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Education in Cuba by Osvaldo Gutiérrez Pérez
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Education in Cuba by Osvaldo Gutiérrez Pérez

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  • 1. EDUCATION IN CUBA
  • 2.
    • Free at all levels including higher education
    • Massive and equitable education
    • Democratic participation of society as a whole
    • Gender equality and coeducation
    • Open to diversity, with special care and school integration
    • Combination of study and work
    BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CUBAN EDUCATION The state is responsible of Education
  • 3. “… the socialist state, as power of the people ... ensures ... that there couldn’t be a child who has no school, food and clothing, there couldn’t be young person who has no opportunity to study, there couldn’t be person who does not have access to study, culture and sports ... while guides, encourages and promotes education, culture and science in all its manifestations ”. Constitution of the Republic of Cuba
  • 4. The National Literacy Campaign
  • 5. The National Literacy Campaign In 1961, immediately following the revolution, the Cuban government organized brigades of 100,000 high school and college students to spend up to a year in rural and urban poor areas, teaching illiterate people to read and write. The program was called the National Literacy Campaign and it was the most meaningful experience at those times.
  • 6. Are they from a state school?
  • 7. Structure of the Cuban School System
    • Classes from: September to July in all levels including university
    • Free and universal access to education through the ninthgrade
    • UNIFORMS are used in all levels except at the university
    • Marxist teaching and patriotic orthodoxy in the classroom
    • Military Training
  • 8. GRADES
    • Cuba has nursery and other pre-schools called in general “Circulos Infantiles”
    • PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL
    • Pre-escolar: 4-6 years old (also called Kindergarten) Many of the younger children wear short blue pants(BOYS) or skirts(GIRLS), white shirts and a blue scarf or neck erchief.
    • Children are taught about their country, learn the national anthem, the important national symbols and heroes, as well as class discipline and maths and reading.
  • 9. PRIMARY SCHOOL
    • Length of program in years: 6
    • Age level: 6-11 years old
    • C hildren wear white shirts and red pants (BOYS) or suspender skirts(GIRLS) and a red scarf or neck erchief.
    • Subjects: Maths, Literacy, Science, Geography, History, Arts, Physical Education and Military Training.
  • 10. PIONEROS’ EMBLEM Emblem of the Young Pioneer Organization of Cuba
  • 11. PRE-PRIMARY AND PRIMARY UNIFORMS
  • 12. A TYPICAL PRIMARY CLASSROM
  • 13. A RELEVANT HEROE
  • 14. PIONEROS SALUTE
  • 15. Students do carpentry work at a special school for children with mental disabilities
  • 16. Ballet school students practice
  • 17. Acting class at one of the most prestigious high schools in Havana
  • 18. Circus school. Acrobats' daily training
  • 19. SYMBOLS
  • 20. THE CUBAN FLAG (First patriotic symbol of Cuba)
  • 21. NATIONAL SHIELD COAT OF ARMS OF CUBA (Second patriotic symbol of Cuba)
  • 22. TEXTBOOKS
    • Textbooks are designed and prepared by the goverment after a detailed revision of their contents
    • All teachers have to follow the same class program in all schools.
    • There is not any space for any kind of liberty in teaching
  • 23. INSPECTIONS
    • Education Inspectors and Head Teachers are allowed to attend the classes whenever they want
  • 24. PARENTS
    • They are organized in similar groups as their children
    • They are involved, taking in account their political profile and they could make sugestions and give their ideas under the strict terms of the goverment
    • From nursery to higher education the goverment promoted a system divorced from direct home influence and emphasized the paternal role of the state
  • 25. CHEATING IN EXAMS
    • It is considered one of the most terrible issues, therefore you are immediately expulsed from the education system
  • 26. MARKS - EVALUATION
    • You pass an exam if you get 70 out of 100 in each subject in all levels except in Higher Education
    • The quality of teaching is measured by the number of students who have passed the exams, so in many cases teachers tend to inflate marks (it doesn’t work in Higher Education)
    • There are four marks at the university:
      • If you don’t pass an exam, you get 2 points
      • If you pass an exam, you get 3 points that means you have the minimum approval
      • If you obtain a relevant mark in an exam you could get 4 or 5 points
  • 27. BASIC AND UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL
    • Secondary schools are divided into two levels, basic and upper levels.
    • Basic secondary is mandatory and it has a 3 year program for children from 12 to15 years of age.
    • The children completing the program receive the Secondary School Completion Diploma.
  • 28. UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOLS: TECHNICAL OR PREUNIVERSITY
    • Students can choose between pre-university education or technical and professional education in order to continue studying in the upper secondary schools.
    • The upper secondary schools offer a 3 year programm for children 15-18 years of age. This programm is in both: technical school or pre-university school. The graduates receive a “Bachillerato Diploma”. (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) in both cases.
      • The technical secondaries schools offer a 3 year program for students 15-18 years of age. These students can persue two levels of qualification: skilled worker and middle-level technician. Graduates only can attend Higher Education at Technological Institutes.
      • Pre-university schooling prepares them to go to the university . Those who graduate may attend one of Cuba's 40 free colleges.
  • 29. UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL Students wear these uniforms in secondary schools located in the cities They don’t have the scarves because they are in upper secondary level
  • 30. UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL Students wear these uniforms in secondary schools located in the rural areas They wear the scarves because they are in basic secondary level
  • 31. UNIFORMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL AND HIGHER EDUCATION
    • In Medical Schools, students wear a white top and purple skirts or pants.
    • Schoolteaching students wear a white top and green skirts or pants. The regime soon began opening Escuelas de Instrucción Revolucionaria (Schools for Revolutionary Instruction) and sending students to Communist countries to study Marxism-Leninism and its corresponding pedagogy.
    • There are many others kind of uniforms but I don’t remember. (Arts School, Music Schools and so on.)
  • 32. POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS FEDERATION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS (FEEM) THE YOUNG COMMUNISTS THE COMMITTEES FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE REVOLUTION
  • 33.
    • British educational analyst Mark Richmond finds that:
    • … the full flavour of the Cuban educational model would be lost without
    • mentioning the active participation of the whole community in
    • performing a broad, diverse range of educational tasks and duties.
    • This participation is channeled through a number of political and
    • mass organizations, including the Cuban Communist Party, the Young
    • Communists, the Pioneers, student federations, trade unions, the
    • Federation of Cuban Women, the School Councils, the Committees
    • for the Defense of the Revolution, and the Local Organs of People’s
    • Power. This widespread, popular involvement is an essential aspect of
    • the Cuban educational model, being a vital expression of the attempt
    • to break down the barriers between school and society
  • 34. A VERY COMPETITIVE ENVIROMENT
    • Besides their class programm, s tudents are required to do agriculture work as part of the secondary school program in both levels: basic and upper during 45 days at each grade (only schools located in cities) .
    • Secondary Schools which are in rural areas combine a half-part workday in agriculture with classes every day .
    • There is a ranking class in all levels
    • Students are required to be part of the political organizations like CDR (The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, UJC(The Young Communists), FEEM (Federation of High School Students)
  • 35. Combination of study and work
  • 36. Cadets learn to operate a tank at a military academy
  • 37. Cadets practicing marching drills
  • 38. Cadets studying English in a language lab
  • 39. COLLEGES