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Published

Presentation on Structural Steel as per IS 2062.

Presentation on Structural Steel as per IS 2062.

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  • 1. Indian Standard 2062:2006 HOT ROLLED LOW, MEDIUM AND HIGH TENSILE STRUCTURAL STEEL (Sixth Revision) First published in 1962 and revised in 1969, 1975, 1984, 1992 and 1999. Superseding a) IS 1977: 1996 Low tensile structural steels b) IS 8500:1991 Structural steel — Microalloyed (medium and high strength qualities)
  • 2. SCOPE
    • 1.1 This standard covers the requirements of steel
    • including micro-alloyed steel plates, strips, shapes and sections (angles, tees, beams, channels, etc), flats, bars, etc, for use in structural work.
    • 1.1.1 The steels are suitable for welded, bolted and
    • riveted structures and for general engineering purposes.
    • 1.1.2 Where welding is employed for fabrication and
    • guaranteed - weldability is required, welding procedure should be as specified in IS 9595.
  • 3. Grades of Steel Nine grades of steel, Table -1 chemical Composition Semi-killed or killed 0.48 0.45 0,045 0.045 1.80 0.22 E E 450 (Fe 590) Semi-killed or .killed 0.46 0.45 0.045 0.045 1.60 0.22 D E 450 (Fe 570) Semi-killed or killed 0.44 0.45 0.045 0.045 1.60 0.20 E410 (Fe 540) Semi-killed or killed 0.42 0.45 0,045 0.045 1.50 0.20 — E 350 (Fe 490) Semi-killed or killed 0.40 0,45 0,045 0.045 1,30 0.20 E 300 (Fe 440) Killed 0:39 0.40 0,040 0.040 1.50 0.20 C E 250 (Fe410W) Killed 0.41 0.40 0.045 0.045 1,50 0.22 B E 250 (F.41OW) Semi-killed or killed 0.42 0.40 0.045 0.045 1.50 0.23 A E 250 (F.41OW) Semi-killed or killed — - 0.045 0.045 1.25 0.25 — E 165 (Fe 290) (9) (8) (7) (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) Deoxidation Equivalent Si P S Mn C   Designation Method of Max,Carbon Ladle Analysis, Percent, Max Qua lity Grade
  • 4. Table-2 mechanical Properties Note3: The more stringent requirements than those given above may be as agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer.
  • 5. Table 3 Permissible Variation for Product Analysis (Clause 8.2)
    • Constituent Permissible Variation Over the
    • Specified Limit, Percent, Max
    • Carbon 0.02
    • Manganese 0.05
    • Sillcon 0.03
    • Copper 0.03
    • Sulphur 0.005
    • Phosphorus 0.005
    • Note:
    • Microalloying elements like Nb, V, Ti and B shall be added singly or in combination.
    • Total micro alloying elements shall not be more than 0.25.
  • 6. FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS
    • All finished steel shall be well and cleanly rolled to the Dimensions, sections and masses specified.
    • Shall be reasonably free from surface flaws; laminations; rough/jagged and imperfect edges and all other harmful defects.
    • Minor surface defects may be removed subject to mutual agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer/supplier.
    • By grinding provided the thickness is not reduced locally by more than 4 % below the minimum specified thickness.
    • Reduction in thickness by grinding greater than 4% but not exceeding 7 percent may be made.
  • 7.
    • Defects may be repaired by chipping or grinding followed by Welding and inspection, before welding, the thickness of the item is in no place reduced by more than 20 percent. ( exclusive of grade E250C material )
    • Welding is carried out by
    • approved procedure
    • approved electrode
    • Competent welder, and
    • To the finish grinding, the item may be required to be normalized or otherwise heat-treated at the purchaser’s discretion.
  • 8. Tests on steel.
    • Destructive Tests
    • Non Destructive Tests
    • Other Tests
    • Destructive Tests
      • Tensile Test (IS-1608)
      • Yield strength test (IS-1608)
      • Percentage Elongation (IS-1608)
      • Bend test (IS-1599)
      • Impact (Charpy V- Notch) test ( IS-1757)
      • Y- Groove crackability test (IS-10842)
  • 9.
    • Non Destructive test
      • Ultrasonic testing
      • Magnetic Particle Testing
      • Liquid Penetration Testing
      • Radiographic Examination
      • Visual Examination
    • Other (Metallurgical) Tests
    • Grain Size
    • Directionability
    • Inclusion Content
  • 10. Position and Orientation of Sample
  • 11. Tensile Test (IS-1608)
    • No. of test sample per cast/heat – 2
    • Should a tensile test piece break outside the middle half of the gauge length (IS-1608) and the percentage elongation obtained is less than that specified , the test may be discarded at the manufacturer / supplier’s option and another test made from the sample plate, strip, section, flat or bar.
  • 12. Bend test (IS-1599)
    • No. of test sample per cast/heat – 2
    • When section permit test piece shall be not less than 40 mm wide.
    • Class of Steel Product Direction of Bend Tests
    • Plates strips, Crosswise
    • Sections Lengthwise for each
    • Flats and bars (round type hexagonal, etc)
  • 13. Impact Test ( IS-1757)
    • Normally product thickness > or = 12mm.
    • One test sample shall be taken from thickest product per cast/heat.
    • The test specimen is parallel to the direction of rolling .
    • Notch axis shall be perpendicular to the rolled surface.
    • products having a thickness less than12 mm, The minimum impact energy values of reduced sizes shall be as shown in Fig. 2.
  • 14. Fig-2: Minimum Impact Energy Values for test pieces width 5mm to 10mm
  • 15. ---continued Impact Test
    • One test sample, If test sample of thickest product rolled from the a cast meets the requirements, the whole cast shall be deemed to meet the requirements of the test,
    • if not , the test shall be performed on a
    • section of next lower thickness rolled from same cast,
  • 16. Y GROOVE CRACKABILITY TEST (IS-10842)
    • Test only for
    • plates and sections.
    • having thickness 12 mm and above.
    • Grade E 250 C material
    • Note - Test will not be applicable for rounds.
  • 17.
    • Thank You