and organized record for all
investigations of sex discrimination
- Identifies patterns of harassment among
certain groups, departments, geographic
locations, teams, clubs, etc.
-Provides training to the campus community
Victim A Victim B Victim C
Dean RA Police Officer
Available evidence is different in each case. A and B may
not want to file a criminal complaint. The Dean and RA
each intend to “handle” the situation however they can.
No one knows that there are three alleged victims naming
the same accused student.
Worst Case Scenario
What about confidentiality?
•The Title IX Coordinator is a professional—
information reported is never broadcast or
otherwise made public.
•The college will protect your privacy to the
extent possible under the law
•The college is required by law to
investigate, but that investigation will be limited
by the information provided by victims and the
victim’s interest in pursuing a formal complaint
Why isn’t confidentiality GUARANTEED?
The Coordinator has to balance
confidentiality with the safety of
other members of the college
Examples: repeat offenders, accused poses an
imminent threat of danger to the complainant
or the community, accused has access to a
Who can I talk to confidentially?
•Local off-campus rape crisis center
•Licensed mental health professionals
• If you’re not sure of someone’s ability to
keep information confidential, ask them.
What’s the point in reporting if a
complainant doesn’t want a hearing?
• The Title IX Coordinator can help victims by
providing remedies and resources, as well as
assessing training and safety needs on campus
based on whatever information is provided by
• Victims might and can change their minds.
S/he was taking drugs or alcohol
at the time and is afraid to report.
Good Samaritan Policy
It is the intent of the College to encourage a witness or victim of
an alcohol or other drug overdose to seek emergency assistance.
The College aims to prevent future alcohol and drug related
emergencies by providing education to victims of such
emergencies and referring those victims to appropriate services.
To that end, the College expects students to report emergency
need for medical attention when they observe them.
What if a complainant doesn’t want to file a
What if the complainant is reluctant to
cooperate at all?
The TIXC will inform you or the victim about:
•Available medical services, counseling, and academic
support services, whether on or off-campus
• Options, including Title IX grievance
procedure, filing a criminal complaint, using the
campus judicial procedure
• Available interim remedies before an investigation
or hearing takes place (housing, academic, other)
You’ve reported. What now?
Many campuses have an internal grievance
procedure that is administered by the Affirmative
Action Office. It is a complaint resolution process
with established timelines and procedures.
There are both informal and formal resolution
options. Cases of sexual violence may not be
resolved by mediation.
What is the grievance procedure?
The TIXC will investigate by reviewing relevant
information and interviewing pertinent
witnesses. S/he may bring the complainant
and accused together (except in cases of
sexual assault). All parties must mutually
agree to resolve the matter.
At any time, the complainant can elect to
proceed to the formal procedure.
What is informal resolution?
• Complainant completes intake form
• Interviews conducted with the complainant
• Witness interviews
• A review of written statements submitted
by the parties
• Determination is issued by the AAO to the
complainant and respondent
How is the complaint reviewed?
A. A determination that the complaint was
not substantiated. Complaint is dismissed
and the College does not take further
B. A determination that the complaint was
substantiated. Complaint is forwarded to
the appropriate disciplinary process (for
students and union members) or President
can take action.
What are the outcomes of formal resolution?
• All parties will be treated equally and fairly
• Retaliation is prohibited (against ANY
participants in the process—
accused, victim, witnesses, reporting
• Alternative arrangements during hearings
• Prompt investigations, published timelines
• Notice of outcome
What protections does Title IX Offer to Parties?
Retaliation against ANY participants
in the process—accused, victim,
witnesses, reporting individuals—is
Two Sentence Wrap-Up
The college has a duty to promptly address
complaints of sex discrimination, including sexual
harassment and sexual violence, to limit the effects
of the discrimination, and to prevent its
The best way to meet this requirement efficiently is
to have a clear and functional reporting channel to
the Title IX coordinator and to train the campus
community about how to recognize sex
discrimination and how to report it.
Two Sentence Wrap-Up, Simply
College must (attempt) to:
•Promptly help the victim
•Eliminate future harm.
Always report observed or experienced
sex discrimination to the Title IX
For more information
Counseling Center 315-312-4416
Dean of Students 315-312-3214
Health Center 315-312-4100
Human Resources 315-312-3702
Lifestyles Center 315-312-5648
Services to Aid Families 315-342-1600 (or x7777)
Student Conduct & Compliance 315-312-3378
Title IX Coordinator 315-312-5604
University Police 315-312-5555
For more information about safety on campus read
the Annual Security and Fire Report:
-crime statistics for specific criminal offenses and
-prevention programs and policies for sexual
assault, alcohol and other drug abuse, and other