Slums In India
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  • 1. Communication Skills Condition of Slums in India
  • 2. What are slums?
    • “Habitations located on disputed as well as unused government, municipal and private land and characterized by a serious lack of basic amenities and sanitation with dense and overcrowded housing conditions.
  • 3.  
  • 4. In other words…
    • A Slum is taken to mean ‘hutting areas with squalid surroundings where:
    • Huts are erected in a haphazard manner without proper access.
    • Minimum basic amenities are lacking
    • Protected water supply and drainage arrangements do not exist.
  • 5. Reasons of slums: Slums Change in agricultural scenario No prospects in rural areas Bigger opportunities in cities Preference on labor market than agriculture
  • 6. Results of Slums Slums = Poverty Poor Living conditions No Education Very poor hygiene conditions Poor health care
  • 7. Facts reveals that:
    • Slum Population all over
    • India is 40,297,341 (40 million).
    • 4% of total Indian population lives in slums
    • Almost quarter of Indian metro cities live in slums.
    • Sadly 5 million of this population are young children ( 0-6 age group ).
  • 8. Occupation in slums
            • Figures in % are proportion of all earners across India.
    4.36  State government employment  7.19  Union government employment 3.74  Non-earners 5.71  Self-employed professional and worker 0.42  Wage labor and other than own account workers 4.46  Business 0.15  Non-government salaried employment : 0.96  Self-employed in primary sector activities:
  • 9. Slum Population in 4 Metros in India
  • 10. Alarming growth of Slums in India
  • 11. 55 % Mumbai, 44 % Meerut, 40 % of Pune : India’s top list on slum population
  • 12. Pune : The growing city of slums
    • Total Area : 244 sq.km
    • Population : 15 Lakh approx
    • Population in slums : 6 Lakh
    • Encroachment of slums : 6% (15 sq.km )
    • Total growth in slum population in the city since 1991 is 176%.
  • 13. Initiatives..
    • Different Governments have different ways to handle the problem of growing slums.
    • Various NGOs are also taking initiatives to help govt in dealing with this issue.
    • Agencies like Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) plan the Rehabilitation of the slums in metros.
  • 14. Solutions
  • 15. Short term
    • Rehabilitation of major slums in better hygienic places
    • Re construction of the middle level slums in the same area with proper drainage system and water supply.
    • Provision of basic amenities, medical and health care, education to eradicate poverty completely.
  • 16. Long term
    • The objective should be to reduce the migration from rural areas.
    • Providing the basic amenities and better opportunities in rural areas
    • Encouraging agricultural and small scale industries.
  • 17.
    • Presented by
    • Nupur Saha
    • Swati Chhabra
    • Sunita Sharma
    • Ruchira Sharma