) is a popular hill station in the Indian state of
Uttarakhand and headquarters of Nainital district in the Kumaon foothills
of the outer Himalayas.
Situated at an altitude of 2,084 metres (6,837 ft) above sea level,
Nainital is set in a valley containing a pear-shaped lake, approximately
two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains, of which the
highest are Naina (2,615 m (8,579 ft)) on the north, Deopatha (2,438 m
(7,999 ft)) on the west, and Ayarpatha (2,278 m (7,474 ft)) on the south.
ClimateNainital has temperate summers, maximum temperature 27 °C (81 °F);
minimum temperature 7 °C (45 °F).
In the winter, Nainital receives snowfall between December and
February with the temperatures varying between a maximum of 15 °C
(59 °F) and a minimum of −3 °C (27 °F).
MythologyIt is believed that Nainital figures in some ancient myths of India. In the
Manas Khand of the Skand Puranas, Nainital Lake is called Tri-RishiSarovar, hinting at the story of three sages (or rishis), Atri, Pulastya and
Pulaha, who, upon finding no water in Nainital, dug a large hole at the
location of the present day lake (sarovar = lake) and filled it with water
from the holy lake Manasarovar in Tibet. According to lore, a dip in Naini
Lake, "the lesser Manasarovar," earns merit equal to a dip in the great
TourismTourism is the most significant segment of the Nainital's economy.
Following are the places most visited by tourists :
1-Nainital Lake- Also known as Naini Lake, it is situated in the heart of the
city and it is owing to this lake that Nainital earned its name. The eyeshaped lake is a tourist hotspot and acts as a magnet for all those visiting
the hill resort.Here, a person can either take a leisurely stroll or indulge in
boating and enjoy the surrounding beauty. The northern end of the lake is
called Mallital, while the southern one is called Tallital.
2-Naina Devi Temple- The temple is located on the northern shore of Naini
lake. The presiding deity of the temple is Maa Naina Devi represented by
two Netras or eyes. Flanking Naina Devi are the deities of Mata Kali and
3-St. John in the Wilderness- a church established in 1844 and is located on
the north end of town (Mallital).
4-Governor's Housealso known Raj Bhavan and formerly, Government House was built in
1899 and designed in the Victorian Gothic domestic style (also called
"domestic Gothic") by the architect F.W. Stevens. Originally built as the
summer residence of the governor of the North West Province.
5-Naini Peakalso known as China or Cheena Peak or Naina Peak is the highest peak in
the town, with an altitude of 2,615 m (8,579 ft). and at a walking distance
of 6 km (3.7 mi) from the north end of the town (Mallital).
6-Tiffin Topalso known as Dorothy's Seat This terraced hill top (2,292 m (7,520 ft)) on
Ayarpatta hill is a 4 km (2.5 mi) hike from the town centre and commands a
nice view of the neighbouring country side
7-Gurney Housethe former residence, of Jim Corbett, is located on Ayarpatta Hill.
Places near NainitalJim Corbett National Park- in the Nainital district is India's oldest national
park. The park, which is 63 km (39 mi) west by north-west of
Nainital, contains a wide variety of wild life including
elephant, tiger, chital, Sambar Deer, nilgai, gharial etc.
Mukteshwar -is a picturesque town 52 km north-east of Nainital, is home to
the Indian Veterinary Research Institute.
Bhimtal Lake– Situated 22 km from the city center, Bhimtal Lake is the
biggest lake of Nainital.
Ghorakhal- Ghorakhal is the place situated in the Nainital district of the
Uttarakhand state of India.
Naukuchia Tal- It is the deepest of the lakes in the greater Naintal area.