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By Ramakrishna Yarlapati & Roshan Kadaramandalagi K
TABLE OF CONTENTSAshy Prinia-Prinia socialis ..........................................           02Asian Brown Flycatcher...
Ashy Prinia - Prinia socialisFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a lo...
01
Asian Koel - Eudynamys scolopaceusFeatures : 43 cm in size this is one of the more popular birds in India. The male is glo...
04
Asian Brown Flycatcher - Muscicapa dauuricaFeatures : About 14 cm in size the Asian Brown Flycatcher has conspicuously lar...
Black Drongo - Dicrurus macrocercusFeatures : It is a glossy and completely black bird with a deep forked tail size being ...
Black Kite - Milvus migransFeatures : Sized about 61 cm this is one of the most common birds of prey in and around Bangalo...
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibisFeatures : This bird is again a frequent sight, quite gregarious and found with grazing cattle...
Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish gradu...
Common Myna - Acridotheres tristisFeatures : The bird species is usually about 23 cm in size and is native to Asia and has...
Common Swallow - Hirundo rusticaFeatures : Also known as the Barn Swallow it is a glossy blue bird about 18 cm in length, ...
Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish gradu...
Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish gradu...
Eurasian Golden Oriole (Female & Male) - Oriolus oriolusFeatures : It is a bright golden yellow bird with wings and tail b...
08
Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensisFeatures : This is a large bird sized about 48 cm. Bronze wings and black body this is ...
Great Tit - Parus majorFeatures : This 13 cm bird has a black head and white cheek patches with a black band down the cent...
Pied Bushchat (Female & Male) - Saxicola caprataFeatures : Sized about 13 cm the male is black with white on rump, abdomen...
08
Purple-Rumped Sunbird (Male & Female) - Nectarinia zeylonicaFeatures : About 10 cm in size, these small sunbirds are found...
03
Purple Sunbird (Male) – Nectarinia asiaticaFeatures : About 10 cm in size. The male seen here is a metallic blue-green – l...
Red-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus caferFeatures : This bird is a common sight in cities and villages, has a partially crested...
Rosy Starling - Sturnus roseusFeatures : Sized about 23 cm these are rosy colored birds with a black head, neck and wings....
Rose-ringed Parakeet - Psittacula krameriFeatures : Quite a popular sighting, this 42 cm colorful bird is more a pest to a...
Rufous Treepie - Dendrocitta vagabundaFeatures : Also known as the Indian treepie, this 50 cm bird is native to southern A...
Small Bee Eater - Merops orientalisFeatures : Features: Resident and locally migratory, this 21 cm bird is a delicate look...
Spotted Dove - Stigmatopelia chinensisFeatures : Sized about 30 cm the bird is a kind of a pigeon characterized by the bla...
01
Spotted Owlet - Athene bramaFeatures : This small owl of size 21 cm is nocturnal and found mostly found in tropical parts ...
08
Shikra – Accipiter badiusFeatures : We observed this smaller sized (36 cm) bird of prey swoop in a flash and pickup a worm...
03
Tickells Flowerpecker - Dicaeum erythrorhynchosFeatures : Also known as the pale-billed flowerpecker, it is one the smalle...
08
Jungle Myna – Acridotheres fuscusFeatures : A common sight, this 23 cm bird can be quite boisterous with its varied and lo...
Indian Robin (Female & Male) - Saxicolides fulicataFeatures : A reddish vent and a graduated black tail that is almost alw...
08
White-breasted Kingfisher - Halcyon smyrnensisFeatures : This is a brilliant turquoise blue bird with a dark brown head an...
White Cheeked Barbet - Megalaima viridisFeatures : It is a 23 cm grass green bird with eye patch black, a white cheek and ...
Oriental Magpie Robin – Copsychus saularisFeatures : Sized about 23 cm this bird is a widespread resident found in most pa...
