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  • 1. Food in Ancient & Modern Greek
    By: Rebecca Lee
    Date: August, 25th, 2009
  • 2. Mealtimes in Ancient Greece
    The Greek diet consisted of what could be easily grown in the rocky terrain of the Greek landscape.
    • Breakfast was eaten just after sunrise. Breakfast consisted of bread dipped in wine.
    • 3. Lunch consisted of bread dipped in wine along with olives, figs, cheese or dried fish.
    • 4. Dinner was the main meal of the day & it was eaten near
    sunset. Dinner consisted of vegetables, fruits, fish &
    sometimes honey cakes.
    • Since sugar was unknown to the ancient Greeks, they used
    natural honey as a sweetener.
  • 5. Food & Drinks in Ancient Greece
    • Food: Fish, Beef & Pork. Fish was the main source of protein
    since beef was very expensive, it was not eaten as much.
    Beef & pork were only available to the poor during religious
    • It was during religious festivals that they made sacrifices of
    pigs or cows to the gods, cooked the meat & handed it out
    to the public.
    • Drinks: Wine was the main drink, however it was watered
    down. The Greeks believed that to drink it straight was
    ‘barbaric’. Milk was also rarely drunk, was used mainly for
    cheese production, & was also considered ‘barbaric’.
    Water was another possible drink.
  • 6. Did the Greeks use utensils??
    • The Greeks did not use any utensils because they didn’t have
    any. Instead they used their hands to eat.
    • Bread was used as a spoon to scoop out thick soup & was
    also used as napkins to clean their hands afterwards. After
    being used as a napkin, it would be thrown on the floor for
    the dogs or for the slaves to clean up later.
    • Men often gathered for dinner parties called symposiums. Having guests in the house was a “male-only” affair, however women of the house were not permitted to attend. After giving a wine offering to the gods, the men drank and talked about politics or morals.
    • 7. Often young girls and boys would be employed to entertain guests with music and dance.
  • My Menu of Modern Greek Food
  • What’s on the Menu?
    • Starter: Riganatha (Greek version of Bruschetta) Ingredients:
    -3/4-inch slices of country style bread
    - chopped tomatoes
    - crumbled feta cheese
    - extra virgin olive oil
    - dried Greek oregano (rigani)
    Cooks in 10 minutes.
    Grilled bread topped with tomatoes, feta cheese, and oregano
  • 15.
    • Soup:KotosoupaAvgolemono (Chicken & Rice Soup with
    Egg and Lemon) Ingredients:
    - 1 chicken, 3-4 pounds, cut in pieces
    - 12 cups of water
    - 2 cups of round rice
    - sea salt
    - ground pepper
    - 1/4 teaspoon of Greek oregano
    - 3 tablespoons of olive oil
    - 2 eggs
    - juice of 2 lemons
    - 1 tablespoon of water
    Serves 8 -10 people.
  • 16. Salad:LahanikaMarinate: Marinated Mixed Vegetable Salad
    Ingredients: -1/4 pound of fresh cap mushrooms, cleaned (2/3 cup of canned)
    - 2 cups of cauliflower flowerets or approximately 15 flowerets
    - 1 1/4 cups of diced celery
    - 1 1/2 cups of chopped carrots
    - 1/4 pound of pearl onions, peeled
    - 1 3/4 cups of water + 1/4 cup of hot water
    - 1/2 cup of extra virgin olive oil
    - 1 cup of dry white wine
    - 1 vegetable boullion cube
    - 12 peppercorns
    - 12 coriander seeds
    - 1 clove of garlic
    - 1 bunch of fresh parsley, trimmed and cleaned Prep time takes 10 minutes and cook time takes 15 minutes. This
    salad requires at least 4 hours in the fridge before serving.
  • 17.
    • Side Dish:StafyliastiSkhara (Grilled Grapes)
    - 1 small cluster of seedless grapes per person
    - olive oil
    Cook time takes around 8 minutes.
  • 18.
    • Main Course:Kreata me Feta: 4-Meat Oven Stew with Feta
    -1 pound of boneless chuck
    -1 pound of boneless lamb
    -1 pound of boneless turkey
    -1 pound of boneless pork
    - 2 teaspoons of sea salt
    - 1/2 teaspoon of freshly ground black pepper
    - 1/8 teaspoon of savory
    - 2 tablespoons of prepared mustard
    - 2 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil
    - 4 tablespoons of Worcestershire sauce
    - 1 pound of feta cheese, crumbled
    - 2 cups of water
    Prep time takes 10 hours and cook time takes 1 hour & 35 minutes.
  • 19.
    • Dessert:Kok: Coke Cream Filled Pastry (Cream Puffs)
    Ingredients: For the cookies:
    - 2/3 cup of sugar
    - 6 eggs, separated
    - 1 cup of flour
    - 6 1/4 tablespoons of cornstarch
    For the filling:
    -1 cup + 3 1/2 ounces of whole milk
    -2/3 cup of heavy cream
    -6 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon of sugar
    -1 egg
    -1 egg yolk
    -1/3 cup of cornstarch
  • 20. ----------
    For the syrup:
    - 2/3 cup of water
    - 3/4 cup of sugar
    For the chocolate glaze:
    - 2/3 cup of heavy cream
    - 8 3/4 ounces of bittersweet or semi-sweet
    couverture chocolate (or baking chocolate)
    - 1 teaspoon of honey
    Prep time takes 1 hours and cook time take 12
  • 21.
    • Breads:Christopsomo: Greek Christmas Bread
    - 8 cups of all-purpose flour
    - 1 teaspoon of salt
    - 1 1/2 tablespoons of dry yeast
    - 1 cup of warm water (105F, 40C)
    - 1 cup of warm red wine
    - 1/2 cup of olive oil
    - 1/4 cup of orange juice
    - 1/4 cup of brandy
    - grated peel of 2 oranges
    - 1 cup of sugar
    - 1 1/2 cups of raisins
    - 1 1/2 cups of walnuts, coarsely chopped
    - 1/3 cup of pine nuts
    - 1 tablespoon of grated gum mastic or 1
    tablespoon of crushed anise seed
  • 22. - 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
    - 1 teaspoon ground cloves
    - 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
    For the Topping
    - milk
    - 2 whole walnuts in shells
    - sesame seeds
    Prep time takes 4 hours and cook time takes 45
  • 23.
    • Drinks:Ouzeri (Alcoholic Beverage)
    - Ouzo is a delightful anise-flavoured spirit with a
    liquorice taste that goes down easily, but it's a
    potent drink.
    - In the bottle, ouzo is a clear liquid, but once ice
    cubes or water are added, it turns a milky white.
    Diluting ouzo with water tones down the
    liquorice taste, but it still very strong.
    How to Serve Ouzo
    - It is generally served as an appetizer or an after
    dinner drink, To the Greeks, serving ouzo is an
    art. It is drunk slowly, and is always served with
    at least one small dish of food because of its
    - Ouzo can be served straight in a shot glass over
    ice in an old-fashioned or highball glass with a
    pitcher of water to dilute to taste.