PROJECT MANAGEMENT CASE STUDY ON ESSAR STEEL, HAZIRA )
WHAT IS PROJECT?
A project is a one-shot,time-limited,major undertaking,requiring the commitment of various skills & resources.
It is a combination of human and non-human resources pulled together in a temporary organization to achieve a specified purpose.
What is Project Management?
Project Management is the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the efforts of the organizational members and use of other organizational resources in order achieve the stated organizational goal.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT TIME COST QUALITY SAFETY
FUNCTION OF MANAGMENT Control Change Organising Leadership Planning Organizational Goal
Project Expeditors: Unity of Communication
Project Co-orinators: Unity of Control
Matrix Managers : Unity of Direction
Pure Project Manager : Unity of Command
There are many different types of management activities
Project planning and scheduling
Project monitoring and reviews
Personnel selection and evaluation
Report writing and presentations
Probably the most time-consuming project management activity
Continuous activity from initial concept through to system delivery. Plans must be regularly revised as new information becomes available
Principal project plan is concerned with identifying project activities, the resources required for these activities, activity interactions and the time required to complete activities
WHO MUST PLAN? Everybody involved with the project. Project manager is at the heart of the planning process. He/She must initiate the planning process, and must create a master plan.
TYPICAL PROJECT PLANNING CYCLE Planning Action Evolution of Results Revision Measurement of Results
Project scheduling is a crucial part of the planning process, since it is the basis for allocating resources, estimating costs, and tracking project performance.
Project manager use them as Mechanism to sequences & control activities. With out them project might linger for month after month, consuming resources and missing opportunities.
Identify and define tasks and subtasks through the work break-down structure method.
Examine the relationships between tasks.
Create a draft schedule.
Optimize the schedule
ACITIVITES, EVENTS & WORK PACKAGE
A project schedules is road map
How to get where you want to go but also indicates how much progress you made along the way.
Mild stone Activities: major occurances, Completions or critical activity and major approval and availability of critical resources.
Principally concerned with estimating the resources required to complete a systems engineering project
Target hardware i.e. the hardware in the system
Host development systems i.e. the systems used to develop the system
Consumables and office expenses
Space costs for development team
Cost estimation objectives
To establish a budget for a systems engineering project
To provide a means of controlling project costs
To monitor progress against that budget by comparing planned with estimated costs
To establish a cost database for future estimation
Cost estimation and planning/scheduling are closely related activities
Costs and prices
The cost of developing the system and the price charged to the customer are different things
Costs must be accurately estimated to allow a price for the system to be established
The price may be less than, equal to or more than the cost of development. Many non-technical factors are involved in setting a price for the system
Good project management is essential for project success
Managers have diverse roles which depend on their level of seniority. The most significant activities for project managers are planning, estimating and scheduling the project
Planning and estimating are iterative processes which continue throughout the course of a project
There is no simple way to estimate project costs and, generally, a variety of different techniques should be used for cost estimation
Configuration management is concerned with managing changes to system components
Configuration management activities include component naming, version management, change control and system building
The Hazira Complex
Essar Steel Ltd. In hazira is one of the largest gas based Steel manufacturing plant of the world.
With the annual capacity of 5.1 MTPA giving the daily production of 1190 tone per day.
Essar in Hazira produces three major types of steel which includes Hot Briquette Iron (HBI), Hot Rolled Coils(HRC) and Iron Plates.
How is it Processed?
Raw Material :- Vishakhapatnam through cargo that carries 6 MTPA.
Raw Material changed to Hot Bricks with the dying machines consisting of rollers at the temperature of 150’C.
Part of it is transferred to the HRC module where it is furnished to coils or plates.
Rest is converted to DRI at a temperature of more than 650’C
Salient Features of HBI Plant
World's largest gas based HBI plant
Amongst the lowest per-tonne operating costs
Consistently operating at high capacity
Established customer base in both domestic and export markets
Current Essar Customers (CEC)
The customers of essar are based from diversified businesses including construction, automotive, shipping etc.
They are swaraj mazda, Hyundai, caterpillars to name a few.
Essar also joint hands with a company for the Delhi Rail Corporation where it would provide all the steel requirements of that project
How does it schedule the Project?
Essar has a high level of integrity and a very high level of serenity.
It has a very lateral type of structure and hence the communication between the top management and the lower cadre is very much without any Reprimandness.
This is believed to be the most important reason for the success of Essar Steel.
Due to this the distribution of task (scheduling) is very much equally divided without jeopardizing anyone’s participation.
Also the work efficiency is reported to increase when the departments follow the same policy without biasing the designation.
Project Management in Essar Steel is not only about time, cost, quality and safety but also efficiency, employee relationship and customer satisfaction following the 5S principle helping Essar to be one of the leading project manager of its kind.