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The Great Pyramids Of Giza
 

The Great Pyramids Of Giza

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    The Great Pyramids Of Giza The Great Pyramids Of Giza Presentation Transcript

    • The Great Pyramids of Giza Charles Kim
    • The Great Pyramid of Giza
      • Sometimes called Khufu’s Pyramid or Pyramid of Cheops
      • Oldest and the largest and most famous of all the pyramids in Egypt
      • It is the only remaining 7 wonders of the ancient world that still stands today
      • For nearly 4000 years it remained the tallest man made structure in the world
    • Where are the Great Pyramids of Giza?
      • The Great Pyramids of Giza are located in modern day Egypt
      • They are just south of Ciro or more accurately just beyond borders of the city
      • Today the Pyramids of Giza is a big tourist attraction
    • Where are the Great Pyramids of Giza?
      • The Great Pyramids of Giza are located in modern day Egypt
      • They are just south of Ciro or more accurately just beyond borders of the city
    • When was it built?
      • The construction of the Great Pyramids of Giza began around 2540 BC
      • The construction took 14-20 years and was completed around 2560 BC
    • How big is it?
      • The highest point of the pyramid was approximately 137m high, the original size was believed to be 146.6 m
      • Each base side was about 230 meters
      • It weighed about 5.9 million tons
    • Construction
      • The pyramid is believed to have been constructed for pharaoh Khufu
      • About 800 tones of rock was believed to be moved everyday
      • All the stone pieces were made to fit together with extreme precision most 1/50 of an inch off perfect
      • Each side has a 58 millimeter in length form forming a perfect square
    • Construction
      • Believed to have been pieced together with large stone blocks on a quarry and dragging them into place
      • Casting stones were placed on the pyramid once it was finished in order to give it a smooth look
      • A gold cap was supposedly on the top of the pyramid before it was pillaged by attackers
    • The inside
      • There were 2 main burial chambers in the pyramid
      • Has both ascending and descending chambers
      • The Queen was apparently buried in the same place as the king
      • The unfinished chamber was supposedly the original spot for the chamber but the pharaoh changed his mind and wanted it to be placed higher
    • Why was it built?
      • It was built as a burial ground for the Pharaoh
      • They had an unusual belief in the afterlife
      • The people in Egypt believed that the Pharaoh was a god they needed an elaborate resting place for this ruler
      • Homage to the gods
    • The Pyramids Today
      • Today the Pyramids of Giza is a big tourist attraction
      • The pyramids are in amazingly good condition considering they are nearly 3500 years old
      • The edges are deteriorating and the government is enforcing laws to protect the pyramids
    • The End
      • Thank you for watching