Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                    ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development D...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                    ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development D...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                    ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development D...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd::Communication

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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd
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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd::Communication

  1. 1. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 Abstract COMMUNICATION 2011 - 201201 Future Simplification of Procedure for Decoding Nonsystematic Reed-Solomon Codes Using the Berlekamp-Massey Algorithm It is well-known that the Euclidean algorithm can be used o find the systematic errata-locator polynomial and the errata- evaluator polynomial simultaneously in Berlekamp’s key equation that is needed to decode a Reed-Solomon (RS) codes. In this paper, a simplified decoding algorithm to correct both errors and erasures is used in conjunction with the Euclidean algorithm for efficiently decoding nonsystematic RS codes. In fact, this decoding algorithm is an appropriate modification to the algorithm developed by Shiozaki and Gao. Based on the ideas presented above, a fast algorithm described from Blahut’s classic book is derivated and proved in this paper to correct erasures as well as errors by replacing the Euclidean algorithmMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 by the Berlekamp-Massey (BM) algorithm. These facts lead to significantly reduce the decoding complexity of the proposed RS decoder.02 Analysis and Design of Cooperative BICM-OFDM Systems In this paper, we propose a novel cooperative diversity scheme for wireless systems employing the combination of bit– interleaved coded modulation (BICM) and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). The proposed scheme utilizes an amplify–and–forward protocol where relays are assigned to multiple groups. Relays in the same group transmit concurrently over disjoint sets of sub–carriers and relays in different groups transmit in different time slots. We derive closed– form expressions for the asymptotic worst–case pairwise error probability and the diversity gain of the proposed cooperative BICM–OFDM scheme. Based on the derived analytical results we develop design guidelines for sub–carrier allocation, relay grouping, and relay selection. Simulation results corroborate the derived analytical results and confirm the effectiveness of the developed optimization framework.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 2
  3. 3. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201203 Coherent Versus Non-Coherent Decode-and-Forward Relaying Aided Cooperative Space-Time Shift Keying Motivated by the recent concept of Space-Time Shift Keying (STSK), we propose a novel cooperative STSK family, which is capable of achieving a flexible rate-diversity tradeoff, in the context of cooperative space-time transmissions. More specifically, we first propose a Coherent cooperative STSK (CSTSK) scheme, where each Relay Node (RN) activates Decode and- Forward (DF) transmissions, depending on the success or failure of Cyclic Redundancy Checking (CRC). We invoke a bitto- STSK mapping rule, where according to the input bits, one of the pre-assigned dispersion vectors is activated to implicitly convey log2 bits, which are transmitted in combination with the classic log2 ℒ-bit modulated symbol.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 3
  4. 4. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201204 Combinatorial Characterization of Interference Coupling in Wireless Systems We provide a combinatorial characterization of interference coupling in wireless systems, with the intent of obtaining a better insight into interference coordination and management. We introduce two bipartite graphs, namely the power graph and interference graph. We utilize these graphs and global dependency matrix containing only binary (0 and 1) entries to capture the effects of interference coupling in communication systems. We show that the irreducibility of the global dependency matrix is related to the connectivity of the power graph and the irreducibility of the matrix is related to the connectivity of the interference graph. We prove that for strictly positive and strictly log-convex interference functions, the irreducibility of the matrices and are necessary and sufficient conditions for the considered utility sets to be strictly convex.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 4
  5. 5. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201205 Comment on “An Exact Performance Analysis of MRC/OSTBC over Generalized Fading Channels In this comment, it is shown that the semi-numerical algorithm for computation of the ergodic channel capacity, which has been suggested in the paper cited by the headline above, can be replaced by a closed-form solution – either based on generalized hypergeometric functions or, in a more concise and elegant approach, on Meijer’s G-function.06 Cooperation via Trellis Pruning In this paper introduces a new approach to cooperative communications. Consider two partner nodes that cooperate to convey their data to a common destination, each transmitting not only its own “local” data but also acting as a relay for its partner, thereby effecting spatial diversity. In the proposed scheme, each partner multiplexes local data with relayed data and convolutionally encodes the resulting bitstream prior to transmission; the other partner then uses its knowledgeMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 5
