Introduction to Computers and the Windows Operating System Instructor: David Park Aug/27/08
What is a computer?
What is an operating system?
The Windows Screen
Starting and shutting down your computer
The mouse according to Windows
Opening and closing programs
Menu bars and Tool Bars
Cut/Copy and Paste
What is a personal computer
Box, tower, etc.
Keyboard and mouse
Program used to control computer, link between user and internal working of computer and programs
Windows vs. Mac vs. Linux
Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT, XP,Vista?
Desktop and icons
Starting your computer
Before starting your computer make sure you do not have a diskette in your A drive
To start your computer just turn on the power switch or power bar (the computer will take a few minutes to go through its initialization procedure and you will eventually see your desktop and icons)
If this does not happen check that your monitor (i.e. screen ) is on .
Starting your computer, cont.
If computer was shut improperly, you may see a screen saying Windows would like to check your files for errors.
It may then say it has found an error and ask if it should fix the error. You will probably want to tell it to fix the error and skip the undo disk and next time try to do a proper shutdown
Shutting down your computer
Windows is very finicky about being shut down properly (do not just shut the power off)
Move your cursor to start button and click
Click on the radio button beside Shut down
Click on OK button
WAIT (Windows will go through an elaborate process of making sure all programs are shut down. You will then see a Windows screen and eventually a black screen with the words “It’s now safe to turn off your computer”)
Shutting down your computer, cont.
You may now turn off the power button/bar.
In some cases when Windows cannot finish it’s shutdown sequence, your may have to shut down by restarting or shutting off the power before Windows is ready.
Restarting your computer
Sometimes your computer will start doing funny things or your mouse will stop working
Try ALT + CTL + DELETE
If you see a program is not responding, you can try to highlight that program and press the “End Task” button.
If nothing happens try ALT + CTL + DELETE again. This will restart your computer
Restarting your computer, cont.
If your mouse is working you can click on Start button, click on Shutdown but click on the radio button beside Restart and your computer will restart
Useful if your modem stops functioning.
Pointing device that moves pointer or cursor
Point and click (tip of the arrow is the point)
Left and right buttons
Start programs - 1 click vs 2 clicks
Highlight text (click and drag)
Practice makes perfect
Click on up and down arrows
Click on top of and below that darker box without touching the box
Click and drag the darker box
Keyboard (make sure cursor is on page by clicking on empty space)
Use arrow keys
Use page up, page down, home and end
If on desktop as icon, double click on icon. If does not open press “Enter” key.
Click on “Start” button, Move cursor up to “Programs”. After menu on the right appears move cursor over to menu and up or down to required program. Click on program
If program has been minimized and appears on task bar, click on square representing program.
Click on the X icon in the top right hand corner of the window
Put your cursor on File in menu bar and click, then move cursor down the drop-down menu to the bottom to word “Quit” or “Exit” or “Close”. Click on the word
Hold down the Alt key and press F4 .
Minimize window Enlarge Screen Close Program
Title bar Menu bar Tool bar Format bar Status bar Task bar Start button
Using Menu Bars
All Windows programs have a menu bar and everything you can do with that program will be available from one of the drop-down menus
Place tip of the cursor on the word in Menu bar and click. Move cursor down drop-down menu to action you want to perform and click.
If item has an arrow pointing to the right move cursor to the right to see the submenu.
Menu items common to most Windows programs
File (includes New file, open file, save and print functions)
Edit (includes Find and Cut, Copy and Paste)
View (allows you to change the look of screen by adding and subtracting bars like tool bar)
Tools (most programs but program specific)
Window (allows you arrange windows and choose between different files)
Help used to give help in program’s functions and gives version no. for troubleshooting purposes
Cut/Copy and Paste
Place your cursor at the beginning of the text you would like to cut or copy, click with left-hand button keeping the button down.
Move the cursor to right to highlight the section or words you want to copy (move cursor down to get whole paragraph or page)
When the text you wanted to copy or move is highlighted, let go of the mouse button
If you highlight too much text, do not let go of the button but adjust the cursor until you have the right amount of text. If you let go, start over by clicking anywhere that is not a link and start over.
Cut/Copy and Paste, cont.
Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down the drop down menu until you reach “Cut” or “Copy” and click (“Cut” will remove the text and “Copy” will leave it where it is)
Move the cursor to the area of the document or file where you would like to put the text and click making sure the blinking cursor is where you want the text to be
Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down drop down menu until you reach Paste and click
Using Tool Bars
Icons which represent frequently used actions
Place tip of cursor in middle of icon and click
Opening files, printing, and saving files are common in tool bars
If you do not know what an icon signifies, move cursor over the icon and wait for a couple of seconds and a brief description will appear.
If do not need tool bar (all actions available from Menu bar) can get rid of tool bar by clicking on “View” in Menu bar