06
Indian Cormorant – Phalacrocorax fuscicollisFeatures : A blackish bird of about 63 cm, this is a frequent sight near most ...
Indian Silverbill – Lonchura malabaricaFeatures : This is a munia sized about 11 cm. Also known as the white-throated Muni...
Indian Pitta – Pitta brachyuraFeatures : This is an uncommon bird for Bangalore sized about 19 cm. Called a Navaranga in K...
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SAP Bird Book

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  • Hi Prashant, Thanks for the comments.

    The book is an earlier version with mistakes in printing. I have requested Sunder to upload the latest version (the version of the hard copy) where these errors have been fixed.

    You are right about the swallow - it is now called more as Barn Swallow than Common swallow - this is an effect of following various books (so some names are old some new :P)! In any case this is the reason why we have quoted the latin names to avoid any ambiguities. The common names are anyway different in different parts of the world.
    Cheers, Roshan.
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  • Nice. Booted Warbler has been marked as Black headed Munia. Barn Swallow has been marked as Common Swallow. It is no longer called that.
       Reply 
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Transcript of "SAP Bird Book"

  1. 1. By Ramakrishna Yarlapati & Roshan Kadaramandalagi K
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTSAshy Prinia-Prinia socialis .......................................... 02Asian Brown Flycatcher- Muscicapa dauurica ..................... 02Asian Koel - Eudynamys scolopaceus .............................. 02Black Drongo-Dicrurus macrocercus ............................... 03Black Kite-Milvus migrans .......................................... 03Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis ........................................ 03Common Myna-Acridotheres tristis ................................ 04Common Swallow - Hirundo rustica ............................... 04Eurasian Golden Oriole (Female & Male) -Oriolus oriolus ....... 04Great Tit-Parus major ....................................................... 05Pied Bushchat (Female & Male) - Saxicola caprata ................ 05Purple-Rumped Sunbird (Male & Female) - Nectarinia zeylonica . 05Red-vented Bulbul-Pycnonotus cafer .............................. 06Rose-ringed Parakeet - Psittacula krameri ........................ 07Rosy Starling - Sturnus roseus ..................................... 07Rufous Treepie - Dendrocitta vagabunda .......................... 07Small Bee Eater-Merops orientalis ................................. 08Spotted Dove - Stigmatopelia chinensis .......................... 08Spotted Owlet - Athene brama ..................................... 08Tickells Flowerpecker-Dicaeum erythrorhynchos ................. 08White Cheeked Barbet-Megalaima viridis ......................... 09White-breasted Kingfisher-Halcyon smyrnensis .................. 09White-browed Wagtail-Motacilla madaraspatensis ............... 09Purple Sunbird (Male) – Nectarinia asiatica ...................... 09Indian Robin (Male) – Saxicolides fulicata ....................... 10Jungle Myna – Acridotheres fuscus ............................... 11Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus ................................ 11Shikra – Accipiter badius ........................................... 11Blyth’s Reed Warbler – Acrocephalus dumetorum ................ 11Indian Cormorant – Phalacrocorax fuscicollis .................. 12Brahminy Starling – Sturnus pagodarum .......................... 12Oriental Magpie Robin – Copsychus saularis ...................... 12Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis ............................... 12Chestnut-tailed Starling - Sturnus malabaricus .................. 13Indian Silverbill – Lonchura malabarica .......................... 13Indian Pitta – Pitta brachyura ..................................... 13
  3. 3. Ashy Prinia - Prinia socialisFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish graduated white-tipped tail - usuallyheld upright. They also have a whitish narrow supercilium and Lores (space in front of the eye). Crown is grey and underparts creamcoloured. In breeding, crown and cheek are black with no supercilium. Some races have a more darker winter plumage. Usually found inpairs or with other warblers. It nests from March to October with about 4 eggs varying in colour. Both sexes share parental chores.Habitat : Mostly insectivorous they are usually found in tall grass and scrub at the edges of cultivation, gardens and reedbeds. Lookoutfor these in our campus near the pathways and inside bushes. The barred perked-up tail when it sits and its gingerly flight from bush tobush makes it a great common bird to lookout for. The prinias mating here proves that our campus is an important ecological supportsystem for these and many other species.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  4. 4. 01
