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Lights and Sound
Lights
4 Major Functions
1. See actors
2. Focus audience attention
3. Create a mood
4. Establish interior/exterior light s...
See actors
• Spot
– Direct lighting on an actor that does not
move
• Follow spot
– Moveable light that follows an actor ar...
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Focus audience attention
• Spot light
– Darkness everywhere except spot
• Dimmer in certain areas of the stage to
pull foc...
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Create a Mood
• Bright vs. Dark
• Color symbolism
• Happiness
• Eeriness
• Etc.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Interior/Exterior Light Source
• Sunlight into a room
– Windows
– doors
• Time of day
– Interior or exterior
• Lamp
• Over...
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Process
1. Read the script and take notes
– Light sources
– Affects
• Strobe
• Police cars
• Etc.
– Time of day
– Time of ...
Process
2. Speak to the director and take notes
• Color symbolism
• Mood in scenes
• Areas of the stage
• Locations of set...
Areas of the stage
• Our stage areas
Equipment
• Lamp -- actual bulb in the light
• Fixture -- houses the lamp
• Gel -- inserts in front of the light to
change...
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Process
3. Light Plot
map of lights available in a venue
Simple Light Plot
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
State of the Art Venue
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Process
4. Cue Sheet (also called prompt sheet) -- chart
out every moment that lights change
Cue = The moment in the scrip...
Example of cue sheet
# Pg. # cue Description
of change
1 1 Top of show House lights
down; lights
up SR
2 1 “get thee to a
...
Sound Design
Major Functions
• Establish Mood
• Provide realistic sound
• Situate the audience in the world of the
play
Establish Mood
• Mostly through music
– Pre-show
• Audience will know the vibe of the show before it starts
– Transitions
...
Ben Lovett
http://www.echomountain
.net/news/black-rock-movie-out-in-theaters-scored-by-ben-lovett-h
Provide Realistic Sounds
Doorbell
Door knocking
Phone ringing
Dog barking
Toilet flushing
Videos
• Foley Artist = Create sound for movie.
Not usually used in theatre but provides
a good example of sound creating
...
Situate the audience in the
world of the play
• Time Period
– Especially with music
– Telephone sounds (old school vs. cel...
Wall-E
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=TSf8Er2gV_Q
Process
1. Read the script and take notes
– Time period
– Time of day
– Locations
– Realistic sounds
Process
2. Talk to the director and take notes
• Mood
• Transitions
• Music
• Pre-show
Process
3. Cue Sheet - Similar to lighting cue
sheet
Cue # Page # Cue in script Description of
change
1 1 Top of show Fade out pre-
show; fade in
Mozart track 1
2 1 “get thee ...
How to acquire sound
• CD’s
– Music
– Sound affects
• Internet
– Youtube
– Pay sites
Activity
• Create a WWW for a lighting term or a
sound term
(spot, follow spot, wash, gel, gobo, cue,
fade, foley artist)
...
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Light and sound design - basic

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Transcript of "Light and sound design - basic"

  1. 1. Lights and Sound
  2. 2. Lights 4 Major Functions 1. See actors 2. Focus audience attention 3. Create a mood 4. Establish interior/exterior light sources
  3. 3. See actors • Spot – Direct lighting on an actor that does not move • Follow spot – Moveable light that follows an actor around the stage • Wash – General lighting that covers an area with more than one actor
  4. 4. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  5. 5. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  6. 6. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  7. 7. Focus audience attention • Spot light – Darkness everywhere except spot • Dimmer in certain areas of the stage to pull focus to more lit areas
  8. 8. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  9. 9. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  10. 10. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  11. 11. Create a Mood • Bright vs. Dark • Color symbolism • Happiness • Eeriness • Etc.
  12. 12. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  13. 13. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  14. 14. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  15. 15. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  16. 16. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  17. 17. Interior/Exterior Light Source • Sunlight into a room – Windows – doors • Time of day – Interior or exterior • Lamp • Overhead light
  18. 18. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  19. 19. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  20. 20. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  21. 21. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  22. 22. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  23. 23. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  24. 24. Process 1. Read the script and take notes – Light sources – Affects • Strobe • Police cars • Etc. – Time of day – Time of year • Winter darker than summer
  25. 25. Process 2. Speak to the director and take notes • Color symbolism • Mood in scenes • Areas of the stage • Locations of set pieces
  26. 26. Areas of the stage • Our stage areas
  27. 27. Equipment • Lamp -- actual bulb in the light • Fixture -- houses the lamp • Gel -- inserts in front of the light to change the color or filter the light • Gobo -- gel that projects a certain image • Board -- controls the lights from the booth
  28. 28. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  29. 29. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  30. 30. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  31. 31. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  32. 32. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  33. 33. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  34. 34. Process 3. Light Plot map of lights available in a venue
  35. 35. Simple Light Plot QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  36. 36. State of the Art Venue QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  37. 37. Process 4. Cue Sheet (also called prompt sheet) -- chart out every moment that lights change Cue = The moment in the script when the lights change. Top = beginning Up = on Down = off Fade in = slowly come on Fade out = slowly turn off
  38. 38. Example of cue sheet # Pg. # cue Description of change 1 1 Top of show House lights down; lights up SR 2 1 “get thee to a nunnery” Fade out SR; DC Spot 3 2 Transition to scene 2 (Ophelia screams) Work lights up; full stage wash top of scene 2
  39. 39. Sound Design
  40. 40. Major Functions • Establish Mood • Provide realistic sound • Situate the audience in the world of the play
  41. 41. Establish Mood • Mostly through music – Pre-show • Audience will know the vibe of the show before it starts – Transitions • No dead space • Move feelings from one emotion to the next – During scenes and at certain moments • Heightens tension • Builds romance – Helps the audience understand how they should be feeling
  42. 42. Ben Lovett http://www.echomountain .net/news/black-rock-movie-out-in-theaters-scored-by-ben-lovett-h
  43. 43. Provide Realistic Sounds Doorbell Door knocking Phone ringing Dog barking Toilet flushing
  44. 44. Videos • Foley Artist = Create sound for movie. Not usually used in theatre but provides a good example of sound creating realism. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=UNvKhe2npMM&noredirect=1
  45. 45. Situate the audience in the world of the play • Time Period – Especially with music – Telephone sounds (old school vs. cell) • Time of Day – Crickets chirping – Birds singing/rooster crowing • Location – City sounds – Country sounds – School – Office – hospital
  46. 46. Wall-E http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=TSf8Er2gV_Q
  47. 47. Process 1. Read the script and take notes – Time period – Time of day – Locations – Realistic sounds
  48. 48. Process 2. Talk to the director and take notes • Mood • Transitions • Music • Pre-show
  49. 49. Process 3. Cue Sheet - Similar to lighting cue sheet
  50. 50. Cue # Page # Cue in script Description of change 1 1 Top of show Fade out pre- show; fade in Mozart track 1 2 1 “get thee to a nunnery” OS - sound of glass breaking Affects Track 1 3 2 (Ophelia crosses to C) Door knocking - Affects track 2
  51. 51. How to acquire sound • CD’s – Music – Sound affects • Internet – Youtube – Pay sites
  52. 52. Activity • Create a WWW for a lighting term or a sound term (spot, follow spot, wash, gel, gobo, cue, fade, foley artist) • Create either a sound or a light cue sheet for the provided scene – Cue sheet must have at least four cues. – Be creative; make choices.
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