  6. 6. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 of the relayed data to prune edges from the code trellis, thereby decoding at a lower (and more robust) rate. The destination observes two copies of each source’s data – one transmitted as local information, the other transmitted as relayed information – and employs iterative decoding to recover the same.07 Cramér-Rao Lower Bounds of DOA Estimates from Square QAM-Modulated Signals In this paper, we derive for the first time analytical expressions for the inphase/quadrature (I/Q) non-data-aided (NDA) Cramér-Rao lower bounds (I/Q NDA CRLBs) of the direction of arrival (DOA) estimates from square quadrature amplitude (QAM)-modulated signals corrupted by additive white circular complex Gaussian noise (AWCCGN) with any antenna configuration. Yet the main contribution embodied by this paper consists in deriving for the first time analytical expressions for the NDA Fisher information matrix (FIM) and then for the stochastic CRLB of the NDA DOA estimates in the case of square QAMmodulated signals. It will be shown that in the presence of any unknown phase offset (i.e., non- coherent estimation), the ultimate achievable performance on the NDA DOA estimates holds almost the same irrespectively of the modulation order. However, the NDA CRLBs obtained in the absence of the phase offset (i.e.,Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 6
  7. 7. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 coherent estimation) vary, in the high SNR region, from one modulation order to another.08 Decision-Feedback Differential Detection in Impulse-Radio Ultra-Wideband Systems In this paper we present decision-feedback differential detection (DF-DD) schemes for autocorrelation-based detection in impulse-radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) systems, a signaling scheme regarded as a promising candidate in particular for low-complexity wireless sensor networks. To this end, we first discuss ideal noncoherent sequence estimation and approximations thereof based on block-wise multiple-symbol differential detection (MSDD) and the Viterbi algorithm (VA) from the perspective of tree-search/trellis decoding. Exploiting relations well-known from tree-search decoding, we are able to derive the novel decision-feedback differential detection (DF-DD) schemes. A comprehensive comparison with respect to performance and complexity of the presented schemes in a typical IR-UWB scenario reveals—along with novel insights in techniques for complexity reduction of the sphere decoder applied for MSDD— that sorted DF-DD achieves close-to-optimum performance at very low, and in particular constant receiver complexity.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 7
  8. 8. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201209 Design and Analysis of Timing Synchronization in Block Transmission UWB Systems In this paper, timing synchronization in high-rate ultra-wideband (UWB) block transmission systems is investigated. A new joint timing and channel estimation scheme is proposed for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and single carrier block transmission with frequency domain equalization (SC-FDE) UWB systems. The scheme is based on a newly designed preamble for both coarse timing and the subsequent channel estimation. Despite of the presence of coarse timing error, the estimated channel impulse response (CIR) is simply the cyclic shifted version of the real CIR, thanks to the unique structure of the preamble. The coarse timing error (CTE) is then determined from the CIR estimation and used to fine tune the timing position and the frequency domain equalization coefficients. The proposed scheme saves preamble overhead by performing joint synchronization and channel estimation, and outperforms existing timing acquisition methods in the literature in dense multipath UWB channels.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 8
  9. 9. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201210 Error-Rate Performance Analysis of Incremental Decode-and-Forward Opportunistic Relaying In this paper, we investigate an incremental opportunistic relaying scheme where the selected relay chooses to cooperate only if the source-destination channel is of an unacceptable quality. In our study, we consider regenerative relaying in which the decision to cooperate is based on a signalto- noise ratio (SNR) threshold and takes into account the effect of the possible erroneously detected and transmitted data at the best relay. We derive a closed-form expression for the end-to-end biterror rate (BER) of binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation based on the exact probability density function (PDF) of each hop. Furthermore, we evaluate the asymptotic error performance and the diversity order is deduced. We show that performance simulation results coincide with our analytical results.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 9
  10. 10. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201211 Filter and Nested Lattice Code Design for MIMO Fading Channels with Side-Information Linear-assignment Gel’fand-Pinsker coding (LAGPC) is a coding technique for channels with interference known only at the transmitter, where the known interference is treated as side-information (SI). As a special case of the LA-GPC, dirty paper coding has been shown to be able to achieve the optimal interference-free rate for SI channels with perfect channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT). In the cases where only the channel distribution information at the transmitter (CDIT) is available, LA-GPC also has good (sometimes optimal) performance in a variety of fast and slow fading SI channels. In this letter, we design filters in the nested lattice based coding to make it achieve the same rate performance as the LA-GPC in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Compared with the random Gaussian codebooks used in previous works, our resultant coding schemes have algebraic structures and can be implemented in practical systems. Simulations in slowfading channels are provided, and near interference-free error performance is obtained. The proposed coding schemes can serve as the fundamental building blocks to achieve the promised rate performance of MIMO Gaussian broadcast channels with CDIT or perfect CSIT.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 10