  5. 5. Asian Koel - Eudynamys scolopaceusFeatures : 43 cm in size this is one of the more popular birds in India. The male is glossy black with crimson eyes and yellowish greenbill, female is brown with a lot of white and buffed spots – underparts whitish and striped. This bird is Brood parasitic. It nests duringApril to August which is the same as the birds it is brood-parasites on – the jungle crows and the house crows. Eggs are stone colouredand very similar to the crows’ eggs although smaller. Dr Salim Ali reports as many as 13 of its eggs being found in a crow’s nest (a nestparasite) !Habitat : Found mostly in open country, lightly wooded, gardens and groves with trees characterized by large leaves. Found across theentire Indian Union, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and host of other south and south east asian countries. Watch out for this black bird flyingstraight and quick from tree to tree in our campus. This is mostly Frugivorous but eats insects also.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 03
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  7. 7. Asian Brown Flycatcher - Muscicapa dauuricaFeatures : About 14 cm in size the Asian Brown Flycatcher has conspicuously large eyes with a white ring around it, is ashy brown aboveand dirty white below. The one in our office is a summer migrant. The male Asian Brown Flycatcher sings a simple melodic song duringcourtship. Nests in holes in trees. Season is from April to June with about 4 eggs which the female incubates- the female is fed by themale.Habitat : The bird is mostly insectivorous and found in the foothills of himalays, woodland, scrub and cultivations, hilly continentalareas of India, western ghats to the south of north Kanara. Lookout for this bird near the rear car parking lot – it will be great spotting ifyou see it as it is not found through the year.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 05
  8. 8. Black Drongo - Dicrurus macrocercusFeatures : It is a glossy and completely black bird with a deep forked tail size being nearly 31 cm. The species is known for itsaggression where it is heavily territorial and chases away larger birds like crows and many birds of prey! Sexes alike. Some smaller birdslike common mynas nest in the well guarded area of a Black Drongo. This is mutually beneficial in foraging for food. Quite beneficial toagriculture because it eats a large number of grasshoppers and insects. Nesting happens from April to August – usually with 3 to 5 eggs.Habitat : Open Forest and cultivation, found generally throughout the Indian subcontinent and right across tropical southern asia.Largely insectivorous, drinks flower nectar, sometimes even smaller birds, reptiles, bats. Found almost always flying around the receptionarea there are a number of these on our campus which brood at SAP Labs year on year and their deft flights are a pleasure to watch!Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 06
  9. 9. Black Kite - Milvus migransFeatures : Sized about 61 cm this is one of the most common birds of prey in and around Bangalore. The black kite is a large brown birddistinguished from all other similar birds by its forked tail. It has an extremely large range and has been seen in over a 100 countriesworldwide!Habitat : Found mostly in the neighborhoods of human habitations.Food : Forages in garbage, worms, small reptiles, small rodents, young birds and anything else. Frequents our campus all the time, canbe heard almost always (wherever we are in our campus) and perhaps the reason why the rodent population (read Rats) here iscontrolled! This bird is an adept flier and are our campus’s frequent fliers!Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 07
  10. 10. Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibisFeatures : This bird is again a frequent sight, quite gregarious and found with grazing cattle, also near tilling farmers in villages! Sizedabout 51cm the sexes are alike. In non breeding seasons plumage is pure white but in breeding they have orange-buff head, neck andback. It has a yellow bill. It is found throughout the Indian subcontinent. This is a common sight. Nests from November to March, withabout 3 to 5 eggs.Habitat : Again found mostly near the rear side of our campus and flit about where the cattle stray. They benefit from the worms in theground that are forced out when the cattle graze. The smokers of SAP might have noticed these more than the rest of us! Eats mostlygrasshoppers, flies, cicadas and other insects. Also eats frogs, small reptiles, fish. Roosts at night in favourite trees with other birds likecrows and mynas.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
