“Habitations located on disputed as well as unused government, municipal and private land and characterized by a serious lack of basic amenities and sanitation with dense and overcrowded housing conditions.
In other words…
A Slum is taken to mean ‘hutting areas with squalid surroundings where:
Huts are erected in a haphazard manner without proper access.
Minimum basic amenities are lacking
Protected water supply and drainage arrangements do not exist.
Reasons of slums: Slums Change in agricultural scenario No prospects in rural areas Bigger opportunities in cities Preference on labor market than agriculture
Results of Slums Slums = Poverty Poor Living conditions No Education Very poor hygiene conditions Poor health care
Facts reveals that:
Slum Population all over
India is 40,297,341 (40 million).
4% of total Indian population lives in slums
Almost quarter of Indian metro cities live in slums.
Sadly 5 million of this population are young children ( 0-6 age group ).
Occupation in slums
Figures in % are proportion of all earners across India.
4.36 State government employment 7.19 Union government employment 3.74 Non-earners 5.71 Self-employed professional and worker 0.42 Wage labor and other than own account workers 4.46 Business 0.15 Non-government salaried employment : 0.96 Self-employed in primary sector activities:
Slum Population in 4 Metros in India
Alarming growth of Slums in India
55 % Mumbai, 44 % Meerut, 40 % of Pune : India’s top list on slum population
Pune : The growing city of slums
Total Area : 244 sq.km
Population : 15 Lakh approx
Population in slums : 6 Lakh
Encroachment of slums : 6% (15 sq.km )
Total growth in slum population in the city since 1991 is 176%.
Different Governments have different ways to handle the problem of growing slums.
Various NGOs are also taking initiatives to help govt in dealing with this issue.
Agencies like Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) plan the Rehabilitation of the slums in metros.
Rehabilitation of major slums in better hygienic places
Re construction of the middle level slums in the same area with proper drainage system and water supply.
Provision of basic amenities, medical and health care, education to eradicate poverty completely.
The objective should be to reduce the migration from rural areas.
Providing the basic amenities and better opportunities in rural areas
Encouraging agricultural and small scale industries.