Principlas of design in fashion

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Principles of fashion design

Principles of fashion design

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  • 1. PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN Balance Rhythm/Movement Emphasis Proportion/scale Harmony/unity
  • 2. Balance Balance in fashion design can be achieved with the use of features, such as seams, hemlines, and necklines. Symmetrical applications of balance (for example, a straight hemline) are the norm, but asymmetrical balance can be effective too. In the past several years, asymmetrical necklines have achieved popularity. Asymmetrical balance is more complex and trickier to achieve than symmetrical balance. For example, a one-shoulder gown might look interesting with its asymmetrical neckline, but a jacket with one lapel larger than the other would just look bad.
  • 3. SYMMETRICAL BALANCE Balance In symmetrical or formal balance one side of garment is exact copy or mirror image of the other side. In symmetrical balance the garment can be divided into two similar parts by means of a imaginary line and identical objects are placed on both sides of garment. This is the commonly used feature in the garment and it provides simplicity and sophistication to the garment there is no creativity needed to make this type of garment therefore the designer needs to be emphasis on color, texture and accessories to give it more dramatic look The example of symmetrical garments are trousers, cardigans, straight skirt and princess-line dress. RADIAL BALANCE The radial type of balance can be created when the design details of a garment emerge or radiate from a central focus point. This is a complicated design and is used for novelty effect in evening gowns.
  • 4. Balance ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE The asymmetrical or informal balance provides more excitement to the garment. In this case the design composition of the garment on either side is different from each other but one part of the garment equalizes the other part in weight. The more creativity can be showed on these types of garments and body irregularities can be hidden by this factor. The example of this type of balance can be shown in formal wears.
  • 5. Asymmetrical—(balance) balanced, but each side is different
  • 6. Symmetrical—(formal balance) exactly same on both sides
  • 7. Rhythm
  • 8. Rhythm Regular Rhythm A element is repeated at the same repetition/interval each time
  • 9. Rhythm
  • 10. Rhythm
  • 11. Rhythm
  • 12. Rhythm Rhythm Gradated Rhythm
  • 13. RHYTHM • Rhythm is created by repetition of lines, patterns, shapes or colors. • By use of gathers, pleats, buttons and tucks we can make a rhythmic effect in the garment. • Printed suit fabrics are a wonderful example of rhythm on fabric. Example: collection of vases displayed on a shelf, row of buttons on garment or stripes
  • 14. What type of balance does this garment have? Where is the rhythm in this garment? 14
  • 15. Harmony/Unity When the principle of unity in fashion design is applied well, a garment or fashion accessory should look good overall. It should look as though it goes together, and it should look as though all the design elements are contributing to make a harmonious whole. In an effective application of the principle of unity, each element enhances the others, rather than distracting from the design.
  • 16. Harmony/Unity * Unity + Variety = Harmony * Unity-everything works together * Variety-design is not boring, several elements used to hold viewers attention 16
  • 17. HARMONY Harmony in a garment relates to the overall look of the garment, in which garment, hairdo, accessories all makes the whole look. Principles of Harmony Silhouette of the garment should be in a good relation to the body shape of the garment. Style lines should be consistent on every area of the garment. All areas of the garment should reflect the same shapes so that the continuity of the design is not broken. Similar or contrasting textures should be used in a pleasing way. Unity in the color combination should be there to provide harmony. Small differences in the hem lengths of sleeves and garment ends should be avoided as they interfere with the horizontal movement of the eye
  • 18. Discuss the design of this room Are all of the elements harmonious? Why or why not? Harmony 18
  • 19. EMPHASIS There are a number of techniques that a fashion designer may use to place emphasis on a feature of a garment or a fashion accessory. Such techniques may include the addition of embellishment, cut-outs, ruffles, peplums, and so on. Use of color and its placement is another way to create emphasis, making some areas stand out more than others. Exaggerated or unusual designs, such as the leg-o-mutton sleeves that were popular on 1980s wedding gowns, also create emphasis, highlighting a particular area. Knowing about emphasis, which can be part of the design itself or emphasis on the body because of the way a garment is designed, can help any woman when she is selecting a garment or fashion accessory. For example, if a woman wants to showcase her shoulders, she may select a strapless top or dress. If she wants to highlight her cleavage, she may select a gown with a deep V-neckline.
  • 20. EMPHASIS •Points of attention in a design. •The feature in a design that attracts one’s eye. •The focal point. •Emphasis can be achieved through size, placement, color and use of lines. •The most personal aspect of a design.
  • 21. EMPHASIS Emphasis is the center of interest, which draws and holds the attention more than any other part. Every garment has a area of emphasis on it which makes the center of attraction of the garment. Emphasis can be achieved by means ofContrasting Colors Bold and unusual shapes Eye catching patterns Complex Textures Attractive Design Details Interesting Trims There are some details which emphasis on face with the use of collars in contrasting colors, a bright coloured scarf or necktie, jewellery and hats.
  • 22. Example: fire place, vase of flowers, artwork piece of jewelry, scarf, hair clip
  • 23. What area of this room is your eye drawn to? Why do you think this has become the focal point? 23
  • 24. Proportion Proportion in fashion design is the principle that holds that the size of various components of a garment or fashion accessory must look good together. Proportion is one of the most important principles of fashion design for the petite woman because when she selects garments, their proportion (or size/scale of the garment or various components of a garment or fashion accessory) should be relative to her small stature. For example, a tea-length, full skirt would have so much volume that it would be overwhelming on a petite woman.
  • 25. PROPORTION Proportion can be defined as a pleasing relationship between the garment and its different parts. In garment its silhouette has to be in proportion with the different parts of the garment. The basic law or the golden law that is provided by the Egyptians is 3:5:8 and 5:8:13. A proportionate garment design needs to be synchronized with the motifs, the placement of the motifs and the desirability of the garment to the wearer. The colors in a garment also provide proportion to the garment. The best examples of this are Indian ladies suits which follow an inverted proportion system. Although miniskirts are designed in poor proportion as the shorter length of the garment proportionate the longer legs of the wearer. Proportion And Body Shape The body size can be divided into three categories which are as followsSmall Medium Large The person who is of small body size should not wear garments which have big patterns on it , excess of jewellery also do not look good on small statured people. The person who is of medium body size can wear a wide variety of garments and different types of fabrics according to their body size. The person who has large body size can wear garments which have small motifs on it which can accentuate the body shape of the person.
  • 26. Is this area well-proportioned or disproportioned? Compare the size and scale of the objects in the room to one another