Intro Officially started in Paris in 1924 Publication of The Surrealist Manifesto by Andre Breton Focused on theories of Freud Started as literary movement
FREUD! Psychologist Lots of crazy theories Ones important to surrealism are:1. Dream Theories2. General hidden desires in unconscious (mention first to come up with it)3. Free Association (form of therapy, explain it and how leads into Breton)
Key Characteristics Common Characteristics of Surrealism:1. The use of collage in every medium including film2. Automatism: method artist let the subconscious be hand that created art3. Influenced by Dadaist and Cubist4. Influenced the early Abstractionist5. Idea based on anti- war art (WWI)
Differences from other movements The Dada movement: purpose was to show life has no meaning or purpose, protest of the war, for surrealism peaceful protest Cubism: idea of shapes working together, all in the conscious mind Abstractionism: branched from surrealism, created mainly on feelings, surrealism more dream like
Andre Breton Created The Surrealist Manifesto based on the “pure psychic automatism”
Max Ernst Leading Veristic Surrealist artist Invented a new method called frottage Transferring textures suggest proactive approach to composing image Experiment with mediums like, collage, decalcomania and exquisite corpse
Max Ernst cont. Got impression from dreams/nightmares A reoccurring character is some of his work is Loplop
End Start of WWII ended it in Europe Breton and others moved it to New York Breton died, movement no longer organized group Some artists continued as self- labeled surrealists Surrealism itself hasn’t really ended and can still be seen today
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