Geography Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan Area: land: 2,973,190 sq km water: 314,400 sq km total: 3,287,590 sq km Border countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, Pakistan Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north Natural hazards: droughts, flash floods, severe thunderstorms, earthquakes
People Population: 1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est.) Religions: mostly Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4% Languages: officially English and Hindi -more than fourteen major and three hundred minor languages spoken in India. English is widely used in business, politics, and education
Government Capital city: New Delhi Government type: federal republic Independence: August 15th, 1947 (from UK) International organization participation: International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), United Nations (UN), World Health Organization (WHO), World Trade Organization (WTO), and 64+
Economy Currency: Indian rupee GDP: $1.237 trillion (2008 est.) -GDP per capita: $2,800 (2008 est.) Labourforce: 523.5 million (2008 est.) -Labourforce by occupation: agriculture: 60% industry: 12% services: 28% Exports: $175.7 billion (2008 est.) Exports-products: petroleum products, textile goods, g gems and jewelry, engineering goods, c chemicals, leather manufactures Exports-partners: US 15%, China 8.7%, UAE 8.7%, UK 4.4% Imports: $287.5 billion (2008 est.) Importing products: crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, c chemicals Imports-partners: China 10.6%, US 7.8%, Germany 4.4%, Singapore 4.4%
Communications & Transportations Communications: -Telephones in use: 37.75 million (2009) -Cellular Internet users: 80 million (2007) -Phones in use: 362.3 million (2009) Transportations:-Airports: 346 (paved runways: 250, unpaved runways: 9 96) -Heliports: 30 -Ports and terminals: Chennai, Haldia, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mormugao, Mumbai (Bombay), New Mangalore, Vishakhapatnam
Business etiquette Feet are considered unclean. If your shoes or feet touch another person, apologize. Gifts are not opened in the presence of the giver. If you receive a wrapped gift, set it aside until the giver leaves. Men are generally expected to wear a suit and tie for business, although the jacket may be removed in the summer. Women should wear conservative dresses or pantsuits. Business lunches are preferred to dinners. Hindus do not eat beef and Muslims do not eat pork. Titles are very important. Always use professional titles.