  11. 11. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201212 Optimized Differential GFSK Demodulator Abstract—Gaussian frequency shift keying (GFSK) is a promising digital modulation scheme. The design of simple and high-performance receivers for GFSK systems is a challenging task. In this letter, we develop an optimized differential GFSK demodulator and investigate the phase wrapping issue in its implementation. Simulation results show bit-error-rate (BER) performance improvement in comparison with conventional differential demodulators in both AWGN and flat fading channels. We also compare our proposed demodulator with other existing alternatives in terms of BER performance.13 Source Per-Tone Transmit Antenna Selection with Phase Precoding for OFDM If antenna selection in OFDM is done on a pertone basis, the frequency domain can be exploited to achieve very goodMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 11
  12. 12. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 performance. However this means that the channel after antenna selection will have discontinuities in the frequency domain. In this paper we present a novel phase precoding that ensures that the channel after antenna selection is smooth enough in the frequency domain for advanced channel estimation. We analyse its performance and show that it is robust to channel estimation and reciprocity errors.14 Post-Scheduling SINR Mismatch Analysis for Multiuser Orthogonal Random Beamforming Systems In this letter, we analyze the post-scheduling SINR mismatch of a multiuser orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) system. The mismatch probability is derived for Gaussian broadcast channels with transmit antennas and single- antenna users. Numerical results are shown to be identical to theoretical results. The probability analysis enables us to calculate the minimum number of users to satisfy a target mismatch probability. Another way to use the mismatch probability is to control CQI mismatch handling mechanisms.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 12
  13. 13. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201215 Power Allocation in Spectrum Sharing Cognitive Radio Networks with Quantized Channel Information We consider a wideband spectrum sharing system where a secondary user can access a number of orthogonal frequency bands each licensed to a distinct primary user. We address the problem of optimum secondary transmit power allocation for its ergodic capacity maximization subject to an average sum (across the bands) transmit power constraint and individual average interference constraints on the primary users. The major contribution of our work lies in considering quantized channel state information (CSI)(for the vector channel space consisting of all secondary-to-secondary and secondary- toprimary channels) at the secondary transmitter as opposed to the prevalent assumption of full CSI in most existing work. It is assumed that a central entity called a cognitive radio network manager has access to the full CSI information from the secondary and primary receivers and designs (offline) an optimal power codebook based on the statistical information (channel distributions) of the channels and feeds back the index of the codebook to the secondary transmitter for every channel realization in real-time, via a delay-free noiseless limited feedback channel. A modified Generalized Lloyds-type algorithm (GLA) is designed for deriving the optimal power codebook, which is proved to be globally convergent and empirically consistent. An approximate quantized power allocation (AQPA) algorithm is presented, that performs very closeMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 13
  14. 14. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 to its GLA based counterpart for large number of feedback bits and is significantly faster.16 Relay Selection from a Battery Energy Efficiency Perspective The battery nonlinearity has never been considered for energy analysis in relay networks. In this letter, we adopt the realistic nonlinear battery model, apply the battery energy consumption results in [1] to general relay networks, investigate the optimum and suboptimum energy allocation solutions for relaying transmission, and establish the relay selection criterion from the battery energy efficiency perspective. Our analyses and comparisons show that relaying does not always increase the system energy efficiency. We further establish closed-form conditions that can be easily checked to determine whether the relay transmission is preferable to the direct transmission. Numerical examples are also presented to verify these results.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 14
  15. 15. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201217 Stability and Distributed Power Control in MANETs with Per Hop Retransmissions In the current work the effects of hop-by-hop packet loss and retransmissions via ARQ protocols are investigated within a Mobile Ad-hoc NET-work (MANET). A success probability function is related to each link, which can be controlled by power and rate allocation. The expression for the network’s stability region is initially derived where the success function plays a critical role. The investigation considers functions with specific properties which are shown to be satisfied for various expressions of the success probability related to different modulation and coding schemes as well as outage events. A Network Utility Maximization problem (NUM) with stability constraints is further formulated which decomposes into the input rate control and the scheduling problem. Under certain assumptions the latter is relaxed to a simpler form. This allows application of supermodular game theory and the algorithmic approach in [1] is adapted to include the family of success functions of interest. It is shown finally that interference measurements per node drastically reduce the amount of information exchange required for solving the scheduling problem..Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 15
