Open to diversity, with special care and school integration
Combination of study and work
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CUBAN EDUCATION The state is responsible of Education
“… the socialist state, as power of the people ... ensures ... that there couldn’t be a child who has no school, food and clothing, there couldn’t be young person who has no opportunity to study, there couldn’t be person who does not have access to study, culture and sports ... while guides, encourages and promotes education, culture and science in all its manifestations ”. Constitution of the Republic of Cuba
The National Literacy Campaign In 1961, immediately following the revolution, the Cuban government organized brigades of 100,000 high school and college students to spend up to a year in rural and urban poor areas, teaching illiterate people to read and write. The program was called the National Literacy Campaign and it was the most meaningful experience at those times.
Secondary schools are divided into two levels, basic and upper levels.
Basic secondary is mandatory and it has a 3 year program for children from 12 to15 years of age.
The children completing the program receive the Secondary School Completion Diploma.
UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOLS: TECHNICAL OR PREUNIVERSITY
Students can choose between pre-university education or technical and professional education in order to continue studying in the upper secondary schools.
The upper secondary schools offer a 3 year programm for children 15-18 years of age. This programm is in both: technical school or pre-university school. The graduates receive a “Bachillerato Diploma”. (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) in both cases.
The technical secondaries schools offer a 3 year program for students 15-18 years of age. These students can persue two levels of qualification: skilled worker and middle-level technician. Graduates only can attend Higher Education at Technological Institutes.
Pre-university schooling prepares them to go to the university . Those who graduate may attend one of Cuba's 40 free colleges.
UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL Students wear these uniforms in secondary schools located in the cities They don’t have the scarves because they are in upper secondary level
UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL Students wear these uniforms in secondary schools located in the rural areas They wear the scarves because they are in basic secondary level
UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL AND HIGHER EDUCATION
In Medical Schools, students wear a white top and purple skirts or pants.
Schoolteaching students wear a white top and green skirts or pants. The regime soon began opening Escuelas de Instrucción Revolucionaria (Schools for Revolutionary Instruction) and sending students to Communist countries to study Marxism-Leninism and its corresponding pedagogy.
There are many others kind of uniforms but I don’t remember. (Arts School, Music Schools and so on.)
POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS FEDERATION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS (FEEM) THE YOUNG COMMUNISTS THE COMMITTEES FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE REVOLUTION
Besides their class programm, s tudents are required to do agriculture work as part of the secondary school program in both levels: basic and upper during 45 days at each grade (only schools located in cities) .
Secondary Schools which are in rural areas combine a half-part workday in agriculture with classes every day .
There is a ranking class in all levels
Students are required to be part of the political organizations like CDR (The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, UJC(The Young Communists), FEEM (Federation of High School Students)