  11. 11. Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish graduated white-tipped tail - usuallyheld upright. They also have a whitish narrow supercilium and Lores (space in front of the eye). Crown is grey and underparts creamcoloured. In breeding, crown and cheek are black with no supercilium. Some races have a more darker winter plumage. Usually found inpairs or with other warblers. It nests from March to October with about 4 eggs varying in colour. Both sexes share parental chores.Habitat : Mostly insectivorous they are usually found in tall grass and scrub at the edges of cultivation, gardens and reedbeds. Lookoutfor these in our campus near the pathways and inside bushes. The barred perked-up tail when it sits and its gingerly flight from bush tobush makes it a great common bird to lookout for. The prinias mating here proves that our campus is an important ecological supportsystem for these and many other species.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  12. 12. Common Myna - Acridotheres tristisFeatures : The bird species is usually about 23 cm in size and is native to Asia and has a large range. This is a dark brown bird withbright yellow bill, yellow legs and the white wing patch in flight is very hard to miss. Sexes alike. A master mimicker of other birds, thisbenefits a lot from human habitation and are usually pests and quite noisy at that.Habitat : Found abundantly in neighbourhoods of villages and cities. Found wherever man inhabits! Omnivorous – eats insects, fruitsand human food leftovers. Nesting happens from April to August with about 4 to 5 eggs.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 09
  13. 13. Common Swallow - Hirundo rusticaFeatures : Also known as the Barn Swallow it is a glossy blue bird about 18 cm in length, with a long forked tail with curved pointedwings. The forked tail is especially prominent during flight. The bird has an extremely large range and is estimated to be the mostwidespread swallow species. It normally uses man-made structures to inhabit itself. Extremely agile and very difficult to snap up inflight!Habitat : Around human habitations in open cultivated country, it eats flies and other insects.A migrant that comes that arrive in our campus sometime in October every year they are found preening themselves on the sills everymorning at about 8 am on the 6th floor cafeteria of phase III building!Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
  14. 14. Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish graduated white-tipped tail - usuallyheld upright. They also have a whitish narrow supercilium and Lores (space in front of the eye). Crown is grey and underparts creamcoloured. In breeding, crown and cheek are black with no supercilium. Some races have a more darker winter plumage. Usually found inpairs or with other warblers. It nests from March to October with about 4 eggs varying in colour. Both sexes share parental chores.Habitat : Mostly insectivorous they are usually found in tall grass and scrub at the edges of cultivation, gardens and reedbeds. Lookoutfor these in our campus near the pathways and inside bushes. The barred perked-up tail when it sits and its gingerly flight from bush tobush makes it a great common bird to lookout for. The prinias mating here proves that our campus is an important ecological supportsystem for these and many other species.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  15. 15. Black Headed MuniaFeatures : Sized around 13 cm (beak to tip of tail) these warblers are earthy brown with a longish graduated white-tipped tail - usuallyheld upright. They also have a whitish narrow supercilium and Lores (space in front of the eye). Crown is grey and underparts creamcoloured. In breeding, crown and cheek are black with no supercilium. Some races have a more darker winter plumage. Usually found inpairs or with other warblers. It nests from March to October with about 4 eggs varying in colour. Both sexes share parental chores.Habitat : Mostly insectivorous they are usually found in tall grass and scrub at the edges of cultivation, gardens and reedbeds. Lookoutfor these in our campus near the pathways and inside bushes. The barred perked-up tail when it sits and its gingerly flight from bush tobush makes it a great common bird to lookout for. The prinias mating here proves that our campus is an important ecological supportsystem for these and many other species.