Top  21 Zachman Framework Myths Busted
 

Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths Busted

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Some of the common myths about the framework are: Is the framework for Enterprise or IT or both; colors are random; there is no Integration across columns; transformation vs. decomposition; number of ...

Some of the common myths about the framework are: Is the framework for Enterprise or IT or both; colors are random; there is no Integration across columns; transformation vs. decomposition; number of rows can change, columns are arbitrary, perspectives are random; no rules to separate primitive vs. composites; architecture constructs vs. manufacturing constructs; methodology vs. ontology; taxonomy vs. ontology; checklist vs. periodic table; row 1 & row 2 vs. row 6; etc

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Top  21 Zachman Framework Myths Busted Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths Busted Document Transcript

  • Architect CornerWHAT, WHY & HOW OF DOING ENTERPRISE & IT ARCHITECTURE BLOGS ICMG HOME OUTSOURCING CONSULTING TRAINING & EVENTS RESOURCES ARCHITECTURE STORE POSTS Awards 2013 Survey & Trends Webinars Architect Pavilion Enter keywords... LATEST POPULAR COMMENTS TAGS Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted Biggest myth – “Enterprise Architecture is a discipline FEBRUARY 9, 2012 BY SUNILDUTTJHA 12 COMMENTS aimed at creating models”. JANUARY 23, 2013 8 Votes Last year, we had a discussion in iCMG VTU partners iCMG to set up LinkedIn group (over 20,000 members) which world’s largest center of ignited the passion and invited over 1000 excellence in comments. The title of the thread was “What’s Enterprise Architecture killing the Enterprise Architecture? – quote JANUARY 6, 2013 extracted from one of John Zachman’s article.” As the time has gone by, the number of people The most prestigious John who misrepresent and misinterpret the Zachman Award for Enterprise Zachman framework has gone up significantly. Architecture in 2013 – nominations are invited The problem is that the framework is easily DECEMBER 5, 2012 available for download and it has English labels which are legible. You will agree that downloading recipe from a cookery portal doesn’t make one a master chef. Six questions participants asked during the recent As the time has gone by, number of misrepresentations has only gone up – thanks to the growing webinar on managing Enterprise interest in the discipline of “Enterprise Architecture.” Disorders (videos) NOVEMBER 28, 2012 Some of the common myths about the framework are: Is the framework for Enterprise or IT or both; colors are random; there is no Integration across columns; transformation vs. decomposition; number This one’s for YOU- iCMG of rows can change, columns are arbitrary, perspectives are random; no rules to separate primitive vs. Architecture Excellence composites; architecture constructs vs. manufacturing constructs; methodology vs. ontology; Awards 2013 NOVEMBER 21, 2012 taxonomy vs. ontology; checklist vs. periodic table; row 1 & row 2 vs. row 6; etc. Myths Facts 1. Column 1 is labelled “Data,” which Not correct. It’s not the framework for Information classify Zachman Framework™ as Systems. Categories a Framework for Information Systems. In fact, in 2004, the term “data” was removed from the framework. Please note that in 2011 version of Select Category the framework graphics – The enterprise name for “What” is “Inventory Sets”. Follow Twitter Updates 2. “Data” is the most important aspect Not correct. Order of columns has nothing do to Follow “Architect of the enterprise as it’s in the first with their relative importance in the context of Corner” Who is responsible for technology in your column. “Motivation” is “least” “Enterprise”. Get every new postThe CEO or CIO - take the poll company? delivered important as it’s in column six to your Inbox. bit.ly/CEOasCIOpoll 1 day ago The order of column just reflect the order in which 6 communication interrogative i.e. what, how, where, Join 937 other followers RT @andrewjstevens: I missed the Logies. who, when, why are being used. “What or earlier Enter your email addresstimes I believe in fate. 3 days ago There are data” column being the first column is just reflecting the order in which people (around the world) have CEOs myth - It would take too long and cost Sign me up been using these 6 interrogative. too much to do enterprise architecture #entarch http://t.co/w5mkwhCtEB 3 days ago Powered by WordPress.com 3. The Framework, and Enterprise No.The reality is that the Zachman Framework is CEO myth - It would take too long and cost too Architecture for that matter, are an Ontology for Enterprise Architecture. much to do enterprise architecture #entarch IT issue Unfortunately, most people who come from IT http://t.co/4j7o3FhNaq 3 days ago today are thinking of building and running systems and not about engineering and manufacturing RT @MrVirtualCIO: Vivek Kundra was right. enterprises. Feds cant make Enterprise Architecture work and I am not sure if I should keep banging my