  16. 16. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201218 Turbo Coded Noncoherent Space-Time Modulation Using Information-Bearing Pilots and Spatial Multiplexing In this paper, we present a turbo coded spacetime modulation scheme for noncoherent block fading channels, where neither the transmitter nor the receiver knows the channel state information. The turbo coded bits are divided into two parts which are respectively transmitted through informationbearing pilots and spatial multiplexing (SM). Since this approach effectively increases the cardinality of the set of possible transmit (space-time) signal matrices, a large rate gain can be obtained without increasing the modulation order, as shown through achievable-rate analysis. At the receiver, an iterative detectiondecoding algorithm is performed cooperatively among the turbo decoder, the coherent demapper for the SM, and the noncoherent demapper for the information-bearing pilots through the help of the proposed signal matrix detector, which enables these two demappers to utilize the channel information inherent in all the received symbols within the same fading block. Compared to the previous work in the literature, the proposed scheme can provide advantages in both error performance and complexity.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 16
  17. 17. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201219 ZF Detectors over Correlated Fading MIMO Channels This paper provides a systematic characterization of Zero-Forcing (ZF) detectors over multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels that experience both small and large-scale fading. In particular, we consider the generic distribution (Rayleigh/gamma distribution) to model the composite fading fluctuations and also assume the general case of semi- correlated small-scale fading. In the following, novel exact analytical expressions for the achievable sum rate are derived, followed by asymptotic expressions in the high and low Signal-to-Noise ratio (SNR) regimes. In these limiting cases, two common and insightful affine expansions are studied followed by new, closedform upper and lower bounds on the sum rate that remain tight for all SNRs. In the second part of the paper, we present exact tractable expressions along with first-order expansions for the symbol error rate (SER) and outage probability; we also quantify the performance of ZF detectors in terms of diversity order and array (or coding) gain. The implications of the model parameters on the ZF detector performance are investigated via Monte-Carlo simulations which also validate the theoretical analysisMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 17
  18. 18. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201220 High-SNR Performance of MIMO Multi-Channel Beamforming in Double-Scattering Channels This paper investigates the symbol error rate (SER) performance of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) multi-channel beamforming (MB) in the general doublescattering channel. We derive an asymptotic expansion on the marginal eigenvalue distribution of the MIMO channel matrix, and apply the result to get an approximate expression on the average SER at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Two parameters pertaining to the SER, i.e., the diversity gain and the array gain, are analyzed. Our results show that it suffices for the doublescattering channel to have only limited scatterers, if the same diversity gain as the Rayleigh channel is desired; however, once the number of scatterers is below a certain level, the array gain in the double-scattering channel will vary with the SNR logarithmically.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 18
  19. 19. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201221 Hybrid ARQ Protocol for Multi-Antenna Multicasting Using a Common Feedback Channel Wireless multicasting (also called common information broadcasting) is a technique where a common information message is transmitted to multiple users. This is typically accomplished by having the basestation broadcast out a signal representing this message. In this paper, we consider a multicasting scheme where the basestation transmits the multicasting signal without any a-priori knowledge of the users’ channel state information. In this set-up, a hybrid automatic repeat request (ARQ) control is employed to improve the reliability of multicasting communication. In most hybrid ARQ set- ups, each user is usually allocated a dedicated feedback channel to tell the basestation if the previously transmitted signal was correctly decoded. However, dedicated feedback channels waste significant uplink resources, especially when the number of users is large. To mitigate this problem, we consider a negative acknowledgement (NACK) based hybrid ARQ control where the failed users are allowed to transmit the NACK signal (which is assumed to be the same for all users) through a common channel while the other users remain silent. We consider the effect of feedback error and multicasting signal decoding error on our hybrid ARQ system performance as the number of users grows large. Specifically, it is shown that the throughput performance of the proposed hybrid ARQ scheme using repetition retransmission is not severelyMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 19
