STANDARDS IN APPAREL INDUSTRY
It is a document that has been prepared,
approved, and published by a recognized
standards organization, and contains rules,
requirements, or procedures for an orderly
approach to a specific activity. It may
include product design requirements, test
methods, classifications, recommended
practices, and other considerations
PRECISION AND ACCURACY. . .
TYPES . . .
Full consensus Standard
BENEFITS . . .
• It defines safety requirements intended to
reduce the risk of accident.
• It sets a level of performance for
• They are a framework for quality
• It reduces cost and saves money.
BENEFITS . . .
• Encapsulation of best practice - avoids
repetition of past mistakes.
• It facilitates communication and prevents
• They provide continuity
QUALİTY CONTROL . . .
• A set of activities or techniques whose
purpose is to ensure that all quality
requirements are being met by
monitoring of processes and solving
performance problems through
Inspecting and Testing.
SOURCES . . .
( AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TEXTILE
CHEMISTS AND COLORISTS )
• It began developing and establishing testing
procedures in 1921.
• It represent a broad spectrum of expertise in
textile research, manufacturing, design and
• The Association is internationally recognized for
its standard methods of testing dyed and
chemically treated fibers and fabrics.
EQUIPMENT'S ASSOCIATED WITH THEM
• Gray scale
• Chromatic transference scale
• Atlas fade o meter
• Carbon arc lamp etc
( AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND
• It was started in the year 1898.
• It have made products and services safer,
better and more cost-effective.
• A trusted source for technical standards for
materials, products, systems, and services.
Known for their high technical quality and
( AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
AND MATERIALS )
Each ASTM test methods has a numerical
designations, For e.g.
•D5034-9 refers to standard test method for
Breaking strength and elongation of Textile
fabrics (Grab test)
•These methods are contained in volumes
of (ASTM book of Stds).
Vol.7.01,7.02 Contains textile testing
(AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
• It adopted its present name in 1969.
• It steadily increasing its efforts to
coordinate and approve voluntary
• Domestic programs were expanding and
being modified to meet the changing
needs of industry, government and other
( BRITISH STANDARD
• The world's first management systems
quality standard, BS 5750, was published
by BSI in 1979.
• It produces standards and information
products that promote and share best
over 30,000 BSI standards and
publications are created.
NUMBERING BRITISH STANDARDS . .
The British Standards are titled as,
BS XXX:Year Title
XXX is the number of the standard
BS EN ISO 9001:2000 Quality
management systems Requirements
BS EN ISO 9004:2000 Quality
management systems. Guidelines for
FOR STANDARDISATION )
• It is the world's largest developer of standards,
their principal activity is to develop technical and
• The work is normally carried out through IS0
• In addition may European and Domestic
versions be publishes as:
EN ISO xxx:year = European version of the
BS EN ISO xxx:year = British version of the
( BUREAU OF INDIAN
• It is a statutory body set up, established
The Bureau is a body corporate and
responsible for formulating National
It interests the field of standardization,
quality control, quality management
system, environmental management
system, laboratory management, etc
It has formulated a plan which emphasizes
Development of complementary level of
standardization, namely, company
standardization and association level
standardization - Effective implementation
of standards through sectoral
committees, such as, textiles, power, etc.
State Level Committees on Standardization
and Quality Systems to ensure better
implementation of Indian Standards.
JIN ( JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL
It specifies the standards used for industrial
activities in Japan.
The standardization process is coordinated
Japanese Industrial Standards Committee
It mainly focuses on Textile Engineering.
IT FOCUSES ON . . .
Test and Inspection
Woven Fabric, Braided Goods Braided
Yarn Reeling Machine
Textile Machine, Braiding Machine
Dyeing Finishing Machine
( CANADA STANDARD
These standards falls into the following
Dimensional: to secure uniformity,
interchangeability and simplification of the types
and sizes of one product.
Qualitative: to assess fitness for purpose.
Methods of test: to provide a uniform, efficient
and economic basis of comparison between
Methods of use (Codes of Practice): to define the
correct application of methods, materials and
DIN (German Standards Institute Deutsches Institut fuer Normung )
It has been based in Berlin since 1917.
It’s primary task is to work closely with its
stakeholders to develop consensus-based
standards that meet market requirements.
( SOME OTHER STANDARDS) . . .
EN ( European Standards )
AS ( Australian Standards )