  • 4. People’s misperception that working The movement down each column has nothing to head... 4 days ago your way down the columns is do with level of detail; it has to do with merely an increase in level of detail. transformation @MrVirtualCIO 4 days ago The idea of Enterprise Architecture is to5. Each cell containing composite Oops! Wrong again. Each cell consists of primitive describe the fundamental structure of an constructs. constructs, not composites. Enterprise bit.ly/YKb5mO 5 days ago6. The Framework is just a matrix The brilliance of this Framework is in the concepts of Integration (across the Rows) and Follow @sunilduttjha Transformations (down the Columns). Often, constructs within the “Enterprises” are in Last date for submission of nomination for Awards 2013 “composites” form created by integrating the elements across the cells.This helps in effective Last date for diagnosis, better predictability and enhanced nomination traceability for change and complexity April 19th, 2013 management. Once you will use it, you will 8 understand what I am talking about.7. The Framework is a checklist. It’s similar to saying “Periodic Table” is a checklist. You can use the framework as a checklist, but it’s days to go. oversimplifying the fact. We know that one can use the periodic table for Email Subscription creating complex compounds with predictive characteristics or behaviour. Similarly, one should Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog use the framework for creating complex enterprise and receive notifications of new posts by email. constructs (composites) to meet some defined need. Join 937 other followers8. There is NO indication that Blame the previously available framework graphics. INTEGRATION exists between the Sign me up! Columns. In fact, the new framework graphics very clearly represents the “Integration lines” linking elements Archives between the columns. This clearly establishes that integration exists between the Columns as well. Select Month Architects can use the primitive cells of the Framework (Periodic Table) to build the composite implementations (Chemical Engineering) to produce predictable, repeatable results (a Blogroll science). The integrations and transformations are like “mortar between the bricks” (the bonds WordPress.com between the chemical elements). WordPress.org9. Framework is enterprise taxonomy It’s understatement. Framework is “enterprise ontology” and not just taxonomy i.e. complete set of things that makes the enterprise similar to “Periodic Table.” All the compounds (chemical) which exist on planet earth can be formulated by mixing the primitive elements (of periodic table). Similarly, all the enterprise composites are possible by combining the primitive cells in Zachman framework. Every human being is different, yet they follow a common body structure. Similarly, every enterprise is different but they follow a common structure i.e. Zachman framework. Unfortunately, Human body is so complex that medical people still doesn’t have a good ontology.10. The Zachman Framework in There are many “Frameworks” in EA and there is competition with other Enterprise significant confusion about what the word Frameworks “Framework” actually means. The fact is that ALL Enterprise Architecture “Frameworks” in the industry is a methodology or derivative of the Zachman Framework.
  • The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture is “Enterprise Ontology”.11. Most people who misrepresent Grossly misunderstood. Zachman Framework as a “waterfall,” think that each Row This is not the case at all. The models of each Row represents another level of detail, TRANSFORM- they do not get more detailed. Level i.e. the highest level of detail at the of detail is represented in the height of each cell, top of The Framework (Row 1) and i.e. a high level of detail at the top of each cell and the most excruciating level of detail an excruciating level of detail at the bottom of each at the bottom of The Framework cell (Row 5)12. The Framework’s fundamental The Framework’s fundamental concept is concept is decomposition, down “transformation”, not “decomposition”, in the each column reification process down each column. An idea (or Scope-Row 1) has to go through 6 well- known phases in order to reach reality (Operations- Row 6) such that the reality retains an alignment with the initial idea as it was conceived and designed.13. Column 3 (Network Nodes- 2004 The fact is that the fundamental concept of Column Version).Enterprise Architects often 3 deals with distribution of resources as opposed to thought of this as point-to-point node addresses on a network. nodes and were not building their models correctly.14. The six rows are arbitrary i.e. John No it’s not arbitrary. John uses the 2000 year old has just picked up 6 different concept of reification i.e. how to transform an perspective (in six rows) and there abstract idea to reality.Reification consist of 6 are more perspective which can be phases of transformation i.e.- Identification added – that is, more rows can be (mapped to Row 1)- Definition (mapped to Row 2)- created. Representation (mapped to Row 3)- Specification (mapped to Row 4)- Configuration (mapped to Row 5) and - Instantiation (mapped to Row 6)The models in each row get transformed to the next Row below, and the Row 6 wraps up the 6th phase of reification15. “Who”: Column 4 – Organization This is not so. Groups. This Column is all about “responsibility”. In As soon as the Enterprise Architects Zachman Framework v3.0 (2011), meta-model has saw this label, they incorrectly been changed to form the title “Responsibility assumed it as: Organization Chart? Assignments” for Column 4.16. Zachman Framework is a The Zachman Framework™ is the “Enterprise “methodology” Ontology” and not “methodology”. It’s a classification theory about the scientific nature of any Enterprise and the kinds of “Things” (entities) that have an existence in that Enterprise. Therefore, The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture is the ENTERPRISE ONTOLOGY. The way the “Periodic Table” is ontology for “Chemistry”; the “Zachman” framework is the ontology for “Enterprise”. Once you know the “Enterprise Ontology”, you can create /use a methodology of your choice. Using a methodology without ontology is a “trial and error” practise.17. Creating the “composite model” is No, “composites” are manufacturing constructs.