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  16. 16. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Female & Male) - Oriolus oriolusFeatures : It is a bright golden yellow bird with wings and tail black and a black streak through the eye, about 25 cm in size. Foundsingly or in pairs. Practically found throughout the Indian subcontinent and has an extremely large range. Is found in and around grovesof large trees near cultivation and human habitations. Nesting is from April to July with a clutch of about 2 to 3 eggs. Both sexes sharedomestic duties.Habitat : Deciduous and semi-evergreen in open well wooded country with leafy trees. Eats insects, peepul and banyan figs and somefruits. Watch out for these flitting about near the big trees in the rear side of our campus. This is also a locally migrant species and isnot found on our campus all the time.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
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  18. 18. Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensisFeatures : This is a large bird sized about 48 cm. Bronze wings and black body this is a shy bird but found easily in the mornings when itsuns itself. Its call, a deep and resonant hoop-hoop-hoop is a common thing to hear. When disturbed, tries to disappear amongst thethicket of trees/shrubs! Sexes alike, these are found singly or in pairs. A clutch of 3-4 eggs are laid in large untidy nest.Habitat : Found in most parts of India except parts of Rajasthan in tall bamboo, grass and scrub jungle around human habitation.Lookout for these in the neem tree & the east common compound walls of our campus. Eats insects,lizards, fruits, young mice, snails etc.Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
  19. 19. Great Tit - Parus majorFeatures : This 13 cm bird has a black head and white cheek patches with a black band down the center (underparts). Found practicallythroughout India. This bird is found singly, or in pairs or in parties often with other small insectivorous birds. We spotted it once in anoisy hunting party that had Ioras, Brahminy Starlings and Bushchats. Nesting happens from February to November with about 4 to 6eggs in a clutch. Both sexes share parental duties.Habitat : Light wooded surroundings. Common throughout Asia, Europe and parts of Africa. This bird is a pleasure to listen to with itsvaried number of calls and song! This frequents our campus near the 2 bike parking lots and is a pleasure to watch. Food is chieflyinsects, larvae, flower buds, fruits and others.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  20. 20. Pied Bushchat (Female & Male) - Saxicola caprataFeatures : Sized about 13 cm the male is black with white on rump, abdomen and conspicuously on wings. The female is earthy brownwith rusty rump. Found in pairs on bush tops perched and looking out for insects and other food. Nesting is mostly between February andMay where about 3 to 5 eggs are incubated by the female. The male helps in feeding young.Habitat : Found near cultivations, reeds, scrub jungles near water. The pairs flit about from bush to bush in our campus near the recep-tion block and canopy and frequently fly to a spot on the ground nearby to catch an insect. Food is mostly insects.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
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  22. 22. Purple-Rumped Sunbird (Male & Female) - Nectarinia zeylonicaFeatures : About 10 cm in size, these small sunbirds are found in pairs in wooded country. The male is more colorful with upperparts andbreast in metallic crimson, green and purple and lower parts yellowish. Nesting season is not defined clearly. Female alone builds thenest incubates about 2 eggs while the male helps in feeding the young. The nest is built, used and then discarded!Habitat : Dry cultivated country, scrub, light jungle, gardens and groves. Found in peninsular India. Drinks nectar from different flowers– (chiefly responsible for cross pollination of numerous species of flowers). Chiefly in search of nectar from various flowers this bird canbe found right near the ground floor canopy in our campus every morning! One can observe both the male and the female flit about oneafter another in their favorite perches. With a sweet song, this is a treat to the eyes and ears- watch out for this bird drinking nectarfrom the bottle brush flowers (and many other flowers for that matter!).Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 03