  20. 20. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 degraded relative to the throughput performance of the noiseless feedback case. In addition, we show that the performance improvement obtained by replacing repetition encoding with incremental redundancy becomes insignificant for the large number of users asymptote. On the other hand, it is shown that the improvement provided by incremental redundancy is significant when some of the users are allowed to fail to decode the message.22 Intermodulation Distortion in Multicarrier Satellite Systems: Analysis and Turbo Volterra Equalization The urgent objective of transmitting high data rates over satellite, coupled with the challenge to maximize satellite mass efficiency, has necessitated that multiple carriers share the same transponder high-power amplifier (HPA). This paper presents analytical framework that characterizes the resulting intermodulation distortion (IMD) by utilizing Volterra series representation to account for the memory within the carrier itself and those associated with other carriers. Also provided is analytical evaluation of nonlinear IMD which involves computing statistical averages of higher-order products of Volterra series containing complex-valued symbols from multiple carriers. Using this theoretical characterization, novel algorithms are developed to overcome IMD in highly distortion-limited environments by employing the powerful Turbo equalization method with linear minimum mean-squared error criterion. Further, the solution is adaptive so compensation does notMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 20
  21. 21. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 require prior knowledge of the HPA characteristics and can be rapidly responsive to variations in the environment. Through extensive simulations, it is shown that the proposed multicarrier analysis and Turbo Volterra techniques can be used to substantially remove IMD resulting from operating the nonlinear transponder HPA, shared by multiple carriers, near saturation. By applying more iterations of joint equalization and decoding, the solution can approach the ideal performance when feeding back correct decisions.23 On Cubic Metric Reduction in OFDM Systems by Tone Reservation One of the major drawbacks of multicarrier modulation is the large envelope fluctuations which either requires an inefficient use of high power amplifiers (HPAs) or decreases the system performance. Peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) is the best known measure of the envelope fluctuations and is widely employed to design multicarrier systems. However, recently, another metric known as cubic metric (CM), is being considered in several multicarrier systems since it can predict HPA power de-rating more accurately. In this paper tone reservation (TR) technique, originally used for PAPR-reduction, is reformulated to reduce CM. We first simplify CM to define the objective function, denoted as objective CM (OCM). Then we demonstrate that OCM is convex and formulate TR for CM-reduction as an unconstrained convex optimization problem. TheMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 21
  22. 22. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 solution to this problem is found by means of an iterative algorithm which approaches the optimal solution with few steps. In this paper a low-complexity suboptimal algorithm capable of approaching the optimum with sufficient accuracy is also proposed. Simulation results show that for similar computational complexity, the performance of CMreduction is superior to that of PAPR-reduction both in terms of bit error rate and out-of-band leakage.24 On Outage Probability and Diversity-Multiplexing Tradeoff in MIMO Relay Channels Fading MIMO relay channels are studied analytically, when the source and destination are equipped with multiple antennas and the relays have a single one. Compact closed-form expressions are obtained for the outage probability under i.i.d. and correlated Rayleigh-fading links. Low-outage approximations are derived, which reveal a number of insights, including the impact of correlation, of the number of antennas, of relay noise and of relaying protocol. The effect of correlation is shown to be negligible, unless the channel becomes almost fully correlated. The SNR loss of relay fading channels compared to the AWGN channel is quantified. The SNR-asymptotic diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) is obtained for a broad class of fading distributions, including, as special cases, Rayleigh, Rice, Nakagami, Weibull, which may be non-identical, spatiallyMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 22
  23. 23. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 correlated and/or non-zero mean. The DMT is shown to depend not on a particular fading distribution, but rather on its polynomial behavior near zero, and is the same for the simple “amplify-and-forward" protocol and more complicated “decode-and-forward” one with capacity achieving codes, i.e. the full processing capability at the relay does not help to improve the DMT. There is however a significant difference between the SNR-asymptotic DMT and the finite-SNR outage performance: while the former is not improved by using an extra antenna on either side, the latter can be significantly improved and, in particular, an extra antenna can be traded-off for a full processing capability at the relay. The results are extended to the multi-relay channels with selection relaying and typical outage events are identified.25 Per-Tone Transmit Antenna Selection with Phase Precoding for OFDM If antenna selection in OFDM is done on a pertone basis, the frequency domain can be exploited to achieve very good performance. However this means that the channel after antenna selection will have discontinuities in the frequency domain. In this paper we present a novel phase precoding that ensures that the channel after antenna selection is smooth enough in the frequency domain for advanced channel estimation. We analyse its performance and show that it is robust to channel estimation and reciprocity errors.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com.info Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.tiruchy@gmail.com 23
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