  • creating the “architecture” Primitives (single variable models) are Architecture constructs. Unfortunately, people are building composite models by hard-binding multiple concepts together in their “model” and calling it “Architecture”. 18. Six columns in Zachman Wrong, the columns are not arbitrary. Framework are arbitrary, I can add few more columns on need basis The 6 columns represent the universally accepted 6 communications interrogative i.e. what, how, where, who, when and why. 19. The colours are just a decorative The colours of the models in each Row are piece; I can use any colour. I don’t significant. Here, John used the colour models as see any logic or significance. a teaching tool to re-enforce the idea that each Row is different and is the result of a transformation, NOT a decomposition of detail. John used spectrum colours: Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue and Orange. Why he didn’t round out the spectrum with Purple in Row 6.? The reason is that, “Row 6 is Orange to match Row 2; because whatever the Owners have in mind (Row 2 – Business Concepts – Orange) should be what is actually instantiated in the Enterprise (Row 6 – THE ENTERPRISE – Orange).” 20. Enterprise Architecture is only Row1 Enterprise Architecture is comprised of Rows 1-5. & Row 2. The instantiated Enterprise is represented in Row 6 21. Zachman Framework is complex. Ignorance. The framework is not complex, but the enterprise IS. The Periodic Table has to be complete in order to allow the chemists to be able to analyse, and create compounds with accuracy and repeated predictability. Similarly, Enterprise framework has to be complete to ensure that enterprise architects are able to analyse, and create enterprise constructs quickly and in a repeatable fashion to achieve the results. The problem lies in basic understanding and application of the framework. A chemist never creates “infinite” number of compounds just because it’s theoretically possible using the Periodic Table. They create the compound based on the need. Similarly, doctor never creates 1000 x-rays or scans of all parts of the body of a patient and stores it in the repository. On the similar lines, the idea is not to create infinite number of composites based out of the Zachman framework, rather create those which are needed to address some problem of the Enterprise.Of course, 5 myths that one can find around the corner: 1. Enterprise Architecture is only row1 & row 2 2. Zachman Framework is a “methodology” 3. TheFramework’s fundamental concept of decomposition, down each column. Each Row represents another level of detail
  • 4. There is NO indication that INTEGRATION exists between the Columns. 5. Each cell containing composite constructs.What’s your experience? Share your favorite myth about Zachman Framework. Feel free to share ifyou have come across any other misperceptions? Would be happy to hear from you.Note:For the insight on the evolution of framework since 1984, please visit article by John PZachmanRelated articles Zachman Framework graphics v3.0 – what’s NEW? (blogs.icmgworld.com) John Zachman quotes on inherent complexity in running and managing enterprises (blogs.icmgworld.com)Share this:Like this: ★Like Be the first to like this. Enterprise Architecture, Trends, Uncategorized Column, common myths, decomposition, Enterprise Architecture, enterprise name, featured,Framework, Information Systems, Information technology, John Zachman, misrepresentations, Ontology,relative importance, Zachman Framework About sunilduttjha Chief Architect & CEO - iCMG Sunil is practicing architect & CEO of iCMG, who is influencing enterprise decisions worth $250mn annually. In the last 11 years, he is instrumental in growing iCMG as leading full service Enterprise & IT Architecture Firm, providing architectural services to a wide variety of clients(over 20 domains) across 23 countries. Being Aerospace Engineer by qualification (IITKharagpur), he enjoys working with complex systems such as Air Traffic Control System,Water Leakage Management System (City/country), Shipping & Surveillance systems, ofcourse that also include few million or few billion dollar enterprises