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  24. 24. Purple Sunbird (Male) – Nectarinia asiaticaFeatures : About 10 cm in size. The male seen here is a metallic blue-green – looks mostly blackish. The female is a brownish and quitea dimorph. This is a typical sunbird that has a quick and direct flight. Breeds throughout the year in an untidy nest with about a coupleof eggs. They are the nearest thing to hummingbirds in India in that they can hover at times to draw nectar!Habitat : Open deciduous forests and gardens. Found in most parts of India (except some north-eastern parts and parts of Rajasthan).Found in Sri Lanka as well. Eats flies and insects. Lookout for these drinking nectar from flowers in our campus especially near the rocksand the red flowers nearby along the pathway quite near to the ABC blocks.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  25. 25. Red-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus caferFeatures : This bird is a common sight in cities and villages, has a partially crested black head, crimson patch at the tail root and awhite rump with it - all in about 20 cm size. It is found all over the subcontinent. Sexes alike. The calls are popular and cheerful and acommon hearing. Nesting is mostly from February to May. 2 to 3 eggs can be seen in a nest. Both sexes share the parental chores.Habitat : Gardens, Cultivation and light scrub areas mostly near human as well as away from human habitation. Found throughout India.Found mostly near our campus canopy, they brood at SAP Labs and we have observed their numbers grow from last year! They usually eatfruits, insects and nectar.Photo By: Ramki Yarlapati 01
  26. 26. Rosy Starling - Sturnus roseusFeatures : Sized about 23 cm these are rosy colored birds with a black head, neck and wings. Young birds and adults are dull and buffish(instead of rosy-pink) in winter – this is what we see in the photograph here. They flock together so much that sometimes they outnum-ber the resident common mynas! Breeding has been found to be in western as well as central Asia and eastern Europe during May to endof June.Habitat : Found abundantly in northwest India and deccan but found all over India in winter. These beautiful migrants can sometimesbe seen at our campus lawns every morning until mid April when their winter visit comes to an end (the winter visit starts somewhere inJuly-August). They feed on locusts largely (Beneficial to agriculture). Watch out for these on our sprawling lawns but don’t forget toarrive early as they depart before 7 AM.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
  27. 27. Rose-ringed Parakeet - Psittacula krameriFeatures : Quite a popular sighting, this 42 cm colorful bird is more a pest to agriculturists! The female does not have the rose ringcollar. Found throughout the subcontinent, it usually moves around in flocks noisily and destroys crops and orchards. Also a popular cagebird, the bird is captured young and sold on almost all bird markets unfortunately. Nests usually from February until April with about 4 to6 eggs.Habitat : Cultivation and lightly wooded surroundings found commonly both in villages and cities. Is mostly frugivorous and feeds oncrops as well. Is a pleasure to watch fly about in groups almost all times of the day over our campus. Our campus also offers in the formof certain seeds an irresistible food to these colorful birds due to which we see them often here.Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
  28. 28. Rufous Treepie - Dendrocitta vagabundaFeatures : Also known as the Indian treepie, this 50 cm bird is native to southern Asia. Sexes are alike. It is usually reported in pairs orparties though we found this singly on our campus near the rear parking slots. Has variegated calls. Nesting mostly happens duringFebruary to mid July with about 4 to 5 eggs in one nest. Both sexes share domestic chores.Habitat : Lightly wooded country, gardens and groves. Found in the subcontinent. It is Omnivorous, has insects, reptiles, frogs etc andsometimes also eggs and young ones of smaller birds! After finding it for the first time we found the mother later tending to 3 youngones in our campus. And the young ones now seem to be back now, in 2011, to continue their mother’s legacy of continuing parentage.With a harsh call, big size and characteristic tail this bird is difficult to find but hard to miss!Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 03
  29. 29. Small Bee Eater - Merops orientalisFeatures : Features: Resident and locally migratory, this 21 cm bird is a delicate looking green bird with a conspicuous black collar,reddish nape and head and has a characteristic long feathers. These are best seen when right after it rains, these come out in search ofworms and perch on wires and fences. Nesting is usually from February to May. The nest itself is an earth tunnel dug together by maleand the female and usually about 4 to 6 eggs are seen. We leave the photograph do all the talking.Habitat : Open country and cultivation. Eats bees and some other insects by snapping them up during aerial sallies!Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 03
