Module 10


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Module 10

  1. 1. Introduction to E-Learning<br />M11W0049<br />Sun geng<br />
  2. 2. CONTENTS<br />What is E-Learning?<br />Is E-Learning Something 
Completely New?<br />How Can Your Company 
Benefit from E-Learning?<br />E-Learning Models<br />Employees and E-Learning<br />E-Learning as a Business 
Tool<br />Company with a Small Budget 
and E-Learning<br />Is Online Learning Strategic?<br />How Many Students are Learning Online?<br />Are Learning Outcomes in Online Courses are Comparable to 
Face-to-Face?<br />
  3. 3. CONTENTS<br />What is the Impact of the Economy on Online Education?<br />What are Typical Barriers for 
Implementing E-Learning?<br />What does E-Learning Need from
 Your Management Team?<br />How Critical is Leading-Edge Technology to E-Learning?<br />Do You Need to Eliminate Your Classroom Training?<br />What are the Basic Styles 
for E-Learning?<br />What is a Blended Course?<br />E-Learning Examples<br />Summary<br />Assignment<br />
  4. 4. What is e-Learning?<br />E-learning (electronic learning) is a term covering a wide set of applications and processes.<br />There many different terms which are used interchangeably: <br />technology-based learning, technology-based training, computer-based training, computer-based learning, computer-based instruction, computer-based education, Web-based training, Internet-based training, Intranet-based training, distance education, distance learning, distance training.<br />
  5. 5. Is E-Learning Something 
Completely New?<br />Video courses<br />Audiotape courses<br />Computer-based, self-paced training (text-based and with multimedia)<br />E-learning via the Internet.<br />
  6. 6. How Can Your Company Benefit from E-Learning?<br />Employees can learn:<br />without traveling to class<br />at their convenience<br />based on their learning styles: Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic & Tactile.<br />E-learning provides for your company:<br />Cost saving <br />Learning quality<br />Rapid training roll<br />Copying with shortened knowledge life-cycles <br />
  7. 7. E-Learning Models<br />Technical Training<br />Professional Skills Training<br />New-Job-Role Training<br />“Update” Training<br />“Tip of the Iceberg” Training<br />
  8. 8. Employees and e-Learning<br />Research shows that e-learning works just as well as classroom learning.<br />Some employees may find it difficult to learn in e-learning environment.<br />Some things can be more effective when done in a classroom environment. For example, lab exercises which need access to real hardware.<br />
  9. 9. E-Learning as a Business 
Tool<br />you teach C++ because your employees need it to improve their work skills<br />teaching negotiation skills your employees improves your company’s customer support<br />learning about the new product helps your employees to sell your company’s product better.<br />
  10. 10. Company with a Small Budget 
and e-Learning<br />E-learning doesn't always require a large budget.<br />If you have a small budget, you should look at "renting" or "leasing" entire e-learning solution instead of building one. Or you might consider "renting" a part of your e-learning solution and building only part of it.<br />There are many learning vendors who have e-learning courseware available from their web sites. You can contact one of them to deliver e-learning course to your employees.<br />There are different ways to deliver e-learning inexpensive way. You can use a free learning management system as Schoology or Google Apps for education.<br />
  11. 11. Classroom Courses vs. E-Learning<br />The traditional learning solution involves gathering everyone in a classroom and presenting the material. It might be a simple presentation-style lecture class or a full-blown class with lectures, hands-on exercises, and group projects.<br />These traditional solutions have drawbacks:<br />The time it takes to gather all employees in a classroom.<br />The high cost of reaching all of the employees.<br />Earlier technologies for learning at a distance included CD-ROMs, audiotapes, and videotapes. However, in recent years the Internet became most popular e-learning delivery solution because of accessibility, familiarity, and convenience.<br />
  12. 12. Is Online Learning Strategic?<br />The percentage of institutions that agree that online education is critical to their long-term strategy reached its highest level in 2010 (63.1%). Likewise the percent disagreeing is at the lowest level (12.3%) for the eight years of the survey.<br />
  13. 13. How Many Students are Learning Online?<br />For the past seven years online enrollments have been growing substantially faster than overall higher education enrollments.<br />Over 5.6 million students were taking at least one online course during the fall 2009 term;<br />Nearly thirty percent of higher education students now take at least one course online.<br />
  14. 14. Are Learning Outcomes in Online Courses are Comparable to 
Face-to-Face?<br />66% of academic leaders rated the learning outcomes in online education as the same or superior to those in face-to-face.<br />
  15. 15. What is the Impact of the Economy on Online Education?<br />The bad economic times can be good for higher education enrollments<br />The decreased availability of good jobs encourages more people to seek education<br />Employed individuals seek to improve their chances for advancement by advancing their education.<br />The economic impact on institutional budgets has been mixed: 47% have seen their budgets decrease, but 27% have experienced an increase.<br />
  16. 16. What are Typical Barriers for 
Implementing e-Learning?<br />Natural resistance to change<br />New instructor skills<br />New technology<br />Course availability<br />Budget<br />
  17. 17. What does E-Learning Need From
 Your Management Team?<br />Realistic expectations<br />Leadership<br />Support<br />