etc. As a practisingarchitect, he is often engaged in adoption of Enterprise & IT Architecture driven Transformationand Planning, IT Landscape Rationalization for business success. He is an excellenttechnologist, great visionary and one of the true thought leaders and practitioners of Eterprise& IT Architecture. One cant miss his penchant for problem solving, reasoning based on"engineering" principles and hands-on startegy-to-operation excellence in tacking issues (small or big) related to asset consolidation, integration, efficiency, innovation,reusability andgovernance etc. You will agree that you need a seasoned hand to approach for a project that isenterprise-wide in scope. As an architecture coach/mentor, he has taught enterprise & softwarearchitecture classes to over 5,000 professionals (cumulative) in 16 countries. The contributionof Sunil Dutt Jha to an evolving discipline of Enterprise & IT Architecture through education &training, consulting, Annual Awards, Architect Pavilion (Architects networking site) are worthnoting.View all posts by sunilduttjha →Zachman Framework v3.0 – what’s NEW? Missed it Last Year? Nominate for the Architecture Awards 201212 Responses to “Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted” sunilduttjha February 10, 2012 at 11:54 am Reply 0 0 Rate This Share your favorite myth about Zachman Framework http://t.co/bYgh8tSj Scott Lawson (@Scott_L_Lawson) February 10, 2012 at 6:53 pm Reply
  • 2 0 Rate This I agree with your myths and they are good, but still there is nothing specific that is explained to allow people to understand. What would be helpful, I think is to show an example of primitives in a cell. Show how the transformation down a column is illustrated in an actual Enterprise example. Thanks! sunilduttjha February 11, 2012 at 2:04 pm Reply 0 0 Rate This Thanks Scott! for reminding “to do list”…it’s planned later this month. Gerald Khoury February 14, 2012 at 9:54 pm Reply 1 0 Rate This Thanks Sunilduttjha. A very useful reference that shows a good understanding of the taxonomy. manuel di toma May 25, 2012 at 5:00 pm Reply 0 0 Rate This Yes, this is very good thank you! Manuel Peo Ekström February 7, 2013 at 2:41 pm Reply 0 0 Rate This This is very good – I personally like the universal idea of 6 communication interrogatives and I usually add the resulting effect on me –> which impact/result do/did it have on myself, my stakeholders, my public etc.Trackbacks/Pingbacks1. John Zachman will certify only 50 professionals in next 6 months world over, are you the chosen one? | Architect Corner - February 23, 2012 0 0 Rate This [...] Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted (blogs.icmgworld.com) [...]2. Diagnosis and corrections of 9 enterprise disorders using Zachman Framework | Architect Corner - March 1, 2012 0 0 Rate This [...] Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted (blogs.icmgworld.com) [...]3. Deconstruct Business Process Model using Zachman Framework Principles – 5 part videos | Architect Corner - March 16, 2012 0 0 Rate This [...] Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted (blogs.icmgworld.com) [...]4. Unknowingly, it’s like referring a “compound” as an “element” in the Periodic Table ;-) | Architect Corner - May 17, 2012 0 0 Rate This [...] Framework is “enterprise ontology” and not just taxonomy (Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted). The framework is ontology, i.e. complete set of things that makes the enterprise, similar to [...]5. Diagnosis & Corrections of Enterprise Dis-orders using Zachman Framework: a three part webinar series | Architect Corner - November 14, 2012 0 0 Rate This [...] Enterprise Architecture. Zachman Framework is “enterprise ontology” and not just taxonomy (Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted). The framework is ontology, i.e. complete set of things that makes the enterprise, similar to [...]6. Biggest myth – “Enterprise Architecture is a discipline aimed at creating models”. | Architect Corner - February 12, 2013 0 0 Rate This [...] Top 21 Zachman Framework Myths – Busted (blogs.icmgworld.com) [...]
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