  30. 30. Spotted Dove - Stigmatopelia chinensisFeatures : Sized about 30 cm the bird is a kind of a pigeon characterized by the black and white chessboard like formations on its neck& nape. Sexes look alike. Found usually in pairs these are common across villages and cities alike. Nests all year with about 2 eggsusually.Habitat : Open well wooded and cultivated country. Found all over the Indian union except the dry parts. Prefers moist deciduousplaces. Eats grass seeds, insects, grains and other vegetation. Found almost always in our campus near the training block (receptionarea) as well as the rear side of phase III.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
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  32. 32. Spotted Owlet - Athene bramaFeatures : This small owl of size 21 cm is nocturnal and found mostly found in tropical parts of Asia and southeast Asia. Sexes look alikeand the staring yellow eyes are spectacular. It is usually found in pairs or parties sleeping during the day. Nesting season is usually fromNovember to April with about 3 to 4 eggs laid in tree holes lined with fibres and other material. Both male and female share the domes-tic chores.Habitat : Grasslands, marshy areas and scrub jungle. Eats insects, rodents, small reptiles. Another reason (apart from the black kite)which helps the rat population in check on our campus. The night shot with red eyes was taken behind the phase III building of SAPLabs campus in this case we chose not to do the red-eye reduction!Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 08
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  34. 34. Shikra – Accipiter badiusFeatures : We observed this smaller sized (36 cm) bird of prey swoop in a flash and pickup a worm – this speed is what characterizes thisbeautiful bar-tailed bird. Quite secretive, it usually hides amidst leaves when it sets about scanning for food. Breeds usually from Januaryto June with a clutch of about 3-6 eggs in an untidy nest of twigs.Habitat : Open wooded country and cultivation. Most of the subcontinent except north-west India. Eats small birds, small reptiles, largeinsects etc. The female has yellow eyes and the male red eyes.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati/Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
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  36. 36. Tickells Flowerpecker - Dicaeum erythrorhynchosFeatures : Also known as the pale-billed flowerpecker, it is one the smallest birds in India roughly the size of one thumb and evensmaller than the sunbirds (about 8 cm)! The birds are the chief pollinators of the Dendrophthoe clumps in mango orchards and thindeciduous forests. Nesting is from February to June with about 2 eggs.Habitat : Scrub jungle, plantations, forests, orchards and groves. Found all over the subcontinent. Eats berries of the Dendrophthoe andViscum, the plant parasites. Here we see the bird squeezing the juice out of the berry it is eating. Though it is found in Bangalorethroughout the year, they come to our campus in large numbers once the poppy seeds are aplenty! This bird proves to us that ourcampus is a ecological green lung.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
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  38. 38. Jungle Myna – Acridotheres fuscusFeatures : A common sight, this 23 cm bird can be quite boisterous with its varied and loud harsh calls. Frequently found together withcommon mynas on our campus. Breeding is usually from February to July. Tree holes, crevices are the most common breeding places forlarge colonies typically with 3-6 eggs.Habitat : Found at forest edges and cultivations near well wooded areas. The western ghats belt as well as the northern Himalayan beltwith a good presence in the north east. Eats mostly insects, fruits and grains. Our campus lawns seem to be these birds’ favourite haunt.Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 01
  39. 39. Indian Robin (Female & Male) - Saxicolides fulicataFeatures : A reddish vent and a graduated black tail that is almost always perked up characterizes this beautiful 19 cm bird which isendemic to the subcontinent. Frequently found foraging near human habitation, the male is a glossy black while the female a buff brown.Breeds from about December to September with about 3 to 4 eggs in a clutch. Nests are shallow cups either in a rock crevice, hole in awall or trees.Habitat : Often around villages and human habitation found in most parts of India (except parts of Rajasthan and the Himalayan belt aswell as the northeastern states). Mostly insectivorous but known to eat small frogs and lizards as well.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 08