  18. 18. How Critical is Leading-Edge Technology to E-Learning?<br />Using leading-edge technology is important but not critical. With a strong instruction design, you can make even an e-mail-based correspondence course work effectively. With a weak instructional design, you won’t be able to make the jazziest virtual classroom work effectively. Furthermore, in e-learning and in everything else, fancier things usually cost more than simple things.<br />
  19. 19. Do You Need to Eliminate Your Classroom Training?<br />Classroom training does not conflict with e-learning. You can blend together classroom and e-learning.<br />
  20. 20. How will Your Employees 
Respond to e-Learning?<br />E-learning feels different from traditional face-to-face learning experiences.<br />Unfamiliarity –some students will find it difficult to adjust to the new learning situation.<br />Lack of self-motivation –for some people it is hard to stay motivated while they’re learning away from a classroom.<br />Lack of time – one can’t take e-learning course and work. Some companies might expect their employees to take the courses before or after work.<br />Feeling of isolation – students can feel isolated without immediate presence of the teacher and other students.<br />Feeling of going against company culture --"Let me interrupt you for just a few minutes about an urgent work problem," says the manager while the employee is trying to take an e-learning course at her desk.<br />
  21. 21. How does Student Motivation 
Affect E-Learning?<br />Many people are accustomed to learning only in traditional classroom environments and find it hard to learn “on their own.”<br />Some key student motivations include:<br />The course teaches something that is critical to doing the immediate job.<br />The student is working toward a certification or a degree.<br />The student is required by management to prove that they completed a course.<br />
  22. 22. How will Instructors Respond 
to E-Learning?<br />Teaching an e-learning course is harder than teaching a classroom course.<br />You should take into consideration the following global considerations<br />Language –students from different countries speak different languages. You have two choices – translate your course or adapt it for the foreign students.<br />Time zone -- when it’s 8AM in New York, it’s 9PM in Tokyo. The solution is to emphasize some asynchronous communication: bulletin board messages, e-mail, etc.<br />Cultural differences – for example, humor.<br />
  23. 23. What are the Basic Styles 
for E-Learning?<br />There are 3 basic styles for e-learning depending on how the learning event is scheduled and how interaction with other people occur:<br />Synchronous learning<br />Self-directed learning<br />Asynchronous learning<br />Synchronous learning<br />Self-directed learning<br />Asynchronous learning<br />
  24. 24. What is a blended course?<br />Learning events that combine aspects of online and face-to-face instruction. Students will spend half the time in a traditional classroom. The other half of the time students will be outside of the classroom using a computer to participate in online learning activities, assignments, discussion and email, and assessments.<br />E-Learning Examples<br />View e-learning examples here<br />
  25. 25. Summary<br />E-learning is learning that uses computer technology, usually via the Internet.<br />E-learning enables employees to learn at their work/home computer without traveling to a classroom.<br />E-learning can be a scheduled session with an instructor or it can be an on-demand course.<br />Employees can learn without traveling to class—you can save on travel costs.<br />Employees can learn at their convenience.<br />Employees can learn based on their learning styles.<br />Research shows that e-learning works as well as classroom learning. It is safe to say that in 5-10 years all companies are good candidates for using e-learning.<br />You could spend hundreds, or you could spend multimillions.<br />
  26. 26. Summary<br />The cost components for e-learning include the courseware, the course delivery expenses (including instructors), marketing/promotional communications with the students, administration and support expenses.<br />The size and complexity of your training problem influencing your e-learning costs.<br />You can’t avoid risk, but ROI lets you predict the risk.<br />An e-learning success has to be thought in business terms, not training terms.<br />Barriers in implementing e-learning in you company might include people’s resistance to any kind of change, new technology, and budget constrains.<br />You management should keep realistic expectations, provide leadership and support.<br />Using leading-edge technology is important but not critical. 
If your e-learning has global reach, you should consider: language, time zones, and Cultural differences (for example, humor).<br />
  27. 27. References<br />Henderson A. J. (2003). The E-learning Question and Answer Book. New York, NY: American Management Association.<br />The Sloan Consortium, Class Differences: Online Education in the United States, 2010.<br />
  28. 28. Module 1: Assignment<br />Create your own fictitious company. Give me a brief description of your company (1 page). For example:<br />[your position] I am a CEO.<br />[your company’s name] The Electronic Widgets, Inc.<br />[your company’s brief description] It is a multinational company that sells high-tech widgets in other high tech products.<br />[employees] I have 800 salespeople in 20 countries. The Blue Widget 1000 has been our main product line for the last year-and-a-half.<br />[Why do you need to develop online course for your company? Give me a problem description] We’ve developed a new product line--Red Widget 1100 which has new underlying technology, faster speed, and more competitive price/performance ratio. I have to teach my salespeople about the new Red Widget 1100 product characteristics—features, functions, and fees.<br />[course title] Create your e-learning course title<br />