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  41. 41. White-breasted Kingfisher - Halcyon smyrnensisFeatures : This is a brilliant turquoise blue bird with a dark brown head and a white breast with a heavyset bill used to batter its foodsized about 28cm. It is found singly in wooded country. Nesting is from March to July and the nests are horizontal tunnels dug in earth.About 4 to 7 eggs are placed. Both the parents build the nest (more like dig!) and feed the young.Habitat : Streams, rivulets, gardens and edges of forests. Found abundantly in the subcontinent. Found here almost symbolically on thesafe-assembly point board- perhaps a time for us to start caring about our avian friends.Eats fish, tadpoles, crabs, and other insects,sometimes mice.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  42. 42. White Cheeked Barbet - Megalaima viridisFeatures : It is a 23 cm grass green bird with eye patch black, a white cheek and striated neck and breasts. Once perched it is verydifficult to spot due to its matching color with the tree. Usually found in pairs or parties, they flock together on fruity trees. Nesting isusually found to be from December to June with about 3 eggs. Parental chores are shared equally by the male and the female.Habitat : Evergreen forests, orchards and groves. Eats fruits, figs and loves coffee berries, flower nectar and termites. Lookout for theseat the rear side car near the car parking and the neem tree.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 01
  43. 43. Oriental Magpie Robin – Copsychus saularisFeatures : Sized about 23 cm this bird is a widespread resident found in most parts of India. The bird is black (male) or washed out grey(female) and white characterized by a white side wing bar and at tail-sides. They call out with a sweet swee-swee whistle and are apleasure to listen to. Usually quite conspicuous, hangs around edges of villages and cultivation.Habitat : Forages on the ground, lawns and gardens. Found in open dry broad leaved forests and towns and villages. Locally migrant.Lays about 3-5 eggs in pads of grass in snags of old walls and tree trunks. Eats insects, drinks flower nectar mostly.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati / Roshan Kadaramandalagi 08
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  45. 45. Indian Cormorant – Phalacrocorax fuscicollisFeatures : A blackish bird of about 63 cm, this is a frequent sight near most water bodies in most parts of India – typically foundsunning its feathers wide open. Usually found in large flocks. It is a pleasure to watch these swim, stay underwater for a few secondswhile fishing. Breeding is usually from July to February with 3-6 eggs.Habitat : Most water bodies. Widespread in India except the northern parts.Eats a lot of fish varieties. These birds frequently fly overour heads to the lake behind our campus.Photo By : Ramki Yarlapati 07
  46. 46. Indian Silverbill – Lonchura malabaricaFeatures : This is a munia sized about 11 cm. Also known as the white-throated Munia this has brownish upperparts and whitish under-parts with a narrow whitish supercilium. Bill is blue-grey which gives it the name of silverbill. Calls are predominantly a sweet tchirp!Breeds throughout the year varying locally, lays about 4-6 pure white eggs.Habitat : Found in most parts of India in drier habitats in comparison to other finches. This bird we found was building its nest rightnear our main campus block!Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
  47. 47. Indian Pitta – Pitta brachyuraFeatures : This is an uncommon bird for Bangalore sized about 19 cm. Called a Navaranga in Kannada (which means 9 colours) it is trulya feast to the eye with black stripe through the eye, white throat and supercilium, buff lateral crown-stripes, has colors of blue near thetail tips and reddish pink underbelly and vent! Breeds mainly from may to august with a globular nest made of twigs in which 4 to 6 eggsare laid.Habitat : Breeds in himalayan foothills and the north eastern parts while it winters in southern parts of the peninsula. Difficult to find,we have the best chances in the early mornings amongst leaf litter where it usually hops around to upturn leaves and litter to findworms/insects which is its primary food.Photo By : Roshan Kadaramandalagi 03
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